Perhaps one of the most beautiful room colors are lilies. Many people acquire such charming plants to decorate their home. However, before getting a room lilies, it is important to understand how to competently care for them. Today we will meet closer with these beautiful flowers and find out what subspecies they are divided into.
No better interior decoration than live flowers. They are able to revive the situation, fill it with paints. There is a great many species of room colors looking for truly chic, expressive. These plants include lily.
This is a very elegant bulbous flower, distinguished by the beautiful, male aroma, which many people like.
Lilies are perennial plants. Their bulbs consist of specially uncrowed scales, characterized by a large juiciness. Due to this feature of lily, it is customary to be loose colors. In the size of the bulbs of a beautiful flower can be different. Their ordinary diameter varies from 1 to 30 cm.
The bulbs have a characteristic ball-shaped form, but there are also flowers with egg-shaped processes. Scales are fixed on the Don. This element is the lower part of the bulWhi, there is a growth point here.
Lilies may have the roots of the following main types:
- Basal and retractable are formed in the zone of the Donets;
- Snugukovy’s roots appear on the plant’s stalk itself only for one season, after which they die with him.
When transplanting lilies is extremely important to act neatly, carefully. It is necessary to take care of this flower in such a way as not to harm the root system. Putting the plant also can not be in any case.
Lilies have a characteristic straight stem. Its height can be from 15 to 25 cm – this parameter directly depends on the specific flower species. Along the entire length, the stem is covered with loyal leaves, which are tightly sitting on it, as if cooled by a spiral.
There are such subspecies of lilies, which give the root rosette of the leaves. In some cases, foliage is going on a stalk of a muve. Based on lily, there can be a different number of leaves. There are magnificent plants that have well-skinned with sheet plates, and more modest copies, having a small number of leaves.
The inflorescence of lilies forms a brush in the form of a cylinder, a cone or umbrella. Usually brush carries about 8-16 flowers (their largest amount rarely exceeds 30). Flowers in inflorescences bloat out in stages – from those from those from below to those that are upstairs. Each flower will stay without withering for 3-9 days. Blossom usually lasts from 2 weeks and more.
The flower itself of this popular plant consists of 6 separate petals placed in two lines. The center is 6 stamens with large devastating anthers, as well as a pestle, more similar to a miniature post with a painter. In most cases, the latter has a characteristic bright color, like anthers. The classic lily flower has only 6 petals, but they can be more, as in the case of beautiful terry varieties (tiger, curly).
Form colors can be:
- bell tower;
The colors of flowers can be the most different – from simple white to yellow, pink and t.D. Plants may have specks, and can bloom and without them. In one flower, both one color can be viewed and a combination of several spectacular gamps.
Dimensions of the flowers of homemade lilies are largely dependent on its shape and structure. Slightly dumped Chalmid varieties in diameter can reach 5-10 cm. From the outside they look like miniature Chinese lanterns. Larger funnel-shaped flowers in diameter usually do not exceed 4 cm markers, and their average length is about 15 cm.
Lilies are truly gorgeous looking in bouquets. They are fragilely combined with many other famous colors.
There are many varieties of homemade lilies that feel great in pots. Each of the species has its name, external distinctive features. Get acquainted with them closer.
So called potted lilies that are one of the most unpretentious in matters of care and content. For these beautiful flowers, it is easy to choose the soil in which they will feel good.
No special environmental requirements also.
This species group includes many different varieties that differ from each other and in color, and the dates of flowering. Asian varieties themselves have a bowl or funnel form. They are characterized by a stitchy central part. Typically, the flowers grow up to 0.5-1.3 m in height.
So called a rich group of lilies, distinguished by special, sophisticated beauty. Oriental Flowers exude a nice, unobtrusive fragrance. Their flowers have a chalmid or tubular shape.
Flowers of this species are very beautiful, but naughty in the maturity of the soil. Oriental lilies are subject to a number of serious viral diseases. For these colors, it is recommended to prepare loose soil with an acidic environment. It must be maximally nutrient so that the plant does not care.
Oriental lilies love more when a lot of sunlight falls on them. These flowers do not tolerate the effects of drafts.
For home content, the lowest varieties are usually chosen, the height of which does not exceed 50 cm. If we are talking about content in the garden, it is permissible to fit and larger specimens, the height of which can reach 2.5 m.
Hybrids not fearing low temperatures. They can be grown both on the street and at home. Successful lilies are extremely rarely, which attracts many flower flower. Too acidic soil for these colors is not suitable, so it is not recommended to use sawdust for mulching.
