How to grow Malva from seeds?

Malva is a beautiful decorative plant. It is very popular among gardeners and landscape designers. The plant can multiply in several ways, including seed. However, it is worth noting that in comparison with other methods, breeding seeds – the business is troublesome and not very fast.

What the seeds look and how to collect them?

The seed box of Malva has a rounded and a little flattened shape and consists of 5 cups, under which seeds are located. Seeds have a gray and double gear bordering, consisting of the smallest plates of wheat color. The diameter of the seed varies from 5 to 7 mm and depends on the variety of plants.

During the ripening period, the cups begin to acquire yellow-brown color, but not completely disclosed. Seed collection It is recommended to spend precisely during this period, breaking down a little unworthy boxes and placing them in a warm and dry place.

The air temperature in the room where the seed material is located, should be from 25 to 30 degrees. Leaving on the stem offset boxes undesirable, as they can carry the wind gust and there will be nothing to collect. After a complete ripening, the cups are revealed, and the seeds ready for sowing will be poured out.

Malva seeds are characterized by a good germination, which is preserved for three years after collecting.

Moreover, in the opinion of experienced gardeners, the best germination has older of them, collected over a year ago. When choosing a seed breeding method, you should know that as a result of transferaging, many hereditary signs of the parent plant are lost, so young plants can have flowers of another form and color than the parent individual.

Grown from cultural seeds often turn out to be more decorative and have a very original color. It is also necessary to take into account that the terrace of flowers in this method of reproduction is lost. At home, the seeds ripen pretty quickly, after which they are cleaned from foreign impurities, dried slightly and removed in a dry place.

The ideal regime for storing seeds is the temperature of 10-15 degrees and air humidity not more than 50%.

Optimal dates for disembarking

With the reproduction of Malva, we need to know the dates for the landing. If the seeds are planned to grow seedlings, then the best time for the landing will be the end of February – the beginning of March. This time will be enough for young annuals blooming in the year of sowing. As for landing seeds in open ground, the event can be performed twice – in spring and autumn. It should be borne in mind that the plants are not only autumn, but also the spring landing begin to bloom only the next year.

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Clear seed landing time does not exist, and each gardener determines the right time independently. For example, in the regions with a mild climate, the landing starts immediately as soon as the soil warms up 10 degrees. This is usually happening in May, but in the south it happens at the beginning of the month, and in more moderate latitudes – in his middle.

In the regions with a sharply continental climate, where the whole of Mai retains the threat of return freezers, sowing is produced in the last days of May or in early June. As for autumn sowing, the best time will be the middle of September, and in the southern regions – the beginning of October. After planting seeds, the garden must be mounted with fallen foliage, sawdust or peat and in this form leave to winter.

Preparatory stage

Before proceeding with seeds, it is necessary to determine the place, prepare the Earth and choose seeds.

Choosing a place

Sowing Malva Seeds in Open Grope involves a choice of a permanent place, because of what to approach this issue with full responsibility. It should be borne in mind that both one-year and perennial species grow quite quickly and are quite high plants. therefore Landing is recommended to produce at close range from the fence or pergola, since a strong wind can break the stalks.

To the death of the whole plant, of course, it will not lead, but absolutely deprived of his flowering. Selected plot for Malva must be well covered at any time of the day, otherwise the plants will begin to fall behind in growth and badly blossom. Besides, The place must be protected from wind and draft. To do this, you can build a man-made screen or choose a quiet place at the wall or fence.

The soil

Malva is an unpretentious plant and not too demanding to soil. This is due to the long root system of the flower, through which it receives nutrients from the bottom layer of soil. The optimal option for Malva will be lightweight loam with neutral pH and sufficient content of humus. If clay prevails on the site, then a mixture of sand and humus, taken in equal parts are added to it.

If sandy soils prevail, then peat and clay is recommended.

The flower grows well on a measure of moistened soils, without water stagnation. Before planting seeds, the area is drunk to a depth of 20-30 cm, weeds are twisted and missing components (humid, compost, sand, peat or wood ash). If seeding is planned to receive seedlings, the substrate is bought in the store or prepare independently.

To do this, garden land is mixed with sand and humus in a 2: 1: 1 ratio, calcined in the oven at a temperature of 200 degrees for 20 minutes. If there is no such possibility, then the soils are spilled with boiling water or a solution of manganese. It will help prevent the appearance of such a dangerous disease for Malva, like a black leg.

