Dazzling beauty of blooming clematis – one of the reasons for prompting gardeners to explore these amazing perennials. Despite the fact that the reproduction of such demanding plants is often accompanied by solid time and strength costs, get excellent results with a competent approach here may even be a beginner flower. What methods can be multiplied by Clematis, what recommendations and conditions should be followed? Tell all this in this article.
Basic reproduction rules
The reproduction of these beautiful-flowering lien is carried out in several ways using:
- Pieces of the mother’s bush (decene).
Another popular method – reproduction of plants with vaccinations. It is often used by breeders when breeding rare varieties Lian.
Method of breeding Clematis Seeds is the least popular among flower water. This is due to the fact that the varietal plants do not transmit their qualities through seeds, due to the results of the work carried out by flower water, can not justify expectations at all.
The seed method of reproduction is applicable only in relation to the species (wild) plants.
The most simple and effective are considered Vegetative methods for breeding Clematis, in particular, the shower and rooting of the messengers. These methods have the highest performance and allow you to receive young healthy plants having all the varietal signs of the parent bush.
The reproduction of Clematis By separating the mother’s bush – the method used only by experienced flower. Incorrect procedure not only hardly injured the plant, but often leads to his death.
When multiplying clematis in one way or another Current year should be taken into account and the recommended time frame. So, sowing the seeds of these beautiful plants is carried out in spring and autumn, the tanks begin to root in the summer, and it is embossed to the division of bushes either in the autumn or early spring (in the middle lane). The workpiece of Clematis Chentokov is usually engaged in the late spring or early summer (the best time is the end of May or beginning of June).
Another condition that must be taken into account, proceeding to the reproduction of Clematis – Climatic features of their region. From this factor depend on the periods of planned procedures, as well as the choice of the most appropriate varieties. So, the thermal loving and whimsical grade of Clematis is better not to plant and do not breed in the regions with a harsh climate, for example, in the Urals or in Siberia. These regions recommended frost-resistant zoned varieties that are able to take care and blossom in adverse conditions (“Dzhips Queen”, “Bella”). The landing and reproduction of Clematis in the regions with a harsh climate is proceeded in the deadlines recommended for a particular variety.
To obtain a vegetative landing material (cuttings, decene), strong, well-developed, well-developed adults and healthy bushes. Too young (aged less than 3 years), weakened, blooming, patients or damaged Clematis can not be used as mother plants. Damage arising during the preparation of the planting material may dramatically worsen the health of these beautifully-flowing Lian and even cause their death.
How to dilute stallowing?
Shining is one of the most effective methods of breeding clematis, which is successfully used both experienced and beginner flowers. This method provides for breeding plants with green and weathered cuttings.
Breeding green cuttings
The reproduction of these Garden Lian green cuttings is considered the most efficient method, Providing almost 95% survival rate of landing material. The cutting of cuttings from the end of May at the beginning of June – in the period when plants begin to actively form buds.
Experienced flowers recommended to carry out the workpiece of cuttings in the evening when solar activity goes to a decline.
It is also allowed to engage in the preparation of landing material and in cloudy weather. Compliance with these recommendations will prevent dehydration cut cuttings.
Before the workpiece it is necessary to determine the strongest and well-developed escape on the maternal bush and cut it over the first or second sheet (counting from the surface of the Earth). For cutting cuttings, only the central (middle) part of the escape should be used. The top of the escape for the workpiece of the planting material is not used.
The cut escape is separated by a sharp clean knife or a secator into several parts, observing the following conditions:
- There should be at least one well-developed kidney (optimal option – 2 kidneys and 2 not very large sheets);
- The upper cut (straight) is performed over the kidney at a distance of 2-3 centimeters;
- Lower cut (oblique) is performed under the kidney at a distance of 3-6 centimeters.
Leaves from cuttings should not be completely removed, but it is worth the extra foliary. Very large leaves preferably shorten by scissors half. This measure will allow the cutting forces required for rooting, and protect it from dehydration.
