Juniper – one of the most promising in the garden design of cultures. Especially attractive varieties derived several decades ago. However, with each such plant, it is necessary to understand separately, and the juniper “Strickt” is not an exception.
Sort of Juniper Stricks was developed in the Netherlands in the 1950s. Elegant crown geometry and atypical needle colors allowed the culture to gain greater popularity worldwide. Chinese juniper is a dwarf tree. Slim cone is crowned with a dense symmetric crown. It adds from thin, growing under an acute angle, branches. Sharp thin needles are distinguished by soft and painted in a green-blue color.
In the cold season, it changes to the gray-blue color. In the description of Juniper Stricks, it is impossible not to mention the difference between its male and female copies. In the first crown, the column is more reminded, and the second is distinguished by spreading. At the end of the summer – the beginning of autumn on Stricks matures the mass of dark blue binding.
These berries covers a whitish wax. The diameter of the fetus – approximately 8 mm, inside it is hidden 3 semen. IMPORTANT: Berries of Stricks have only decorative importance, it is impossible to use them.
There is a related culture described class – “Strict Variam”. The height of the Chinese tree can be 2.5 m, while the size of the crown reaches 1.5 m. These dimensions make it possible to use plants in the composition of living hedges. Plant feature is a developed root system. Thanks to her, the culture is great for strengthening prone to erosion of soils. But it must be borne in mind that the roots of the coniferous plant are extremely sensitive. In the air they will rapidly digert; Because of the landing, they advise to select plants that have grown in containers.
Chinese juniper helps to clean the air and eliminate pathogenic microorganisms. No wonder it is actively used in sanatoriums and in resort wellness complexes. But you must remember that Coupling, like fruit, contain a certain amount of toxins. With the direct exposure to the “Stricks” juice on the skin and mucous membranes may occur unpleasant consequences. That’s why Working with juniper recommend strictly in gloves and subject to other precautionary measures.
Minors from contact with him is better to protect. It is impossible to say that Juniper “Starkt” is growing rapidly. But in adult trees growth rate is higher than that of young seedlings. However, even at the peak of development, the growth in a year cannot exceed 0.05-0.07 m. But a small height is not too principled – in the conditions of our country, the frost resistance of this culture is very valuable.
Usage in landscape design
Floral compositions in eastern styles are extremely rarely created without Chinese juniper. But the beauty of this plant allows it to fit into the garden, decorated in classical European canons. Strict finds use in:
- Elegant ensembles.
The use of wood in the living elevation is facilitated by extensive crown formation capabilities. But there is another option – to plant “Stricks” on the terrace or on the balcony, where it will look no less attractive. Returning to garden landscape design, it is worth noting that The classic version of the use of juniper implies combining it with barberries or cylinder.
How to plant?
Any particular difficulties landing “Stricts” does not cause. However, it must be remembered that the choice of land and its preparation is very important. Juniper Svetilubil. At the same time, its needles does not tolerate direct sunlight. Especially a lot of problems they can create young plants, because the best place is considered to be thoroughly ventilated. “Strict” should be planted in neutral or having weak ground acidity.
It is necessary to carefully choose the seedlove itself. Best copies are grown in nurseries and garden centers. It is recommended to take a landing material with a closed root complex. Optional container culture – a simple option “with a room”.
A good sapling always has noticeable young shoots. But the presence of dry and brittle branches is unacceptable. How unacceptable and deformed, dried trunks. Optimal time for landing – Spring and autumn months.
Landing material with open roots, if there is no other choice, put it immediately after the purchase. This will reduce the risk of cutting the root system. But the container seedlings of juniper are less demanding in this sense, and can wait for a while. The order of work is:
- Choose immediately the final place (as Juniper reacts poorly to the transplant);
- prepare a pit 2-3 times more than an earthen com;
- When placing 2 and more juniper, they separate the holes from 1.5 to 2 m;
- Lay drainage in the pit (pebbles or brick fight fit);
- The seedling is plunged, following the root cervix not left underground;
- Put “Stricks” with a sandy-dery-peat mixture;
- shelted landing from the sun and pour abundantly.
How to care for?
The Chinese variety of Stricks does not impose special requirements for humidity and can be not bad to carry drought. But in the first 2-3 months after landing, systematic irrigation is obligatory, And with plenty of water. If there is a dry summer, then for each tree spend 30 liters of liquid. But excessive irrigation for juniper is dangerous. Therefore, when cultivating it in group landings or only one of this variety is used, or plants with a similar water regime are selected.
To keep the care due to the result, Stricks must be protected from contact with the incered air. If the humidity is low, it is necessary to even spray the crown from the pulverizer. But at the same time, the injection of water is unacceptable. Advise spraying to spend in the morning or evening when there is no bright sun.
Fertilizers need only 1 time during the vegetative season. Optimal deadlines are considered the last days of April or the beginning of May. Specialists advise apply Universal sets of minerals for coniferous crops. Mulch “Stricks” optional. If the Earth has become too fast, the frequency of irrigation is slightly reduced and cleaned carefully weeds. Mulch for retention of moisture is placed only when these measures do not help.
The optimal version of the mulch is a pinch or pine tree. Since the roots are developing strongly, to loosen the Earth should only be near young shoots, and then on a small depth. Crane shaping gives good results. In landscaped landing trimming is needed regularly. In the living ingredients, if not a different task, is removed only by the witty branches. The optimal time for the haircut is the beginning of spring, before the movement of juices. You need to delete no more than 1/3 of each escape.
