How does transplant chrysanthemum?

Chrysanthemum is a grassy plant of the Astrov family, it is divided into annual and perennial varieties having flowers of different sizes and color. Compared to her, no culture can boast such a variety of color palette. Different dates of flowering of each variety make it possible to create a flower bed that can be admired from the middle of the summer to deep autumn. All kinds of chrysanthemums have a certain type of transplant conducted at different times of the year.

When you can replant

Many gardeners believe that it is best to transplant chrysanthemum in early spring, since at this time in the soil contains enough moisture that contributes to rapid rooting of the plant in a new place. The cultivation of the plant provides for the following types of transfers:

  • planting seedlings in open ground;
  • transplanting plants from pot to open ground;
  • Transplantation of winter-hardy chrysanthemum from one place to another;
  • Transplantation of non-doctor-resistant chrysanthemum.

    Chrysanthemum is well tolerating the transplantation, so in some cases it can be done in the summer.

    The easiest way to reproduction of chrysanthemum – seeds, they are sown in late February in boxes with soil, which includes a derm, peat and sand in a 1: 2 ratio: 1. Boxes are cleaned in a dark place before shooting, control the soil moisture. After shooting form 2 of the present leaflet, they are dive, the cups with the seedle are placed in such a place where the light of the sun is no more than 5 hours a day. Seedlings are planted into the open ground at the end of May, when the threat of night frosts.

    Planting time in the open soil of landing material purchased in the store in the pot depends on when it was purchased. If the chrysanthmant bought in the fall, after September 15, there is a possibility that it will not have time to root up to frosts and simply will die. In this case, the plant cuts the stalks, leaving no more than 10 centimeters into the height, and remove it to storage until spring in a basement or heated garage.

    Winter-hardening many years of chrysanthm (the most popular Korean small-cexual) can be left to grow in one place 3-4 years. Since chrysanthemum has a rapid growth, its root system forms many small shoots for a short period of time, forced to eat from the main root, which leads to rapid soil depletion at the location of the bush.

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    Weakening of the plant from a shortage of nutrients can be determined by flowers: they begin to fine and lose the form. This means that chrysanthemum requires a transplant to another place, with a more fertile soil composition. Perennial plants better replant in the fall, days 20 days before the onset of permanent frosts so that the stalks manage to root. Chrysanthemum, transplanted in the fall, will bloom the next year earlier than the transplanted spring.

    Nemoroso-resistant perennial plant is better to transplant in the spring, it will help preserve a rare view of the flower. Compared to the autumn transplant, the spring delays the beginning of the flowering of the plant, but this deficiency is easily compensated for by the Rannynets.

    Take a chrysanthmant at home in a larger pot can at any time of the year.

    Subject to certain rules, you can transplant the flowering plant.

    Training

    Preparation of chrysanthemums for transplant Spends the following actions:

    • choice of place;
    • Preparation of planting material.

    To transplant chrysanthemums, choose a plot protected from wind (for example, at the wall at home) and the sun illuminated to 5 hours a day. Perfect for the plant is loose, fertile soil with neutral acidity. Heavy soil fertilize with humus and drip, when passing high groundwater in each well, sand. The transplant is carried out in cloudy, cool weather. Chrysanthemum is a moisture-loving plant, but it does not tolerate low areas with water status.

    Plants purchased in the summer in the store in the pot, after purchase, it is necessary to transplanses as quickly as possible, as they are sold using temporary soil with a short period of action. Seedling carefully remove from pot, washed roots, inspect them for mold and rot. For the prevention of fungal diseases of the roots withstand 30 minutes in a solution of fungicide.

    Home seedlings in cups a week before transplanting begin to order, pulling out onto a balcony or a plot for a day, and to the night tolerate back to the room. For 3 days before the alleged day, the landing seedlings leave on the site for the night. Earth in cups support in wet state.

    For transplantation to another place, the long-term chrysanthemum is selected by a sunny plot located on the elevation and protected from the wind.

    Before digging, the plant is abundantly watered so that when removing from the Earth is less injured, and leave until the next day for better softening of the soil.

    Procedure for transplanting

    Consider how it is to transplant chrysanthemum at different times of the year.

    Summer

    The blooming chrysantoma acquired in summer must be transferred to a 2-3 size pot. Make it you need as quickly as possible, because for the sale of plants are placed in small containers with the soil of temporary action. The roots of purchased plants are released from the earth’s coma, washed and disinfected.

