Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine always attracted flowers lovers with their touching light bulb and amazing flavor. Jasmine Sambak in addition works well at home and does not require particularly difficult care.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Description

Jasmine Sambak is an evergreen perennial, covered with small snow-white flowers placed at the ends of the shoots. The characteristic feature of the plant is considered to be its bright and strong smell capable of even cause headaches indoors. On thin and smooth brownish branches, small leafy sheets are growing, forming separately and resembling their shape egg. The length of each plate varies from 3 to 9 centimeters. Extracted flowers reach only a centimeter in diameter and look like a pipe. Coloring of the whites can be white, yellow or red.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Indian jasmine in height reaches about 3 meters. The number of flower baskets growing at one time at the end of each stem, ranges from 3 to 12 copies. Red or black berries with a diameter of one centimeter are generated from the top. During the flowering period, the jasmine buds bloom in the evenings, and in the morning closed. The number of grants of jasmine Sambak, found in nature, reaches a pair of hundreds.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Sort

At home, as a rule, several basic grades of jasmine sambak are grown. All of them have snow-white coloring and bright smell, but differ in the dimensions and complexity of growing. Grade “Arab Knights” characterized by very rapid growth and development. The diameter of one flower is from 1.5 to 1.7 centimeters, and the bud itself is a terry. Culture successfully develops both in the sun and in partial shadow. Flowering of this variety continues from March to September.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Grade “Great Duke Tuscany”, which often appears called “Grand Duke”, It grows pretty slowly, but pleases its owners very large flowers, the diameter of which is 4-5 centimeters. Buds belong to the Gustomakhov. They arise on the stem just a few days, after which it dry is not falling. This variety requires darkened places, but in general is able to grow and on a well-lit plot. He tolerate tolerate drought, if not tightening the gap without irrigation. Judging by the reviews, the sweet aroma of the “Great Duke” is the most pleasant.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Grade “Orleansian Virgo” known for his unpretentious and rapid growth. The plant is climbing and creeping, but with proper trimming it forms a neat bush. The diameter of the appearing flowers is about 20 millimeters, and “live” they are just one day.

For successful grade, it is necessary to withstand the temperature not less than 10 degrees of heat.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Grade “Beauty of India” develops at an average pace, but produces flowers throughout the year. The diameter of the emerging basket is 30 millimeters, besides, they are terry. The variety is required regular, but not excessive watering, as well as a sufficient amount of light.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

How to choose?

The choice of grants of jasmine Sambak depends on the purpose of which the plant is purchased. If the basic value is the aromatic properties of culture and flowers will be used for the manufacture, for example, natural cosmetics, then it is necessary to acquire the “Great Duke Tuscany”. If the buyer is much more important so that the culture regularly pleased with its appearance, the preference should be given to the “Beauty of India”, the blooming almost all 12 months.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Landing

In the southern regions, Jasmine Sambak is taken to grow on an open soil, but in another climate it is better to settle his houses, and in warm days to carry a container or pot on the balcony or terrace. The earth for the flower will need light, loose and nutritious, enriched with sand and humus. It will be much easier to acquire a suitable for flowering shrubs in the store, but if there is no possibility, it will be necessary to mix the ground from the garden plot, peat and sand in the ratio of 1: 1: 1. In addition, it is important that the soil turns out to be neutral or weakly acid.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

If the landing occurs at home, then the pot should take the volume from one and a half to two liters. Its bottom is necessarily covered with a drainage layer, after which the soil sweat inside. A year later, Jasmine will require a transplant, as not only the above-ground part will grow, but also the roots. Capacity in this case will have to take a larger size – just like a year later. Adult Sambak transplants once in a couple of years with a complete replacement of the Earth.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Subsequent care

Flower care at home does not represent a special difficulty.

Lighting

In principle, room jasmine Sambak is always growing rapidly if it receives enough lighting, and therefore it is better to choose window sills of windows looking into the south-west or southeast. Periodically, the pot or container will have to deploy to develop the crown to be uniform. In winter, Jasmine lacks natural light, so you have to use the phytolampa, which allows you to bring the duration of the daytime to 16 hours. The temperature at which the plant feels well, changes depending on the time of year.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

In the summer, the optimal gap is 18-25 degrees, and in the winter it falls to 10-13 degrees, as Jasmine needs to go on peace. The lack of proper rest will lead to the fact that jasmine is exhausted and the beginning of spring will not bloom.

