Hortensia due to its bright and fragrant colors is very popular with Russian gardeners. Special love enjoys the Bilying grade “Vanilla Freiz”. His highlight is a change in the color of the buds in the flowering process. Luxury appearance combined with unpretentiousness and good frost resistance. However, the ease of care does not mean his absence. To get a beautiful bush, you need to know the features of planting, breeding and growing this variety of hydrangea.
Miscellaneous hydrangea “Vanilla Freiz” (“Vanilla Freiz”) – a perennial plant, which under favorable conditions and competent leaving surrenders to 50 years. The name Vanille Fraise comes from two French words: the first translated as “vanilla”, and the second – “strawberry”. It is the vanilla-strawberry shade who have a culture inflorescences. And they change the color from the creamy white on the gently pink, and by the time the flowering period the caps are darked and become practically crimson, while their tops remain snow-white. Considering that buds are blown at different times, the bush amazes the variety of shades.
The variety was created in the French nursery Renault. Work on it was conducted from 1989 to 2003. The head of this institution Eric Reno, who received several premiums at various exhibitions was engaged in the removal of Vanilla Freis.
The grade is impressive primarily beautiful, lush and long blossom. It begins in the first half of June (in some regions even at the end of May) and lasts until the end of September-early October.
Wide inflorescences in the form of a cone with a sharp white top reaches a length of 30 cm. The diameter of the entire crown varies from 1.5 to 2 meters. And in height, the bush grows up to 200 cm.
Dark green leaves of an elongated oval shape have a rough with a slight field. Direct branches of burgundy color with the appearance of a large number of blossomed buds on them begin to be slightly bending, turning a bush into a huge flowering sphere.
Root system from “Vanilla Freiz” is small, but strongly branched, located next to the surface.
The optimal time for landing is the end of the spring, when the snow melted and the earth began to fire. However, in the southern regions, hydrangea can be planted in autumn, before the onset of frosts.
Although the hydrangea “Vanilla Freiz” is not very demanding on the conditions of the content and will grow in places with any illumination, but it is still better to choose a semi-dry zone for it. Under too aggressive sun, the bush is slower and formed longer. And the lack of light will affect the appearance of buds – they will be smaller in size and less bright and rich in color. Ideally, the first half of the day, hydrangea should be in the shadows, and the second – under sunny, better scattered, rays. When choosing a landing site, it is also worth considering the climatic zone. In the south of Russia, more shady sites are preferable, and in the northern regions, hydrangea will be better feeling under the sun, which compensates for the lack of heat.
Undesirable for hydrangea is the neighborhood with an apple tree, pear and other fruit trees – they will take too much water from the soil. but Excess of moisture is also harmful to Vanilla Freis, so choose moderately moistened areas for landing, and be sure to be protected from wind.
The main requirement for the soil – it must be fertile, loose and low-acid (forbid a neutral pH). For hydrangea, sandy and lime soils are absolutely not suitable due to the lack of nutrients in them.
Before planting the soil, you need to prepare – provide organic and mineral fertilizers. But chalk, ground limestone and ash as feeding can not be used.
- Dig holes with a depth of 50 cm and a diameter of 30 cm. From one bush to another should be a distance of at least 1 m.
- So that the water in the roots is not stood, the bottom is lined with a layer of drainage. As such, you can use clamzite or pebbles, mixed with sand.
- Soil pouroned over the drain layer. It is easiest to buy a ready-made substrate for hydrangea. But you can prepare soil yourself, mixing in equal proportions peat and humus and adding a leaf or squeeze ground with sand in them.
- Make a fertilizer with high phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
- Generously moisturize all fifth water. Seedlings can be planted only 10-14 days after the soil preparation.
- Before planting, the sprouts are subjected to “haircut”. On each seedlings, the roots are a bit, and no more than 3 kidneys leave on the outside of the escape.
- Sprouts are neatly placed in the ground, painting the roots. In this case, the root neck is left on the surface.
- Fall asleep pits with soil, young plants watered, loosen and mulched cheese or sawdust.
- Provide them with reliable protection from direct sunlight and from wind.
Speecually and originally looks “Vanilla Freis” on the strain.
From the shrub, it turns into a tree with a long naked barrel, which crowns curl lush bright crown. If you do not want to go along the easiest way and acquire this option in the nursery, and prefer to grow stracr hydrangea on your own, then you will have to be patient – you will need about 7 years. But The resulting copy will not leave anyone indifferent and make your garden in a royal luxury!
Here is the easiest way to obtain Stumbus “Vanilla Freis”. The barrel of the cutter is tied to a wooden column in the ground. Every year, lateral branches are removed to the most developed kidney and tip the growing top of the plant. After reaching the hydrangea of the desired height, the crown crown pinch.
You can get a strambed tree also by vaccinated, but it is a more complex and time-consuming method.
Agrotechnology of growing “Vanilla Freiz” is simple. To get a lush and beautiful bush, you just need to exercise competent watering, to make regular trimming and make the necessary fertilizers in time.
