Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus – elegant and very spectacular flowers. Many are decorated with garden sites. However, if desired, culture can be grown at home in a pot. The main thing is to choose the right grade and stick to the uncomplicated plants landing and care rules. The features of such breeding gladiolus will tell the article.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

general description

Gladiolus – long-term bulbous culture. She applies to the Iris family. There are several thousand varieties of gladioles. A variety of forms and beautiful colors is simply amazing. Despite the fact that the flowers are very decorative, they grow well and in the wild. They can be found in Asia, South Africa, in some European countries.

Flowers are usually high (can grow up to 1.5 m). Stem Plant Smooth, Straight. Leaves elongated, rather large (up to 80 cm). Main Decoration of Culture – Flowers. Buds having funnel shapes are collected in cooled inflorescences. Each includes 6 petals. Coloring Various. Flowers can be snow-white, bright or gentle pink, crimson, coral, yellow, purple, burgundy. There are varieties with two-color petals.

Gladiolus feels perfectly on the street in the context of the Russian climate, so they can often be seen on dachas. But in pots they grow wonderful. A distinctive feature of the culture is a long period of flowering. Therefore, it is perfect for decorating balconies, veranda, private houses and apartments.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Review of species and varieties

Culture has a long powerful root. In addition, it grows with a rapid pace. Because of these nuances, not all varieties can be grown in containers. For planting a pot ideal, gladiolus is not above 60 cm. Consider popular compact varieties suitable for homemade cultivation.

  • “Tinkerbell”. This beautiful grade with terry petals has an unusual color. Yellow flowers are framed by a bright orange edging, making more fun any gloomy day. The height of the plant varies from 50 to 70 cm.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

  • “Georgetta”. Another “sunny” variety. Flowers have yellow-red colors. A variety is equally good for potted growing, and for landing on the site. Growth of culture average (up to 70 cm).

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

  • “Moscow Belokamena”. This snow-white spectacular hybrid grows up to 60 cm. Corrugated petals, which is why the plant resembles a light fluffy cloud. Flowering lush and very “elegant”, because about 35-40 buds are formed on one stem.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

  • “White City”. As it is clear from the name, this variety also has a white color. However, in contrast to the previous one, its flowers are not terry, but ordinary. However, this does not detract from the beauty of elegant plants with delicate buds, expressive on the background of green foliage.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

  • “BOU PIP”. Usually plants of this variety are small. However, sometimes they grow up to 70 cm. Petals terry. Coloring gently apricot.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Suitable conditions for growing

Plot and lighting

The place is better to choose well lit. However, the sun rays should not be directed directly on the flower. It is better that the light is scattered. It is also important that the plant is under the influence of light flows within 12 hours daily. In winter, it is better to use lamps to maintain mode. In the cold season, the flower holds indoors, and in the summer they often endure in the garden or on an open balcony.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Temperature mode

Optimal for culture is considered a temperature of about 20 degrees of heat. From drafts in the cold period, the plant needs to be protected. At the same time, and in the heat it is not worth it.

In the summer, be sure to turn on the air conditioner or regularly ventilate the room (if the gladiolus remains in the house).

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Priming

The soil in the container should be loose and fertile. During the rapid growth and formation of buds Gladiolus need nutrients.

A successful solution will be the purchase of a finished composition suitable for blooming crops.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Pot

The choice of tank for landing is also worth paying great attention. Material can be any. Flowers grow well in ceramic, and in plastic, and in clay pots. But the size of the container matters.

Even dwarf varieties are quite massive. Therefore, the capacity is less than 7 liters should not even consider. Minimum pot diameter – 30 cm. As for the depth, here is a permissible minimum – 40 cm. Of course, the deeper the container will be, the better it will be for the flower.

Some flower plates are planted in one pot at once several plants. This allows you to get a lush and spectacular composition. In this case, the container must be even larger.

Do not forget about drainage. Stagnation of moisture near the root system of the flower is unacceptable. Therefore, it is advisable to make small holes in a pot. So as not to pacide the floor, under the gladiolus container put the pallet in which the excess water flows.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Rules landing

Selecting planting material

As already mentioned, the plant must be low, medium or small-bedroom. Also when buying should be carefully examined by the clubnelukovitsa. The planting material should be healthy. Rotten and weak specimens for landing are not suitable. There should be no suspicious spots, excessive dryness.

The optimal size of the tuber is 3-4 cm.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Training

Before planting bulbs, they need to prepare. First, it should be removed dry scales. It is necessary in order to make sure that the signs of bacterial diseases are not hidden under them.

After that, the bulbs are disinfected. Fulggicidal treatment gives future plants immunity to various fungi. Most often use “Citovit”. In it, the planting material is soaked for 10-12 hours. You can hold the bulbs in a 3-percent solution of “carbofos” or “fufanon” (after such treatment, they are washed and dried).

Preparation begin in advance (for 2 or 3 weeks). After disinfection, planting material is folded into paper bags and placed in a cool place. When the landing time comes, the first sprouts will be noticed on healthy instances. Bulbs, on which sprouts will not be, you can throw. Of them, anyway will not grow.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Terms and process

The best solution will land flowers in the spring, despite the fact that they will grow in the room. Usually do it from March to mid-May.

