Fuchsia Growing Tips

In nature, there is a great many beautiful colors that can be grown at home. Favorite many people are fuchsia, characterized by spectacular appearance. This chic flower can become an excellent decoration of any interiors. If there is not enough bright and living parts in the setting, the fuchsia will easily solve this problem. In today’s article, we will get acquainted with this plant and find out how to grow it right.

Growing conditions

No better interior decoration or doorway than flowers. They can delight households not only an attractive appearance and bright colors, but also with mounted flavors. Surrounded by “living scenery” a person will certainly feel comfortable.

Many flower for self-cultivation choose beauty-fuccia. And the point here is not only in her beauty and bright colors, but also unpretentiousness. Flower does not have to master the complex and expensive agrotechnical for this culture. Plant does not need complex care. Provide fuchsias Maximum comfortable conditions maybe each, since there is nothing complicated.

If you decide to grow this plant, you should remember that it does not tolerate contact with straight sunshine. Best fuccia feels in half.

These are the optimal conditions in which the plant will not receive burns and will retain an attractive appearance. It is not recommended to put a pot with fuchsia to the southern windowsill. Northern too do not fit, because there will be too little lighting.

Optimal places for Fuchsia – Western or Southeast Windows. In such conditions, the flower will receive the required amount of light, but the straight sun rays will not fall on it, making serious harm.

Growing fuccia at home, you need to take the air temperature in which it will “live”. On the The plant under consideration can have a destructive effect. Temperature regime above 25 degrees Celsius. In the summer seasons, the optimal temperature will be a temperature of 20 to 25 degrees. It is necessary to ensure that the flower room does not get too hot. If the temperature rises above 25 degrees, the fuchsia can reset its buds, and the leaf plates will become very thin and sluggish.

So that the plant calmly survive the wintering and has not experienced stress, it should be kept at a temperature not higher than 10 degrees. Fuchsia can smoothly withstand the temperature values ​​to the mark +5 degrees.

Fuchsia feels perfectly in the room where the humidity of the air is preserved 50-60%. Achieve such values ​​will turn out if you resort to the spraying of the flower. Most flower water make it a couple of times a week. Spraying, like watering, it is necessary to produce in the morning or evening.

Fuchsia feels great in a well-drained soil. Flower should be planted in a pot that will be proportioned by the root system, but with a margin.

There are many fuchsia varieties that are very popular. Consider the features of some of them.

“Anabel”

White Princess in the Kingdom of Fuchsius. Newbies in flower growing This beauty affects fragile and gentle appearance. The flower has a snow-white skirt with pink shade stamens. Sheet plates have a light green color, but in moments of maturation they are noticeably darkened.

The variety is characterized by early blossom and active growth. Often, people are because of these factors choose “Anabel” for growing.

Delta Sarah

Ampel type variety. Is winter-resistant. Differs on beautiful large flowers, always attracting a lot of attention to themselves. The plant is distinguished by a strong structure and active growth. Ideal for self-cultivation or sale as a spectacular perennial.

Flowers of this variety are semi-world painted in white with blue shades. Past charming flowers can not be passed just like that without admiring them.

“Waist”

Very beautiful plant looking interesting. “Waist” is distinguished by saturated orange buton. This variety, as well as the above, is famous for active and lush flowering, which continues throughout the spring and autumn season.

Flowerwood “Talia” attracts with its decorativeness and brightness. Her boutons are elegant, motley. This saturated bush plant can grow to 50 cm. Flower leaf plates are velvety with an interesting reddish.

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“Bella Rosella”

This grade of Fuchsia is famous for its versatility. The flower can grow at an amazing speed if it is to provide optimal content conditions. Bella Rosella shoots grow very quickly and are harmful.

Flowers in representatives of the specified variety grow quite large. For them is characterized by abundant pink (up to purple) color skirt. Croon CHASHELISTICS is always very gentle – white-pink. Of all the listed parts, a very beautiful and lush bush is formed. This attractive and elegant flower can be decorated with any collection.

“Piano Mozaic”

One of the most popular and common varieties. Flowers with pleasure grow “Piano Mozaik”, because for this plant is characterized by lush and fragrant flowers of terry type. Buds are very original – it also applies to color and forms. The skirt has a blue-purple coloring, saturated by tonality. This color shall be drawn by pink. Thanks to this color effect, the plant looks very unusual and beautiful.

“New Millennium”

Another decorative grade in which it is difficult not to fall in love. “New Millenium” is characterized by a very unusual and bright appearance. Plant is a bush and quickly, well branch. Easily succumb to formation.