Root prepared cuttings in cups, boxes or containers filled with breathable and light soil. The mixture is optimally suitable, cooked from sand and hardening, Taken in proportion 1: 2, respectively.
Before boarding Chernika It is strongly recommended to withstand in the Cornestimulator solution (“Kornin”) for approximately 10-11 hours. You can connect this procedure, just having dippeding the bottom of the cutting into the cortemulizing agent powder immediately before landing. Slap cuttings at an angle, blowing them into the ground to the lower node.
Above the tank with landfills you need to build an improvised greenhouse. It can be equipped with cropped plastic bottles or polyethylene film recorded on a frame support.
It is allowed to root the planting material and in water. For this cuttings are placed in transparent capacity with a wide throat. Further, water is poured into the container – so that it covers only the bottom of the cuttings, without reaching the kidneys and leaves. After that, the container is wrapped with paper (light cloth) and placed indoors with soft and scattered light.
Care for caring cuttings is pretty simple. He is In daily spraying and maintaining a stable air temperature in the room at 25-26 ° C. The average rates of the formation of roots usually make up 30-50 days.
Breeding with weathered cuttings
To this method of breeding Clematis, gardeners resort less often, since it is characterized by low effectiveness. Experienced flowerflowers argue that Awiered planting material is getting worse, so it is usually used when it is not possible to prepare green cuttings.
For the workpiece of planting material use mature gloves, which are cut into parts. Each part (cuttings) must have from 2 to 4 knots. The upper slice should be direct, lower – oblique.
Next, the harvested planting material is placed in a container with a solution of the stimulator of the root formation by 15-20 hours. After processing the cutlets are planted in boxes with loose soil consisting of peat and sand (2: 1). Cherenkov disembarks produced under the tilt, blowing their lower knot to the ground for about 1 centimeter. After disembarking, the boxes are covered with a polyethylene cap or cropped plastic container.
As in the previous case, the caring cuttings provide proper care, maintaining increased humidity in the guy and the constant air temperature at 25-26 ° C. At the same time, the guy should be placed in a space with a scattered light. Duration of rooting in this case can reach 2 or more months.
Before spring cuttings should be in the guy. For the winter they are tightened with an opaque film and remove into a cool place. With the arrival of warm spring weather, the rooted landing material is frowning first in the greenhouses, and then on the ridges in the open soil.
Features of separation
The division of the bush is a very time-consuming and technically complex method of breeding Clematis, which requires a certain experience and skills from gardener. It is known that healthy adult bushes of these lian have a powerful and strong root system, which is very difficult to split correctly. As a result of illiterate actions, the parent plant is very traumatized, and the decens themselves.
We are recommended to share bushes In the spring or at the end of the summer, When the plant is still in full strength and does not prepare for wintering.
For procedures, only adults and strong Clematis aged 5-6 years are suitable for the procedure.
The selected plant is gently digging out of the ground, after which it is washed and cutting it slightly. Then, with a sharp tool, a bush is separated into several parts. You can split the bush with a conventional secateur, hacksaw, an ax or acute bayonet shovel. The division is produced so that each part of the bush has its own tangle roots and several shoots. After the procedure, each deduction inspect, process sections on roots of wood coal powder.
Prepared Dellets are placed in the landing pits, blocking them slightly below the level on which the maternal bush was buried. After landing, the surface of the earth around the decek is sprinkled with mulch. Watering is carried out as the earth dries around the plants.
It is important to notice that Dellets must take effect in comfortable conditions for them. So, young plants should be reliably protected from direct sunlight, drafts and gusts of wind. When landing, the decek should use loose, well-drained soil, which will provide water and air access to roots.
How to sow seeds?
This method is often used by gardeners in the dilution of wild forms of Clematis. In this case, young seedlings receive all the signs that the parent plant possesses (from which seeds received).
