Lilac is a very beautiful plant that can be found practically from any rural resident or gardener from Brest to Sakhalin. Shrub care requires compliance with some rules that are not technologically complicated, but they must be performed regularly for many years.
What do you need trim?
To save the shrub correctly, it should be systematically short. Excess branches overly load the root system, which means there are less beautiful flowers, the lion’s share of the resource of Lilac spends on the development of unnecessary branches.
Crop best in the early spring or after a short time after the start of flowering. Newbie to cut a shrub in October-November there is no rational sense, you can remove the kidneys to remove the kidneys that are only tied. Cut the right lilac in the fall can only experienced gardeners can, in this business require some practical experience and knowledge. In terms of benefits for plants, autumn trimming brings more benefits, the plant is in a “relaxed” state, it is preparing for wintering. Tasks that are solved by trimming:
- Pruning makes it possible to form a new kidneys;
- Remove branches affected by pests;
- With the help of trimming, the general rejuvenation of the plant occurs;
- Underlooking improves the general metabolism of lilac;
- kind of plant becomes more aesthetically attractive.
Pruning should be practiced on cloudy days, intense ultraviolet rays can damage the plant. In addition to the cylindrical configuration, the trimming is well made strambovoy, but it is necessary to do this with special care, lilac such a form is susceptible to infectious diseases.
IMPORTANT During the trimming, observed, otherwise lilac may not cope with the resulting stress, there is a risk that bloom will not happen.
During trimming, only strong shoots are left, the liquidation of fragrant inflorescences is also allowed, the agrarians love to decorate their homes and landlords them.
When working it is impossible to break the branches, the place of the broken can become a source where infection falls.
After completing the trimming lilac mandatory. All work is done before the swelling of the kidneys:
- Unviable shoots are cleaned up to the soil;
- The remaining branches are preserved up to 50 cm long.
A year later, in March, the shoots left to the ring, several twigs remain on each process.
General rules and technology
Pruning is recommended to do a month before the onset of sustainable cold. In the southern regions of the country, it is made even in November, if autumn is warm. There are different methods of carrying out such an operation.
Primarily inspecting the plant. You must delete:
- Old branches without leaves;
- parasite branches;
- Dry branches and cracked;
- branches that create an excessive leaf.
In the event that the plant is already watered, the branches that appeared below the vaccination location, it is necessary to cut.
Sanitary trim is the removal of all branches that are not responsible or dead. The same applies to inflorescences that are no longer fruit. Such events are usually held with lilac bushes, which are not less than 15 years. Rejuvenation of the old bush with sanitary trimming can be very effective.
But also sanitary trimming implies shortening the tops, it is often necessary to use telescopic stepladers. The use of such a scheme allows the lower branches to develop more actively, increases metabolism in the root system. And you can also form a plant of any form: cylindrical, round or any other.
For lilac (age up to 5 years), you can form up to 5 shoots, which will eventually turn into carrier branches. They should be sent in mandatory outward. Every year, the operation is repeated step by step again and again until the desired configuration is formed. It is important to prevent excessive growing branches, increase their denotoms.
There is also a cutting forming. In this case, the crown of lilac is also formatted for several years. Several processes are selected, which are located on the right distance, all other are cut off.
For beginner gardeners, such work is an effective training that contributes to the rapid growth of qualifications.
After 12 months, a “field for activity” appears, it is possible to work with the new “frame” branches. Branches are left by those that grow in the top of the plant. Branches that grow inside the bush creating an extra delicate are cut off. Such an operation is repeated annually approximately in the same period. The operation can be carried out after three years of the plant’s existence, then you can only make preventive cutting.
Often an agrarian form a lilac bush in the form of a small tree. For this, the main branch is taken, which over time will develop in the trunk. The remaining twigs are cut off. After some time, the plant develops in height, the guides “frame” branches are selected, with which further work occurs. All unnecessary shoots are cut off.
There is a cosmetic trimming that helps rejuvenate the plant. The second name of this action: cropping rejuvenating. Most often, it is permissible to work with plants that have been more than 10 years. At the same time, such manipulations are made:
- Thin and old branches are removed, there are shoots that are cut to 8-14 cm;
- There is also a trimming “before stump”, in this case several branches are cut off, while “hardware” remains length from 8 to 14 cm, the rest are completely removed.