Hydrangea loves water. The top layer of the soil, where the roots are located, should always be moisturized – the drying of the earth will lead to the fact that the leaves will start slugging, and flowering will be less lush and long. In moderate weather, the flower is enough to water 1 time a week, each bush should have 2 buckets of water. In the heat, the frequency of irrigation increases twice, and in the rain period, on the contrary, moisturize the soil need less.
Water should be estimated and warm. Watered hydrangea in the morning or evening watch so that the plant does not get sunny burn.
To prevent rot in water, you can add several crystals of manganese.
Each watering with loosening and soil mulching, adding peat, humid, coniferous needles or sawdust to hold moisture into it.
Pruning is carried out not only and not so much with aesthetic purpose so that the bush looks beautiful. The main task of this procedure is to increase the number of buds on the bush and their size, as well as acceleration of hydrangea growth.
Trimming every year. Some gardeners advise to make it in the spring, before the beginning of the growing season, while others believe that it is better to remove old branches and trim the young after the bush blews – at the end of October.
You can try both and other options and choose the most suitable for yourself.
Pruning includes the following actions.
- Establish a bush from dry, broken and frost damaged branches that interfere with the growth of healthy shoots.
- The remaining branches are simply shortened, leaving at each up to 3 kidneys. It will provoke the appearance of larger buds.
- Dry stems with flashing inflorescences are also deleted to free the place for new buds.
As a result of trimming on each bush, no more than 12 healthy and strong shoots should remain, which, with proper care (observance of the regime of irrigation and proper feeding) in the new season will give abundant bloom.
To the “Vanilla Freiz” bush pleased you with lush bloom, it is necessary to provide it with all the necessary nutrients. In stores for gardeners, ready-made mineral complexes for hydrangea are sold, preparations for azalea or other flowering plants are also suitable. But it is better not to be limited to industrial “feeds”, but add hydrangea and organic fertilizers to “menu”, for example, a korovyan. So, it is the organizing agent, it is preferable for the very first dust of the plants planted in open ground – it is made after 14 days.
Next, every year hindsya fertilize according to a specific scheme.
The first feeding is made in the last decade of May, when the swelling swelling begins. As a fertilizer, you can use a humus, a korlard or dung. Also in the spring it is recommended to feed the plant with nitrogen – it will stimulate the growth of new shoots.
In June, with the beginning of the formation of buds, we introduce the fertilizer hydrangea to the diet containing potassium and phosphorus for flowering. They can be both organic and inorganic nature. Flower useful for the flower will be various herbal infusions rich in vitamins and microelements. But nitrogen in this period can not be given – it will adversely affect the flowering process.
At the end of August, superphosphate fertilizers will be the best “food” for hydrangea. They contain a large number of useful minerals that will contribute to abundant flowering.
In the fall again we supply the soil by phosphoric fertilizers.
Although “Vanilla Freiz” is resistant to cold, but in the northern regions, where the temperature in the winter falls below -30 degrees, it is advisable to cover the bush. Too strong frosts can lead to the frozen shoots and, as a result, a meager blossom or even its absence. You can cover the bush dry foliage and flood with snow.
But for more reliable protection, it is better to use a burlap or a special observer material – agriched or Loutrasil.
You can propose vanilla hydrangea in one of the following ways.
The easiest way to get new copies of plants from cuttings cut with an adult individual. This procedure is performed in spring or summer, you can also use shoots obtained after another trimming.
On each cutken must be 2 or 3 kidneys. Before planting in the soil, seedlings are placed in a solution of a biostimulator (for example, “Kornin”) for 1, 5-2 hours. They are then planted on a bed or in a container filled with a mixture of peat and sand (in a ratio of 2 to 1) to a depth of 2 cm. It is better to choose a semi-dried zone – a straight sun rays should not fall on the sprouts. To create a greenhouse effect, young plants are covered with polyethylene or glass. It will provoke root growth.
If you carry out regular watering, daily spraying and ventilation, then after 2-3-weeks, the cuttings are rooted. After that, the mini-greenhouse can be removed. However, on the permanent place of “habitat”, young plants are planted only for the next year, they must be overwhelmed in a temporary “dwelling”. Therefore, for the winter it is important for them to create good protection from the cold.
“Vanilla Freiz” can be prompted. We remove the leaves from the lower stem of the adult plants and put it in a 15-20 cm depth dugout. Fix the shoot of brackets or studs and sprinkle with nutritional soil. Experienced gardeners are recommended for the speedy formation of the roots to make an incision on the stem and put a toothpick or match.
On the spoken in the spring, new sprouts will be formed by the beginning of the autumn, which will need to be separated from the maternal individual and transplant to the beds or in pots.
This way is better to apply if you transplant adult hydrangea to a new place – then you get some of the bush. First, carefully dig a parent plant, so as not to damage its root system. Then a shovel or ax divide a bush into several parts, each of which should have healthy roots with 2 points of growth and shoots at least 3 kidneys. Sections of cuts Lubricate chopped in powder charcoal.
Then we produce landing of each decene on a pre-prepared place for it.
In this way, to multiply “Vanilla Freiz” is not rational for two reasons. First, seeds may take more than one year. And secondly, the varietal signs of a particular flower are often lost and you can get the plant that planted.
