To the garden looks not only beautiful, but also twisted with its variety of colors, experienced gardeners are recommended when creating a beautiful landscape to stop their choice on Candy. With this plant, you will be able to embody even the most bold ideas. This plant is something like a small lily, which can delight the eyes of early spring.
These bright and at the same time gentle flowers appear one of the first.
About Kandyka became known in the first century to our era. Basically, the plant grows within mountain forests. Flowering falls for the period from the end of April and at the beginning of May. Basically, all kinds and most of the varieties refers to the lowest, their height of the stem reaches no more than 30 cm. However, there are also tall plants that can reach up to 60 cm.
Annual ovoid-shaped bulb, but foliage can be several varieties: Cherry, opposite, elongated or ovoid-lanceal. And it can be both monophonic and white spots. The base of the stem grows two sheets.
The flower is mostly one, but there are cases when several grows.
The petiole is rather large and consists of 6 petals, which at the very base are brought closer and form the shape of the bell tler, and those that are above – disagree, bending to the outer side.
Listers are quite long, can grow from 18 to 20 mm. Color petals can be pink, yellow shades or white. On the internal leaves that are located near the Cherry, the very base is a cross fold. Below this fold there are small holes. In total, the flower is 6 stamens, which with linearly oblong anthers. Threads at the base of the linear form, which in the midst – spindle-shaped form, and those that are at the very top – thin. The column of the filamentine shape, it increases in diameter to the top of the top, includes a three-part strait (as a rule, with bilateral shares). The fruit is presented in an opposite-shaped box with a small amount of seeds.
Types and varieties
A total of 29 types of candy, from which almost everyone can be grown as decorative plants. It is worth noting that 3 varieties of the erythronium are listed in the Red Book of Russia: Caucasian, Japanese and Siberian. To understand what every species is different from each other, it follows with each of them to get acquainted in more detail.
This type of plant in natural habitat is distributed in the territory of Western Transcaucasia, namely within the mountainous forests. It is necessary to highlight such features of the type of Caucasian Candy, as:
- The shape of a bulb may be two types (oblong shape or ovoid);
- The height of the stem is considered a low-level plant, the maximum length of the stem is up to 25 cm;
- The foliage is oblong and resembles the shape of a chicken egg, with stains of a small size; Sticky stalking, petals have a pale shade of yellow or white;
- Flowers – From the inside of the honeymoon, and in front of the color of the Majer.
In addition, the Caucasian Candyk has a rather low level of frost resistance, so with the arrival of cold flowers, the flowers should be well insulated.
Natural habitat of this species falls south of Siberia and Mongolia. In addition, the colors of this species can grow on the glades of coniferous or mixed forests in Altai. This variety of erythronium has such characteristic features as:
- bulb shape of the cylinder, with a delicate structure;
- The stem is a lowered bush height from 12 to 35 cm;
- The leaves are a pair of oppositely located plates that have the shape of the ellipsis (upwards are narrowed, with a sharp tip); dark burgundy color, resembles a marble coating;
- Flowers are reduced, petals grow up to 8 cm of white or purple colors, the base of the yellow shade into the dark clop. White Pestiki, Gold Futy Nights.
Popular varieties: “Lady In Rad”, “Altai Snow”, “White Fang”.
Plants of this species are common in the territory of the Kuril Islands, as well as in Korea, on Sakhalin and, of course, in Japan. Like many other varieties, the Japanese Candyk is considered a high-temperature plant that does not differ in its frost resistance. The following flower parameters should also be highlighted:
- cylindrically lancing bulb;
- stem of the middle thickness; The maximum length of the plant can reach 30 cm;
- The leaves are narrow and oblong shape, grow up to 12 cm;
- Flower one, drooping; Purple petals.
In the wildlife conditions, the trees of Candyk Tolnesssky grow preferably grow predominantly at the foot of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. Characteristic features of this variety are as follows:
- Stem – the maximum height is about 30-40 cm;
- Foliage long-coal and rich green color; The plates are characterized by a lancing or reverse lancing form, their length can reach 30 cm;
- Flowers – maybe one or more flowers of a bright golden shade with yellow-green base.
It is customary to allocate the two most common varieties in Russia: “Pagoda” with lemon flowers and “Congo” with dirty yellow petals of flowers and brown-red veins.
The name of this type speaks by itself. These flowers in the natural habitat can be found within California. Features of varieties are as follows:
- The height of the stem is up to 35 cm;
- The leaves of the oblong shape with stains can grow up to 10 cm;
- Winged stiffs;
- can grow several colors on one stem; Petals in cream tones with yellow tump and with orange base.
Among the gardeners are especially popular with the following varieties of Candy: “White Beauty” with snow-white flowers and a dark horizontal strip in the middle, as well as Harwington Snowguz with characteristic varieties with large colors of cream shade and lemon base.
Flowers of this species can occur not only in Europe, but also the limits of the Alps at an altitude of up to 2 thousand. meters, as well as in Western Ukraine. Subtropical and moderate climates are suitable for Kandyka European. It has the following characteristics:
- pale pink stem; Maximum height – 30 cm;
- The leaves of the broad-chained form, the plate is narrowed closer to the cutter, grow at the base of the stem; Green color with purple enclosure;
- Petrogen’s petiole;
- Flower, as a rule, one and drooping; Petals of the lancing form with a sharpness closer in the tips, which are twisted in the opposite direction; Color range: pink, white and lilac.
Flowers of this variety differ in good frost resistance and high decorativeness.
The following varieties are distinguished by gardeners: “Pink Perfect” pink, “Snowflake” with white flowers and “Rose Quin” with pink petals.
