Lupine Perennial: description, varieties, landing and care

Lupine Many years – unpretentious plant, successfully used in agriculture, landscape design, in the preparation of light summer bouquets. Sades and amateur flowers especially appreciate him for beautiful, bright inflorescences, capable of transforming and wild natural garden, and a luxurious French-style fleet. This plant is easily leaving on the plot, allows different methods of breeding. Landing and care also do not deliver hassle and occupy a minimum of time.

Lupine many years can be a real discovery for those who want to find a brightly decorated garden corner or stylish flowerbed. Description of varieties allows you to evaluate the color and decorative variety of this magnificent honey.

Peculiarities

Lupine long-term – plant, in the natural environment, found in North America, in Andes and Cordillera, at an altitude of 4800 m, is well taken out in the climate of the Mediterranean, but in the climate of the Russian middle strip feels quite normal. On the places of its grieving, these flowers perform a very important role, ensuring the enrichment of the soil with nitrogen. Lupine greens at the end of the season of his flowering can be used for the manufacture of organic fertilizer.

Plant Description Indicates its belonging to the legume family. Ripening seeds of these colors are in miniature podlers. The plant has a straight, directed up the stalk, lush, unusually cut leaves. On one bush, many shoots ending with cystic inflorescences are formed. Perennial lupine thickened, fleshy rhizome, well adapted to feed plants throughout its period of its growth. The stalks reach a height of 120 cm, covered with large leaves located at the bottom and holding long cutters. The wild-growing flower shape is always blue, cultural selection plants are more diverse in color. Beans and seeds themselves have a smaller size than other subspecies of Lupine.

Flowering brush dimensions are quite varied. But even the most miniature samples reach the length of 30-35 cm. Giant forms have a brush and can reach 1 m. Bright colors, cone-shaped shape, long and abundant bloom – that advantages for which perennial lupins choose for landing.

Varieties

All perennial lupins are accepted to divide into several major species. Among them there are those blooming in the same year, as well as plants, not hurrying with the formation of a brush inflorescences. Also classification is built on the type of flowers. They are terry, semi-world, simple. Lupine Perennial is represented today with many breeding varieties and hybrids. Basically, experts pay attention to the fixation of a rare color or increased inflorescence. Most multi-lithuanian multi-mine. However, other species are also of interest to lovers of this beautiful flower. The most memorable and bright varieties are presented below.

  • Lupine Russell “Yellow Flame”. A hybrid species characterized by a delicate thin aroma grows up to 100 cm. Flowers large bright yellow brushes up to 45 cm long. The period of the greatest decorativeness is relatively short, from the beginning of June to the i decade of July.

  • “Aristocrat”. Many years of lupine with snow-white flowers growing up to 1 m. The stalks of this variety are very strong and durable, the plant of solmeology, needs intensive gaining ultraviolet, is not afraid of frosts. Tight inflorescences look good in bouquets, adorn the flower beds and lawns.

  • “My castle”. Many years of lupine, characterized by a variety of colors, most often occurs a shark variety with inflorescences in the form of a tower. The grade grows up to 1 m, on the flowers there are almost half of all height. Perhaps removable bloom in August.

  • “Minaret”. A low-speed variety with a large (up to 30 cm) brush with a total height of the stem 50 cm. Brush consists of tightly adjacent flowers. It is distinguished by the ability to bloom in the year of planting, with early separation of seeds. It usually blooms pretty early, in June and early July, and becomes the true decoration of the garden due to a bright mixture of flowers – purple, yellow, pink, white, red.

  • “Scarlet Sails”. Pretty tall grade reaching 130 cm in height. Large sophisticated colom collections are formed on the stems throughout the season, from June to September. The grade is excellent in both cultivation in mixlers and in the formation of flower, suitable for bakery cutting.

  • “Countess”. Perennial growing in a height of up to 1 m. The variety has a pyramidal form of inflorescences, unusual, pink with white streaks painting petals. Differs high frost resistance. When growing on the site is suitable for cutting in bouquets, landing on lawns, flower beds.

  • “Lulu”. The low-spirited perennial, has the ability to remove blossom, if, after the first wave of the formation of the formation of flowers in June, they were removed from the stems in time. In height, the plant reaches no more than 60 cm, which makes it a good choice for flower beds and flower beds.

  • “Tutti Frutti”. High long-term lupine with a pyramidal form of inflorescences. The variety grows up to 1 m, already in the year of planting forms flowering shoots.

  • “Apricot”. Juicy apricot shade of inflorescence decorates the garden from June to mid-July. This variety has very large inflorescences and is characterized by excellent decorativeness. The size of the brushes reach 35-40 cm.

  • Roseus. Many years of lupine with an original and gentle pink tinge of petals. The height of the plant reaches 100-110 cm, of which up to 40 cm falls on large, lush pyramids of inflorescences. The period of formation of buds is short – from June to July.

