Different varieties of fir, including gorgeous trees with blue cheese, are an indispensable element of decorative compositions of country gardens. It is easiest to grow beautiful evergreen trees with the help of shifting, but in this case the knowledge of the subtleties of this process will be needed.
How to multiply in nature?
Under the conditions of the natural environment, ate, like all other plants, first bloom, after which their pollination and reproduction occurs. This coniferous breed has specific reproductive organs – these are young modified branches called gates. Spruce is considered a one-bedroom plant, since it is formed by the organs of both sexes.
Collected by a few pieces, they form cones. In the last decade of spring at the ends of the twigs, small women’s cones appear – a bunch of reddish color megastrobil, directed by top. Macrospheres that develop them, then form an embryonic sac with seeds. They are located on the upper escapes, which subsequently provides far-flight seeds.
Men’s Flowers – MicroTrobils. These are the staggering organs forming smaller yellowish bumps, mainly formed on the side branches. Microspores formed on them, as a result, allocate pollen of the same yellow color. In the spring time, they throw it out and pollinate female tree organs.
In the fall fertilized women’s flowers are already pretty large spruce cones, mostly brown. Some species can be completely dark, almost black. Invalid fir seeds with transparent wings ripen at the end of winter and early spring. They are instantly flying from the upper branches, and the winds are driven by the wind, may be far from the maternal tree.
Keeping germination, seeds sometimes do not germinate for about 10 years, but then find a favorable moment and give sprouts, gradually rooting in the soil. Spruce shoot – a thin skelter with the top in the form of a seed knot (mutters). Per year the plant grows only 4 cm, then begins to grow faster. Located under the protection of other trees in gentle age, as the coniferous beauty grows gradually it will be outstrudy, punching the place under the sun.
The ability to bloom a fir acquires at the age of 25-50 years, but some varieties in the seasided care of the bumps appear already in 10-15 years. Flowering of adult plants occurs not every year, and 1 time in 3-5 years. If the tree landed on the spacious plot and it is enough natural lighting, it can start reproduction much earlier than in the forest or thick landing.
Despite the fact that in nature a fir reproduces the trees like themselves with seeds, cultivation allows other methods of its reproduction.
Methods for breeding at home
At its sites, gardeners grow mostly blue varieties of ate, which are especially beautiful in landscape design of the territory. To do this, are used as low-spirited varieties reaching 1.5-2 m high and high trees capable of growing up to 15-20 meters. However, do not forget that Spruce grows slowly and it may take not one ten years.
In demand culture, of course, makes it immunity to the composition of the air, as well as frost resistance and drought resistance, but it should be understood that there are certain difficulties of cultivating coniferous rock, including its reproduction.
You can grow a fir in several ways.
For those who are not looking for light paths, suit Breeding seeds. This is the most difficult method, which also does not guarantee the appearance on the site of such a varietal tree like a blue spruce. It happens that in the process of growing a Christmas tree loses noble blue and becomes greine. Unfortunately, it is possible to notice this only in the second year of the plant’s life.
To avoid disappointment, you need to learn more about the selected grade and its features.
Choosing seeds follows in special forestry. At the same time, you need to pay attention to the following characteristics:
- percentage of germination (it may depend on storage conditions);
- exclusion of crossing with other breed varieties;
- The quality of seeds – they must be fresh (current season).
But good seeds are only half an end, for the guarantee of success, the rules of preparation and seeding should be observed. However, if you want to plant an ordinary Christmas tree in the garden, it is suitable for a seed way.
Most efficient and simple is The reproduction of the era. So the tree is better leaving, faster adapts to a new place, and it is much easier to care for a saplth. However, the vegetative method has its subtleties – it is necessary to collect planting material in a timely manner, given the age of uterine plants.
Even assembled with young trees cuttings are able to give a developed root system only in 80%, while the material taken from the old era is viable only in half cases. The method is relevant for growing blue fir types, Since they are often growing with green cheese.
Manting that the seeds before landing need to be carefully handled, and sometimes it takes quite a lot of time, it turns out that in my garden is rooted, and then grow from the branch of the fir much easier.
Maternal spruce, who take the cuttings, should have age from 4 to 20 years, then you can count on good rooting. Older plants after 30 years will also give the result, but more modest.
Preparing for stalling is carried out in several stages in which basic requirements should be accurately observed.
