Beautiful Perennial Cannes choose Many gardeners for landing. The plant attracts attention not only to its unusual species, but also for ease of cultivation. Of course, when careing, problems may occur, even if the dacket complies with all the conditions of agrotechnology. Let’s try to figure out the peculiarities of Canan.
Cannes is the only representative of the Cannes family. In the natural environment, the plant lives in the territory of South and Central America, India, Indonesia and China. Culture is characterized by thin reprehensive stems, whose growth in some copies reaches 3 m. Leaves have an elongated shape and rather large size – approximately 80×50 cm. Their decorativeness is created due to unusual color – they can be covered with dark green, dark purple, red-bronze and sometimes purple color.
Basically, flowers have red shades, but in recent years, varieties with white, yellow, orange and pink flowers also use, even varieties with the framing of petals or specks. The diameter of flowers is a maximum of 8 cm, they are asymmetrically formed on the flower arrow, forming a brush or pancake.
Among the main advantages of the culture, there is ease of cultivation, good survival, immunity in front of diseases, rapid development, aesthetic appearance, long blossom.
Choosing to design a garden of Cannes, pay attention to some disadvantages – this is the lack of flavor and extremely low winter resistance.
Subtleties of growing at home
Perennials can be grown at home. Those varieties recommended for apartment content occurred from Cannes Indian. For cultivation of the plant as a pottery, varieties and species should be selected, which are suitable for landing in the container. Often the culture is planted as the focus of the flower arrangement of the winter garden.
Plus home content is a short rest period – only 8 weeks.
You can grow a flower in a pot, and you can take a bush at the cottage and put it in a tub – usually such sprouts adapt well to room conditions. When planning, consider the following points:
- Before planting, it is recommended to treat garden earth with a solution of an insecticidal preparation to reduce the likelihood of damage to insects;
- Pick the spacious pot where the rhizer will be able to freely accommodate and develop well;
- Do not forget to organize high-quality drainage in the container to prevent the root system rot;
- Use for home content fertile water permeable soil.
Seeds are enclosed in a dense shell, which is recommended before sowing soften. For this, planting material is irrigated with boiling water, laid into a thermos with warm water and soaked it 3-4 hours. Some flower products instead laid seeds on a 12-hour battery.
Sowing is made in February at a temperature in the room 22-23 degrees. The first shoots will proceed after 20-30 days. Picking the sprouts should be carried out after forming 3-4 of these sheets.
Plant care is somewhat simpler than its cultivation in the open ground. Flower planted in a pot, there is no need to spray, span, fertilize or loose. Capacity needs to be kept on a well-lit place, and when watering it is used to apply a standing water. Watering is carried out as needed. With home cultivation systematically, the dust from the sheet plates should be eliminated – this is performed by a disgraced fabric.
Even after flowering, the shrub has an impressive view due to its unusual foliage. During this period, culture needs special care. So, for a full rest, it is necessary to smoothly reduce the frequency of watering, and then stop moisturize the soil at all. Leaves are cut at 10-15 cm from the base of the bush. Next, the pot is cleaned into a dry cool place. In the spring plant remove and destroy the rhizome into several pieces with subsequent landing. Thus, the flower breeding occurs at home.
For planting presented culture Choose a warm sunny place. Ideally, it should be a plot hidden from draft. The preferred type of soil is a fertile, humulating, with acidity of 6.5-7.0.
It is recommended even before landing in spring or autumn, feel the selected flower bed with a reworked manure or compost.
How to plant in open ground?
Culture It is possible to plant seeds or decene. However, only experienced gardeners are solved for the first way, since it is more laborious and rarely promising. The seeders that appeared from seeds are very often deprived of signs of the parent plant.
Sowing is held at home described in the way, and the transplantation on the country site is carried out on average after the middle of May, but the exact term depends on the climatic conditions of the region.
It is important that young seedlings put out after the Earth warms up: for example, in the suburbs to land start at the end of May, and in Siberia – in early June.
First you need to dug hole, organize good drainage and layers to make the following substances:
- manure or hay (layer 20 cm);
- soil (25-30 cm);
- Nutrient mix.
Landing is made to a depth of 20-25 cm. When landing should be respected between seedlings. So, for low grades, the landing scheme is important – 30×50 cm, for high plants – 60×90 cm. During landing, the rhizomes are placed in the wells in a horizontal position, the 5-centimeter soil layer is covered on top. Flowering begins after two months after planning.
How to care for?
Periodically, bushes need moderate watering. Place of landing is moistened until the stalks will be processed. In the process of flowering, the volume of water for watering increases, but it is important to control so that it is not formed its stagnation, otherwise the rhizome will be subject to fungus or bacterial disease, which will trigger the darkening and dying of buds.