It is also necessary to mention that the Sambak loves humidity, and therefore the effect of dry air, especially during the inclusion of batteries, can play a decisive role and harvest the plant. Therefore, it requires regular spraying of water temperature, the frequency of which is determined by the situation.

In the summer, the container can also be placed on a pallet filled with moisturized pebbles or clay. During flowering and rest, the spraying of the plant ceases.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Watering

Jasmine Sambak requires a moderate watering that is significantly reduced in winter. The variety reacts poorly to excess moisture, so its number should be monitored.

Watering is suitable for watering the water temperature, in which, if necessary, a little citric acid is added.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Podkord

Once a month, Jasmine Sambak should receive complex fertilizers containing in potassium, phosphorus and nitrogen used in equal amounts.

Only nitrogen-containing feeders are better not to use, since the excess of this substance contributes to the extension of the green mass, which means that the flowering slowdown.

Excess fertilizer leads to a change in the shade of leafy plates on yellow. The lack of fertilizer becomes the result of a slowdown in growth and, accordingly, stopping the formation of floral buds. It is most convenient to fertilize jasmine samba granular compositions.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Trimming

Timely trimming allows you to give Jasmine beautiful and neat shape. As a rule, it is carried out at the beginning of spring and lies in shortening the long branches almost 2/3. Weakened, sick or dried specimens are completely removed. When Jasmine wonders, it makes sense to pinch either again slightly shorten. This procedure will contribute to the further emergence of young and healthy shoots with blooming buds. As a rule, form a bush is necessary a couple of three times a year.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

It is also necessary to remember that Sambak should be properly prepared for the rest period of the winter. For this Gradually decreases the amount of irrigation and fertilizer. The humidity of the air, however, remains at the same level, since dry is able to ruin the plant, even staying alone. In addition, as has already been said, in the room where jasmine winter is, the temperature is reduced.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Fighting diseases and pests

Jasmine Sambak quickly and clearly reacts to the violation of the conditions of content and care – as a rule, the plant is immediately either ill, or, weakened, becomes a target for pests. From the insects culture most often attack the web ticks, leaf weevils and a word. The owner of the plant should respond promptly to the situation, removing damaged parts and spraying insecticide chopping. However, if the situation is not yet too running, then first it is worth using natural ways to fight or rinse jasmine soapy.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

If the sump drops the sheet plates, the source of the problem may be in excess moisture, drying the soil or low air humidity. What to do in this situation, in principle, it is clear – to balance the abyss of the culture out-of-control. Dry ends of sheets and shoots are again characteristic of reduced humidity or insufficient watering. When the branch dries completely, the problem may be in the use of hard water for irrigation and accumulation of alkali in the ground.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak often suffers from chlorosis, which arises due to poor soil. As a rule, the introduction of iron and magnesium eliminates the problem situation. Excess watering often leads to the appearance of rot. In this case, the damaged part of the plant will have to be deleted, and then make a moderate procedure. If culture is yellowing leaves, then it may be about excessive fertilizer.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Reproduction

Reproduction of jasmine Sambach is carried out only with cuttings. Conducting this procedure falls at the end of May or is carried out throughout the summer. Cuttings are trimmed in such a way as to be partially apparent and possess a pair-troika inters. Cut them are prohibited from blooming shoots.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Each branch will definitely dip in a solution that stimulates the development of the roots, after which it is planted into the container to the depth of one and a half or two centimeters filled with moistened sand or peat. The cut should be beveled.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

The container is covered with a glass jar or plastic bottle to create a greenhouse effect. With regular irrigation, ventilation and maintaining the temperature at the level of 20 degrees heat roots will appear in a month and a half. Roots with roots are seated by separate pots, the diameter of which is 5 centimeters. The next transplant will occur only when the roots will turn all the existing land, – in this case, the containers are required with a diameter of 9 to 11 centimeters.

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Jasmine Sambak: varieties, choice, cultivation, reproduction

Even more nuances of growing and care for jasmine samback in the next video.

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