Gelenium Autumn: Best varieties, landing and care rules

By autumn, the landscape changes paint. On the change of roses, lilies and other years of representatives of Flora come late flowers. One of them – gelenium. It is at the end of summer and in the fall this modest one, but the expressive flower goes to the forefront on the garden flower. Gardeners are very loved by culture due to the resistance with which it transfers negative weather conditions, and a beautiful appearance. Let’s look at the best grade of the gel’enium autumn and the rule of landing and care.

general description

Interestingly, the adorable flower is obliged to their name Tsarice Elena, because of the beauty of which the Trojan war began. Gelenium autumn refers to tall herbaceous plants, it is able to stretch more than 1.5 meters up. External Features:

  • Strong stem, branches;

  • At the end of the season is covered with wood layer;

  • Miniature foliage, bright green colors, with jazbins around the edges;

  • Inflorescences have a chamomile form;

  • The flower center is convex, during the flowering period there are yellow tone anthers appear, the shape becomes a similar to the ball;

  • basket size – from 3 to 6 cm;

  • Petals on the edge of curious;

  • Petals are directed in different directions by the type of bunch of ballerina;

  • Each stem is decorated at the top of about 15-20 inflorescences;

  • Flowering palette Reddish-yellow with orange tone, luxurious fit into the autumn landscape.

It blooms gelenium from mid-summer to the first cold, and some varieties are able to change the color throughout this time. In a cut form, this flower is no less beautiful than in the landscape. It is recommended to cut it up before the bud declines, in this case the bouquet will just like a long time. As for accommodation in the garden plot, the gelenium is often used to decorate fences, fences, abandoned areas. Optimally position the culture in the composition with other colors, as it is not individual enough.

Low grades are used as front curlers, tall – perfect background for other Flora representatives. It looks well and getting up gel’eniums with Astrami, cereals, Rudbecki, Floxami. Often the plant is called shrub, but it is mistaken or conditionally. Grows flower colony of individual plants.

Autumn gelenium does not have a root system that transfers the winter. As soon as the flowering period is over, the roots and stems die. There are new outlets in their place, which become independent.

They are pretty strong to survive frosts. Without transplanting gelenium grows on one site up to 4 years, after which the danger of extinction occurs. Burnt wintering outlets are gradually forming higher from the soil level. Therefore, it is recommended to periodically transplant the flower.

Overview of the best varieties

A varietal variety of this Flora representative has about 20 or a little more species. They are distinguished by shades of the color, which varies from red to yellow. Among the popular varieties can be allocated as follows:

  • “Auguston” – inflorescences diameter about 4 cm, the color of petals is yellow-sulfur with a golden chip;

  • Altgold – Flowers juicy yellow with gold, bordered red inside, Outside, inflorescences have a reddish-orange tone;

  • “Biedermeyer” – The center of the basket is saturated yellow, but with the brushing of red;

  • “Herbstrot” – the petals of this variety have a brown-orange tone;

  • “Gentzon” – The tongues of the flower are yellow, with a red rode, petals brown-yellow;

  • “Goldlaktsverg” – Petals have a brown tone with an orange tide, blonde outside, yellow border;

  • “Glotauge” – Dark brown grade with red petals;

  • Goldfux – brown with orange tongues and yellow splashes;

  • “Goldfushefryue” – color light brown, with orange subtock;

  • “Granatshtern” – Red tongues, brown flowers with yellow;

  • “Zommerzne” – motley grade, flowering saturated yellow;

  • “SONNENBERG” – juicy yellow grade;

  • “Catarina” – brown-yellow, pomegranate tongues with an orange tint;

  • “Cockade” – To the center of the petals are red, on the edges of yellow;

  • “KUFERSHRUDEL” – reddish-orange with brown tide;

  • “Lichtgetting” – petals saturated yellow;

  • “Rotgaut” – Differs in gentle reddish brown tongues;

  • “Rubinzverg” – small inflorescences of bright red tone, height 100 cm;

  • “Autumn Jazz” – Height 120 cm, Plisten type inflorescences, color yellowish-red;

  • “Autumn Serenade” – Mixed grade with blossoms of yellowish-red tone, height 120 cm;

  • “Septtemberzon” – yellow-sulny shade of petals;

  • “Moerham Beauty” – bronze flowers with red tump;

  • Chipperfeld Orange – grade with bright orange blossom;

  • “Shpetgoldkuppel” – Dark yellow grade;

  • “BOOTGRPAD” – yellow-gold inflorescences.

Rules landing

Seeding seeds in open ground usually do in spring or autumn. You can land in boxes. For germination, seeds are required from 2 to 3 weeks at a temperature not lower than 18 s. In the soil, the culture is transplanted at the very beginning of summer, with an interval of at least 30 cm. The maximum number of plants per square meter is not more than 5, as the flower grows very actively.

After disembarking, soil mulch. Use for these purposes humus, peat. Gelenium grows perfectly in light, as the sun loves, but it grows well in half. Fits the soil of fertile type, neutral acidity, well moisturized, branded. To.

Seeds are collected in the dry time of autumn, to a rainy period, otherwise they rotate. Experts recommend sowing material to acquire in specialized stores, as the percentage of its own material is very low

Features of care

The plant belongs to undemanding, so he loves gardeners so much. The only thing that gelenium does not tolerate is dryness drying. If summer is dry, you should actively water the flower in abundant quantity. It is also necessary to braid the soil, glow from weeding plants. To get rid of weeds, you can mulch the soil peat or leaves. Flower must prepare for winter:

  • carry out a cut to the soil line;

  • The maximum height of the stem is 15 cm;

  • The zone is mounted with moss, sawdust;

  • on top it is necessary to distribute the material of the nonwoven type.

The feeding is as follows:

  • At the beginning of the vegetation, the plant is processed by growth stimulants;

  • in summer, the plant is fed by 3 times with fertilizers of mineral and organic type;

  • In May, drugs are suitable with potassium and organic;

  • During the flowering period, add comprehensive fertilizers and the organic;

  • In October, feather sulphate-potassium, superphosphate compositions.

Pruning gelenium is necessary to give a plant of pomp. The tops of shoots are plugged, the inflorescences of the faded type are removed along with the stem pieces. This procedure provokes the activation of branching, abundant flowering.

Premunition options

There are several variations of gelenium reproduction, the most simple of which is considered to be the division of the bush. Algorithm of actions:

  • It is carried out at any time, but may be best suited;

  • The bush is digging, divided into parts;

  • each deceit is cut before planting up to 15 cm;

  • Select the selected place.

It is best for this purpose that mature plants are suitable, the varietal signs are preserved completely.

The hauling is also used quite often. Algorithm of actions:

  • In the spring, healthy branches are cut;

  • placed in water before the appearance of the roots;

  • You can land in the ground, covering the tanks;

  • remove into shelter after the appearance of the leaves;

  • will bloom such a plant in a year.

The seed method is not too common, as the percentage of shoot is quite low, and the process of time consuming. Severed gelenium in May or in autumn. The soil should be fine. Optimally cover the section by polyethylene. Seedlings landed in spring in the container after stratification. After the appearance of the leaflets, the plant is picked and put on the open ground in May, pre-napped the root system of moisture.

Diseases and pests

This plant has persistent immunity, so almost no ill. Very rarely the nematodes of chrysanthemia, because of which dries foliage. To get rid of parasites, you need to cut plants and burn. The soil is heated with sulfur or lime. If we provide competent care, not allowing the stagnation of moisture, the cultivation of gel’enium will not bring special difficulties.

About transplanting and dividing gelenium.

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