In the farms of many Agrarian and Dachnikov, you can see the technique made by your own hands. Such units are made according to the drawings compiled by them, because they know everything about the peculiarities of the soil, as well as what claims should be taken into account for the aggregates themselves. Such equipment, if done correctly, can serve for a long time performing all the necessary work.
Pros and cons of homemade structures
From the advantages of technology collected by their own hands, The following positions can be noted:
- Even a person with low qualifications can make attachments;
- It is worth any attached unit made in handicrafts, quite inexpensive;
- To create equipment and repair, a standard set of tools will be required;
- It is possible to strengthen certain features of the device;
- In terms of safety, attachments can be created at a very high level.
The following criteria are allocated from the disadvantages:
- Configuration and maintenance of self-made equipment is a painting time-consuming process that requires the owner of skill and due qualifications;
- During the entire service life, it is necessary to monitor the work of the unit.
Hinged equipment is divided into the following types:
- for the preparation of the soil for planting cultures;
- for harvesting and processing.
Before mounting the equipment on a mini-tractor, drawing up drawings, the definition of dimensions should be understood:
- construction type;
- Features of the work of technology (dignity and disadvantages);
- Cash and Energy Costs.
You can select the most popular attachment equipment of the Agrarians, which is going to do it yourself:
- plow – Designed to prepare the soil to sow (usually it is connected to the rear suspension);
- Brooron – ensure the preparation of the soil;
- Salting potatoes – works with engines that have a power of more than 23 liters. with.;
- rake – Effective tool for processing Earth, has a size from 1.2 to 3.2 meters, the engine power must be more than 14 liters. with.;
- cultivator – ensures proper care for plants during the vegetative period;
- sprayer – Device for treating agricultural products with mineral fertilizers;
- Speed of potatoes, conveyor copper – Designed for harvesting root crops (for working with this technique, rear suspension is required);
- Trailer equipment, autospark – technique is necessary for transporting various goods;
- Snow Motor, Rotary Snowplow, Sneakers Snow Personnel – the units are used to cleaned snow drifts during the cold season;
- Spit, knife, cutter – Tools for working with Earth;
- manipulator – Mini-unit with a bulldozer dump, which can be equipped with an excavator of a mounted type or loader.
Especially in demand Such devices:
- shovels for snow harvesting.
Kuns are very often performed in handicrafts, and in quality they are not inferior to factory products. In the manufacture of a koon for a front unit or as attached equipment, a scheme and drawings will be required. It should also be carefully calculated by TTX technology, its carrying capacity.
Usually such a mounted equipment is made of a steel sheet with a thickness of 5 mm. To create a car, as well as a bucket or shovels for snow cleaning, the following tools will be required:
- apparatus for welding;
- crafting table;
- a hammer;
We also need guides and backups that are made from tubes with a diameter of 45 and 80 mm. Additionally, it is necessary to put the hydraulicel – its diameter should be about 25 mm. To secure perpendicular elements to the front part, another tube is welded.
Creating a hinged assembly. For cutting pipe applies a turbine with a circle “10”. To do this, it is necessary to realize the departure from the edge in order to ensure the right bend of the bucket. Bottom profile welded. Often there is a need to weld the crossbars that will create an additional stiffness coefficient.
The bucket fastening is implemented using a-shaped element. Additionally, the node is fixed by longitudinal beams. Especially important node is a hydraulic lifting device.
So that he worked without failures, you should carefully fit all the elements. Make an independently hydraulic lift can only master with high qualifications, so it is much easier to borrow a block with a semi-trailer 2 PTS-6. For fixing the bucket requires a suspension that is mounted front.
Potatoes are installed on a mini tractor, which can void up to 35 acres of land. In this configuration, only one conveyor and capacity per 100 kg of potatoes are required. Also, two-row aggregates are also applied – they are suitable for a format for powerful tractors. The plant (seeder) is made of a durable frame on which various blocks are mounted:
- axis with a primer (several pieces);
- gears (2 pcs.);
- Tubes for feeding.
Often, another plow clings to the frame to make a furrow, in which tuber. Also on the back of the frame joins the disk rider to sprinkle potatoes. If everything is correctly composed, the work process will occur in automatic mode. To create a sunelhouse with your own hands, the following items will be required:
- The corner “4” is also suitable for a rectangular tube, the thickness of the walls of which should be at least 3 mm;
- axis with fixed bearings;
- two gears and chain;
- Cone container (you can use PVC material);
- steel wire;
- Groundoshachentes (they can be made of gas cylinders).
From the tools will be needed:
- welding machine;
First creates a frame size 65×35 cm. For this, a pipe is suitable 45 mm thick. The axis is put on it with the “asterisk”, which will become the main drive.
Gruppes are cut from gas cylinders (cuts in a circle) – Thus, rings are 7-12 cm wide. They are welded with hubs that are attached with studs.
Wheels are performed removable. Then the capacity is constructed – it can be from PVC sheets or from tin. One container can accommodate approximately a bag of potatoes (50 kg).
Then the conveyor is going. Here it is necessary to install a chain with cells not more than 6.5 cm.
Lifting various gravity (up to 800 kg to a height of 3.5 meters) can be implemented using a mechanical device. At the same time, you can use the “hydraulics” of the suspension.
