Among the gladiols there are about 8000 varieties. One of the popular – “Priscilla”, it is loved for the large, original buds. Just one twig is enough to create a beautiful bouquet.
Description of varieties
Gladiolus “Priscilla” is distinguished by large flowers tritono. Velvet petals have corrugated edges and gradient color – from white in the middle and to pink or crimson on tips.
Powerful flower, high, on one blooming up to 15 buds. So that the gladiolus does not break, it is necessary to tie to the support.
Blooms after landing in 2.5 months. In regions with a cool and temperate climate, this period increases to 85-90 days. Capricional plant in care.
Adult bulbs need to prepare a month before landing, kids – in 2 weeks. Separate them should be separately, including in the soil. Adult gladiolus have a more powerful root system and will begin to select nutrients from “Young”.
Bulbs should be cleaned of husks and immerse in a solution of manganesey for a few minutes (0.5 g of mangartage on 1 liter of water). It will protect them from the trips and fungus. Then plan the box and leave in a well-lit place.
For gladiols, it is recommended to prepare a plot in a sunny place, but without an open draft. It is best to land them on the former flower bed of Zinni, dahlias, velvetsev or the former Garlic Garlic Groke, onion, bean.
In no case do not land in the ground, where Astra grew up to this, and root and root.
Earth must be good to braid up to 40 cm deep, make fertilizers and mulch. If the soil is too acidic, then add a pushed shell from raw chicken eggs (boiled not suitable) or chalk. On an alkaline ground, the plant will hurt. Weakly acidic soil is recommended. From fertilizers must be made nitrogen – they are responsible for active growth. At the same time, it is important not to overdo it, otherwise the gladiolus will give a lot of tops and there will be bad blossom.
The bulbs are planted at a depth of 10 cm at a distance of each other at 10-15 cm. As already mentioned, adults and bulbs kids plant separate rows.
How to care?
As soon as the first sheets of “Priscills” appear, in addition to nitrogen, it is necessary to make potash fertilizers. They are responsible for metabolism, increase resistance to low temperatures, strengthen immunity. Finger the gladiolus should be regularly 2 times a month.
When the 6th sheet appears, phosphoric fertilizers add. It is phosphorus that is responsible for the formation of buds and flowering. When it lack, the flowers are formed weak, the buds are small, and they bloom badly. As soon as the plant blooms, it is necessary to stop making nitrogen fertilizers.
Fertilize gladiolus it is better in the evening or early in the morning when there is no active sun, after it is necessary to irrigate. For better assimilation of the feeding, it is necessary to loosen the soil between the rows every decade. Watering itself is sufficient once a week or every 2-3 days with hot weather.
If after feeding it rained, then after a week, fertilizers are reused. The preciputes wash the nutrients or take deep into the soil where the rhizoma of the gladiolus can not get.
In early September, as soon as the gladioluses are swinging, it is necessary to cut the flowerons. During this period, kids are formed, and greens can delay the nutrients. From fertilizers should eliminate phosphoric and return nitrogen.
The bulbs of the gladiolus “Priscilla” do not winter in the open soil. Before cooling, they need to dig, dry and keep all winter in a dark, cool place. In the spring it is recommended to plant a plant on a new plot, maximum leave for the second year.
Gladiolusy bulbs breeding. There is also a seed method and division of the bulbs, but they are practically not used. With seed reproduction, breeders do not guarantee that the flower will turn out with the same gene sets. This is true of hybrid varieties to which “Priscilla” refers. But for the sake of experiment you can try.
In the first year, seeds that should grow into small bulbs. Then they dig and dried. For the second year they are planted again so that they turn into full bulbs. And only on the third year gladiolus bloom. It turns out that the seed method is longer and does not give a guaranteed result.
The division of the bulbs is also used rarely because there is a risk to ruin the planting material. Therefore, the cultivation of children is the fastest and efficient variant of reproduction, in which all variety characteristics are saved.
At the end of August – the beginning of September, the base of mature bulbs begin to form tubers. Therefore, mature bulbs should be cleaned carefully. Kids are separated, dried and stored separately.
Examples in landscape design
Since gladiolus “Priscilla” is high, and the stalks are smooth, then beautiful corridors are obtained. Plants can be planted along the garden tracks or make a living hedge of them.
The gladiolus in flower pots look original and sore. The latter should be deep so that the bulbs are not closely.
If you create floral islands, then gladioluses are placed in the center of flower beds either to the background. They feel great next to perennial plants, in particular, with dahlias.
About the Gladiolus “Priscilla” Look in the video below.