Hydrangea “Kiuha” – leaf falling shrub, her homeland Far East, Japan, China. Culture is valued by gardeners for unpretentiousness and decorative species.
Hydrangea Miscellaneous “Kiuha” looks great both alone and in group landings. Powerful, frost-resistant branches are suitable for creating a living hedge – it serves as protection against wind and dust, while being a beautiful background for garden plants. Culture is highly resistant to frost and disease.
To choose a suitable plant, you need to know the description of the variety. Miscellaneous hydrangea – decorative shrub height 2-3 m. The leaves of the heart-shaped, with a pointed tip and gear edge; on top dark green, glossy, bottom lighter at 1-2 tones, up to 12 cm long. Inflorescences – Guastabolic belts 30-35 cm long, have a pyramidal form. Flowers with a diameter of 10-12 cm, with fast-mounted petals. Fruit box up to 3 mm long, with a lot of small seeds. First bloom after landing – after 3-4 years.
Vortex flowering time: from mid-summer to late autumn.
During the breakdown period, buds have cream-white color, with full bloom – white, autumn – pink, with green and blue shades.
To avoid unpleasant surprises, planting material is better to purchase in specialized stores. The seedling should look strong and have at least three main branches. On the roots of a healthy plant should not be signs of mold and rot. If the seedlock is purchased in advance, it is recommended to buy it in a container with a closed root system and store houses in a cool, dark place before the arrival of spring.
Choosing a place
To the choice of places for hydrangea seedlings, we need to approach with special care, as it does not tolerate transplant, and it is necessary to immediately determine the permanent place for it. Being under the sunny rays all day, shrub inflorescences gradually lose their puff and become small. Hydrangea is not “friendly” with the wind, his impulses break down the delicate petals of flowers, and shrub loses decorativeness. Sententy and Wind Protected Plot – Best Seat Playground Option for Hortensia.
Hydrangea “Kiuche” is a moisture-loving plant, so loose, structural soils with good water permeability are suitable for its development. The roots of the shrub need an acidic environment, for this reason, the lime is not added to the landing hole and in the future they do not be addressed under the bush.
Landing the seedlings of the Miscellaneous hydrangea is carried out in May after the end of the night freezers. Inspect the planting material for mold and rot, too long roots shortening. In areas with dense clay soil, landing pits are made deep, up to 60 cm deep, filling them with an artificially created mixture, which includes:
- Sand River;
- crushed or brick battle.
Everyone is prepared in equal proportions (without adding lime), mix and fall asleep into the landing pits.
In areas with loose fertile, plant plants are planted in shallow pit without nutrient mixture. Poams are made with an extension upstairs, since the root system of the buggy hydrangea will not grow into depth, but in width.
The planting material is placed in the pit, frame the roots, fall asleep the earth, spill with water, mulched (to slow down the evaporation of moisture) and slightly tamper.
Culture content includes a number of events.
Hydrangea Buggy – a very moisture-loving plant, requiring abundant watering in the spring, at the beginning of growth and during the formation of buds. The Earth needs to miss 10-15 cm deep, useful spraying clean, warm water and artificial sprinkle. Excess moisture is no less harmful to the plant; Oxygen access to roots decreases, nutrients are washed out, the threat of shrub death due to the rotation of the root system arises.
It is not recommended to water hydrangea water from the hose. Best of all, rain or tap water is suitable for this purpose, settled in tanks. Watering the plants should be carried out early in the morning or late in the evening, since the straight sun rays will quickly dry the ground, forming a crust that becomes an obstacle to access the oxygen to the roots. The top layer of the soil should be maintained in loose state.
For hydrangea “Kiucha” It takes 4 feeders per season:
- In the spring, from the beginning of the deployment – 25-30 g of urea, 25-35 g of superphosphate, 35-40 g of sulk potassium per square meter of soil;
- During the ripening period of buds – 40-50 g of potassium sulfate, 70-80 g of superphosphate;
- At the beginning or in mid-September – 60-70 g of potassium sulfate, 40-50 g of superphosphate;
- In mid-October – 20 kg Horing or leaf land under the bush.
