How to grow floccals from seeds?

Floxes today are actively used in the design of many country sites. These plants are incredibly easy to care, perfectly comustomate on any soil and have lush and fragrant inflorescences of various colors. In this article you will learn how to grow floccals from seeds at home.

Collection and preparation of seeds

To proceed with the cultivation of phloxes, first need to prepare landing material or seeds. High-quality seeds of phlox you can buy in any flower shop or collect them yourself from the plant.

At the landing material, which was collected personally, there are devices. For example, when collecting seeds from hybrid bushes, the likelihood of the loss of uniqueness of a certain variety is large. At the same time, in stores you can choose not only certain varieties of phloxes, but also bags with mixed seeds of different varieties – this will create a flower beds.

Determine the readiness of the seeds of phloxes to the assembly is quite simple – need to evaluate the condition of the flower box.

If it is revealed or ajar, consider that the time for collecting seeds came and you can begin training the planting material for landing.

Such a procedure as a collection of seeds, not worth it, otherwise they can just fall and dig on the ground. If you doubt the degree of readiness of the box of colors, then pay attention to the color of the seeds – mature options are distinguished by a brown-green tint. If the seeds need to be soot a little more, cut the box and place it in the envelope until signs of maturity appear.

This method of collecting seeds is used in growing and annual and perennial phlox. Best for the collection of seeds Choose floral boxes of the most beautiful, lush and healthy plants.

To prepare seeds of such plants to the planning procedure in the container, Three days before landing, they should be placed in a small container with water temperature.

This will significantly increase the percentage of seeds.

Landing at seedlings

After you have assembled the landing material in the fall, you need to strateg seeds to be sure that they will go. The seed landing itself in the container passes in the first days of spring.

Floxes are not particularly picky colors when it comes to the characteristics of the soil for their cultivation. For them, any neutral soils with low acidity are suitable – in flower shops there is a huge selection of such soil. Even in an alkaline medium, phlox may feel comfortable with competent care.

If you have a soil with an elevated level of acidity, it is advised to add some lime to its composition – This will allow to align the pH indicators. If the soil is rather heavy and dense, it is advised to dilute with a small amount of sand. If sand, on the contrary, it is too much in it – it should be mixed with peat.

In the case when the gardener uses doused and low-herft soil for landing, the soil feels not only peat, but also with a compost or manure. The optimal option for soil for growing seedlings from Flox seeds is a mixture of dermal, leaf land, sand and peat (in the ratio 2/2/2/1).

Before landing seeds in the ground, it should be disinfected – usually this procedure is carried out with the soil, which was taken from the street. If you bought a soil in the store, it is not necessary to disinfect it – you only destroy all nutritional elements. The disinfection process includes calcining the soil in the oven at a temperature of at least 200 degrees Celsius. Alternatively, you can place the soil in the freezer.

Floxes of any varieties can be grown in containers from absolutely any materials, but usually these are standard plastic or wooden containers with a small depth.

After selecting the soil and capacity, proceed to sowing the seeds.

  • Before sowing, make sure that the container is present a small drainage layer for moisture.
  • Experienced gardeners are not advised to strongly plunge the seeds of phlox when disembarking in the container. The planting material is chaotic scattered over the surface of the soil and in some places slightly pressed his palm.
  • After that, it is necessary to carry out abundant watering of seeds and put them in a warm place with good access to the light. Best for this will suit the windowsill on the sunny side of the building. To create conditions for wintering, plants are covered with a polyethylene package or glass – it will also avoid sunlight from getting seedlings.
  • So that the seeds feel as comfortable as possible, it is necessary to provide a constant temperature in the room at least 23 degrees. If the plant lacks light or you put it in a shaded place, ensure lighting with special phytolamps.
  • The subsequent process of seed care consists in daily ventilation of the container, abundant watering with a sprayer, as well as to remove the accumulated moisture on the inner surface of the glass.
  • If you want to achieve maximum seed growth rates, it is necessary to provide a high level of humidity in the room, and after they proceed, reduce the amount of irrigation to avoid rotting their roots.
  • In order for seedlings to be able to unhindered to survive landing into an open ground, gradually reduce the room temperature with +23 to +15 degrees Celsius.
  • Film or glass shelter are completely removed as soon as you notice that the roots of the seeds deepened in the soil. As a rule, the first sprouts appear in approximately one and a half or two weeks.

After you notice that the sprouts of phlox appeared 2 or 3 full-fledged healthy leafs, pickups should be held. Best of all, deep plastic containers or cups are suitable for this, in the bottom of which you need to make several moisture hole holes in advance.

  • So that the dive process passed for plants is painless, the ground in the cups is processed in advance with the growth stimulator, and the sprouts themselves are abundant. If the earth is moistened, the roots of the sprouts will not damage in transplantation.
  • In 1 cup can be planted from one to two sprouts of phlox. Blowing plants should be left to the level of seedlines. After that, one more watering should be held, but not allow moisture accumulation from the roots and the trunk of Rostkov.
  • After picking the pot with sprouts, it should be placed in a warm and darkened place at home or apartment, and under natural lighting to put only in the evening, a couple of hours before the sunset. This will allow plants to get used to temporary rhythms and sunlight.
  • Watering after dive should be carried out only when the priority circle near the plant sprouts will be dry – phlox do not like excessive moisture.
  • Before planting plants into open ground, they should be filled at least 1-2 times, but the very first feeding is recommended no earlier than a week after the dive procedure.
  • Already after your sprouts appear more than 5 full-fledged leaves, it will be worthwhile to spend the september – it will allow the plant to grow aside and slow down the rise.