Drainage is placed on the bottom of the container. You can use gravel, clay. Ceramics are suitable. Like drainage holes, drainage helps protect the roots of the plant from excess moisture. Top laying prepared soil. Produce polis. The bulb is plugged by 10-12 cm. If several colors are planted into one container, the distance between the instances of about 6 cm observe.

After planting the bulbs poured a small layer of soil. Soil compacted. The container is placed in a suitable place (without drafts and with good lighting). Earlier it has already been said that in the summer you can carry pots with flowers in the garden. However, this does not concern the period of germination.

At the early stage of development, the culture is worthwhile from rainwater from entering it.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Features of care

Watering

Gladiolus grown in pots require more frequent watering than those growing on the site. Moisturize the soil recommended 3 times a week. If summer was hot, and the air is very dry, you can increase the number of procedures up to 4.

During irrigation, it is important to follow that the moisture does not hurt the leaves and petals. Otherwise, the risk of rotting the plant will appear. As for the quality of water, it is of great importance.

You should use only soft indent room temperature.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Podkord

Fertilizers help culture to grow well and provide lush flowering. For the first time the flower in the pot feed after the first leaflet appears. It is recommended to use nitrogen-potash compositions. When the fourth sheet appears, the plant fertilize the second time. Here again use potassium with nitrogen, but at the same time a little boric acid is added. The formation of a sixth sheet is a signal to the need for a third feeding. This time 10 g of nitrogen and 15 g potassium are introduced.

When culture blooms, it can help with complex compositions sold in stores. After flowering, the gladiolus is pleasing to phosphorus and potassium. These elements help the bulb restore forces. Among other things 2 times the season use growth stimulants. Usually it is “epin” or “zircon”.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Processing of soil

Obligatory procedure is loosening. It is carried out after irrigation, but not immediately, but after a while so that the soil has managed to dry slightly. It helps to improve the inflow of oxygen to the root system of the plant.

So that moisture is quickly evaporated from the surface of the soil on hot days, you can use mulch. In her quality good peat and humus. In addition to saving moisture, they additionally feed culture.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Garter

Even dwarf varieties sometimes need support. This usually happens if the culture grows in a shaded place. From the lack of light stems become weak and brittle. Tapping the flower need carefully and gently. It is impossible to press the stalkie.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Trimming

Trimming do not immediately after flowering. Need to give a plant for some time to restore. If you hurry, the landing material for the next year you will not get. When the green mass herself herself, it will be possible to proceed to the process. At the same time, leave about 6-10 cm from the aboveground flower.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Wintering

After trimming, the capacitance with the bulbs put in a darkened cool place. Autumn tubers get out of the soil and check their condition. If there are minor damage or at least doubt about their health, disinfection and fungicidal treatment are carried out. Then the bulbs are dried and put in cardboard boxes. After that they are cleaned in a cold place. Can use basement. The refrigerator is suitable. There the landing material lies all winter.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Methods of breeding

Seeds

This method is rarely used by conventional flower. The process of long, brings a lot of trouble, and the result often does not coincide with the expected. Typically, seed reproduction of gladiolus use breeders to obtain new varieties of gladiolus. The fact is that a new plant can be very different from maternal and color, and sizes. but If you still want to try, take seeds in monophonic varieties. In such cases, the chances of success increase.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Clouds

They are also called kids. These are thickened scales located on the stem. From one plant can be collected from 10 to 100 pieces. The optimal diameter of the planting material is 1 cm. With a shortage of size, you can immerse the tubers in the nutritional ground for a while.

Landing is produced in spring. First, kids are placed in total capacity. The container is covered with film, creating greenhouse conditions. Periodically, future flowers are ventilated and moisturized. A month later, young plants are placed in separate pots. Flowering can be expected at the end of the season.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Clubneelukovitsa

This method is considered the most popular and efficient. Clubneelukovitsa is located on 2 tiers of the root system of the plant. If it is big, you can even divide it into parts. So you will get a few new gladioles at once. At the same time, all signs of the parent plant will be saved.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Diseases and pests

The flower grown in the container can enharge the same hazards as the gladiolus growing on the plot. Although, of course, in closed premises of troubles happening less.

If the gladiolus does not bloom, you need to look for the cause. Most often it happens due to improper agricultural engineering (reworking or cutting of soil, disadvantage of fertilizers, ignoring the procedures of loosening). May affect the formation of colors and diseases.

Flower can undergo fungal infection or viral disease. In the second case, the plant immediately destroys. Fungal diseases are treated with appropriate drugs. For example, a solution of “Fundazola” is used for prevention and to solve the problem that has already appeared.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

From pests, the web is especially dangerous, the web tick, a word, trips. The fight against them is carried out insecticides (“carboofos”, “Akttellik”, “Aktara”). It is also desirable to carry out preventive spraying.

Useful will be the twist of the soil in pots tobacco crumbs or dry mustard.

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

Gladiolus in pots: varieties, landing and care

About how to prepare the bulbs of gladioles to landing, you can find out by looking at the video below.

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