The only exception is the patients and dry branches. For cuts do not become input channels for fungal infection, the crown is treated with standard row fungicides. Despite the overall resistance to winter, it is necessary to prepare for it anyway.
When the cold approach, the coil circles are covered with peat, the layer make it harmful. Young seedlings advise to cover the husknik to the very top. To avoid breakdown branches under the snow load, they are tested to the trunk. If very strong cold are expected, agricultural or burlap is used for plantation insulation. To clean the shelter advise not earlier than half of April. It is worth choosing for this It’s a nasty day, Then adaptation to natural illumination will be held better.
A separate conversation deserves care for room culture of juniper. Immediately after buying a sapling immediately transplant in a slightly large capacity. Soil should be intended only for coniferous plants. Drainage falls asleep in the bottom of the pot. If this is not done, there will be a harmful stagnation of moisture. From above the earth sprinkle a little mulch and pour liquid fertilizer for conifers. Potted “Stricks” watered not too active. In the summer months, watering is produced as the land drying down, and in the winter – maximum twice a month.
Spraying the crown of the room trees from the spray. You can do it 2-3 times per day. In the winter months, pots with juniper are cleaned as far away from the heating devices as much as possible. Fertilizers bring from March to August, with an interval of 14 days. The optimal option is the dissolution of mineral fertilizers in watering water.
Pots hold on sunny windows. In the summer months you need to exclude direct sunny lighting crown. In the room where the juniper grows, from June to August, the temperature must be maintained to +25, and in winter – to +13 degrees. As the plant grows, each spring is transplanted into all the big pots. But at the same time carefully follow, To the root system remains a mustache, otherwise severe diseases may begin in juniper.
Methods of breeding
Chances of divorcing Juniper “Starkt” seeds only have professional agronomes or breeders. Ordinary gardeners will have to use cuttings. Billets of breeding material occur in spring. Take branches of 1 year, and after separation they are rooted in a sandy peat mixture. If “Strict Variagat” is selected, it is better to multiply. Low, peeling on the ground branches put in furrows.
To fill these furrows use sand-peat mixture. The usual soil falls asleep top. The tops of seedlings are pinching. If everything is done correctly, and the gardeners will show due diligence and patience, soon the branch will turn into independent juniper sprouts.
Diseases and pests
The unpretentiousness of Juniper “Strickt” is pleased, but still these endurance plants can hurt much. Special danger represent fungal infections. Currently, agronomas are known about 30-40 kinds of fungi infecting juniper. In addition to specific manifestations, All fungal lesions have a common line – first yellowing the middle, growing needles there. Soon they will get safeguard and will begin to disappear, and then it will touch the whole branches.
It may seem that the plant will dry due to moisture deficit. But if irrigated is not sufficient (or its activation does not help), special treatment of wood is required. It is specific for each type of pathogens. We will have to get rid of all infected parts. Sick trees are treated with suitable fungicides. The same drugs advise to use and for preventive processing of the site.
Rust is expressed in the appearance of brown growths covered with orange-golden raid. They are found not only on the trunk, but also on shoots, and from the inside cracks of the cortex. As the illness exacerbates, the sick pieces dry up, the needles will boil and crept.
The struggle with rust is possible with the help of the “Archerid”. It is used 4 times in a row, making breaks for 10 days between processing. Treatment is worth starting as early as possible. Otherwise, the chances of success are rapidly reduced. Watching and drying branches. Because of this disease, the bark dries and needles. Basic measures to combat it:
- Cutting and burning patients of shoots;
- disinfection of cuts with copper vitrios;
- Additional treatment of cuts of garden borants or a pasty preparation “Rannet”.
Prevention advise to use Bordeaux mixture at a concentration of 1%. Synthetic preparations can replace it “Hom”, “Abiga Peak”. Infection Brury Schute is expressed in the yellowing of old needles, while the needles do not appear. Suffering branches will have to trim. Plants are treated with the same ways as when dried drying – usually in spring and autumn, and with the strong development of the disease and in the summer. Were fear of the appearance of Schute it is necessary on the background of raw cool weather. That’s why, If rainy days have been installed, juniper will have to examine daily.
Necrosis of the cortex, it is necrosis or incodecy cancer, striking mechanically damaged trees. The external manifestation of the ailment will be the occurrence of partial and annular diefs, trunks. The color color does not change.
Help the spread of necrosis helps:
- removal of patients;
- Development of thickened landings;
- Processing with copper-containing.
If the plant has to be destroyed, all plant residues will have to remove from the soil. Additionally, the land processing is carried out by means of “Quadris” and “Tilt”. Biaathereellic cancer develops in the same scheme as necrosis, but leads to deep lesions of wood, to stepped ripped ulcers. The treatment consists in cutting patients and treatment with antifungal compositions, especially on cut places.
From pests for Stricks are dangerous mainly:
- Cellic ticks;
- juniper shields;
So that the wane had less chances to get to juniper, it should be kept away from the garden rose. Processing insecticides must be done as soon as harmful insects were found. Experts advise to treat closely arranged trees and bushes so that they do not become a bridgehead for “aggressors”. Juniper sawers are destroyed by the drug “Kinmix” or “Bi-58”. Additionally advise Drop the rolling circle, manually struggle with larvae and insect nests.
How to properly care for the Juniper Chinese “Strickt”, look in the following video.