Most gardeners consider Lily by one of the most charming types of colors. Gentle buds are presented in a wide variety of colors and forms. Bright and colorful representatives of the flora are remarkably suitable as decoration for home, apartments or garden. In the article, we will tell you how to properly germinate the seeds of lily, as well as consider the varieties that can be raised at home.
Seed breeding method requires strength and time. If you want to see lush and colorful flowers in the first year after landing, this method of cultivation will not fit. In this case, plants may begin to delight buds after 2 years. In some cases, the first flowers appear only a few years later. It depends on the variety, climatic conditions and other factors.
Despite all the difficulties of this option, the seed methodology has its advantages. As a result, you get high-quality seedlings, which was raised with all the rules. Purchasing seedlings on the market, there is a risk of buying not that grade or spend funds for a poor-quality product. Reproduction using seeds mainly use professional flowerflowers, but even a novice gardener will cope with due diligence with the task.
In the process of germination, it is necessary to adhere to certain rules and recommendations.
Choose suitable seeds
To grow and multiply healthy and full-fledged seedlings, it is necessary to choose high-quality sowing material. For germination, you can choose one of two seed species: purchased and home. Each of the types gives an excellent result with proper preparation and germination of the material. As a result, the faster lines are obtained, compared with the colors that were obtained from the bulbs.
At home, use sowing material collected from the Rannetic Lilies. This is done for the reason that by the middle of summer, only seed boxes of early grades have time to grow completely. Reducing the temperature slows down the ripening process and has a negative effect on the germination of colors. As soon as you noticed that the seed box does not increase anymore and wrinkled a little, you can start their collection. Coots gently cut and leave in a dry and bright room.
If there is an increased humidity in the room, it is possible to reproduction of mold. Seeds are removed when the tanks with them begin to disclose themselves. It should be taken carefully to not damage. Next carry out mandatory sorting. It is necessary to arrange over the sowing material of the plexigla. Due to a small electric charge, empty seeds stick to the glass. The process should be repeated several times. Broken material are thrown away.
The percentage of a full-fledged material has about 90%.
You can purchase seeds of the desired variety in stores for flower growing. As a rule, the finished product has already been processed and sorted. Given the great demand for lilies, the market presents a wide range of various species. Buying ready-made goods, you save a lot of time, but in this case it is impossible to be completely confident as the material and its compliance with the specified variety. Experts recommend abandoning seeds at suspiciously low price. Such a material may have a small percentage of germination due to a large number of empty grains.
You can order products online, via online stores. Choose proven and well-known brands that have an excellent reputation for most buyers. When purchasing, be sure to check the shelf life.
Remember, the longer the seeds lie in the package, the stronger the germination is worsening. If there are no fresh seeds on sale, it is recommended to stop your choice on products, packaged last year.
Description and preparation of the sowing material
Riding seed box painted in brown. Seeds of lilies can have brown or black color, depending on the variety. From one box can be collected up to 200 grains. Oval shape, slightly elongated. Thickness – 1 millimeter, length – approximately 5 millimeters.
Seed landing can be carried out almost immediately after collecting or acquiring. However, before starting work it is recommended to conduct hardening. For this, the material is sent to the refrigerator for several days, maintain a temperature from 2 to 4 degrees Celsius with a plus sign.
Do not forget to prepare the ground for planting seeds. The most optimal option is to buy a finished land mixture calculated specifically for lilies. And you can also cook it yourself. For this, in the same proportions, leaf, turf soil and large sand are mixed, a little charcoal is added.
Sowing and growing
Seed material is distributed by seedlings. At the bottom of the container, the drainage layer is necessarily stacked, after it is covered by the prepared soil. Seeds carefully lay on the ground surface, while maintaining the distance between them from 1 to 1.5 centimeters. Sowing Material Pop Sand Layer. In definitely, watering is carried out. Water poured neat.
The best time for landing – the beginning of spring. So young lilies will appear by autumn. Some gardeners sow material in February. Boxes put in a warm and dark room covering with a dense film or glass. This will create a greenhouse effect, thanks to which the seeds will germinate. In the room where the seedlings are stored, the air temperature is from 20 to 25 degrees Celsius above zero.
Do not overgrow the soil, it can lead to the formation of mold. Use clean or outstanding water by adding it only when the upper layer of the earth is drying. Under the optimal conditions, the sprouts will be noticeable after 20-25 days.
As soon as young seedlings appear on the surface, the container is rearranged into light. Minimum day for sprouts – from 10 to 12 hours. With a lack of natural lighting, it is necessary to establish additional light sources in the room.
Important! Watch that the straight sun rays do not roam the delicate leaves of young plants.
As soon as two sheets appeared on the saplings, they can be seated in a new container and put on a constantly place. When transplanting to other boxes, seedlings are planted at a minimum distance in 4 centimeters from each other. In the process of diving, make sure that the roots and leaves are not injured, otherwise the lily may die.
Sort for homemade cultivation
If you are going to put at home Lily and grow it in a pot, it is recommended to stop your choice on short plants. Asian and oriental hybrids are presented in the form of low and compact shrubs that are ideal for growing in apartments. The maximum height of such lilies has 80 centimeters.
Despite small growth, the above varieties characterize large flowers. Their sizes vary from 12 to 20 centimeters in diameter and even more. The choice of the buyer is a wide variety of colors, from bright and saturated, to dark and bright shades. In addition to the buds of amazing beauty, you get a pleasant fragrance.
Asian varieties look attractive. The dimensions of flowers of such species range from 7.5 to 10 centimeters in diameter. These types of lilies are deprived of aroma, which is a significant advantage for many flower flower. The choice of colors is also varied.
Consider the most popular varieties.
- Spring Romance. Strong flowers, the maximum diameter of which can reach more than 20 centimeters. Hybrid type height – from 50 to 60 centimeters. Petals are painted in one-time color and covered with small dark red spots. In the center of the flower decorates the pattern in the shape of a yellow star.
- Dark Romance. The variety attracts the attention of a saturated, dark pink color of petals. Closer to the booton throat is noticeable burgundy spot. The height of the plant is the same as the previous species. Flower size can vary from 12 to 25 centimeters.
- Fine Romance. Gentle lilies with soft color combining powder pink and white colors. Middle Flower Decorate Yellow Lines. Flowers diameter varies from 18 to 22 centimeters. Height has from 40 to 50 centimeters.
- White Joy. Asian view with large and snow-white flowers. Compact plant growth – from 30 to 40 centimeters. The dimensions of the revealed bud – about 15 centimeters. The plant practically does not smell.
- Sunny Joy. This type of lily will surely attract the attention of gardeners who choose colorful varieties. Petals of this variety are painted in a saturated yellow color and a small red tide in the center. Maximum plant height – 50 centimeters. The flower diameter reaches 16 centimeters.
- Precious Joy. Bright red lily with terry flowers will be a wonderful decoration of the house. Maximum height of Asian type – 60 centimeters. The diameter of the blooming bud – approximately 16 centimeters.
About how to germinate lily from seeds, look next.