One of the methods of breeding garden hydrangeas provides for the use of seeds. It is usually resorted to this method of gardeners when they do not have the ability to purchase landing material in the form of cuttings, rooted shoots or decene. What should I consider, planning to grow these beautiful seed shrubs?
Collection, storage and selection of sowing material
With the cultivation of hydrangea in this method, gardeners use both the store planting material and seeds collected by their own hands. Collection of seeds are carried out at the end of the season before the onset of frosts. Collect planting material in dry weather. Seeds stored in a dry, well ventilated, dark and cool premises. Throughout the duration of storage in the room, a stable temperature is maintained at + 10 … + 15 ° С with air humidity not more than 50%. For storage of planting material, packages made of thick paper or bags of natural fabrics.
Ripe hydrangea seeds suitable for germination have small sizes, embossed surface, dark brown or brown-black color. The light color of the seed indicates their insufficient maturity. For germination it is not recommended to use too old, mold, frozen, heavy or damaged seeds.
The germination of such a landing material, as well as the likelihood of healthy viable seedlings from it, is extremely small.
Many gardeners for growing hydrangeas described in the method are used by the store landing material brought from China and Japan. Observations show that the use of such seeds often gives very good results. In these countries, hydrangeas grow in the natural, most favorable conditions, so their seeds manage to fully mature to the moment of collecting and accumulating the maximum nutrients required for germination.
When choosing a hortenside seed for further germination, it is necessary to study the description of the variety you like. Attention should be paid to such important characteristics of the plant as winter hardiness and frost resistance. Frequently from these qualities will depend on the accessibility and success of the adaptation of young seedlings in a new place after a transplantation to open ground. Experienced gardeners when choosing Hingiennesian seeds, it is recommended to give preference for products of authoritative agricultural. When buying a planting material from sellers with a dubious reputation, the risk of failure increases significantly.
Preparation of seeds
Proper preparation of seeds to the crop allows you to significantly increase the percentage of their germination and reduce the likelihood of developing diseases from sprouted seedlings. The technique of conducting a preparatory stage depends on what form planned to sow seeds – dry or germinated. Dry seeds before sowing is recommended to pre-dock for several hours in a solution of mangartee-sour potassium. This procedure will allow to disinfect the planting material, destroy the pathogens of fungal, bacterial and viral infections. After disinfection, seeds in the solution of the epin growth stimulator are 10-20 hours.
If the seeds are planned to be sown in a gentle form, it is necessary a few days before the sowing date to place them between two layers of clean gauze and soak in a saucer with warm water. Before the appearance of seedlings, it is necessary to regularly change the water in the tank and check the condition of the planting material. When a transparent or translucent mucus with an unpleasant smell is discovered on a marvel, it is necessary to thoroughly rinse the seeds and again soak them in clean water. When crumbling white roots will be thrown on the swelling seeds, getting started to sow.
Depending on the season, seeds in containers or outdoor ground.
Dates and landing rules
The best time for sowing dry and sprouted seeds of Hydrangees House is considered February – the beginning of March. For sowing at home, use shallow wide containers or wooden boxes filled with nutrient soil. As a substrate, it is recommended to use fertile garden land with the addition of peat, leaf slowing, sand, turf. Soils should be loose, light and air, not knocked in lumps and dense layers.
Before sowing, the substrate in containers is disinfected with a hot heatman solution, cool and spilled water. Then the seeds lay out on the surface of the substrate, observing the distance in several centimeters between them. After laying, the seeds are slightly pressed into the wet substrate and sprinkle them from above the thin layer of fine sand. Next, crops are moisturized, and the container is covered with glass or tighten with a transparent polyethylene film. Before the appearance of sections, the container with crops should be regularly ventured, and the substrate spray from the sprayer.
At least 2-3 weeks are usually required for the emergence of the first germs. In some cases, sprouts appear after 1-1.5 months. In the spring, it is possible to plant dry and sprouted seeds of hydrangeas in an outdoor ground. Recommended time for sowing – April – May. The seeds of fast-growing varieties of hydrangea is allowed to hang out in early June. Before sowing, it is determined on the plot the place with a light half, covered by wind and drafts. You can put seeds in the garden, where in the future young plants will be protected from the scorching sun. It is not recommended to carry out sowing in places under direct sunlight.
Having determined the place for sowing seeds, proceed to the arrangement of the bed. For this, the soil is carefully loosen, remove garbage, stones, roots and residues of weighing plants. Then, a mixture of sand, peat, sheet humidiation or compost is made to the purified and diverse ground. Grokes under the sowing of seed Hydrangees make high – this will prevent the heat loss from the soil in the evening and night hours. The surface of the bed is slightly loose and leveled with robbles.
The seeds are then decompressed on the surface of the earth with rows, after which they deeply pressing them deep into the fingers and sprinkle with a thin layer of sand. The surface of the beds is abundantly moisturized using a watering can with a diffuser. On top of the garden, it is recommended to pull the polyethylene film that will prevent the evaporation of moisture. In addition, the film will protect germinating seeds from daytime and night temperature drops.
After the emergence of the first shoots, the film from the bed is removed.