During the growing season, the bushes should be focused 2-3 times. Mineral feeding will be suitable as an additional nutrition. After moistening on the surface of the Earth, a granular mixture is poured and shallow dripped flower beds. Recommended feeding volume – 40-60 g per 1 m2.
You can use a mixture prepared from nitrogen, potash and phosphoric fertilizer in proportions 12, 10, 25 grams, respectively.
Preparation for winter
Before frosts, the plant needs to highly emphasize – this procedure will protect the roots from frosts. After starting frosts, it is necessary to cut off the shoot at 15-20 cm, remove the root with an earthen room and remove for the winter in a cool room, where the average humidity and there is a scattered light.
Usually seized roots are laid in wooden boxes, which also add a mixture of sand, peat, soil and sawdust. They will be well preserved at a humidity of 50% and a temperature of 6-8 degrees. While the roots will be stored in the drawer, watch their condition. Seeing signs of rot, remove the damaged place with a knife to a healthy fabric and disinfected by iodine. Avoid changing a sharp change of temperature.
Another possible place of storage roots – refrigerator. Before this, the roots should rinse in running water, soak out during the day in a solution of manganese potassium, thoroughly dry, wrap the tubers in separate paper sheets and remove in the fridge to the shelf for vegetables. During the winter, do not forget to systematically deploy them and study the presence of putrefactive processes.
Well dry rhizomes are stored in plastic buckets on the balcony. During the period of strong frosts, the bucket is entering the room and leave on the floor at the balcony. It is allowed to send tubers to wintering in a container with soil indoors, where the thermometer is not rising above 15 degrees. As such a storage, the attic, loggia or veranda can be used, while the soil is recommended to moisten a couple of times a month.
If the plant is grown in the warmth climate, then the rhizome will survive the winter and in the garden. For this, the roots are removed from the ridge and fold on the plot in a place protected from the wind, where the spring will not accumulate. On top of the rhizomes fall asleep with dry sawdust layer 20 cm.
Possible problems in growing
With problems with the care of this representative, the flora gardeners are rarely faced, but sometimes they still do not bypass the culture of the party.
Diseases and insects
Despite the resistance of Cannes to diseases and pests, this plant sometimes turns out to be affected by the ailment. This is possible when non-compliance with the rules of agrotechnology, for example, when organizing a bad drainage during landing. The following diseases and insects are common.
- Bacteriosis. It can be found in black spots on buds and foliage. The fight against illness is usually useless, so gardeners advise eliminate the struck flower with flower.
- Rust. The disease indicates red divorces on the leaves and gray sediment on colors. In this case, it turns out to be sufficiently removal of affected parts and their destruction.
- Fungus. On fungal infection can be judged by the presence of yellowness on the leaves. To save the affected flower, it is treated with a slight solution of manganese.
- Caterpiles. These pests are usually visible to the naked eye. Special tools to get rid of them.
Sprouts do not cry
Sometimes the problem of novice gardeners is the absence of shoots. Sprouts may not appear due to poor quality planting material, but there are other reasons for this. If shoots are not observed, then carefully examine the tuber. If there are no dark spots and marks of mold on it, then place it half into the water or the root-forming agent, for example, “zircon”. If the material is high quality, then after 1-2 weeks it will “wake up” and will actively develop.
If the plant has already grown in the garden before and does not want to “wake up” after wintering, then the reason for this may be non-compliance with the storage conditions. For example, rhizome could dry, frozen or burn. Noticing on the bulb traces of damage, cut the affected fragments and disinfected the tuber. When drying, soak the rhizome in the water. If the strawberry is frozen, then it will not be able to restore it.
After processing the tight rhizomes, try to germinate it in the peat. Maintain the moisturity of the substrate and keep the container with the planting in the warm room, regularly feeding the culture or the solution of the Zircon solution. After 2-4 weeks, the bulb should awaken.
Another reason for the lack of sprouts may be a heat shortage. In this case, it is enough to transfer a copy to a greenhouse or put on the lit side concern.
Plant does not bloom
The absence of flowering in culture is becoming frequent. Even a flower model who followed all the rules for the care and storage of planting material may encounter. Usually the source of this problem is the harsh climate of the region. For example, such a phenomenon is characterized by plants landed in Siberia. In such conditions, tubers who have taken after storage must necessarily need the above arising procedure.
If the rhizomes were not awakened and the flowering did not happen, then in the fall, until the first cold, remove the ill-sinking bush from the bed and transope in the container. Position the plant in the apartment and perform all the rules of the care, which was mentioned above. Most likely, in indoor conditions, culture will delight its owner with flowers.
Sometimes bloom is absent and at home. The reason in this situation is not explained by the climate, so it can be assumed that culture lacks heat, water and air humidity.
Having created favorable conditions for the life of a green pet, a flower model can enjoy lush and long blossoms on its window.
For the cultivation and care of Cannes, see the following video.