How to plant and grow birch?

Having a birch in its area – the dream of many gardeners. However, in order for this unpretentious church to successfully grow and evolve, it will be necessary to initially hold it to land.

How to plant?

Birch landing on the site is carried out in three ways. The plant can be multiplied with seeds or cuttings, as well as choose a seedling in the forest and root it on its own territory.

Seeds

Birch breeding seeds is considered a rather time consuming in a long time. Nevertheless, some gardeners hold it. Birch seeds are taken to assemble in the fall. To do this, cut a sufficient amount of branches with earrings, after assessing them bouquet and hang in a dry room. Seeds, as a rule, ripen about a week, after which they can be shed out of each earring and clean from garbage.

Seed seeds are correct in the same year in which they were harvested. In addition, before the onset of cold weather – that is, at the end of autumn or at the beginning of winter – it is important to touch them.

Soil on the site where birchs will be planted, pre-dripped with a deepening, reaching 25-35 centimeters. And the future bed is cleaned from weeds and large roots, processed by means of fungal diseases. Somewhere 10 days before sowing the soil is leveled and covered with wells, the distance between which is about 25 cm. Each well should go deep into 5 cm and reach 20 cm in width. Landing is better to spend in the evening. Ideally, it should be a day without wind and precipitation. At first, the bottom of each well is covered with a layer of humus, then seeds are laid out on it, finally, everything falls asleep with loose soft soil.

When sprouts appear on the bed after the snow, they will need to provide abundant irrigation, but only with the help of the irrigation method. Until the end of the summer, the plants should receive a sufficient amount of moisture – it is important to even stop the top layer of the soil. If you do everything correctly, then in September birch, there are already 20-30 cm heights, and they can be transferred to a permanent habitat. Weak shoots first landed into a greenhouse, and after 12 months to achieve a meter height, the outwards are already moved.

It is necessary to mention that if the seeds are planted in spring time, their stratification period should be about 2 months and occur at a temperature of 0 to +5 degrees.

Cherenca

You can germinate birch and from the branch, but this method is also considered extremely difficult due to poor rooting of culture. Nevertheless, 20% of attempts are still completing. The process begins with the fact that a well-formed escape is selected on the young tree. Little twig for this will not fit – it will take a length of 60-80 centimeters. The cut escape is put into the water in which the “corneser” is already divorced, and after the vessel is placed in a well-lit space, where the temperature is maintained about 25 degrees of heat.

When the birch has root, it can be transplanted into a large flower pot. Over the next 10-20 days, the plant should be abundantly watering, in fact 2-3 times a day, as well as once to feed the versatile fertilizer. During this time, the root system should grasp, and the seedling time will move on fresh air.

From the pot of birch, it is important to withdraw together with the soil in which it grows.

Seedling from the forest

Third possibility of birch appearance in the garden plot – just take it from the forest. It is more correct to go for her in March until the sheets dissolve. The meaningful role is played, as the chosen tree looks like: it should be healthy and young (ideally 3-year-old), without mechanical damage, twisted branches or traces of insect vital activity. The optimal height ranges from 80 to 100 cm. Before digging a birch, it should be poured.

The seedling is drowning around from all sides, after which it is carefully hardened with an earthy room and put on a flat place. It is most convenient to do this with a bayonet shovel. Earth should cut into the depths of the bayonet. During extraction, it is important to monitor the safety of the roots. During the transportation, root processes must be raised by the earth and covered – the most convenient to place a sapling in a bucket or bag and sprinkle soil.

Young seedling can also be bought in a specialized store. When buying it is worth remembering that the lower the plant, the better it is rooted. The root system should not be damaged, although the breakdown of a small process tree will still survive. The nursery will help and in the case when the overall plant is not even considered, and the dwarf variety is required. Despite the fact that the tree is not capricious, its roots can not stay in the fresh air long, so you need to take samples only in containers.

If the tree liked it was dug in winter together with a bit of frozen soil, replant with a new site it should immediately. With the onset of spring birch herself wakes up and starts to root.

Features Transplant

To after buying a seedling or after choosing a tree in the forest, it has developed better, it is important to transplant the birch on the right place. Any culture is better growing in conditions approximate to natural, so the choice should be done in favor of forest areas. The upper layer of the soil should always remain cool and high-qualityly moisturized, so open solar territories for culture will not fit. But if you completely deprive the tree of sunlight, his foliage will feel bad, so it will be necessary to find the golden middle.

Every year, birch is increasing not only in height, but also in width, so the plant cannot be planted neither next to fences or buildings, nor with each other. It should be mentioned that unpretentious birch can be stretched almost to 30 meters, and its diameter will easily reach 50 cm. There should be about 3 meters between the tree and the fence, and between the tree and buildings – about 5 m. If there is a water supply or sewage, it is also better to withstand a 3-meter gap. From other tall trees, it is customary to retreat about 3-5 m.

