Korean chrysanthemum is an artificially derived Hybrid Chrysanthemum Sadovaya. Its leaves are like oak, so these varieties are also called “Dubes”.
The perennial is highly resistant to freezers and is well cultivated in open ground in weather conditions of our country. Korean beauty is a favorite element of landscape designers, an ideal option for compositions in need of a soil addition, and a wonderful decoration of mountaineering, borders, flower and breakdowns. In open areas, it is customary to plant plants with small blossoms, and large-flowered varieties are suitable for cutting.
Korean Chrysanthemum has a view of a compact or spreaded bush with straight stems and dull gray-green smooth or sutured leaves with a specific smell. The color of buds is bright and diverse. The cold resistance of Dubkov allows them not to be afraid of the first snow. They differ in the time of flowering, height, view and diverse color palette.
In height, the bushes are:
- low (curb) – up to 30 cm, often grown in kashpo;
- direct – up to 50 cm, very spectacular in the cut;
- tall – up to 1 m.
Also flowers are small and large. Chrysanthemums have flat, simple nonachhrovaya, terry and semi-world, pomponny, spherical, semi-shaped, curly, radious, anemonovoid inflorescences.
Early grades start blossoming from the middle of summer, but are not winter-hardy and at first frosts need extra care. Large inflorescences are more susceptible to the negative impact of frosts, especially varieties with white flowers.
The most frost-resistant low-spirited terry varieties with golden yellow and orange-yellow inflorescences, preserving the freshness of buds to the first snow.
Varieties and varieties
As a result of the work of breeders of different countries, there are now a huge number of perennial winter-hardy varieties of this decorative culture.
The varieties will attract the attention of the lowest
- “Super Bronze” with fire-bronze terry inflorescences;
- “Minx” – a lush border bush with raspberry inflorescences and flowering peak in September;
- “Krasuna” – Beige-Red Original September grade, well carrying drought.
There are border varieties 20 cm height and for second level in a flower bed 40 cm.
Among the average varieties suitable for both elegant bouquets and landing on open ground are in demand:
- “Surprise” – OssennetsNerry variety with terrace of terracotta inflorescences;
- “Lelia” – Late Cream Colon’s Land-shaped Grade with Abundant Flat Small Inflorescences of Violet Pink Shade. Flowers to frozen.
Among the tall frost-resistant perennials, the following are noticeably allocated.
- “Umka” – with white with a pinkish tinge pomponoid terry inflorescences. Mid-Flowers – Cream. Used on a slice and for landscaping. Over the season blooms twice.
- “Apple color”. The large-flowered view of white, pink, burgundy and cream flowers with a bare aroma. Used for cutting. Flowers until October.
- “Sonatina” – grade with terry inflorescences of bright pink color with light silver tump and emerald green smooth foliage. Bloom in late autumn.
- “Cream jewel”. In early July, the color is almost white with gentle creamy-pink shades, and in August – apricot tone.
- “Summary of the Autumn” – Lodnimizing plant with inflorescences from light to dark orange tone.
- Emmy – grade with bright and large cream and brown inflorescences, blooms at the beginning of autumn.
- “Enon” – grade with cream and yellow flowers and long flowering in the summer and autumn seasons.
Solid landings, creating the effect of flower carpet, grown from a mixture of seeds. For example, Fewing a mixture of “Stars of the Galaxy” – the average cold-resistant perennials with a variety of bright terry inflorescences, baskets of medium and large size. The mixture is suitable for landing in containers or street vases. You can transplant cultures in a blooming condition. The mixture has several shades. Most often occur yellow, bright red and soft pink tones.
These varieties have proven themselves in Russian regions.
Combination with other colors
Create a composition of a wide variety of chrysanthemums are not difficult, they are well compatible with each other. But more advantageously these flowers will look with multicoligated decorative plants. Korean chrysanthemums dominate the flower ensembles, so it is important to know the rules of harmonious combination of various plants in group landings.
Perfectly, the combination of lush chrysanthemums and astrometry with original and joy-bear gerberas looks. Expressive joint autumn planting chrysanthemums and Astra. High-decorative cereals are perfectly suitable: oatmeal, evergreen oats, silver wormwood.
A flower garden with lined chrysanthemums perfectly sends landing of low-spirited shrubs, such as juniper and samshet. Bright rounded shapes with chrysanthemums and give the liveliness of strict evergreen cultures. Excellent combined with them Korean mixture with stunning variety of paints. White and lilac inflorescence chrysanthemums planted next to juniper, beneficially shadow gentle silver needles. But when landing, they need to take a lot of space for full growth.