Above the method of preparation of seedlings of annual phloxes, it is practically no different from growing bushes of the same perennial plants. Their seeds are not attached to the ground, but they deepen into it at a depth of no more than 0.5-1 cm. Picking seedlings in any case occurs 15-20 days after seed landing.

While the plants will not be rooted, they should be protected from direct sunlight.

Landing in open ground

Seedlings of perennial and annual phloxes landed in May. During the landing procedure, follow the following recommendations.

  • The depth of the plants should not exceed 10 cm.
  • Sprouts need to land with a lump of soil from the tank.
  • If the plant is annual, save the distance between the sprouts at least 15 cm. If at your disposal a perennial, should be left at least half a meter between landed bushes.
  • As a place of landing for Floxes, it is best to choose the shaded areas where the straight sunlight will go only in the morning and in the evening. It is not worth putting them in a complete shadow, otherwise it will affect the amount of inflorescences and brightness of flowers. If you put this plant under the open sun, his stems will lose color very quickly and can even dry. Some gardeners advise landing phlox near garden trees or big shrubs, but only if they have a deep, and not a surface root system. In addition, when choosing a place for these plants, you should not choose low areas where moisture is constantly accumulated during the rain.
  • When disembarking, it is necessary to organize a high-quality layer of drainage so that the moisture is not in the roots of the plant.
  • Very much depends on the type of soil on a permanent location for falling. It must be fertile, not heavy and well pass the air. In addition, the soil should be regularly fertilized by biohumus or wood ash.
  • During the planting a seedling in the hole, make sure that the roots are stripped in different directions and did not interfere with the growth of each other.

Subsequent care

The main aspect of growing phloxes is not to properly land these plants, namely in the subsequent care of seedlings. In the first week after disembarking, young phloxes are experiencing a huge stress and need painstaking care.

Basic rules for the care of sprouts of phlox.

  • During the adaptation (for the first two weeks after disembarking in open ground), the Earth in the rolling circle near the plants must necessarily break down. It will provide moisture access to the roots of the plant, and will also allow the removal of weed sprouts or destroy the pest nests.
  • Watering in the first weeks should be carried out at least 1 time in 3 days. To prevent the rapid evaporation of moisture near the plant, you should create a layer of mulch from peat, straw, needle or beveled grass.
  • Already after the first line of adaptation passed, the plant should be regularly exposed – it will create a solid and healthy root system.
  • During periods of drought plants should be water every 2-3 days at least 2-3 liters per phlox. Despite the fact that this garden culture does not like tools of moisture, the complete drying of the earth in the rolling collar is not worth allowing, especially the formation of deep cracks. Watering should be carried out early in the morning or in the evening, so as not to harm the leaves of the plants and allow moisture to absorb soil.
  • So that phloxes were able to acquire lush inflorescences, you need to fertilize them at least 3 times in season with organic and mineral fertilizers. The first feeding should be made a month after the seedlings landing (usually they will be equipped with water mixed with water). The second feeding is carried out in two weeks – fertilizers are added to the soil, which contains superphosphate and potash salt. The third feeding is carried out in a month – the manure mixed with water is also used (25 grams per 2 liters of water).
  • Do not forget to regularly remove weeds in the rolling circle near the plant, as well as vigilantly to relate to the slightest signs of the appearance of any fungal diseases, viruses or pests. To combat the latter, you will use any insecticidal agents against garden pests, and standard fungicides like a Bordeaux mixture should help in the fight against fungal diseases.
  • To keep the perennial phlox during the winter season, a number of specific events should be held. First of all, in the middle of October, cut this plant, leaving no more than 1-2 cm of the trunk, then disintegrate and treat the Earth around the bush insecticidal means. Then the mulch layer is organized, and the plant itself is covered with a sweetheave, a rush, or branches.

Recommendations

          • To achieve a brightest coloring from plants, plan them in places with good suns access in the morning and evening, but without wind. After this plant blooms, it becomes the desired place of accumulation of insect pollinators, and a strong wind will drive them off and destroy pollen. In addition, if you want the bloom of phloxes to be even more lush, immediately cut off already faded buds.
          • Despite the fact that for the fertilizer of phloxes, both a organic and mineral fertilizers are used, the plants themselves belong to the organic feeding. As already mentioned, it is often used to fertilize phloxes that are mixed with water. Here we are talking about departing and overwhelming. Fresh manure literally destroy the roots and trunk of the plant in a couple of days.
          • During the cleaning of the garden plot, the autumn folia should be collected in one pile and burn – it will kill all possible pests, as well as their larvae.
          • Floxes have sufficiently durable and long stems and massive, lush inflorescences in the form of blizzards, which can be leaning under their weight. In order to prevent this and protect the plant from severe wind gusts, organize a solid backup for them.

          Floxers’ cultivation tips See further.

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