The flowers of this variety are especially beautiful and effectively look at the occurrence of flowering period. The plant has thin leafy plates of a light green shade, and large marine labels look beautiful on them. When terry flowers bloom, demonstrating all the unusual color palette, this plant becomes truly luxurious and bright.

Landing

Fuchsia can not immediately plant in a too big pot, especially if you are going to plant little stalk. Increase the size of the reservoir will be gradually, in the growth of the flower. At first, the pot will fit, the diameter of which is no more than 9 cm. When the roots fully turn the earthen com, you will need to prepare more spacious tanks.

At the bottom of the Pot for Fuchsia, you must lay a good layer of clay. Suitable and other drainage material. Next, patch the soil layer and only after that sit down the cutlets of the plant or a cooked bush.

Pot in which you plan to put a flower, you need to fill the earth well. Try to make so that between the roots and walls of the tank itself did not appear emptiness. To do this, we must very carefully shake the pot and knock on its walls slightly.

Consider the fact that the soil should not be tumped in any way. For good growth in Fuchsia, the soil porosity is important, as well as high-quality drainage.

Fuchsia feels nicely not only at home, but also in the garden. Outdoors this plant develops very well. It can be taken out into the street in beautiful pots, hang in a porridge or just planted bushes in suitable places for this.

If you want to grow a plant in the garden in the open soil, it is better to land in a slightly shaded zones. Ideal places:

  • in reservoirs;
  • At shrubs, trees

Flower prefers neutral fertile soils. Planting green beauties in the garden follows in late May – early June. During the landing of Fuchsia, it is important to ensure that its root neck will be blunting no more than 20 cm. When the flower is rooted in its place, it will begin to intensively gain strength and will bloom about 2.5 weeks. Before digging out street fuchsia for the winter, the plant must endure the first frosts for a peculiar quenching.

How to care for?

Fuchsia is an unpretentious flower, but it does not mean that it is not necessary for him at all. It does not matter wherever you grow the culture under consideration – in the garden or at home. In any case, the plant will need competent care.

Watering

When the hot summer comes, watering this plant must be carried out more often – at least 1 time in 3 days. Always keep under the control of a green pet – if the earth dries very quickly, then you will need to water the flower every other day. When the fall of flowering stage will be completed, watering should be reduced to 1 time per week. After that, the landing can be prepared for the upcoming wintering. Watering is recommended to be carried out in the morning and evenings.

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For irrigation, it is possible to use only the well-worthless water temperature. For spraying the flower, you also need to use prepared liquids. Water should be defended at least 24 hours.

In the interval from May to August, the spraying must be carried out 2 times a day – early in the morning and late in the evening. In winter, this procedure will not need.

Podkord

The culture under consideration, as well as many other ornamental flowers, needs quality and promptly introduced feeders. Choose a suitable feeder is necessary, based on the flower growth phase.

  • Young flowers need fertilizers in which a large percentage of nitrogen is contained – due to this element increases the growth of escapes.
  • Stunched Fuchsia prefers feeding with potassium and phosphorus.

The incidence of feeding depends on their direct concentration. Standard concentration usually contribute 1 time in 7-10 days. If the fertilizer is added with each new watering, the solution should be made weak 3-4 times, at a minimum. Mineral feeders are recommended to alternate with organic.

For fuchsia, the following elements will be very useful:

  • nitrogen;
  • potassium;
  • phosphorus;
  • iron;
  • manganese;
  • zinc;
  • magnesium.

Trimming

To get a beautiful, lush and neat fuchsia bush, belonging to a variety that does not branch independently, flower products are resorted to pinching, leaving the desired length of shoots. Thus, ampel and bush forms are formed.

If you need to get a strambed form, seedlings are usually placed densely, having all the shoots for sides and buds until the desired height is reached. After that, they carry out a kidney chipboard located at the top.

When it is necessary to obtain a pretty tree of outdoor type, leave a strab with a height of 90 to 100 cm. So that the flower can be put on a table or a windowsill, enough barrel with a height of 40 cm. Large trees grow for 2 years. Small copies can be grown in just a year.

Transfer

Fuchsia change must be carried out by observing all the rules. If the flower is enough space in the pot, and you just brought it home after purchased, then hurry to plant a plant for a new place. When the roots are noticeable, then the fuchsia must be moved to a more spacious tank. Suitable light container. Its walls effectively reflect light and protect the culture from deprived of excess heating.

Subsequently, Fuchsia will need to transplant annually. To this procedure, the plant must be prepared.