Low-minded border chrysanthemums will become a festive framing and decorative addition to planted perennial lupins, Pushkiniev, Cannes, Narcissus, or annuals – Gerani, carnations, velvetsev, phlox, Levkoev, who serve as the main background.
Lelia variety is perfectly combined with green-shaft and red-hearted shrubs. Burgundy foliage – also a great background for varieties of chrysanthemums with contrasting inflorescences.
You can create a composition on a plot based on different types of harmonious combinations. Today Monochrome Garden – Fashion Designer Solution. Monophonic compositions look spectacular and at the same time restrained. For one-color scheme, only one base color and a lot of shades are used. As example, Red Chrysanthemums of Aurora and Salvia “Rosebad” with gentle pink flowers. The composition of the flower bed from the Bayram variety with blue-purple inflorescences and blue dolphinium or clematis flowers looks very exquisite.
In the contrasting scheme of landing, completely opposite colors of decorative plants are combined. It is recommended to leave one color clean, and the other a little bit off, since two strong colors look sharply together. If you drop the intensity of one color, then in this form, the combination looks more natural and attracting attention. For example, Blue irises and carnations harmoniously coexist with the variety of chrysanthemums “Super Bronze” with yellow and bronze color.
If we take into account the timing of the flowering of neighboring plants, then you can get a long-standing composition on the lawn, which will please the view before the first snow.
To put Korean chrysanthemums correctly, you need to choose a suitable area. Agrotehniki do not recommend to diverse the place for the doodles where vegetables were previously grown. It is better to plant them where decorative herbs and annuals grew to it.
Heat-loving perennials on windless and sunny places will bloom better. Copies growing in a fevering are more weakened, they have low-resistant and not enough infrequent inflorescences. And they will start blossoming much later.
Place of landing should be located on a small elevation where there is no stagnation of rainwater. In wetlands, flowers rotate. On such a soil should arrange drainage.
Low bushes preferably grow on the slope.
Soil is preferable with loose structure, moisture-permeable. Most suitable lung loam. Sand dry and dense clay soils are unsuitable. The preparation of soil landing begins with the autumn making of manure and superphosphate. The soil is recommended to mulch chopped pine bark, needles or oat antiholy. Weakness are most suitable for this. If necessary, the acidity of the soil is adjusted by lime with a solution of hated lime, chalk or dolomite flour.
Landing start late in the spring when the danger of the return of spring frosts. Seeds are placed not in wells, but with rows with a distance between them to half a meter. This will facilitate further care of seedlings. Before falling down, a cutting cut for better rooting is wetting the growth stimulant.
The soil after planting is sufficiently moisturized, the whole season is regularly exploded and cleaned with weeds. Every 3 years “Koreanka” need a transplant to a new place.
If you grow a perennial at a permanent place under 5 years, it should periodically cut forward. This will prevent the surning and unsighteousness of the inflorescence.
Subscribing dubby care is easy. For the season it is recommended to carry out at least three feeding with nitrogen solutions, and during the formation of buds – potash fertilizers. It is better to conduct them with watering at dawn and in the evening, after sunset.
Water should be soft, rain or outstanding. With its lack of plants become rude and lose attractiveness. After irrigation of the soil requires frequent loosening, which destroys the integrity of the crust on its surface and improves water and air permeability. Then roots and shoots begin to grow more intensively and form a bush. Weeds and pests are destroyed, wintering in the ground.
It is very useful to mulch chrysanthemum pine needles, crushed pine bark or oat straw, which will prevent soil causative agents of diseases to fall on the perennial during irrigation and rain.
Before swelling buds, bushes are desirable to handle growth stimulants. Then there will be more inflorescences with quick and friendly blossoms on chrysanthemum. The formation of greater pomp is the removal of early inflorescences and in shortening the shoots of the plant. At the stage of the appearance of 7-8 sheets, the tail. Regular removal of flashing inflorescences significantly prolongs flowering time.
The bush withstands freezing to -7 ° C. At the occurrence of constant soil frosts, flower products begin to prepare culture for winter. Carry out all the necessary agrotechnical events. It depends on how much flower will in the future please the growth and abundance of inflorescences.
The first necessary procedure – trimming. The frost-resistant variety cuts off the bushes, leaving only 10 cm, removed from the site all the garbage, with the prophylactic goal they produce sanitary cleaning of plants from old leaves with subsequent processing by their special means.