Birch is badly rooted with fruitful cultures, so the ideal neighbor is considered to be grass, for example, lawn.

Planting a birch at a permanent place better in October or in March, while the temperature does not exceed 10 degrees. The soil must be filled with nutrients and thoroughly loosen. Plots are suitable both with weakness soil and with a zero acidity. The pit is digging such a diameter to exceed the size of the root system along with the earth. Rodyshko is filled with drainage, after which the ground is embossed, mixed in equal proportions with sand, peat and humus. At the same stage, it is better to make a comprehensive fertilizer.

Birch is located in the well so that the root neck is slightly below the ground level. The roots filling the pit are poured. Birch immediately will have to be abundantly pouring, on which there will be about 20 liters of water.

The rolling circle is necessarily covered by mulch, the role of which can be performed either peat or humus. After landing, the tree will sufficiently water a couple of times a month.

Care

In order to grow birch in the garden plot, it is not enough to limit oneself to the right landing – it will also have to care for her. Growing at home is built on three main actions: watering, feeding and trimming.

Watering

Saplings irrigate only first time after landing, and then the roots penetrate so deeply into the soil, that the additional moisture is no longer required. It must be understood that The root birch system is superficial, so no decorative plants will be able to grow under it due to the lack of moisture.

By the way, immediately after planting, young trees are better for some time to shade with any observer material or plants branches.

Podkord

For rapid growth of young birch, it is worth making fertilizers in autumn and spring when the leaves are just beginning to bloom. The optimal is considered a mixture of 10 liters of water, 2 kg of manure, 20 g of urea and the same amount of ammonium nitrate. Mixing the ingredients to dissolve the mineral components, it is necessary to handle the resulting liquid around the seedling.

It is important to control so that the splashes do not fall on the sheets and trunk of the plant.

Trimming

Crop birch – the idea is not the best, much more correct for the tree when the formation of the crown occurs in itself. Nevertheless, the trimming of patients, broken or sulky branches is a necessity. All works of this kind are usually held at the autumn time at the end of the juice movement. Arriving wrecks are processed by water. Those trees that do not give growth, you need to rejuvenate, removing bulky branches, as a rule, the lower. Such a procedure is permissible only in autumn and winter time when the culture is in a hibernation.

Nevertheless, decorative varieties of birches trimming just require. Make up the top better in the summer, that day, when the rains do not go. Even if it was decided to limit the height of the tree or stop its expansion, it is necessary to remember that birch is bad to carry such interference. For the season is allowed to remove not more than a quarter of shoots.

For the formation of a birch crown of the birch of an ordinary grade “Jung”, it will be enough only to slightly proper.

Diseases and pests

On the birches often appear mushrooms-drums, for example, chaga, which, deeply extended, damage the wood. Delete them should be immediately, otherwise the bark will not be restored. Surface should be treated with 0.4% copper chlorokis.

Sometimes the roots of the tree eats the May beetle with its larvae, and adult individuals damage sheets and shoots, and the larvae harm roots. To get rid of them, it will be enough to regularly brace the rig and mechanically remove pests. Birches are sick and from the effects of tubing beetles. In this case, damaged sheets are collected and burned, and the crown is processed by insecticides.

If the leaves are bodied so much that alone remains, it means that the problem is in the caterpillars of a silkworm. Insects then need to immediately shake off the birch, and the tree itself to handle insecticide. When the red flask appears on the leaves, resembling rust, it makes sense to spray with fungicides. By the way, it is for this reason that the tree dries, and its plates fall out already in June. The web whiten flare, located on the bottom of the leafy plate, speaks of a torque disease. This hints and accumulations of black dots.

If the wood fragments are yellow and amazed with fruit bodies resembling hats, we are talking about yellow-drier trunk rot. For the treatment of birch, you will have to separate the mushroom outgrowth, and the affected areas to process 5 percent copper vitrios and cover the oil. Brown hillside on the transverse cracks of the trunk – symptom of cytospose. Infected tree is carefully treated with burgundy liquid or simply destroyed. Wet spots on the trunk – symptom of bacterial water.

The leaves are often twisted due to the effects of tubing beetles. Deleting insects manually, you will need to carry out insecticide processing. The wave itself does not in itself pose a danger to birch, but its allocations can attract ants.

It is necessary to add that a lichen on birch often becomes a refuge for all sorts of pests, so it is better to deal with it.

What can be molded on a tree?

Some gardeners still treasure hope to birch up a pear or apple tree, but, as a rule, such an idea does not ends with anything good – in almost 80% of cases there is a reservation and a given. Even if it did not happen immediately, after some time, physiological incompatibility arises, expressed in the emergence of growths.

However, you can try to instill one birch grade to another – for example, Birza Karelian on a birch mold. Making a vaccination in the side looser will need only before the blooming of the kidneys, and the eyepiece – in the summer.

Most often for vaccination used birch barks of birch or birch “Jung”, and as a bond – white birch.

On how to plant a birch, look in the following video.

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