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Capacity for seedlings

Choosing a container for sowing Malva Seeds, it must be remembered that the plant has long and very vapor roots, and therefore it needs high peat pots.

When transplanting to an open ground, a seedlock burst into a flowerbed directly with the package, thus keeping the roots safe and preservation. If you use reusable containers or general boxes for seedlings, then when disembarking on a flower, most seedlings may die. If you buy peat pots there is no possibility, the seeds are seeded in high drawers in a depth of at least 10 cm. The distance between adjacent seeds should be 4-5 cm.

Preparation of seeds

When choosing a sowing material, you should know that Use the seeds of hybrids is not recommended. This is due to the probability of loss of many maternal signs in the second generation of colors.

The best are seeds collected from varietal plants: they retain all the information about the generic properties of the flower.

Before proceeding with sowing, seed material must be prepared, and it usually concerns one year old seed. To wake up, they are recommended to be left in warm water for 10-12 hours. This procedure helps soften the seed shell and stimulates rapid germination.

How to sow?

Seeds of Malva can land both in open ground and in the seedlings. The landing technology is so simple that even a novice dachnik can cope with her.

Sowing an open soil

The seed material is neatly folded into the previously reinforced land, after which the nutrient substrate is sprinkled. Some gardeners are done in the soil shallow pits, where seeds are placed. The sowing scheme is as follows: the distance between the two tall views of Malva should be 50-70 cm, between shortaries, such as low-spirited, – 45 cm. To obtain guaranteed shoots instead of one seed, it is better to plant three at once, having their triangle at a distance of 5 cm from each other.

After sowing, the flower is neatly moisturized, trying not to wash the seeds from the ground, and is closed with agricultural. Every day the material is removed for 10-15 minutes and ventilated landing. Watering is produced as needed, maintaining the soil in a moistened state. The first searches appear on 14-20 days depending on the temperature conditions and care. After crossing the sprouts, the film is cleaned, not forgetting to regularly water landing.

If all seeds and shoots grow too thickly, they are definitely thinned, transplanting dug sprouts to another flower. However, due to very wounded roots, no guarantees that sprouts will come down, no. You should also know that when disembarking seeds in an open ground, only annual species bloom in the first year.

Perennially increasing the leaf outlet, and bloom begin only the next year.

Landing at seedlings

Planting seeds to seedlings occurs just as sowing in open ground. If a common box is used, then the seeds are laid at a distance of 5 cm from each other, sprinkled with a nutrient mixture and moisturized from the pulverizer. Then the landing is covered with polyethylene and germinated in a bright place at a temperature of 20-22 degrees, watering and conducting.

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After the appearance of sprouts, what leaves from 10 to 12 days, the film is removed. Sowing seeds in peat pots are performed similarly, with the only difference, which instead of a polyethylene film use glass jars or cropped plastic bottles. It is recommended to plant two seeds in each container.

After young sprouts are growing a little and get fixed, they begin to temper and prepare for a transflection to a permanent place. For this drawers or pots are putting out on the street, and every day increases their stay in the fresh air. Picking Malva suffers very badly, so experienced gardeners recommend not to conduct it at all or disembark only the largest and most powerful sprouts.

For permanent place, young plants transplanted at the end of May, after the threat of night frosts completely passes. The transplant is performed very carefully, trying not to destroy the earthen lump. Seedlings from peat pots planted with pots.

Right subsequent care

Further cultivation of Malva seedlings Requires traditional events – watering, feeding, loosening, garters and mulching.

  • Watering the plant should be very moderate, no more than two times a week and only after the top layer of the soil will dry.
  • When the tough crust appears Earth necessarily loose, providing air inflows to roots.
  • As feeding adult plants, growing on depleted soils, you can use peat, humid or compost from the calculation of 3 kg per 1 m2 or occasionally to water them with a solid of wood ash. The organic should be made after flowering, closer to autumn, and in the spring you can use ammophos or azophosku. Annual Malva for more lush and long blossoms are recommended to fertilize the complex of mineral fertilizers for flowering plants.
  • Tall views often need garter. For this, close to the plant is set and tied up with a stem with a soft beep. Dry leaves and tightening flowers are broken in a timely manner, thus increasing flowering period.
  • To save moisture in the root zone, And also to prevent the root frost in the winter period, the rolling crits are mounted with straw, fabric or peat. Spring old layer is cleaned, replacing it to a new.

About how to sow a malva, look in the following video.

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