How to multiply Tyu?

Coniferous trees have always occupied a special place in landscape design. They are perfectly combined with blooming plants, can act as an independent element of the composition and form living hedges. Thuya is one of the most common decorative species and has numerous fans around the world. In this regard, the question of its rapid and efficient reproduction is relevant not only for beginner dacnis, but also for experienced gardeners.

Suitable time

Suitable seasons for breeding Tui are spring and summer. Summer months are considered the most favorable time to implement the process, start to which which is recommended in the second half of June. This is due to the fact that during this period there are re-growth of shoots, of which it turns out a stronger planting material than the one that is obtained in the spring.

However, it will be possible to use it for landing only the next year, leaving winter seedlings in a cool room.

Can be engaged in obtaining a landing material in April. For this, annual inappropriate green-color processes, which, however, are less resistant to aggressive effects of external factors, rather than seedlings, prepared in June. Spring copies do not provide 100% survival, so if there is an opportunity, with the selection of landing material it is better to post up to summer.

However, with the definition of a suitable time for breeding, not everything is so unambiguous, and some experts are convinced that the autumn selection of planting material is much more appropriate than summer or spring. They explain this by the natural slowdown of the coilment, as a result of which the number of seedlings that die from the lack of moisture in the winter is noticeably declining. But for the sake of justice it is worth noting that Autumn rooting occurs much longer than spring, Therefore, the choice of reproduction period depends on how quickly you need to get a new plant.

Reproduction of cuttings

This method of reproduction is considered the easiest and efficient and practiced by many dackets. The key to its success is the right choice and preparation of the planting material, as well as compliance with the technology of further care. so, The first stage of breeding the Tui stalling is the selection of a suitable branch for receiving a stalk. To do this, it is desirable to choose a strong two- or three-year-old escape at the top of the crown and disrupt the 20-centimeter process from it. Cut the cuttings using a garden tool is not recommended, the best will simply pull it out of the mother branch in the direction from top to bottom.

It will contribute to the preservation at the end of the sprout of a small “heel” consisting of wood and bark. The nutrients contained in it will be for some time to feed the cuttings and contribute to its better rooting and survival.

With the help of a sharp knife “Heel” cleaned from the rest of the cortex, preventing the roting or drying of the cutting thus. Then the lower part of the escape is neatly cleaned from the residues of the needles, because when contacting with earth or nutritional mixtures, it can also bend. The next step is to prepare a solution of any growth stimulator, For example, “Korninner”, and the premises in it cuttings for a period of 12 to 24 hours. While the Escape is processed, prepare a special substrate consisting of rod, peat and river sand taken in equal parts.

To avoid the reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms, for which the sand represents the perfect environment, it is necessarily calcined in the oven, heated it to 250 degrees. Treatment time should be at least 20 minutes, after which the oven is turned off and give sand to cool in a natural way. but Experienced gardeners are recommended to prepare a mixture for rooting in advance and explain this by the fact that after the calcination of the sand takes at least a month to restore the natural microflora.

As a container, they take a container with a diameter of at least 12 cm and are done in its case and the bottom of small holes. It will contribute to a full air exchange and an extension of extra liquid. Next, proceed to the formation of a drainage layer, which can be used by a river pebby or clamzite. After everything is ready, straw, sand and peat are thoroughly mixed in a large bucket, poured into the container, shed a dark-pink solution of manganese and begin to root the cuttings. For this, the holes are made by a hole in a depth of 3-4 cm and placed on them. At the same time, the blurred part of the cutting is fully cleaned from the bark, and the kingdoms did not touch the soil. The ground around the cutting is well compacted and tamped, after which the landing is slightly moistened.

Next, the container is covered with a film or a glass jar and remove into a wet place. The air temperature should be from +17 to +23 degrees. It is important to monitor that the plant does not fall on the plant, since they can have a destructive impact on the rooting phase. Every day, the land around the seedling spray from the sprayer, and with too hot weather they do this procedure twice a day. At the same time you need to look at the water drops do not fall on a cheva, otherwise she can start rotting.

After a couple of months, it will be visible, in which cuttings the process of rooting has passed successfully, and which plants died. If the shilling in the spring was produced, then the rooted seedlings can be searched into an open soil already at the end of the autumn, despite the fact that summer instances are only the next year. For the winter they are placed in a light room at a temperature of + 10-15 degrees and with the onset of spring sitting on the bed.

In addition to the nutrient substrate, a peat moss is often used – sphagnum. Below is a step-by-step description of this method, which, according to experts, gives excellent results:

  • So, the torn 20-centimeter escape is placed in a container with any stimulant of root formation and leave for 12 hours;
  • Moss is poured with boiled water and leave for 3 hours;
  • On the table lay a wide cut of the tissue, visually divide it in half and on the upper part of the material lay a moss-sfagnum;
  • on top of the moss at a short distance from each other there are stalks, laying their “heels” with sphagnum;
  • The lower part of the fabric is covered “landing” so that the needle of shoots is free;
  • The fabric is folded into the roll, put in a plastic bag and suspend in bright place.

Thanks to the sphagnum, the level of humidity remains high for a long time, and its reduction is judged by the absence of condensate on the inner surface of the package. In this case, the tissue roll is immediately moisturized using a spray gun. Roots usually appear a month after the start of the germ. The main advantage of vegetative reproduction is the possibility of obtaining a new tree in a 3-year term, With the complete preservation of the varietal qualities of the parental individual.