  • “Princess Julianna”. Rare and beautiful variety with flowers of white and pink shade. Brushes have a candle shape and a length of 35-40 cm with a total height of the stem 110 cm. The perennial in July blooms, decorates the garden until August.

Most of the popular hybrid varieties of Lupine many years have appeared thanks to the efforts of the breeder from the UK Russell. In his work, he focused on making a variety of colors in the range characteristic of the petals of this plant. Today, Lupins Russell is a kind of quality mark confirming impeccable selection work. Among the most popular of them are pink-white “Schlossfrau”, a rich-yellow Kronleuchter, red “Main Schloss”, clean white Burg Fraulein.

How to plant?

Perennial Lupins are recommended to be placed in the garden in the spring, but it is possible to land in the fall, not less than a month before the onset of frosts. For landing in open ground, you choose well-lit, sunny plots, easy shading is allowed. It is worth thoroughly blow up, recycle land. The soil should not be severe, too dense, it is better to make additional sand and peat into it, otherwise the flowering of Lupins will have to wait a very long. It is not recommended to plant this perennial in places with a very high level of groundwater, wetlands. Among other recommendations on the selection of landing sites can be noted:

  • Type of soil – Suglink or sand with a weakly alkaline or weakness;
  • Good drainage, breathability and moisture permeability are very important;
  • With increased acidity in the ground, lime makes it, when grazing – peat.

Lupana-perennials necessarily need to transplant to a new place every 3 years. Well, if earlier gravy cultures grew on the site.

Seeds are usually sessoled in mid-April, then in August it will be possible to wait for the first flowering. With autumn planting seeds close up in the soil until October, then leave for wintering. Spring shoots will give abundant bloom in June-July. In some cases, perennial lupins bloom only for the 2nd year. It is possible to grow in pots and containers, followed by transfer to open ground. The easiest way of sowing requires a certain procedure.

  • Autumn prepare the ground for the subsequent plant landing. It can be used immediately or leave until spring.
  • Conduct antifungal treatment of seeds with a 50% solution “Fundazola”.
  • Put the landing material in the ground with a deepening no more than 4 cm. The distance between adjacent plants should not be less than 35 cm.
  • Geese seeds can only at positive temperatures. With the autumn sowing or in the sandy soil they plunder stronger. For the winter, the landing site is insulated peat.

Seeds keep germination for quite a long time. For 5 years, planting material is considered suitable for use. Algorithm of action when growing seedlings.

  • Drawers are prepared, drainage holes are done in the bottom, the finished floral ground is laid inside. With independent manufacturing of soil, it should consist of peat and grain soil for 1 part, sand in volume 1/2 part.
  • Sowing seeds are made early in spring. You can speed up the germination of culture, pre-pumping the needle leathery sheath seeds.
  • Crops are laid in the ground with a small blowjob. It is not necessary to immerse them hard.
  • Accelerate the germ helps to create a mini-greenhouse from a film or glass. Keep the container before the appearance of germs is needed in a warm and wet place.
  • The first sprouts should appear a week later. When the 4th sheet appears, the transplant of the received plants into open ground. This is not worth tightening, otherwise the survival rate will be low.

Observing the rules of landing, you can easily achieve quick distortion of healthy and strong plants and their successful subsequent cultivation in the open soil.

How to care for?

Organizing care for already planted lupines with perennial, it is important to take into account all the features of this plant. It is recommended to create natural or artificial shelters protecting landing from wind, draft. You can place a number of thick bush, allowing you to eliminate a negative effect on the shoots from the outside. The plant necessarily requires the abundance of the Sun, it affects the brightness of the coloring and flowering intensity. But the humidity of the air does not matter, the flower is well tolerates different climatic conditions.

The main care for lupine perennial is based on regular removal of weed grass during the first year of life. In addition, to improve the nutrition of the roots, it is necessary to produce soil loosening. Standard flowering bush remains abundant and beautiful for 5 years. Further his decorative properties deteriorate. Accordingly, updating the landing should be on the 6th year to achieve the most attractive appearance of flower beds or mixboarder.

How to water?

Lupines Perennial poorly tolerate dampness and moisture stagnation in the soil. When rewarding, rotting roots can begin, which can lead to the death of the plant. The organization of irrigation must be carried out in such a way that the culture receives sufficient moisture during the first year of cultivation. During this period there is an intense growth of the roots. From the second year, abundant moisturizing is no longer required, but in arid periods it is worth taking care of the plant additionally.

Watering in the first year after landing is carried out mainly in the evening. It is preliminarily recommended to thoroughly explode the earth, remove the weed grass from it. Especially much attention is paid to Lupine many years of spring, when preparing a plant for flowering. On average, in the absence of rains, watering is recommended 2 times a week.

