Great kingdom is a bright one-year flower, which is successfully grown in country conditions and at home. The name of the culture comes from the Greek Kelos, which means “Fire, Flaming”. If your choice fell on this interesting plant, and you want to grow it independently, you should read more details with the characteristic features and nuances of culture care.
Kindergarte is differently called a roasting scallop. The name has come for no accident, because inflorescences are really very similar to bright cocks. The plant belongs to the amaranth family, is grown as annual, because it does not tolerate frosts. In the natural habitat, the height of the targeting is about 45 cm, but in conditions of the house or garden, culture rarely grow up above 30-35 cm.
Flowers of small-sized plants, are going to large inflorescences in the form of scallops. Coloring is represented almost all warm colors: yellow, orange, red, bright pink, raspberry.
As for the fruits, these are small boxes containing seeds. Their gardeners are used for subsequent culture culture. Planting the plant begins in July, and finishes in mid-October.
If we talk about interesting facts associated with the sacrifice, it can be noted that Peoples of Africa widely use this plant in food. Use culture and medicine: decoctions from the leaf of rooster scallops are successfully fighting with many inflammatory processes in the body.
Consider several varieties of combustion combs that most often choose gardeners.
This is a plant with light green leaves, as well as air inflorescences. Color ranges from burgundy to bright scarlet. Culture height – no more than 25 cm.
Another sought-after low grade, height reaches 30 centimeters. On leaflets, scarlet veins are clearly visible, and buds have an attractive purple color.
Corosions with huge, very severe bright inflorescences. Pink stem, and leaves have a light green shade. Height – about 20 cm.
This velvet variety can reach as much as 50 cm in height, so it is most often grown in the garden. Straight straight, pretty fleshy. Inflorescences are small, look like a scallop, very bright.
To get a planting material, in the fall you need to cut a few faded inflorescences. Them should be dried in a dark and cool place. After this is done, the inflorescences must be shaking over the paper, and the finished seeds in abundance are poured out of the plant. These seeds are folded into tightly closing tanks and put in the refrigerator.
In early April, seeds are ready for landing. But before they need to be processed. This will help such funds as “Zircon” and “Epin”. A glass of simple water is dissolved droplet each of the drugs, and for 4 hours soaked sowing material. In addition, it will be useful to treat land and seeds with a solution of manganese – it will strengthen plantings, will make them less susceptible to disease.
In the ground (in the container) make several grooves, but you can simply break it down, and put seeds.
Soil from humus and vermiculite is suitable as soil, with a small addition of pure sand.
The soil is not falling asleep from above, only slightly pressed and spray from the sprayer. Then covered with polyethylene, and tank with the material in the very warm part of the apartment on a well-lit window sill. Wherein The temperature in the apartment should not fall below +25 degrees Celsius. Periodically polyethylene should be opened so that the sprouts are ventilated.
Will be a little more than a week, and you will see the first sprouts. When 2 leaves appear on each of them, the sprouts will need to dive, seeding each in a separate container. When the plants are well fixed, they are planted in a permanent pot and feed mineral complexes.
Landing at home we have already disassembled, however, it is often designed to sit in an outdoor ground.
Cocking scallops love the sun, so they should be planted on well-lit places, where there will be no frequent drafts.
Sit down to go to groups, the distance between the low-spirited bushes should be about 15 cm, between large – at least 35. The optimal time for landing is the end of May, when you exactly will be confident that snow will not fall, and the frosts will not get out. Proper air temperature – about +20 degrees Celsius.
The soil must be easy, fertile, weakly acid. If the acidity is increased, applied lime. After the place is selected, and everything is prepared, the plant disembarks begin. This is done by the method of transshipment: the plant is removed from the pot together with an earthy room and planted in the ground. It will help culture well root. In the case when the scallops were divened to the pots of peat, then it is allowed to plant flowers into the soil directly in them. After planting the plants watered.
Leaving activities include several mandatory stages.
And room, and garden kneading badly tolerant. Therefore, watering such plants need moderately, only when the soil dries. In the rainy season, you can, in general, do without watering until the occurrence of hot weather. After the water supply, garden sodes are necessarily loosen, and the emerging weed herbs are uprooted.
The correct time for watering is the earliest morning, but if there is no such possibility, you can transfer the event for the evening. Water must pre-settle down, as well as many gardeners use the rain – this is the best option. The temperature of the fluid should be room, since the cloying does not tolerate cold water, even if it is hot on the street, it can even die.