Practice shows that Small seeds of Clematis (from 1.5 to 3 centimeters) at the fastest. In this case, shoots appear within 3-4 weeks. Medium seeds (about 4-5 centimeters) usually germinate for several months. Very large seeds (more than 6 centimeters) begin to germinate only six months later.
Before sowing, planting material must be stratified. This procedure is positively reflected in the germination of seeds. When conducting stratification at home, the landing material is soaked in water for several days, after which it is mixed with wet sand and searcate in the refrigerator for 1.5-3 months. Landing stratified seeds in open ground produce approximately in April.
Can be subjected to natural stratification. For this, the seeds of Clematis in the fall are sulking on the beds in the usual way. By the spring, their stratification ends, after which an awakening phase occurs (germination).
It is allowed to use a seed method of breeding clematis for the cultivation of seedlings at home. In the future, young plants should be searched in an open ground for a permanent place. However, experienced flowers remind that Young Clematis are painfully tolerating the pickup, so they are grown through seedlings in rare cases.
It should be noted that Flowering of any perennials grown by seed, usually comes to the second year. Some types of Clematis can bloom and much later – on the third and even for the fourth year.
It is noteworthy that many wild clementies are able to actively multiply by self-sowing. Under favorable conditions, they can quickly spread through the territory of the site – just as it is characteristic of weeds.
Description of rooting messengers
The rooting of the chains is one of the most popular and least traumatic methods for breeding Garden Lian. Recommended deadlines for this procedure – the end of spring or early summer.
As part of this method, it is recommended to use adult bushes for breeding with a large number of young shoots. To root a young process in various ways, for example:
- Pick down the escape to the ground at the point of the lower node, after which it is to fall asleep this place of the earth;
- To lay the escape along the entire length in the pre-prepared groove and fall asleep all his land nodes, leaving on the surface only the upper part of escape and leaves;
- To put the escape in the same way as in the previous case, but it’s not all its nodes to fall asleep, but only every second (after one).
Popted ground places are abundantly watered with water. Throughout the summer in places of rooting, the soil constantly moisturize, not allowing it to dry. Usually, by autumn, the tank is safely rooted.
Escape from the mother’s bush in the first year is not separated. In the spring of next year, young subsidiaries are formed in rooting places. They are separated from the parent plant and distributed in advance prepared pits to a permanent place.
Such a method is commonly used by experimental gardeners in the breeding of varietal clematis, vegetative parts of which are difficult to regain. Recommended grafting time – start or end of summer.
For the procedure use:
- dotting (parts of the roots of wild species lian);
- Provision (green cuttings).
The harvesting of the roots for vaccination is carried out in advance. For this, one- or two-year-old wildlife liaans are planted in 3-liter containers filled with loose and well-drained soil. When the seedlings have a strong root system, the plants are carefully removed from tanks. Roots clean from ground and washed in water.
Then, slightly having a plant, sharp knife separated the strongest and developed roots with a length of at least 15 centimeters. After the harvesting of the roots, each seedling is planted back into the container.
A small green cutlets of about 5 centimeters are used as a platoon. They are harvested in the late spring or early summer. At the top of each cutter must be a knot with leaves. Large leaves in front of vaccine cut half.
The vaccination is carried out as follows:
- The upper part of the root and the lower part of the cutter is cut along the oblique line so that both cuts are approximately the same diameter;
- Slice of the liament to the section of the bonding is tightly pressed;
- tight tied the place of vaccinations.
Another way to vaccinate is considered more time-consuming. With this method, the following actions perform:
- Clean the lower end of the cutter with a knife or scalpel, giving him the form of a wedge;
- split the top of the root in the sun;
- insert a cutken with a stripped end in a split upper root;
- Tightly wind the vaccination with a strapping material.
Experienced flowers argue that these methods for breeding Clematis are able to provide excellent results. In the competent technique of vaccination, the survival rate of cuttings can reach almost 100 percent.
Four excellent methods of breeding Clematis are given further.