How to fertilize?

Lupine Perennial in the first year after landing does not need additional feeding. Two-year-old plant need mineral complexes rich in phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen accumulates rootless without affecting, and it is not required to make it. The feeding is performed annually in the spring – before Lupine has a multi-year. Not bad reacts a plant for making natural fertilizers, wood ashes, organic mixtures. Dolomitic flour is introduced into the acidic soil. Correctly and timely executed feeding provides abundant flowering of perennial lupins, helps to increase their resistance to various diseases.

What to do after flowering?

When growing lupine many years, it is recommended to pay great attention to the care of it during and after flowering. So that it is abundant and long, it is worth regularly removing faded inflorescences, without waiting until they dry and fall. This approach allows you to prolong the process of education of new colors. In addition, with proper care, the probability of the second wave of education of inflorescences in late summer or early autumn increases.

Preparation for winter is also important. After the bloom is completed, it is necessary to cut off the long-term lupine all the leaves and inflorescences so that it does not waste the strength to maintain their viability. Additionally, on the eve of the winter, it is recommended to make careful soil mulch, applying peat or sawdust for this. To prevent the frozen of Lupine, it is necessary to monitor the state of the root neck – it should not be naked.

Methods of breeding

Lupine Perennial multiplies seeds or vegetatively, cuttings. You can grow it as a self-sowing, and by special cultivation of seedlings. You can collect seed material, starting from the moment the beans acquire a yellowish color. I don’t need to wait long, after cracking, the boxes will be too late. The process is quite complicated, time consuming and proceeds in several stages.

Despite the fact that the sowing method of reproduction is quite popular, when it does not manage to get hybrids inheriting parent qualities of the plant. That is why true lovers of lupine perennials try to produce reproduction with cuttings. In this case, the painting of petals will continue 100%, as are the varietal properties. When staring the procedure will be the following.

  • Select among the planting plants older than 3 and younger than 6 years.
  • Select cuttings in contact with the root neck, turn it on part into the sliced ​​material.
  • Renewed kidney at the base of the stem cut with a knife.
  • Place the prepared cuttings in the sandy substrate in a greenhouse or pot.
  • Wait for the education of an independent root system. Ready seedlings need to transplant.

If the plot is already growing lupine long-term, but there are only hybrid varieties, it is worth using precisely as a method of reproduction.

Diseases and pests

Among the threatening lupine many years of pest You can note the striking young seedlings and seeds.

  • Larvae of May Zhuka. Thick, rolled ring-shaped whitish caterpillars feed on roots, spoil young seedlings, destroying them in a short time.
  • Weevils. These pest beetles leave very voracious larvae, mining leaves, buds, cutters, shoots. Often weevils appear on lupins already affected by fungal diseases.
  • Wire. The pest amazes the root system, which in Lupine is a massive, well-developed rod. His attacks can quickly break the normal nutrition of the plant.

The main danger of insect pests from this group are presented during the growing season of the plant, in the spring. The method of combating in this case is one – soil treatment, allowing to eliminate favorable conditions for parasites. For lupine perennial in adulthood, such insects are dangerous.

  • Aphid. Pest, whose whole colonies can be a serious problem for the garden. Lupins, she strives to the skin, sucks juices, leads to the appearance of chlorosis. On the affected tissues, fungal cultures are actively growing.
  • Fireman. Amazing the leaves, when the caterpillars appear, they twist, pests can eat pods with seeds and even flower petals.
  • Tripses. Small insects that feed on plant juices gradually can lead to the death of lupine perennial. From the trips it is quite difficult to get rid of.

Among diseases affecting the organs of the plant, the rust is most dangerous, root rot, fusariosis. These are infectious diseases, easily affecting large populations of varietal lupins. In addition, they are not protected from viruses – mosaic, causing mutation, and other sources of danger. The main way of struggle in the case of infections is the reclamation of the soil with the subsequent introduction of lime, the treatment of plants by fungicides, with a strong defeat of the shoots, their trimming of the root.

Usage in landscape design

Landscape design recommends the use of lupine perennial in group landings – in combination of different varieties of one type or in combination with other plants. Speecically look at the landing with different levels of height. The plant looks harmonious in mixtures and flowerbeds. Multicolored multicolored perennials with bright dolphiniums, phloxes are very well combined.

Successful will be a neighborhood of lupine many years with hosts, iris, astilbami. When landing next to fruit trees and shrubs, the plant plays the role of an additional nitrogen supplier needed to increase soil fertility. In the flower bed, Lupina must occupy a central place, creating a unique decorative effect.

Improving species landscapes, you can use tall varieties as background for other crops. In addition, dwarf and low-speed options are well suitable for border landings along low fences, fences, arbors.

On how to properly care for Lupine Perennial, look in the following video.

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