Next, each bush makes a complex potash-phosphoric feeding. These elements will help the root system to increase resistance to extinction. With the arrival of cold plants, the plant is covered to spring – first layer of mulch, toppicks laid, chips, sawdust. Nemoraoz-resistant varieties are also cut to make it easier to store, transplanses them into drawers along with an earthen room. Winter flowers in cellars.
Korean beauties breed in two ways: seeds and vegetative ways. but The method of growing seeds more often use breeders. In our weather conditions, the seeds ripen only in some early varieties, and seedlings grown from seeds do not repeat the varietal parent qualities. Therefore, it is desirable to use vegetative methods: the division of rhizomes or bush and stalling.
The period for dividing the bush or rhizomes is calculated so that chrysanthemum managed to root until winter. The plant digs up and the secateur share the root system into parts, each of which should contain up to 3 shoots, searmed in the wells with a humus and abundantly water. Almost all the decenes take root. Bloom comes in the year of transplant.
Frequently applied shilling. First select the best masterpieces. For spring shilling, they are digging them in autumn and move to the room. Cuttings high up to 7 cm high are harvested in spring from root row or side shoots. They are planted in planting tanks with nutritional soil, sufficiently moisturized and covered with glass or film.
When the cuttings are growing up, then to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots, they are pouring them. Such segments make several times. They allow you to form a compact and low-temperature bush with an abundance of lush inflorescences.
All this time Young plants and sumps regularly feed the solutions of organic and mineral complexes. Strengthening cuttings contributes to a two-week hardening outdoors. The whole process of rooting occupies about 2 months. When the warm weather and the return of spring frosts are no longer foreseen, rooted cuttings land in the open ground to the prepared place.
Diseases and pests
Adverse weather conditions and insufficient tart care can contribute to their disease.
With lack Potash-phosphor fertilizers Dubqui get sick with mildew when the bottom of the plant stem is taken off, and the leaves are black. It appears in the overeating, and with too high density of the bush. In addition, the cause can be a large temperature difference. In case of damage to this disease, it is necessary to treat plants with drugs containing copper. You can also conduct preventive spraying at the beginning of summer.
The most frequent diseases are fungal: Black and white spotty, stroke rot, rust mushrooms, ascohithosis, verticillosis, leaves septorize. They are struggling with them with a spraying of fungicides.
Viral diseases cause dwarfship, mosaic, aspermia, rosette, refinement of inflorescences, and do not succumb to treatment. The affected plants dig and burn.
From the pests of Korean Chrysanthemum threatened, web tick, cycard – slumping Potnnie, field knop and tobacco trips. Insecticides are used to destroy them.
Slug eat leaves, and nematodes eat plant roots. Destroy with sluggish union or metaldehyde. With nematode struggle with the drug “Decaris”.
Prevention measures against disease and pests are applied in the desired amount of potash and phosphoric fertilizers, in a rare plant planting, regular cleaning of the area from fallen leaves, in the fight against weeds, loosening the soil cover and the roar of the culture zone.
Examples in landscape design
A variety of brown-colored inflorescences, frost resistance, long-lasting chrysanthemum blossom – all this attracts flowerflowers and often used by them when creating decorative landscape designs.
There are joint landing rules using which you can create successful color compositions without excessive varnish and without monotonous, inexpressive combinations.
Modern colors compatibility trends recommend to take into account landings, plants height.
All neighboring plantations should be equally reacting to illumination, the composition of the soil and the frequency of watering and nothing to be rejected during their life cycle.
When disembarking, it is necessary to take into account that some plants oppress others by their size and active resource consumption. For example, All representatives of the Lutikov family are sucking water from the ground and all useful substances, thoroughly depleting it, which is why they suffer from the nearest green neighbors. In addition, the roots of representatives of these families identify substances that cause harm to other species. And, on the contrary, with a competently made planting of the plant capable of protecting themselves and others from pests and help everyone in development. Capable to drive out harmful insects Velhets and Sage.
You can form continuously blooming lawns if used varieties of different flowering periods. Then some flowers will continuously replace others.
If it is competent to plant chrysanthemums with other plants, adhering to the recommendations of specialists, then you can enjoy the great bloom of these exotic beauties for a long time. Korean chrysanthemums make great on a joint site with different types of decorative plants.
Flowerbeds with multi-colored variegated chrysanthemums make a plot in the fall of the Pestry and Elegant Carpet.
Single landing chrysanthemums are also expressive.
Flowerbed of tall and border chrysanthemums.
Raining the color of chrysanthemum, you can create an interesting composition.
Beautiful neighbors for chrysanthemum will be many annuals.
Chrysanthemums and Astra – also a wonderful combination.