The pruning of the scumping hydrangea is carried out in early spring, before the start of the deployment. To work it is better to use a plane secator with the presence of an ergonomic loop for a finger. Last year’s shoots with inflorescences cut into 3 kidneys at an angle of 45 degrees. In the circumscribed shoots in the summer and the autumn is formed powerful inflorescences. Hydrangea thinned, removing small branches that weaken the flow of nutrients to the main inflorescences. Using trimming, shrubs give the desired form.
It is believed that the buggy hydrangea “Kiuus” is distinguished by high resistance to diseases, but sometimes adverse factors are caused by plant diseases. It can be weather conditions, improper feeding and other reasons.
Distinguish noncommunicable, viral, bacterial and fungal diseases of the plant.
The fungal disease is detected after the protracted rains and cool weather. The leaves and branches in the place of lesion acquire a brown color, in these places the tissues are dropping. On the flowers will first raise individual petals, then the fungus destroys all the inflorescence. When the disease is detected, the affected areas are removed, the plant and soil beneath it is sprayed 3 times with an interval of 10 days by the following drugs:
- Bordeaux liquid (1%);
- Copper Chlorine (0.5%);
- “Bavistin” (0.07-0.1%);
- “Cooking” (0.5%);
- “Capanta” (0.5%);
- “Fundazole” (0.2%).
During the period of treatment, feeding the mineral fertilizers is carried out.
At the base of the branches of the plant there are wet areas appear, in the future they grow a white air mushroom that destroys the fabric of the affected place. Patients with inflorescences dry. With severe lesions, hydrangea is irradiated along with a lore earth and burned, the area is etched by formalin. Bushes with initial signs of infection are watered 3-4 times over a period of vegetation by means to combat plant diseases:
- “Fundazol” (0.2%);
- “Topcin-M” (0.2%);
- “Wigsar” (0.5%).
Liquid use rate – 10 liters per 1 square meter of soil.
On the lower leaves of the shrub, dark spots appear, which are further brightened. Gradually fungus affects all the leaves that fall ahead of time, and goes to the stems. In the autumn, the fallen leaves with other plant residues are collected and burned, the soil is disinfected. In the summer, spraying shrub 3 times with an interval of 10 days by one of the fungicides:
- Copper Chlorine (0.4-0.5%);
- “Fundazol” (0.2%);
- “Cooking” (0.5%);
- “Ferbam” (0.5%).
A special danger of the disease is for young cuttings in the phase of rooting.
On the surface of the leaves, branches, inflorescences appear brown-chocolate pustules fungus, which in the future form dark sports with yellow halo. On the stems of hydrangea, longitudinal cracks appear, the leaves and the inflorescences are premature. A small lesion does not threaten the plant. Damaged areas are removed, spraying (3-4 times with an interval of 10 days) with the following means:
- “CINE” (0.5%);
- iron vigor (3%);
- “DNOC” (1%);
- Colloid sulfur (0.5-0.8%).
Spraying begins from the moment signs of illness appear.
Preparation for winter
In the fall, irrigation of plants stop, and also refuse nitrogen-containing fertilizers that strengthen the growth of young shoots. Adult hydrangea shelter for winter is not required. Many are cut off the caps of the inflorescences so that the branches do not climb under the weight of the snow. This measure is optional. Young 2-3-year-old bushes insulate for winter in different ways.
- The shoots are binding to a bundle, laid on the ground and is covered with a sweetheart, the tone, branches of trees. Winter blanket remains behind the snow.
- The plant is plunged with a mixture of land and peat. No need to do this with leaves, as they are poorly missed moisture and can cause root re.
Hydrangea “Kiuus” breeding with cuttings and decodes.
At the beginning of summer, 8-10 cm long cuttings are cut from young green shoots and planted in a shaded place (under the bush, behind the construction) in light soil. On hot days, the cuttings spray warm water. A month later, rooted cuttings transplanted at a permanent place at a distance of 2 m from each other. Do not allow soil drying.
At the end of March, the lower branches of hydrangea are fixed on Earth and sprinkle on top of fertile land, leaving the tops. In the spring of next year, the grooves planted at a permanent place, follow the humidity of the Earth.
Beautiful examples of landscape design
Consider examples Use of hydrangea “Kiuha” to decorate the garden:
- hydrangea against the background of the Tui;
- Original garden design;
- Flowerbed with Hydrangea at home;
- Hydrangea bushes along the border.
On the peculiarities of the cultivation of hydrangea “Kiuush” see the following video.