Juniper are coniferous plants that are often planted in the gardens and at home. These cultures are distinguished by a mass of positive characteristics, including unpretentiousness and high decorative qualities.
The historic homeland juniper ordinary “Hisnik” is considered to be Ireland. The frost resistance of this representative of the Flora allowed him to grow it in the regions with different climatic conditions, including in Russia. The main direction in the use of the plant is the landscaping zones for recreation, as well as the design of territories for design landscape projects.
This long-term culture is a kind of ordinary juniper. Adult “Hisnik” can grow up to 400 centimeters, so this variety is considered highly. Krone bush has the right colonum shape. Juniper branches pressed against the trunk, due to which in the amount it reaches 120 centimeters. This Flora Representative is adapted to existence in a cold climate.
Common juniper often plant in urban parks, squares. The shrub is characterized by medium drought resistance, so, with a lack of moisture, the culture loses decorative qualities of the lower part.
If the liquid is shortened, the plants of the plant brown and dry. “Hisberry” is a frost-resistant copy, so -30 degrees is not terrible to him.
This multi-year representative of the Flora is able to preserve its beauty for a long period. Juniper can grow in one place throughout the century. The bush is distinguished by unpretentiousness in care and does not need permanent measures to form the crown. External characteristics of “Hisniki”:
- Non-popiomidal proper shape of the bush;
- Middle-sized branches, with dark gray color and brown tint;
- Bark is uneven and scaly;
- Young shoots grow from the center of the plant;
- Light green needles inherent triangility, softness, small length;
- Growing juniper thickness does not have any lumen;
- Powerful roots, 5 meters are deepened into the soil;
- The berries of the medium size, when ripening, have dark brown, almost black.
Grade “Hisnik” multiplies with cuttings, grain, seeds. Most often landing cuttings. Juniper is a light-loving plant, so it is worth landing on a well-lit. However, it is worth remembering that straight sun rays can cause burns near the bush. In preference in juniper, a nonxidity soil. Surplus acid can be neutralized by adding dolomite flour. Before planting a plant in a substrate worth adding peat, sand. The optimal period for landing is the end of April – the first decade of May. Stages of landing will be such.
- Digging the wells, the size of which should be several times more than the earth com on the roots.
- At the bottom of the pit it is worth putting a drainage layer, the thickness of which should be at least 20 centimeters. With this purpose, you can use brick brick, crushed. Drainage is required with a shallow groundwater running.
- During the sprinkling of the young juniper, it is not necessary to plunge the root neck. It should remain on the surface.
First week after landing “Hisniki” need to carry out regular watering. For one representative, the flora should have at least 20 liters of fluid. Also do not forget about loosening, since the roots need oxygen for normal development.
Thanks to the priority mulching, you can save moisture for a long time and slow down the growth of weed. Peat, sawdust, dried grass can act as a mulch.
Features of care
Difficult activities for the care of juniper of this variety is not required. The main thing is not to forget about regular and abundant irrigation. After planning, one plant requires 2 water buckets. Soil moisture must be medium, only as the Krone bush will be formed decoratively. In the hot and dry days, “Hisnik” needs more often, and also to spend the evening sprinkle once a week.
Soil looser is a guarantee that juniper will respond with good development. The field of this procedure is improved by oxygen access, which does not allow to develop rot. Thanks to the mulching of the priority circle, we can eliminate weeds and keep moisture. For mulching, you can use peat, laying it with a layer of 5 centimeters.
The pruning procedure must be carried out in spring time before the start of active vegetation. In this case, it is worth cut dry, sore branches using a sharp secateur. Fingering the bush is necessary in the middle of spring, using a complex in which nitroammofosk is included. 40 grams per 1M2 considered sufficient number of this substance.
For the winter period of the year, only young, not faster plants. Adult juniper do not need this event. But if the winter was outstanding a snowy, then it is better to suspend the branches “Hisniki” so that the wind does not break them.
Methods of breeding
Ordinary juniper can be multiplied with a vegetative and generative way. This varietal culture is able to give seeds that can be heated. However, it is necessary to remember that this planting material in the plant appears infrequently, therefore the generative variant of the reproduction is considered unprofitable.
Hisbernik more suits vegetative cultivation. In this case, the planting material is taken from the escape of the annual representative. You can also multiply a bush with grooves, flexing and fixing the lower branch to the substrate.
At the same time, you should not forget about accuracy, since the juniper is characterized by the fragility of wood.
Diseases and pests
One of the most important stages in the care of “Hiberica” is considered prevention of diseases and control of parasites. Despite the resilience and strong immunity of shrub, he can attack rust – fungal ailment, which is difficult to warn. The disease is manifested by the formation of growths. In order to protect juniper from rust, you need to land it further from crops, which often suffer from fungal infections. A good prophylactic effect is observed after spraying by Fungicide, it can be a burglar liquid of gray color.
With incorrect care for this representative, the Flora may develop such a disease as fusariosis. This ailment manifests itself in the appearance of yellow and dry needles. The roots of the sick bush have a red color that later can cause death. At the first manifestations of the disease Juniper, you need to dig, inspect, root to treat fungicides and transplant to a new section. After that, the old site is drunk and treated with a hammer solution.
The most cunning enemy of juniper is a sawwriter. This parasite eats a housing plant. Initially, he falls to taste old needles, after which he goes into young. This pest must be collected manually. It is also necessary to move the soil near the barrel of the plant, thereby driving the larvae of the peeling.
If the “Hisnik” appeared a large number of caterpillars, it can be cleaned by “Decis” or “carbofos”. No less dangerous is the attack of ticks on juniper, as they completely destroy the plant. In this case, it is worth using eradicates or a soap solution with garlic infusion.
Usage in landscape design
Juniper “Hisnik” is a beautiful representative of the Flora. Due to his unpretentiousness, even gardener without experience can grow. Features of this variety are used to create a composition in landscape design. His lining on flower bed with flowers looks rather profitable due to colonidity crown.
It is better to plant a swift near those plants that are similar in preference in cultivation. Worthy neighbors for juniper consider Verseres, blooming bulbous representatives, as well as fern and lacer. Hisberries have an original and harmonious appearance.
Cypress trees are considered rather decorative cultures. “Hisernik” often planted as a focal plant on flowering flower beds. Colon’s shape of juniper allows you to use it as a living hedge. The attractiveness and harmony of this representative of the Flora can not not attract attention.
Juniper “Hisnik” is characterized by endurance to environmental conditions. Since it is not frightened by low temperatures, the bush can be landed in the harsh climatic zone. This plant has persistent immunity, but with improper care it may die from diseases and pest attacks. If you wish to raise on your piece of conifer, it is necessary to comply with the rules of its cultivation. Then he will delight his appearance of all surrounding.
Perennial shrub often use for competent design of a private territory or a park zone. According to gardener reviews, this juniper grade growing on the territory is able to create the impression of solemnity and pacification. Also many dacities pleased that for the period of its existence “Hisnik” very rarely sick. People pleased a thin coniferous aroma that exudes the plant.
Juniper can land anyone despite the climatic conditions of the territory and experience of the gardener.
Overview of Juniper “Hisnik” Looking further.