Bright juicy tulips are capable of even the simplest flowerbed to turn into a luxurious flower garden. Unfortunately, it does not always appear the opportunity to put them under the winter, but it is not worth upset – landing any bulbous really and in spring time. If you know all the subtleties of such work, you can already admire the beautiful colors on your homestead.
Best of all the spring tulips bloom that were planted in the land in the fall and survived the wintering in the soil. Usually landing bulbs are carried out in the second half of September – early October, During the cold winter, the plants accumulate the forces necessary for abundant and long flowering. However, you can put these beauties in March or the first half of April. True, in areas with a cool climate without distortion in containers, they will be able to bloom only a year later – they need time to completely ripe the flower kidney. If you pre-land the bulbs in a small pot so that they manage to acclimatize and adapt, plants can please their spectacular blossom in the current season.
Of course, the bloom of “torn” tulips is not so abundant in comparison with “Oozimi”, and the colorful hats will appear a little later, but the flowers planted in the fall are replaced by spring, and the flower bed remains bright and colorful.
Spring on bulbs spend so early as soon as natural climatic factors allow. It is best to plant them in small capacity in winter days, and at the moment when the air temperature becomes stable warm, and the threat of return freezers will be minus, move to a permanent place. So that the most first sprouts are not frozen, the temperature of the substrate at a depth of 10-15 cm must be no lower than +9 degrees Celsius.
The varietal features of different types of tulips should also be taken into account: There are earlier and, on the contrary, late varieties. An important factor, in many respects affecting the peculiarities of cultivation, is the climate in various regions. For example, it is possible to plant the bulbs on the Kuban in the middle of February, in March, and in the northern regions the landing time is shifted a month ahead, but keep in mind that in any case it is necessary to complete the landing until June – in the summer it is forbidden.
Preparation of Lukovitz
Secrets of abundant flowering of tulips are very simple – there should be a flower kidney on the bulb, prepared for the bootonization, and in order for it to ripen, the bulb must be for some time in a cool place. And it should be ruined there is not a day, and not even a week, but a much longer time, preferably, not less than a month. Only in this case, it will be able to be correctly formed, and the tulips will not only release the leaves, but at the same time will delight with their spectacular blossom.
If you bought the sowing material from November to the first decade of March, just put it in the refrigerator, Just do not try to keep it in the freezer – the bulbs will not survive. Each it is desirable to wrap in thin paper – it is necessary for greater preservation of seedlings, but you do not need to use the plastic bag, the kidney is simply dying in them.
In order for the bulbs in the spring planning to put full and strong sprouts, it is important to conduct procedures in advance aimed at strengthening the immunity of tulips. In particular, after hardening, planting material is subjected to disinfection to eliminate the likely infection with fungal diseases. For this purpose, tubers are kept in a pale pink potassium permanganate solution for about 30 minutes. Do not neglect this stage – remember that strong and healthy tulips grow exclusively from the very high quality bulbs.
Before boarding, it is necessary to carefully examine seedlings to make sure that the integrity of the upper layer is not broken. On the surface should not be observed rot, spots, cracks and splits. Any landing raw material with a marriage should immediately postpone – you can only get stuck, weakly-cooling plants.
Experienced flowers are recommended to additionally withstand the bulbs of tulips in the infusion of cleanliness before planting – this gives the plant a special resistance to external adverse factors.
Spring tulips can be placed in the open soil and in ordinary pots. Potted method is preferable because the flowers thus obtained are characterized by greater fortress and endurance, rather than those grown in open land.
In open primer
Tulips are quite gratefully responded to organic fertilizers. The best substrate for them is a water-enriched ground with neutral pH indicators, it is desirable to take a mixture of a sublinka and sandy.
Clay land requires the addition of fine river sand, as well as making a small amount of peat and manure, to create the necessary acidity are additionally introduced a little lime.
With the arrival of heat, as soon as the soil fills, it is necessary to prepare the soil under the landing of tulips. To do this, it is necessary to switch it to a depth of 25-35 cm and add any organic feeding, except for manure – the compost is best suited for this.
If the fertility of the land plot is doubted, then you need to add mineral feeding: potassium preparations, as well as nitrogen and phosphorus have the greatest efficiency.
If you have large bulbs at your disposal, they should be planted in the holes on one, but the young last year’s children can be placed in each group – 4-5 pieces.
Keep in mind, the stalks of the tulips as they rise above the ground is quite high, so it is possible to put into them for the creation of a “blooming carpet” a more decorative type and creating a “blooming carpet” effect, daisies or other low-growing cultures, tulips are quite effectively And Astilbie.
The depth of planting also depends on the dimensions of the bulbs: large places at a depth of 10-15 cm, and small ones – by 7-8 cm. At the same time, the distance between the wells should not be less than two diameters of the seedlings, usually 8-10 cm, the aisle make a little more – 20-30 cm.
The bulb must be placed in the hole as careful as possible, in no case do not need to squeeze them, because it can disrupt the integrity of the planting material and slow down the appearance of escapes.
Keep in mind that the tulips are extremely negatively reacting to the stagnation of water, so it is desirable to organize a flower bed so that it has a slightly attachment form, it is categorically not allowed to have a depression and all sorts of pits in the flower – moisture can accumulate in them.
Interesting: Dutch flowerflowers introduced the practice of a “multi-storey” way of planting bulbs of tulips in the open soil – It allows in one site to grow several groups of plants with various blossom timing. Elementary technology – culture plant with different minus. For example, planting the bulb of the bush tulips are planted and sprinkled with a soil at 5 cm, hyacinths are planted on top of them, one more small layer of soil is located and closer to the surface crocuses are planted. As a result, a flower bed is obtained in the country, in which, consistently replacing each other, there are several exotic plants, and all that is required of you – just admire them.
To begin, it is necessary to finally decide whether you plan to plant tulips in order to further distill, or they will remain develop and blossom in spacious ornamental vases.
In the first case, absolutely any containers can be used; in the second, preference is worth paying ceramic models, preferably wide and low. Of course, plastic products are much cheaper, but they do not let the air, which is so important for the full formation of the root system of your tulips.
The rest of the landing technique is the same and includes several main stages.
For a start, the bottom of the pot is moving with clay or large pebbles – it will perform the functions of the drainage, which displays all the excess moisture and does not allow the bulb and roots to be rotated in the substrate.
The remaining part of the pot is filled with a mixture of a turf and garden earth with the addition of river sand and humus in such a way that about 10-15 cm remained to the top.
The planting material is placed on a soil layer by a pointed end of a blouse up. If one container put out several bulbs, then between them you should withstand a step of 10 cm.
The bulb falls asleep by soil, leaving a 2-3 centimeter to the edge of the tank.
Containers exhibit on well-lit place – windowsill or balcony.
When sprouts will be processed, it is possible to start hardening the plants – for this, containers are put on the street for several hours, gradually increasing the time of his stay in vivo. As soon as the threat of spring frosts passes, tulips can be resettled at a permanent place.
Behind the tulips luckers planted in the spring period, it is necessary to mainly care for the formation of sheets, During this period, it is necessary to carry out:
- digging all the defective plants, their further destruction, otherwise they can become a source of infection for other sprouts;
- Conducting light polishes to eliminate the drying of the Earth Koma;
- Cautious loosening of the earth near young sprouts is important for air access to the forming root system;
- Conducting the first feeding – it is desirable to fertilize the tulips of nitrogen-containing fertilizers, which cause an accelerated increase in lush green mass.
Read more about how to plant tulips in the spring, you will find out in the next video.