In order for the fragile shoots of Hydrangees quickly strengthened and turned into a full seedlings, they need to provide competent and delicate care. It includes the following conditions:
- Regular watering and soil moisturizing;
- optimal lighting;
- Comfortable temperature mode;
Watering and moisturizing
Earth in containers with hydrangea seedlings regularly moisturize, preventing the drying of the upper soil layer. Additionally, young plants are periodically sprayed with water from the spray. Spraying not only allows you to fill the need of plants in moisture, but also help to support optimal air humidity. At the same time, it is impossible to allow watering of water in a container with sprouts. Excess water in the pallet with a seedler after each watering must be merged. Seeding seedlings only with soft, indulged in room temperature. Best time for watering – Morning clock.
Young Hydrangees for Full Development and Growth are required abundant, but soft and scattered lighting. Containers with seedlings are best placed on window sills in the eastern, western, southeastern or southwestern part of the house. It is not recommended to have drawers with seedlings of hydrangea in places where plants will be a significant part of the day to be under the right sunlight. If the chips of Hydrangees at the end of the day look weak, drooping or faded, it may indicate their overheating. In this case, the pots with seadade should be moved to light half.
Seedlings of hydrangea, germinated from seeds, painfully tolerate air temperature differences. So that young plants felt well, the air temperature in the room should be maintained at + 15 … + 20 ° C. It is important to take into account that a sharp decrease in temperature for an inappropriate seedlings may be destructive as the impact of drafts. Bear from drafts should be both young seedlings of hydrangeas and adult plants.
Before transplanting to open ground, the seedlings of hydrangeas is recommended to periodically feed. Feeding are carried out in the period of increasing and developing green mass, using complete complex fertilizers (“Aelita-Flower”, “Fertility Suite”, “For Hydrangees and Rhododendrons” from Pokon). Finger the young plants are preferably 1-2 times a month.
Before falling into an open ground, the seedlings of the hydrangea should be ordered. This procedure will increase the endurance of young plants, strengthen their resistance to reduced temperatures. The process of hardening is carried out gradually. For this, containers with young plants daily exhibit on a balcony for several hours. Over time, the duration of the seedlings on the balcony increases, removing it only at night.
In warm windless nights, containers with grazing bushes Hydrangees leave on the balcony or put out on the street.
Growing seedlings Hydrangees from seeds thinks 2 pickles. These procedures are necessary for the full development of young plants, active increasing their green mass and root growth. In the absence of picking, seedlings will begin to stretch up, weakening, tortimate and shading each other.
The first picking is performed after the seedlings have 2 developed seedlines. At this stage, the plants are cleared into containers at a distance of 10-12 centimeters from each other. The second pixet is carried out in the end of spring. During this period, young bushes begin to actively increase the green mass, requiring a sufficient number of free space. At this stage, the seedlings of Hingiennesses are searched by separate pots.
Take young hydrangea to open soil after they reach the age of 2. Recommended transplant time – from May to September. In advance for seedlings, they define a slightly familiar, but not a shady space protected from wind and drafts. The soil at the landing site is pre-pumping and make a slight peat in it.
After the soil resistance at the landing site, the landing pits are equipped, placing them at a distance of 1-1.5 meters from each other. The interval between the pits are calculated on the basis of the varietal features of seedlings. The size of the landing pit should exceed the size of the root coma by about 2-2.5 times. To fill the landing holes, use nutrient soil consisting of fertile land, leaf humus, sand, turf. Can be used to fill out stores stores, designed specifically for hydrangea and rhododendrons.
Young bushes Hytenziy planted in turn. Each bush is carefully removed from the pot, after which, holding the plant vertically, placed it in the pit. Roots of the plant neatly straighten and fall asleep prepared soil. The root neck of the bush when landing is not strongly plugged. At the end of the landing, the surface of the Earth in the rolling circle is sealing palms, and the bush is abundantly. After irrigation, the surface of the earth around the plant is mulched by humus, peat or wood chips.
Young bushes Hytenziy after transplantation to open soil need elevated attention and delicate care. Watering the plants after disembarking is necessary regularly, but not too abundantly. After each watering the land in the rich circle, superficially loose and fall asleep with a layer of fresh mulch. Ruffle – an important agrotechnical reception, providing optimal gas exchange in the soil and access of oxygen to the roots of shrubs. However, in the implementation of this procedure, it is important to take into account that the root system of hydrangea is superficial. For this reason, the soil looser in the roller circle should be made for a small depth.
Feed the plants in the first year after the landing is not necessary. Gardeners argue that during the adaptation period, young hydrangeas will receive a sufficient amount of nutrients from fertile soils. Undercumation can be made if the bushes do not care well, slowly and reluctantly increase the green mass and form shoots. Using ready-made organ-mineral complexes for perennials. The full-fledged feeder mode is usually proceeded in a year after disembarking. Observations show that hydrangea grown from seeds begin to bloom in 3 or 4 years of age.
Timely feeders at this stage allow you to stimulate first bloom.
So, the first feeder is carried out early in spring after snow supply, using a solution of bird litter or overwhelmed. The second time of hydrangea is fed during the bootonization period, using potash-phosphoric drugs. The third feeder is produced during flowering using mineral fertilizers. The final fourth feeder is carried out at the end of summer, applying complex fertilizers designed specifically for hydrangeas.
About how to grow hydrangea from seeds, see the following video.