Walking types of lilies are best growing under dimming. True, and finding on the sun does not affect them. These are perennial plants that may not change their location over long years. Blooming downstream buds that bloom on long stems standing straight. Their height varies from 1.1 to 1.7 m.
They need to provide timely garter.
Perennial Plant, Stebelukovichki. The usual diameter of the root is from 14 to 16 cm. Flowerons are located vertically. The height of the latter can be from 50 cm to 2 m.
Flowers have large sizes, grow wide. Have elongated, curved petals characterized by fringe edge.
Color main background – white. It may be attended by yellow longitudinal strips in the center and black crap. From these lilies, very gentle, thin, but persistent fragrance.
Flower these spectacular plants in August-September. Often sick fusariasis. Golden lilies are recommended to plant in sufficient lighting, optimal humidity level.
Tubular varieties of lilies, their average height is 1 m. Leafs in the flower elongated, narrow. Medium length – 9-13 cm. Flowers grow in bulk, tubular. Snow white buds have a yellowish zev and a lush bundle on a stitch.
Petals of this plant have a smooth round shape. Usually no more than 6 buds are blooming on one blossom. Varieties can maintain initial qualities regardless of the method of their breeding.
Royal Lilies are undemanding in care, noncains in the content.
Ideal for room cultivation conditions. Have small dimensions, and in care are completely undemanding. Beautiful decorative species These plants are acquired only for a period of flowering, the leaves do not possess special attractiveness. Dwarf lilies differ in rapid growth. They are proceeding to flowering around a couple of weeks after landing.
These flowers are very popular among flowerflowers (both beginners and more experienced). The relevance of long-color lilies is due to their unmatched beauty and stunning aroma. But with all its beauty and acer, these plants are among the most capricious. In the gardening conditions, these types of livibols are difficult, but, being on the windowsill, they bring much less hassle.
Long-flowered lilies buds are similar to miniature bells having long and curved petals. The height of the stem can reach 1 meter. In most cases, these flowers are grown for further cutting.
An interesting flower, which in its external characteristics is similar to another view – Amarillis. If you look attentively, you can detect many differences between these plants. Hypadastrum has a dense and strong stem, in the inner part there are no emptiness. Grows stem exclusively straight.
Hypadastrum flowers with multi-colored buds that are characterized by special beauty. Rhizome plants is a bulbous, has a rounded or elongated structure, covered with blessed flakes. The lion’s share of the representatives described at rest does not lose green.
Before you go to the state of rest, this plant resets the leaves. Blossoms at the very beginning of the autumn season. If you provide the Amarillis competent and regular care, it can bloom again, but by the end of winter.
Coloros, in contrast to the above-mentioned gippeastrum, inside is hollow. Flowers have a funnel structure. Red shades with snow-white inclusions prevail.
Bulbs have a characteristic pear shape, differ in grayish scales.
How to plant?
Indoor lilies are important to put it off correctly, observing all the nuances and features of this process. Specialists recommend buying and transplanting this flower in autumn. At the bottom of the prepared pot (ceramic or plastic), you need to pour stones with small fractions, pebbles, crumbs, foam or crushed brick.
This favorite decorative culture is easily adapted to a new purchased soil, so planting lilies is not as hard as it may seem at first glance. Flowers feel perfectly in black soil, mixed with a humus and leaf compost, or in a soft turf.
In addition to the pot, a mineral solution with potash and nitrogen compounds add. To get rid of all fungi, the ground should be pouring a hot heatman. Then on top of the drainage layer poured the soil and the bulbs of the flower as neatly pressed into it. They must be sprinkled with a soil by 15-17 cm. Next, you need to make watering with warm clean liquid and move the pot into the dark place in the house.
In the course of growth, seedlings will need to be added fresh soil.
With the arrival of the warm season, the flower must be transferred to the balcony or loggia, so that he gets used to the coolness. It is necessary to take care that the straight rays of the sun fell on the foliage of the plant. Excessive overheating will lead to a fading of homemade lily.
In the course of growth and flowering lilies It is necessary to ensure the correct care.
- Until buds appear, The plant should be sprinkled with cool water (necessarily soft). It is allowed to care for a flower using growth stimulants, while we must try not to touch the inflorescences. Further, the flowers must be pronounced, otherwise burns may appear on them.
- When the plants are reached 9-12 cm, They should be transferred to the balcony. Take a landing to fresh air. Start from 20-30 minutes “walks”. Gradually increase this time. With too low temperatures, the plant is better not to endure.