  • It is necessary to produce preventive and stimulating processing. Soothes should be shortened by a third, and old, overwhelmed or excessively elongated will need to be removed at all.
  • Inspect the roots for diseases or rot. If there are affected areas, they must be cut to a healthy cloth.
  • Pay attention to the drainage layer. He should take no less than 1/5 pot.

Fuchsia must be replant in the prepared soil and the tank that will be a couple of centimeters spacious than the previous one. Be sure to organize a drain layer. After the transplant of a green pet, you need to pour and spray with an estate of warm water.

Diseases and pests

Fuchsia, like any other plant, may be subjected to various diseases and attacks of pests.

  • Juicy shoots and leaf plates of plants often amazes white throat. Together with the larvae, it pulls the juice from the culture, and also transfers serious viral infections. When this pest attacks the landing, blurry yellowish spots are formed on the leaves. The plates themselves begin to spin in the tube, and after a while they fall at all.
  • Often Fuchsia is amazed by a spider tick. This is another common pest capable of bringing a lot of troubles. When the tick attacks fuchsia, white-and-thin cobwebs are formed on its sheet plates. The leaves dry out, and the plant acquires an oppressed appearance.

If there is a suspicion that the flower was a victim of pests, he carefully examines, collecting or washing eggs and larvae of white. Plots affected by tick are removed completely. In the fight with the latter also well helps spraying with soap solution, sulfur suspension or drugs “Judo”, “PhyTenerm”.

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Against the whiteflies these funds are also effective. It can be additionally put on the ground the fabric moistened with insecticidal compositions (“Akttellik”, “Aktara”) and cover with a bunch of package, leaving so for a day. After the specified time, the package is cleaned, and the room with a plant is ventilated.

Overly wet and warm medium can facilitate the appearance of gray rot. If the plant suffers from this ailment, characteristic dark spots of mold appear on its sheet plates. The affected foliage after a while inevitably falls. To solve this serious problem, reduce humidity, remove the damaged parts of the flower, refer to the processing of fungicides (the most effective “Fundazol”).

If you have noticed that small red-brown tubercles appeared on the lower half of the leaves, it will indicate that the plant suffers from one of the most serious and dangerous diseases – rust. In this case, it is necessary to get rid of the affected areas, and better from the whole flower in general.

Bellenka can carry a dangerous mosaic virus. In Fuchsia, he provokes the formation of bright spots of mosaic type on foliage. Sheet plates are deformed, bored and fall. At the moment, the treatment of the mosaic is not developed, so the flower area remains only to destroy the damaged culture.

To prevent attacks of dangerous viruses and pests, all purchased cuttings and seedlings are required with maximum care, as well as put on quarantine (at least 2 weeks).

Useful Tips and Recommendations

If you want to grow beautiful and healthy fuccia, You should listen to a number of useful tips from experienced flowerflowers.

  • Transplant – necessary procedure for Fuchsia. During her, it is important to be as cautious and neat as possible. If you accidentally damage the root system, it will very badly affect the flower.
  • Always watch the condition of your bright pet, to whatever the variety he treated. If the first suspicions of the developing disease appeared, it is necessary to immediately resort to its treatment. If you do not know what flower suffers from and what it is better to treat it, it is better to turn to experienced flowers that will be prompted as you better do.
  • Winter – Poay period for Fuchsia. At this time of the year it must be transferred to the basement, put on a cool veranda, loggia or balcony. Temperature should be not lower than 5 degrees. The pots are encouraged to stick in a container with peat or wood sawdust, due to which the roots will be insulated and the moisture will be preserved.
  • If the fuchsia is not cultivated as a garden, but as a room plant, it is necessary to pick up a suitable pot for her. It is recommended to give preference to high-quality ceramic tanks.
  • Spraying fuccia, it is important to ensure that the water drops do not fall on the flowers themselves.
  • If the plant is affected by some disease, it is not necessary to feed it. Do not water the composition with fertilizer dry land. Feature fuchsia is required only after prepirement.
  • Consider that Fuchsia is a flower that does not like when it is constantly moved from one place to another. Such situations turn out to be stressful for a flower, and it immediately resets both the leaves and buds. For this reason, it is recommended to choose a permanent place for a pet at the spring, where he will feel comfortable.
  • If culture grows in the room, she will need a flow of fresh air. It is desirable to air the room from time to time.
  • Room Fuchsia can be taken out into the garden if there is good weather on the courtyard. First, the flower is made only on 1 day, after which time should be increased – so it is easier to adapt to new conditions. If there is a threat to frosts, the fuchsia should be reached back into the house.

About how to grow and care for fuchsia, look next.

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