In addition to the above species of such a plant, like Kandyk, there is still a huge set of both species and varieties. For example, Eritronium American, which can be found within the United States or Canada at an altitude of up to 1.5 thousand. meters, usually grow up to 20 cm in height with amber or purple flowers. Kandyk whiteish At its place of origin and some parameters are similar to the Erythronium American. The main differences can be attributed to the varieties of blades from the pet. Color color can be different: White, Blue, Pink. And this kind of like Multi-mining candy can hold on one stem up to 3 flowers. Their color is usually creamy shade with orange base. With the process of fading acquires another color – light pink.
Compliance with all landing rules is 50% of the success of all further growing plants. So that all actions have been performed correctly, It should be followed by the following simple step-by-step instructions:
- Already matured flower seeds should be decomposed at a distance between each sowing material not closer than 5 cm;
- Place them in the holes at a depth of 3 cm so that the distance between them was from 10 cm, after which the grooves can be closed;
- rudely water the place where our plants were planted.
With the arrival of winter, the plot must be biting, only if the season promises to be frosty and without snow. The first shoots can be seen by the middle of spring. Their height should be at least 4 cm. If the sprouts are less or at all come, then it is necessary to moisten them well and “feed” fertilizer. If you decide to plant the bulbs of Kandyka, then it is necessary to pay special attention to some features. For example, European-Asian varieties bulbs should be immersed to a depth of approximately 15 cm, while the distance between each bulb should be at least 15 cm. American varieties are planted with a 20 cm recess with a period of 15 cm, as in the case of European-Asian hybrids.
After landing, the locality must be powered by an abundant amount of water.
The cultivation of the erythronium in the open soil implies the need to courting the plant throughout his life.
In the spring, the period of active increase begins, but since as the snow melts, water falls into the soil, so the plant is able to enrich the amount of moisture from melt. Active watering can be started at the end of spring if it was not rainy. After each irrigation or rain, it is necessary to explode soil and eliminate weeds if they appeared.
During the first year after disembarking, the plant does not need additional fertilizer, since all the year will be enough to the whole feeding, which was introduced at the time of landing.
Then it will be necessary to resort to mulching, and as feeding to use special fertilizer for the Candy with the mineral base.
Preparation for winter
Despite the fact that such a plant, as Kandyk, is one of the first, with the arrival of spring, it still can not be called a flower with good frost resistance. If you decide to plant this beautiful plant in my garden, then it is mandatory to insulate it with the arrival of the first frosts. If winter should not be too cold and at the same time, the shelter does not need a fragile plant. His role will be carried out the thick of the snow. Otherwise, as insulation, experts are recommended to abundantly fall asleep where the flower is growing, a layer of a huskoth or dry foliage. If we are talking about such varieties of decorative plants that are more or less distinguished by their frost resistance, then the “blanket” can make a little less thickness. To clean the layer of insulation follows no earlier than the moment you melt the drifts and comes spring heat.
Fighting diseases and pests
First of all, it is worth saying that this plant does not prone to diseases or damage to pests. Harm can be caused only by those insects or rodents that live in the soil itself, for example, crots, bear or earthmock. However, it is sometimes more difficult to deal with such pests than with other insects. In order to save, many experienced gardeners resort to folk and cheap parasite elimination methods.
You can destroy the masonry of the Medvedka, if the land between the colors is dispelled to a depth of up to 15 cm. You can also boil around each bulb cut from both sides plastic bottle. This lifehak will allow to block all the pest paths to the bulb of the plant.
As for Moles and earthrooks, then in this case, the construction of special homemade devices should be done. To do this, you will need rods from iron. Their length should be from 1 to 1.5 meters. They should be inserted into the ground in those places where pests are allegedly assembled, it is necessary to push half of the total length. On those ends who remained free, it is necessary to wear an empty tin can.
Thanks to the wind and the contact of metals, vibrations will be obtained, which will help scare pests from the plant. And you can also wind up the rod textiles, first in dusting in a dorsa, so that the smell scare insects and rodents.
Candy is considered a perennial flower that can grow in the same place for 4-5 years. At the expiration of this period, the time of transplantation of plants is coming, and at the same time its reproduction. Erythronium repaid, resorting to the division of the bulbs. Experienced gardeners are recommended to engage in reproduction process from the end of July at the beginning of August. It is at this time that the flower is in suitable for reproduction.
To this period, the leaves of the Kandy must become yellow. The bulbs will be able to recover after the past period of flowering plants. When the bulbs are dug, they should be separated from them kids and then process the spray places with coal powder. The resulting landing material should be immediately planted in advance prepared wells with fertilizer. Prolonged stay of bulbs in the open air harms their structure. This is due to the fact that they are not covered with a protective layer of husk, so the wind begin to instantly dry. If you need some time to store material for landing, you should put them on a long saving to a tank with a wet sandy coating or peat.
Usage in landscape design
Thanks to a huge variety of both varieties of this decorative plant and varieties with their extraordinary color, Kandyk can be used everywhere. To create a beautiful landscape with this type of plant, you can resort to landing it on an alpine slide or in rocky garden. In addition, this flower will look harmoniously in flower beds, mixlers or even Rabata. Due to its high decorativeness and “sewability” with other types of plants, the erythronium can be planted next to the Arabis Caucasian, Thrillum, Iberism and the liver. As for the same early plants, you can land Kandyk near Muskari, Hondoxy, Pushkin and Brandushki.
It will be quite advantageous to watch this kind of decorative flower near the Kizilnik, Juniper or Padoliste Magonia.
On the application of Kandyka is narrated further.