- If many colors appeared on a bush, need to install a support detail.
At the very beginning of growth, the flower should develop at a temperature not lower than +10 degrees. When its height is 10 cm, it is necessary to move the landing on a more illuminated place with a temperature of +16 degrees (no more). In the future, for the growth of a healthy flower, the temperature of +25 degrees and a sufficient amount of the sun will be needed.
Many are interested in the question of what to do next if Lily has played away. After lush flowering, the stage of rest comes. Cut the yellowed stalks do not need. At this time, the flower must be poured at least once a week. When the stem and foliage is dried to the end, watering should be stopped.
All subspecies lilies love high humidity. When the soil dries out, the flowers cease to grow. Watering them should not less than 3-4 days. Water should be estimated rain or boiled, warm. Liquid should not be tough.
Soil should be loosened not deeper than 4-6 cm. Do not touch the roots, otherwise the beautiful plant will not grow, even if the landing was competent. Ruffle is necessary after each watering. It is worth feeding a flower with special fertilizers. This must be done after disembarking the bulbs, when the flowering release, upon completion of flowering.
Methods of breeding
Often lilies breed children – young bulbs that grow near the largest maternal. They are neatly separated, and then plunge by 2-2.5 cm in the ground. Capacity with a young seadade will need to cover with a film and to air from time to time and water.
Lilies can be multiplied and grow to seeds. This time-consuming process, takes away a lot of time. Seeds should be bought in a specialized garden shop or dial from the box that faded the flower. It is recommended to start sowing in March. Seeds should neatly deepen into the soil at 1-1.5 cm.
After planting on top of the soil, it is recommended to pour river sand. Reservoirs with seeds must be closed with glass or film. As soon as the first green leaves are trying, the seedlings will need to gently move to a more illuminated place in the house. For this, the windowsill above the battery. Fragile and vulnerable bulbs when the first leaves will be processed on them, it will be necessary to dive with maximum accuracy, after which it is carefully translated into individual pots.
Lilies that were grown from seeds, start their bloom only for the second year.
Diseases and pests
Lilies, like any other indoor flowers, can get sick. Such external signs may say about the availability of problems:
- Stop growth of plants;
- Fitting and yellowing foliage.
If there are such problems, it means that a flower or fell ill, or became a victim of insects. In this case, you should act as quickly as possible so that lilies do not died.
If the air in the room where lilies are excessively wet and warm, on the stems and leaves of the flower can begin the reproduction of dangerous fungal disputes. If you do not provide a plant competent treatment and care, it will not survive. Lilya will need to carefully treat specialized drugs against fungi.
The roots can gradually collapse from the inside, and the leaves are shrouded and imposed if the plant suffers from such a disease like fusariasis. In order not to encounter this serious ailment, for half an hour, the rhizomes should be soaked in an aqueous solution “Fundazola”.
If there is a stagnation of water in the ground, the flower may suffer from gray or red rot. If there are not enough mineral fertilizers, the leaflets will become thin, rare and may fall. To return the flower for the old look, it is necessary to feed it from time to time.
Lilies may suffer from attacks of the following dangerous parasites:
- Cobed tick.
With parasites necessarily need to fight in the early stages, without delaying time. If it does not start to take action on the salvation and treatment of the plant, it will just die. You can fight with listed pests by applying special insecticides in liquid form. They are sold in many stores. These compositions need to carefully water the soil in which flower grows.
Also need carefully and scrupulously treat the ground part of the plant.
When growing and maintaining domestic lilies We should consider a number of useful tips from experienced flowerflowers.
- If the plant is sick, It is necessary to remove all buds from it.
- During the first year of life Treaty of flower need to be cut.
- When the formation of buds is happening, Watering will need to increase. But it is important not to overdo it.
- If during the summer season, the flower is removed on the balcony or loggia, terrace, gardening territory, then it is necessary to take care that during rains a drop could not get on lilies.
- Do not leave lilies on the balcony or loggia in the winter season. The temperature surrounded by this flower should not be descended below + 15-16 degrees.
- It is advisable to regularly monitor the condition of the home flower. If there are hints of some diseases or an attack of parasites, all necessary actions should be immediately taken to save lily.
- Lily in the pot can be put not only on the windowsill, but also on the shelf next to the window. In such conditions, there is a scattered light, ideal for these colors.
The following video will tell about the subtleties of landing and care for room Lily.