After the “wound” cuts, they are processed by various compositions, most often use a special putty, which is used in gardening;
- tough coal;
- a solution of manganese
- bactericidal madness;
The meaning is that the spores of pathogeful microorganisms do not fall into the plant. If this happens, the lilac bush can die.
After the formation of future branches in subsequent years, only preventive trimming is done when unnecessary young twigs are shortened.
There is also a radical trim when all extra shoots are deleted. Such an operation is a big stress for the plant, but subsequently it gets the second birth, the bush becomes very beautiful, blooming more abundant.
Crown is formed by a three-year-old plant, in the following seasons from the bush “allocate” the necessary branches.
A special place is occupied by a stramb lilac, which always looks festive and effectively. This is a compact plant, the height of which does not exceed 2.7 meters. On a dark brown trunk there is a thick crown of round shape. Flowers are the most different thanks: from bright red to dark yellow. It is well developing such lilac in the sublinks. It is completely easy to care for stumbam lilac, it does not appear extra branches that need to cut every year.
To such lilac permit other types of lilac, which makes it possible to appear to appear beautiful buds of a different flaper for long years.
Secrets of the right departure
Plants consist of roots, trunks, branches and leaves – all this is associated with a single complex organism. Proper trimming has a gentle effect on the entire system, which allows lilac to feel comfortable.
Each node of this plant makes it possible to develop two branches, it is important to understand when the root system begins to “buck” and do not cope with the branches, not so much to provide them with all the necessary useful components.
Lilac pruning is a preventive event that is better to spend timely and regularly. You need to know the general rules so that Lilac does not die.
If everything is done correctly, you can achieve a striking effect when the plant will be in the period of blooming in the full sense of the word “plastered” with flowers from top to bottom.
Any plant during the trimming period receives the strongest stress, it is important that the “wounds” applied to the “wounds” point where the infection falls. To this not happen, such manipulations should be done:
- wound to disinfect;
- do not feed lilac for some time different compositions.
It is important to care for the shrub. To do this, do some manipulations.
Watering the plants is not strictly obligatory, lilac moves well dry weather. However, in September-October, it is necessary to irregularly water the plant, in this case the flowering will be abundant.
Feed the plants best with reworked manure or cow. Similar substances allow shrubs to activate metabolism, the bloom will be in this case a more abundant. Manure should be breeding in a 1/10 ratio. Korovik is preparing in the proportion of 1/5. Each bush requires an average of 12 to 32 liters. It is also permissible to use chicken litter in a 1/8 ratio. Main feeding is possible three weeks before the onset of cold.
It should be monitored that the soil does not oxidize, for lilac such a state of things is contraindicated. Soil acidity can be reduced by such substances:
- Dolomitic flour;
- a piece of chalk;
- Rastered egg husk.
After making additives, the soil neatly leaving (depth of no more than 6 cm). It is important to remember that lilac feeding is implemented only using organic compositions.
The soil around the shrub should not drain much in the cold season. The trunk and the soil (up to 20 cm) “wondered” by the material:
- Wood sawdust.
If this is not done, the plant can die or significantly slow down its development. Adult plants are well tolerated cold, but young plants require care when the temperature drops below -5 degrees. The young plant harvested well and acclimatizes if it is correct to mulch it. Stammer’s stems are wrapped with x / b rags or burlap. Much depends on the latitude where lilac growing. In Siberia, where frosts at night can be below -30 degrees, the plant should be especially carefully.
Moscow region climate is not so tough, here the plant can be covered in a traditional way. In the Volga region, it is necessary to mulk 20 cm layer of the bag, can also be used straw.
In Siberia and in the Northern Urals, mulch can reach up to 25 cm, young plants wrap in agrospan. As well as similar manipulations are reliable protection against rodents.
Often, during the period of heavy snowfalls around the trunk, snow is covered, which is a reliable “shield” from frost burns.
Some dacms make mistakes. For example, too deep steps around the trunk, which is why the plant is sick and gives a scant “color”, the number of kidneys is reduced by a cardinal way, in two or three times.
You can not remove the kidneys from which flowers appear, it affects the development of all the plantations.
Lilac is an amazing plant that requires small, but regular attention. If you do everything right, it will delight the gardener for a long time.
About the nuances of the trimming of the Sirenki describes in detail in the video below.