Feeding should be made dosed. Start doing it for the second month. For these purposes, phosphorus and potassium. Many gardeners make nitrogen, but it is necessary to do it very carefully. If you overdo it, the plant quickly gains green mass, but it’s not enough for the flowers forces.
Complex fertilizers should be submitted monthly. However, experienced gardeners advise to apply another tactics: split fertilizer into several parts, dilute in water and give together with every irrigation. Thus, it is possible to ensure that the concentration of nutrients in the soil will be at the right and stable level, excluding excess.
As for the shelter for the winter, it is not carried out, because even with the best shelter, the plant will not survive.
Cock scallops cut and leave for drying to obtain seeds. Besides, The plant is stored for a long time in the dried form, so after collecting seeds you can put it in a vase and enjoy a thin aroma.
Fighting diseases and pests
In general, the embodiment of the comb is quite well opposed to all saints, exceptions are only very young plants that have not yet received proper immune.
One of the main diseases of the culture is a black leg. It appears as a result of excessive moisture of soil or air, as well as if plants are too densely planted. The base of the stem becomes black, the fungus clogs it, preventing Sokotovy. As a result, the culture turns yellow, dries and driving. Gardener need to remember that the black leg with ease to infect other flowers, so it will not be possible to restore the stem from the permanent plant. It needs to dig up and then destroy. The land on the site of the dug flower is treated with wood ash, other plants need to temporarily not water. Preventive measures to protect against the black leg concluded that the seeds are still disinfected by manganese, they also shed and soil.
Another alert becomes deciduous chlorosis, which arises from the lack of iron. In this disease, the leaves of the culture are yellowing, only accomplishments will be bright. Solve the problem is pretty easy: you only need to feed the culture with iron and revise the rules for its cultivation.
From pests I kneake the most often amazed. It appears where there are many ants, so you need to fight with them in the complex. Against the ants well helps the manka’s plants, and you can also destroy the anthills manually. The wave at first is perfectly washed off with soapy solid, but if the time is lost, and insects are too much, only strong insecticides will help.
In addition to the tli, plants can be lifted and insects such as bear. These creatures are omnivores, but most of all they like to damage the roots, of which they suck all the life juices, causing fading and the death of the plant. Muses live underground, only occasionally choosing to the surface. You can destroy them insecticides that best pour into the ground with water. As well as many gardeners knead sweet corn sticks and add poison there. After that, Kashitsa bursts into the ground, and after a few hours the pests get out to the surface due to the lack of air. In addition, at the edges of the club, you can always plant velvets – this will serve as a good preventive measure.
Examples in landscape design
Great kingdom – this is a frequent guest in many gardeners. It looks great on any plot, I wonderfully complement it with his bright and rich color.
Most often, roasting scallops are planted with groups in the flower beds. At the same time, they can be combined with the colors of various shades, but the most effectively look white.
Scallops and velvets look original: these flowers are not only beautiful, but also useful, help from many pests. Besides, Corode, you can not dilute at all: on a big flower bed she will feel beautifully feeling alone. Main, pick up a few shades, at least two.
Another culture is planted along the tracks. To do this, choose the most colorful varieties. Such colors will effectively form paths and walls of the house, and will also serve as an interesting contrast for other cultures in the garden.
Indoor cocks scallops are no less good. Selecting the lowest varieties, you will only win, because such saturated spots will be appropriate in any interior, even classical. And if you prefer group landing, the targeting will perfectly decorate the balcony, turning it into a real garden.
Considering the reviews about the sacrifice of the comb, it can be concluded that such a plant loved very much. Costs for seeds will not be at all, because every year in the fall of the gardener has the opportunity to assemble the sowing material and land it. In addition, growing problems usually does not occur, since the plant is not too demanding to the soil, the only moment here is the need for proper watering.
But Most dachensons like how beautiful and original culture looks. Interesting in itself, she is also superbly combined with other flowers, causing a real fare of the paints. Perfectly looks on a flowerbed, flower bed, alpine hill, houses, in the park or square.
Negative moments too. For example, some dacids do not like the fact that the plant has such low frost resistance, and it has to plant a new year every year. However, nothing can be done here. And newcomers argue that culture is easily ill to fungal ailments, which contributes not only to the rapid death, but also the rapid infection of other plants on the site. But here there is a solution: take into account all the rules of cultivation and strictly observe them.
Thus, Coselized creased is a spectacular and very funny plant, which will not be difficult to grow. An interesting and unusual kind of culture with ease will replace many more expensive and capricious colors, and the possibility of admiring inflorescences after a bunching will undoubtedly please any gardener.
About the cultivation of sacrifice from seeds and looking behind her Look in the video.