Usually, Seed reproduction is used in nurseries to obtain new varieties. Novice gardeners it is better to choose another method of breeding vanilla hydrangea, any of those described above.
But if you still decided to experiment, then here is the sowing scheme of seeds.
- We are preparing containers for landing: we do drainage holes in them and fill with a fertile substrate.
- We put the seeds into the soil by 1-2 mm and watering the warm water.
- From the plastic film, we build a greenhouse and put the containers with future sprouts in a moderately bright place with scattered sunshine.
- Do not forget to open seeds for venting and moisturize them as needed.
- As soon as the seeds go out, remove the greenhouse film and continue to grow seedlings, after.
- Sprouts with a well-developed root system transplant to open ground or individual pots.
Diseases and pests
Attacks of garden pests The plant is rare. But sometimes you choose a blooming shrub can web tick and aphid can. They suck the “blood” of the plants – its nutritional juice, leading to which the leaves are yellowing, dry and fall, and the hydrangea ceases to continue to grow. An ordinary soap solution will help to cope with these insects, which should be treated with the entire bush. If this method turned out to be ineffective, then a plant should be sprayed with any insecticide. With a tick perfectly copes “Fufanon”, and from Tlim can be born using “actorphit”.
A much greater problem for “Vanilla Freiz” represents fungal diseases that are susceptible to hydrangea.
Among them, they especially distinguish tormentous dew and false tormentous dew. The first arises from dryness of soil and oversaturation in it nitrogen. The second disease, on the contrary, causes a large amount of moisture in the soil.
The reason for the mooring can be a prolonged rainy season or too abundant watering – then their number and volume should be reduced.
Puffy dew amazes leaves – Yellow spots arise on them, which over time turn into brown, and on the involving side of the sheet plate appears gray cobweb.
To save a plant from malievable dew, it is necessary to remove all damaged shoots from it, and then treated with a fungicidal preparation, for example, “Fundazole” or “Topaz”.
Rota is another fungus that can be infected with hydrangea. The reason for its appearance is also an excess of moisture in the ground. Most often, the blooming shrub is striking gray rot, from which the leaves begin to wall. Treatment is the same as from pulse dew – circumcision of all patients of shoots and spraying the plant by Fungicide.
To prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases, it is necessary to carry out preventive processing. In the spring (before the start of flowering) and in the fall (after the bouton falling) spray the Hydrangea Fungicide “Xom” containing copper.
Another disease that is subject to vanilla hydrangea is chlorosis. Its reason can be a shortage of minerals, such as iron or nitrogen. Also, chlorosis occurs from oversupply in ground humidage or lime. Recognize a disease can be possible by changing the color of the sheet plates: they become pale yellow, while their streaks retain a rich green color. After some time, infected sheets dry and fall off.
The treatment of chlorosis is to increase the acidity of the soil. To do this, it can be fertilized with her peat, aluminum sulfate or treat the ferovit to iron-containing preparation.
Incorrect conditions of hydrangea content can provoke other problems.
If the plant is for a long time in direct sunlight, it risks to get a sunny burn. In this case, it must be either transplanted into a more shaded place, or create artificial tenaks, building the shelter.
If the plant does not bloom, then there may be several reasons. The most likely are not enough fertile soil or infusion of inflorescences in winter.
Adding to the soil of nutrients and ensuring good protection from cold will help solve this problem.
Usage in landscape design
Beauty Hydrangea will become an excellent decoration of both parks and country sites. Should not be limited to a banal landing for her beds, although in this case your garden will play new bright colors. Muchitally hiddenness will look much more interesting as a living hedge, planted around the perimeter of the fence, can also be surrounded by its white-pink bushes. House or gazebo.
It looks good “Vanilla Freiz” and alone, and in the company of other plants. The most advantageous will be her neighborhood with juniper and barberry. Cypress, spruce, pines and other coniferous trees will also become a great background for vanilla-strawberry hydrangea.
Russian gardeners with admiration respond about Vanilla Freiz.
First of all, they note its spectacular appearance: Beautiful fragrant buds of an unusual color that bloom during flowering and make eyes not only the owners themselves, but also guests of the country. Dachniks talk about her unpretentiousness, that this hydrangea grade is easy to grow and contain.
The focus on the good climate adaptability of Vanilla Freis is also made, and that it is adapted to almost any weather conditions and easily transfers even harsh frosts (from which, nevertheless, it needs to be protected).
Some gardeners share and unsuccessful experience of growing this grade of hydrangea. Due to the choice of inappropriate (as a rule, too sunshine) “Vanilla Freiz” gave small flowers. However, after a bush transplanting to a more shady portion, the size of buds and the duration of their flowering increased.
As you can see, The magnificent “Vanilla Freiz” easily conquers hearts of gardeners. But it does not at all correspond to the image of a capricious beauty and does not require increased attention. Having spent a small amount of time to care for her, you will get a flower that will decorate and proud of your country area!
About how to care for Hydrangea “Vanilla Freiz”, see the following video.