The minuses include quite low, in comparison with seed cultivation, cutting of cuttings, sensitivity of shoots to sharp temperature drops and low resistance to diseases.

How to breed seeds?

Tightened at home can be seeds. This method is not as fast as shilling, and to grow a new tree can take up to 6 years. Moreover, trees grown in such a method do not always retain the hereditary signs of the parent plant. But they are highly resistant to various diseases and stealingly carry atmospheric changes. Seed method of reproduction begins with seed preparation. To do this, at the end of August, they collected overwhelmed, but still closed bumps, and put them in heat. After a couple of days, the scales on the cones are revealed and seeds are hung out of them. The germination of seeds is preserved for 2-3 years, so they are collected, placed in a tissue bag and removed for storage in a dry place. With the onset of cold, the bags with seeds are buried in the snow, performing stratification in this way.

Spring bags are removed from snow and planted seeds in an outdoor ground or container. As a substrate, a mixture of sand and peat, taken in equal shares, planting seeds to depth is 1.5-2 cm. From above, the substrate is mounted using coniferous sawdust or peat, and regularly moisturize. If the collection and planting of seeds were fulfilled correctly, and the technology of their germ did not break, then the appearance of the first germs would not make himself wait. After the seeds are good, they are definitely dialed and do not allow direct sunlight.

As a fertilizer I use a weak infusion of a cowboat or a special feeder for coniferous plants. In addition, the soil regularly loose and, if necessary. With the onset of cold weather, young shoots growing on a garden are covered with a snack, and the sprouts sitting in the container are transferred to the basement and stored at a temperature of + 5-10 degrees. After the plants reach the three-year-old age, they are allowed to dive, and at the reaches of 4-5 years – to transplant at a permanent place.

Decision root

This method is used for young tui, since their roots are much easier to divide than the age trees. In order to get several separate plants, you need to dig a strong and thick tree at the beginning of the summer and transplant it to a small depth – usually 15 cm is enough. This technique contributes to the rapid growth of the root system and the possibility of obtaining several plants from one tree at once. In the first decade of September, the tree dig out and gently divide his root system into several parts. The resulting trees land for permanent places and continue to care for them as usual.

Reproduction with chains

This method is also quite simple and effective and lies in the following: the lowest branch of the plant is flex to the ground, they pin down to the ground with the help of a wire and sprinkle the earth. Roots appear quickly enough, and after a few months the rooted branch can immediately give several seedlings. After the formation of a full-fledged root system, they are neatly cut off from the parent plant and planted for a permanent place.

However, the decorative qualities of such plants leave much to be desired. In most cases, young trees are pretty unscrewy and require careful and long-lasting correction of the crown.

Landing in open ground

Tui seedlings landing in open soil must be carried out with favorable weather conditions after disappearing the threat of return freezers. The optimal period is the end of May – the beginning of June, depending on the climate of the area. At the same time, it should be remembered that seedlings older than 3 years have a big chance for seedlings. Despite the unpretentiousness of the thu, it is recommended to plant them on fairly light places.

This will help the plant to increase the green mass faster and will allow you to quickly do the formation of his crown. However, most experts advise to grow spring and autumn cuttings in special “shuttless” – common beds, where young rooted cuttings or seedlings grown from seeds will be up to 3-year-olds. So, The cuttings obtained in the fall are planted in the “shkay” in the spring, and the spring – at the beginning of the autumn of the same year.

Soil for the Tui must be air, with a high peat content. In the depleted soil peat is recommended to add from the calculation of 1 bucket per 1 m2. Seared trees follows 30 cm apart from each other and regularly water. With due care, 3-4-year-old Tui becomes strong independent trees that can be planted on their permanent places.

Further care

Tui are pretty unpretentious trees and do not require complex care. Below are a number of recommendations that will help without much effort to get a strong and healthy plant.

  • In the spring period, each tree is recommended to introduce nitroammophos or other similar compositions. However, you need only a year after the plant falling onto your place.
  • Most of the types of tui have a very magnificent crown, evaporating a lot of moisture. So regular watering the tree is simply necessary, and it is necessary to do it, without waiting for the complete drying of the priority circle.
  • Loose the soil near the trunk should be very neat, as a feature of the thuu is the surface location of the roots, damage which is very simple. Therefore, the depth of loosening should not exceed 10 cm.
  • To preserve moisture in the root zone, the land around the barrel is recommended to mulch. To do this, you can use sawdust, wood bark or compost. Mulch thickness should be 6-7 cm.
  • For the winter trees, especially young, it is necessary to bite with polyethylene and neutral. Only the film for this you need to choose transparent, since the process of photosynthesis in the winter period does not stop, and the plant needs sunlight.
  • In the spring of the Tui kronu should be delivered from dry and damaged shoots.
  • Adult plants transplant to another place in the fall. To do this, the tree is digging along with an earthen lump and carefully tolerate to a new place.

Frequent errors

The most common errors in the breeding of the thuy are:

  • Bad stripping of the bottom of the cutter from the rest of the bark and needles, which is why the young escape is often reloading;
  • disembarking seeds that have not passed stratification;
  • the use of weakened and patients of overlap shoots;
  • landing of a young tree in the shadow, leading to the baldness of the crown and the loss of juice of greens;
  • Use for the preparation of a sand substrate that has not been thermal processing;
  • poor quality assignment and lack of timely irrigation;
  • Locking for a permanent place as a single element of trees under the age of 3 years.

How correctly rompate the following, look in the following video.

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