The design does not differ in time, but it is not always convenient to use it. You can make another lifting mechanism.
To make a lift, the following components will be required:
- Corner “8”;
- Sheet steel (6 mm);
- jumper-corner “4”;
- Two brazers and faces.
The groove in the rear jumper is performed – it is needed for fixation (they are equipped with a “triangle”).
All items are fastened, holes with a diameter of 24 mm dried for engagement. The boom is fixed at the top point of the tip – thus there is a lever that provides height of lifting.
Arrow is performed from the corner “8”. On all lengths as a fastener welded a channel. All joints are enhanced by welded plates. The upper part is equipped with a hook-shaped hook, which bends at an angle of 45 degrees. To another end the ball support is mounted.
Additional guide (65 mm). Holes along the length (4-6 pcs.) so that the equipment can be fixed with different modes of operation.
Triple Rug – this is one of the most sought-after agricultural tools, which is practically not inferior to the appointment of a plow or winch. It allows you to create furrows in which various cultures are improving. The richness moves along the beds, while his “wings” promptly sweep the soil in the wells, in which potato seedlings are already.
Skapper – the easiest tool design that has the only width of the grip, while it looks like two bonded and spreading wings.
When working with a skatever width of the beds fit under a specific tool, but not vice versa. Manufacturers make devices with a width of capture 24-32 cm, which does not always meet the needs of household farms.
Rugs are divided into several species. The easiest and most demanded of them is a skipper for a small area. Such an aggregate has a propeller type. He is put on a mini tractor, which has anterior and rear transmissions.
The principle of work is as follows: Special propellers break the soil, weeds are stolen, then the girling falls asleep with shutty soil. Work occurs on the second transmission with the moment of rotation until 190 revolutions per minute.
To make the easiest occupier, you will need to use a metal thick 3 mm. Fragments of the product bend until the radii coincides. Then you should fight them 2-3 times. Seams are processed, they are protected in such a way that the surface is smooth. By the same method made “Wings”.
Prices from producer on harrows range from 15 to 65 thousand. rubles. For this reason, such a fixture is easier to do on their own, because it will cost it several times cheaper, and work will be done no worse than the original version.
Before processing the land to be treated with a plow, it should be properly prepared. Best for this is a disk harrow. The weight of the product ranges from 190 to 700 kg, capture can be from 1 to 3 m. You can put several disks on the model, the depth of the soil processing will be about 20 cm.
The harrows are divided into the following types:
- working from the rotor;
The first type removes the soil with the formation, the slice thickness can vary from 3 to 9 cm. This indicator can be controlled. It is also important to consider when designing the harrow area, which will have to work. Strip width varies from 750 to 1450 mm.
With proper design, the blade has a sharp angle, which allows you to be embedded in the soil with a maximum pulse, cutting it and destroying the weed roots at the same time. Disk harrow is used on dry soils, and mortises in such an aggregate Special disk as an asterisk. On one shaft can be up to 5-7 such disks – it all depends on the power of the engine.
Boron with teeth is used when creating a uniform rice soil. Here, the protruding parts may be the most different configuration. Most often used:
Dimensions range from 20 to 40 mm. With the chassis, the hitch occurs either using a spring rack, or with hinge.
The easiest of the structures of the harrow is the tooth. It can be enough to handle soil. In appearance, it resembles a grille with teeth. A good hook can be an ordinary bar with holes that are placed in the tube of the trailed unit, while the rod is fixed.
Between the hook and the chassis, after the assembly assembled, dynamic chains are welded.
The lattice is brewed from blocks or fittings. Sometimes tubes with perpendicular cross section are used, while the walls should be a thickness of at least 3.5 mm.
The angle of inclination “teeth” should be about 47 degrees. It should also be borne in mind that the created unit should be enjoyed to fit into the rotation radius.
The “teeth” themselves are performed up to 22 cm high, it is used by steel that is used for reinforcement. Than “tooth” is longer, the thicker should be fittings. Sometimes “teeth” are subjected to additional quenching and turning. Among themselves they are located with a period of 10.6 cm.
The layout of the “teeth” should be mounted with a traction shaft, otherwise the harrow will be chosen on the ground. Inevitably there will be an additional vibration.
Sprayer is usually performed from two wheels. The block is placed with fuel and pump. Water poured into the canter. Also need nozzles and hose. Spray Differentiation:
- dispersed splashing – droplets in the form of fog covers soil and agricultural cultures evenly with a thin layer;
- Inkjet spraying – Usually used for root system.
How to make simple hits?
Three-point suspension is the most popular attachment of attachments. It can be both rear and front. This node is distinguished by universality – only a broken frame or caterpillar tractor attachment nodes are another configuration.
The three-point suspension consists of a “triangle”, which is made of steel using welding. The main screw provides a dynamic mount with the unit. Make a hand-driven hitch (with mechanical lifting) does not represent much difficult.
Such a design is working through a “triangle” – thanks to him, the connection of the vehicle and attachment.
The connection occurs within two minutes: the tractor reversed approaches the unit, the “triangle” is supplied using a hydraulic device under the fastening grooves. Suspension rises and snaps.
How to make attachments to a mini tractor with your own hands, see the following video.