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    Further actions are performed in stages.

    1. Drainage is laid on the bottom of the prepared pot (at home can be used pieces of foam), fill it with fertile, loose land, which can be taken from the site.
    2. The pot fill the soil, put a plant in it, slightly tamper the ground, wipes well.
    3. Kept in a shaded place before rooting, then expose to the windowsill.

    Unlike the shopping copy, the home chrysanthmant is transplanted without disturbing an earthen koma, the transit method.

    For this, the plant is watered, taken out along with a lump of land and placed in another pot. Empty in the pot fill the earth, again watered and removed for 10 days in a half-walled place.

    Spring

    Transplant seedlings in the open soil in the spring are carried out at the end of May, when the threat of night frosts. Seedlings are satisfied in the following sequence.

    1. Spill a plant in a glass of water so that in the process of removing it does not disrupt the earth.
    2. Pour water into the prepared wells (15-20 centimeters depth), waiting for her absorption. Seedlings together with an earthen room planted in the wells at a distance of 30 centimeters from each other, chrysanthemums of large varieties – at a distance of 50 centimeters.
    3. Mulch the land under seedlings to preserve moisture, maintain the soil in a loose moistened state to complete rooting of plants.

    Chrysanthemums in the pots after wintering sit down in the same sequence as the seedlings.

    In autumn

    Autumn transplantation of winter-hardy chrysanthemum involves moving a plant from one place to another. Extracted from the Earth, the bush is divided into stems that land back into the outdoor ground. Corrected event – key success. The transplantation should be performed until mid-September so that separated shoots manage to root before the onset of permanent frosts.

    Further phased actions look like this.

    1. Richly watered the plant to soften the soil. This will help less injury roots when extracting chrysanthemums from the ground.
    2. Encap the acute shovel bush (on 2 bayona deep) in a circle, at a distance of 30 centimeters from the main stem.
    3. After extracting chrysanthemums from the soil, the stems are carried out, selecting the strongest, with evolving roots.
    4. Planted stalks in open soil in prepared in advance and spilled wells, fall asleep earth, slightly tamper. Within 2 weeks of the soil in places of seedlings, they are maintained in a moistened, loose state. Autumn feeding for the plant is not required.
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    Subsequent care

    At home Care for chrysanthemum growing in a pot, not take a lot of time and strength, but only subject to certain rules.

    • The plant is placed in the western or eastern part of the room to limit his time under sunlight.
    • The flower watered 1-2 times a week, not allowing both drying and excess of moisture.
    • When the first signs of the fungal disease of the plant (the yellowing of the leaves) use the treatment of fungicides. “Glocladin” is a fungicide in tablets, which can be placed to disinfect the soil in a pot with a flower, deepening by 2-3 centimeters.
    • Insecticides are used to combat pests, acting according to the instructions.

    If we talk about plants in the open soil, then the rules will be the following.

    • Plants are regularly watered, not allowing soil drying.
    • In the spring it is fettered by nitrogen-containing fertilizers, for extension of green mass. In the middle of summer – phosphorus-potassium, which will help chrysanthemums to prepare for cold and fully overwhelm.
    • Feeding the root of the plant to avoid burning leaves.
    • After the flowering completion, the plant is cut off, leaving hemp no more than 10 centimeters in height, and send to winter storage to the room with a temperature not higher than 5 degrees.

        Cold-resistant perennials do not require shelter for the winter, but neurosostable perennial chrysanthemums insulate, Using common ways:

        • Hanging bush;
        • Shelter by handicraft materials: sweetheart, leaf ground, sawdust.

        So that the shelter does not be laid wind, should be pressed on top of the boards. In winter, snow cover uses as an additional shelter.

        Useful recommendations

        Consider several recommendations, who give experienced gardeners.

        • For the prevention of the enhancement of fungal infection, purchased plants together with roots must be treated with disinfecting drugs and transplant in another pot.
        • To avoid water stagnation in the wells after autumn transplant, plants in the garden for the winter need to be dipped.
        • Nemero-resistant perennial chrysanthemums of rare species It is recommended to transplant every year to eliminate the risk of valuable variety.
        • It is recommended to transplant the plant in the days of small, protracted rains.
        • Summer transplanting of blooming chrysanthemum will be successful when complying with the optimal lighting mode and timely watering for the period of rooting the plant.

        How to transplant chrysanthemums, look in the video.

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