- To be guaranteed to get high-quality twigs, it is advisable to use trees not older than 10 years. Additional condition – need a spruce, grown from seeds.
- The material for rooting is better not to cut, but to break hands in gloves – so the cutlets loses less resin, and hence nutrients.
- You need to choose annual twigs with a piece of bark located horizontally. The necessary “heel” does not give the resin, prevents the decoration of the plant arising from the overlapping of the coilment.
- Qualitative material is considered to be from the sides of the tree, its middle part or painting. Healthy escape has a yellowish color, brown at the base.
- Cuttings are cut off with a length of 6-10 cm, they are preferably planted immediately. During transportation, planting material wrapped with a wet cloth.
- Gardeners with experience advise not to shine fir in the hot time of the day, but to do it early in the morning, when the Rosa still lies on the branches, which will contribute to the rapid development of roots.
It’s believed that It is best to collect cuttings in the spring – from the end of March to mid-May. At this time, the active process of the growing season and swelling of the kidneys, which are moved by scales and a green conical appear appears.
With a competent selection of time for landing, there is an opportunity to get developed roots with a length of about 20 cm after 2.5 months.
If you harm the twigs in the summer, then they can hardly use root processes, but there will be an influx at a cutlery, from which the root system will later develop. To speed up the process, it is recommended to use growth stimulants. Section sections are treated with “row” either soaked in a solution of “heteroacexin”. The stalk, prepared earlier, will give roots in pre-accumulated water, if you hold it in it for several hours.
Despite the fact that it is not worth a spray with sprigs in the fall to the first frosts, it is not worth doing this, since the adaptation of the centers of seedlings is hard. This process is stretched for 8-9 months, while in the spring it is 4-5 months maximum. In addition, the third part of all sprouts die in contrast to the spring, which are rooted almost all.
The process of landing in the ground
Before landing, the lower part of the plant is cleaned from the needles and processes, and then placed in a sugar solution (per 1 liter of 50 g of sand). Cuttings should stand in it 24 hours. After that are used Stimulating tools – Huminic or Amber Acid.
Landing at home is carried out by the following actions.
- The soil for small greenhouse containers is prepared from perlite, peat, sand and garden land. Alternatively, a mixture of washed coconut fiber and peat. This is a loose and breathable composition, which is needed by young plants.
- The bottom of the box is laid out a layer of drainage from the discovery of peat and dried bark, the soil substrate is placed on top.
- Planting twigs at an angle of 30-45 degrees in the holes depth 3-4 cm. If several cuttings are placed in one container, then between them retain a distance of 30 cm.
- Earth must be sealing, and on top to shine large river sand – it will prevent the reinclosure. You can also climb the surface of the earth with wood chips, straw, pine bark, leaving without mulch only the soil at the base of the seedling.
- The plants are climbing and closed with a film, providing a greenhouse effect. Containers put in a shaded place.
Rooting usually occurs after 2 months or a little later. Along with this, to successfully germinate small Christmas trees, you will need to regularly care for them, carrying out the necessary agricultural procedures.
All the time, while the branches are rooted, It is necessary to open the film every day and air landing for 15 minutes. If the growing of the Christmas trees occurs directly in the greenhouse, you need to open the doors of the room or windows daily, but not allow a draft. Additionally, it is necessary to spray the air indoors and the cuttings themselves.
It is important that fresh air is constantly accessing the roots, so looping is carried out quite often.
No matter, there are seedlings in a greenhouse or in containers, After some time, it is necessary to carry out the prophylactic treatment of soil insecticidal and antifungal drugs. In winter, plants should be under the cooler material in a cool place. In the spring it will be necessary to inspect the sprouts and re-plant the fallen and the weakest. As a rule, during the summer, they are all well rooted.
Closer to autumn, in the last few days, you can start hardening plants, bringing them on fresh air.
Already by the third year of life, any variety, including spruce, will acquire a strong root system, but if desired, get really healthy, strong and beautiful trees need up to 5 years old to keep young Christmas trees in greenhouse conditions.
Only after that you can land a culture for a permanent place in the open soil, and it is unwanted to choose a plot for it, where the Parenic plants were cultivated before. Especially disadvantageous such soil affects the blue decorative fir.
To grow a beautiful and sturdy tree, it is necessary to know not only the features of the structure of its breeding bodies, but also to comply with the rules of shilling, landing and further culture care.
For the growing and care of fir, see in detail in the following video.