Host or Funkiya – winter-hardening long-term shrub native from the Far East. The main feature of the plant is large sheet plates and cystic inflorescences. Among the variety of species and varieties of hosts is remarkable, “Empress Wu”. Dimensions of varieties are practically giant in comparison with its relatives. We will analyze more Description of the plant, as well as landing and care events.
The host “Empress Wu” is the largest variety that among other varieties is beneficial for its value. The plant belongs to the numerous Sparazhev family and wears the name of the only Empress woman, which is the rules of China. Shrub belongs to herbaceous perennials and prefers to grow near the rivers, on the edge of the forest or at the base of the mountains. In the height, the rush, the giant reaches 1.5 m, and in the width can grow to 2.5-3 m. Personal leaves form an extensive outlet.
The structure of the leafy plate plates is corrugated, in the spring they are covered with a light wax rode that gives them a matte green-blue tone, and in the summer they acquire dark green. “Empress Wu” has inconspicuous, but at the same time with this sophisticated bloom. Flowerons are high, with carious inflorescences, buds have the form of neat funnels, more often located on one side. They are painted in pale lavender color. Blooming abundant, falls predominantly for July. The host in the third year of life looks most effectively when the outlet is fully formed, and the floral arrows are covered with numerous delicate inflorescences. After the end of flowering on the flowers, fruits are formed – triangular boxes, inside which black seeds are placed.
In order for the “Empress Wu” for a long time happy with his magnificent view, it is all responsible to take the choice of places and landing. The main requirements of the host:
- To the composition of the soil, the plant is disposed of, but still prefers driving soils;
- Soil should not be too wet;
- Sandy land is not very suitable for this variety, but if there is no other choice, then compulsory mineral feeding and humus are made
- Plot for landing should be spacious, with light fellow.
Planting or transplanting a shrub stands at the beginning of spring or late in autumn. The earth is well screamed, dig a spacious well, a slightly more bush root system. It is recommended to make a layer of drainage and a little mixture “Kemira Wagon”. Then pour a little land, on which the roots of the plants are well distributed in a circle, soil fall asleep and tamper.
After landing the host, it is necessary to moisturize well.
To care for the host “Empress Wu” is easy, the plant does not put forward special requirements. All she needs:
Due to the large size of the moisture sheet plates, evaporates quickly, with its lack of edge of the leaves dry, and the blooms are wither. On the other hand, the excess moisture is also pernicably acting on the plant, so watering is needed frequent, but not too abundant. It is recommended to moisturize the host daily, especially in hot time.
The plant equally reacts well to mineral feeding and on the organic. To facilitate care and not to make fertilizers, it is often possible to mulch the bushes by organica, in addition, such a procedure helps to delay moisture. Well suited for a plant mixture of a cowboat, potassium sulfate (1 part), Selitras (1 part) and superphosphate (2 parts). During the formation of buds and after their flowering, it is worth filing a plant by potassium-phosphorous fertilizers with nitrogen. The soil around the trunk is recommended to break out often so that there is no earthen crust.
Seamless shoots and dry leafy plates worth trimming. It will improve the appearance and will help save the shape of the bush. There is no unity between the gardes about trimming the ground part for the winter.
When planning cutting a sheet outlet to do it before the onset of cold weather, but it is necessary to follow, so that all the leaves are already yellowed. Otherwise, the plant is most likely dried.
If the foliage is left for the winter, it serves as additional shelter, but at the beginning of spring it is necessary to trim. With proper care of the host “Empress Wu” can grow at the same place for 15 years, without losing its decorativeness. This grade has frost-resistant properties and does not require shelter for the winter period. In the cold regions for the suspension, you can cover the bush of foliage, and then sprinkle with snow.
Methods of breeding
Grow this host You can in several ways:
- dividing bush;
Division is a very light and efficient way of reproduction. If you do everything correctly, the time of the procedure is insignificant. Adult bushes older than 3 years old digging and divide the rhizome into several pieces with apparent roots. Landing them for landing rules. Between it is better to spend in summer. Escape with the “heel” planted into light nutrient soil, you can immediately go to bed or in the container. Sheet is worth trimming, so the cuttings faster will let the roots. Escape is covered with a glass or plastic cap, and when the roots appear, the shelter is removed (for this, as a rule, you need a few days). Further plant care is familiar.
Seed method of breeding the most time-consuming and long. So that the plant acquired a decorative look, it is worth waiting for 5 years, and the germination of seeds is not too high. For those who decide to try, the reproduction procedure is carried out as follows:
- In February, seeds are placed on a month in the refrigerator, on the lower shelf for stratification;
- After that, it is kept in “Kornvin” 20-30 minutes;
- Then heated into sterile soil by 6-7 cm deep into the depth, the capacity is also to be treated by manganese;
- The container is closed with a film or glass and kept at a half-directed place at a temperature of + 18-25 ° C;
- After 3 weeks, shoots appear, after formation 2 of these leaves, the sprouts are peeling into separate containers with a mixture of soil and sand (4: 1);
- watered through the pallet;
- The shelter is gradually removed, and after 10 days, the sprouts can be taken to open air;
- When the seedlings are fully fixed, they can be placed in place of growth.
Having attached a little effort, you can get on the plot of a majestic bush, which will attract the views of all those present.
And with the right leaving the plant, many years will decorate the garden with its huge chic leaves and elegant inflorescences.
In the next video, you will find additional information about landing and care for the host “Empress Wu”.