One of the most favorite plants among the gardeners is the wisteria of Macrotache “Blue Moon”. This plant is a long-term Lian. At night, the lavender inflorescences have a silver tide, so the flower is called “Blue Moon”, which is in translation from English means “Blue Moon”. The perennial is suitable for creating live hedges and Altanka. And how to plant and care for this interesting plant, consider in the article in more detail.
Glicinia “Blue Moon” is a decorative leaf fall plant. Adult liana can grow up to 7 meters in height. The form of inflorescences is quite unusual, and their shade depends on the varietal. Usually flowers painted in a gentle blue, lavender with a blue sweat or purple color. Flower neck area has a yellow color. Inflorescences are collected in small borders, their length can reach 30 centimeters. Brilliant unpacturous leaves of a saturated green color, their length can be 30 or more centimeters.
Young leaflets are low. The root system of wisteria is quite powerful, the podrody fruits look outwardly resemble beans.
Variety “Blue Moon” is considered the most winter-hardy hybrid among its kind. Such liana withstands even 40-degree frosts. Gardeners for a very long time could not achieve results for the removal of this species of Wisteria. However, experts managed to make a frost-resistant plant from Liana.
Another feature of this culture is bloom, which over the season is observed as many as 3 times.
For planting many years of Liana, you will need 2 seedlings, the root system of which should be closed type. This factor affects the adaptation of the plant, making it less painful. Wisteria can cultivate on any soil. It is best to plant on a place with a slightly alkaline soil. It is also recommended to add humus to the soil and draining it well. The strong acid peat ground is not suitable for the cultivation of Liana.
Before planting wisteria, a hole should be cut down with a depth of 25 centimeters and fill it with organic fertilizer. It is best for humus. You can prepare a mixture of seamless foliage, river sand and clay soil. Plant plant with a transshipment method, not blocking the root neck area.
The landing place should be well covered. CVets of Wisteria for normal development need sunlight. Plant should also be well defended in the cold period of the year. Therefore, to protect from drafts and wind will help the presence of a wall near the landing site. Due to the features of wisteria, it is recommended to plant it in a calm and warm place. Plant shoots strongly, for this reason, it needs supports that are installed near Lian.
Glicinia “Blue Moon” grade is rather unpretentious in care. To provide a good development to the plant, it is recommended to adhere to simple rules for its content.
This variety of Liana can transfer any temperatures, even the lowest. However, more favorable for flowering will be warm weather. During the active growth and development of wisteria, it is necessary to obtain a normal amount of sunlight and heat, so the air temperature should not fall below +20 degrees. In winter, the plant will endure frost to -40 degrees Celsius.
The plant loves light soils whose humidity should be relatively low. Soil should also have high-permeable properties. During the landing, the well is desirable to fill the soil mixture bought in a specialized store or cooked independently.
The overwhelmed soil negatively affects Wisteria. To avoid this, you should systematically spray the plant. Regular watering of Liane is required during the period of stormy flowering, as well as growth. In this case, the flower of wisteria should water once a week.
In the fall, the amount of water procedures is reduced, in winter the plant does not need them at all.
This process directly affects the flowering of perennial lianas. Therefore, it is important to pruning 2 times a year.
Young lianas with a faster and weak root system can be transferred annually. However, it is worth considering that the flowers of Wisteria do not carry this process. After disembarking Liana to a new place, it is a long period of time at rest.
If the plant has grown strongly, the transplant is prohibited.
Feeding needed to give leaves and colors of saturation and colorfulness. Glicinia is fed by compost, mineral fertilizers, as well as a solution of chalk.
There are several methods for the reproduction of wisteria variety “Blue Moon”. The most popular of them are reproduced by air chains and with cuttings. Less often resort to the reproduction of Lian seeds, since this process takes a lot of time and does not preserve the varietal varieties of varieties.
Shoots start to harvest in spring. Choose young annual stems. In the central part of the escape it is necessary to make a small oblique incision. Following the planting material is placed in nutrient soil. Blowing is done to the level of the cut. By the autumn, when cuttings roots are fairly fixed, seedlings are produced.
This method is great for the reproduction of Wisteria. After falling leaves, it is necessary to root a plant. This is usually done in the second half of the autumn season. The lower part of the shoots should be gently tilt and shop. Full streaming of Liana will happen only a year later.
When the roots appear on the shoots, they can be separated from each other and transplant into open ground.
Reproduction of seeds
If you harbor seeds of wisteria to seedlings, it is best to start in December. If the seeds are harvested for sowing into open ground, then this process should be started in March. Seeds are sown in small containers, which are filled with a special soil mixture. It can be prepared at home, for this you need to mix in proportions 1: 2: 1:
- Leaf Earth;
The soil must be moistened, after which put seeds in it. Planting material falling asleep with sand. You can also use wood ash. Then for sowing it is necessary to make a small greenhouse. You can build it from glass or film. Design must be stored in a dark place for two weeks. After the first germs appeared, the seed container is placed on the light.
After the seedlings are fully fixed, you can land them into the outdoor ground.
Diseases and pests
Wisteria has a high degree of stability to various viruses, besides rarely affected by pests. In violation of the ruler of the plant care, the risk of Lian infection appears. Usually problems can be caused by several parasites.
- Green Tla. This pest sues juice from leaves of wisteria, which harms her much. To cure a plant, gardeners recommend to use insecticides.
- Clover tick. The appearance of this parasite is not difficult to notice. Liana leaves acquire bronze color. The tick spoils not only the decorative type of plant, but also negatively affects its health. Cure wisteria from this ailment is easy, it is enough to apply any acaricide.
- Caterpiles. It is important to carefully observe the plant in order to notice the appearance of such a pest in time like a caterpillar. If you do not take any measures for the treatment of Liana, it can be completely destroyed. Insects feed on the leaves of perennials, which subsequently become similar to the sieve.
To avoid the appearance of caterpillars, wisteria from time to time spray with special biological preparations.
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