In the spring, we are all waiting for the awakening of nature, when snow starts to melting in the garden, and the first blades appear. And in the forest this time appearance of the first colors: Snowdrops, Siberian and other beautiful spring heralds. Here among them and hid, trying to escape, modest forest cyclamen.
This type, on your misfortune, has therapeutic properties and is actively used in the manufacture of various drugs. Yes, and the beauty of colors provoked their active cut and selling in bouquets. Unique fragrance led to the fact that wild flowers began to dig up and transplant to their garden sites and at home. The result was not forced to wait – Several types of cyclamen are already listed in the Red Book. So it is possible to grow this spring tenderness at home, without destroying flowers in nature, – Let’s try to understand.
What looks like?
Forest cyclamen – not the only species of wild plants kind of cyclamen. From their relatives, this herbaceous perennial is characterized by smaller inflorescences. Rounded Dark green leaves on long cutters often have whitish pattern divorces. The lower part of the sheet has a purple color, and the edges – a wavy or toothed edge.
Long Thin Flower Lines Hold the Venk, to which five bent back petals pinkish-purple, purple, sometimes gently white color. The closer to the base of the petal, the time rich. Flowers primrose from the beginning of the spring and to the very late autumn, publishing a thin fragrant fragrance with honey notch. This smell never happens in room colors.
Where it grows in nature?
Not all wild cycles grow in the forest. For example, the most huge wild representative of Cyclamen Africanum chopped a rocky area, hiding in shrub thickets. Its leathery leaves of bright green color have a width of 10 cm, and the length is 15 cm, but they appear when on the bare club will be filled with pinkish flowers.
Plushemal Cyclamen (Neapolitan) chose the habitat area of the Mediterranean coast. This south view is easy to learn about leaves with recesses and cloths similar to ivy. Out of the petal, it looks like a European look, but has the foundation of “horns”. In September and October pleases lush pink flowers.
Many species feel comfortable both on rocky ledges, and among moss and lichens, in the shade of forest trees. The harder to survive the colors on woody slopes where landslides happen, since sometimes tubers turn out to be too deep, which makes it difficult to germination.
An example of the species that came to the house from the forest is COLHIDE CYCLANEMENT: It grows on limestone slopes of subalpic forests. No wonder the cyclamen is called alpine violet. He is also found in the south of the Western Caucasus. Flowers from August to October with pink flowers with darkened stains at the bend. Has a very strong fragrance similar to the valley.
Thanks to ants that divide seeds, the threat of disappearance of the species is not as large as the Cyclameman of Kuznetsova (Caucasian). But it is these two species that are listed in the Red Book of Russia and Ukraine.
Cyclamen Parviflorym (finely color) grows both in the rocks of Turkey and in the spruce of Russia. Dusk spruce crowns, fertile leaf land, high humidity – these are the natural conditions of habitat of this species. Matte leaves have a diameter of 15-30 mm, and the petals are even smaller. Pale lilac, pinkish, rich-rose petals have a burgundy spot at the base.
There are other types of forest cyclamen. They grow both in Central Europe and Central Asia, Mediterranean. Caucasus and Crimea – the area of growing individual species, but the progenitor of the cyclamen appeared in Europe. Thanks to breeders, many cultivars and hybrids are derived, which are grown in gardens and home. But they do not have that fragrance that inherent in the forest.
Conditions for growing
It is because of the aroma and medicinal properties of the forest cyclamen try to grow in a garden plot or at home. There are several ways to purchase sowing material: buying seeds or tubers, but it will already be cultivars. If you are lucky, and the garden plot is located next to the place of growing flower, then perhaps over time he will move to your territory.
Fourth option – go to search for handsome in the forest. Taking into account the fact that cyclamen loves to grow in the shade of trees and shrubs, on the slopes, then it is necessary to look for them.
But digging these plants is categorically prohibited. It would be possible to twist a couple of leaves, but in this way only the European view will be multiplied. Seed collection option remains. How and when you can do it, let’s tell you just below.
So that plants be cozy in the garden, they are planted in the shadow of trees and shrubs. In the fall of foliage will become underfloor material. In order for the garden to please the colors from early spring to late autumn, You can land a few types of forest beauties: Caucasian, Clavish, Neapolitan. If the flower garden is far from the trees, it is mounted on the winter with a 10-centimeter layer of foliage foliage.
For planting cyclamen at home you should know how to collect seeds. To collect you need to wait, when a long fruit bends with a spiral and starts to hide a fruit box under the leaves, pressing it to the ground. Houses from it need to remove the grains, selecting the largest.
Before boarding, they are soaked for 15 hours in a mortar of manganese or 12 hours in an amplifier of the “epin” type or “zircon”. During this time, it is necessary to prepare a container with a substrate for cyclamen. It can be done independently, the main thing is that he was breathing. To do this, use a rough fiber peat, leaf turf, humus, sand in equal shares.
In the ground they make grooves, moisturize them with a spray gun, and scatter seeds with an interval of 2-3 cm. Typically, the container is advised to cover the film and put it in a cool, but light place with a temperature not higher than 20 (and better 15) degrees.
But experienced flowers recommended to use newspaper sheet instead of film. And it is necessary to water too through the newspaper, so the soil will save moisture longer, and the depressions and peels will not form on Earth.
Shoots will appear in a month, after which the film or newspaper is removed. The container is rearred under bright diffused light, but without increasing temperature. Pick up rabid after the advent of the second pair of leaves. After 3 months, when seedlings will grow small tubers and several leaves, they are transplanted into constant pots (if the plant will grow in the house). To do this, you must use drainage.
Tubers need to plant so that their upper half was above the ground. A week after landing, the youngs are fed by ammonium sulfate (2 g per 1 liter of water), and after 10-14 days – a potassium saltier (1 g per 1 liter of water). The first year seedlings will grow very slowly, as the tubers are increasing. But on the second can bloom. By this time, the flower is once again transplanted, deepening on 2/3.
Similarly, the young muscles from an adult plant are launched. But at the same time, the torn roots must be pushed by rotten coal. Transplant is carried out in a new soil if the pot has become small.
The breeding of the division of the tuber is a more complex process.
15-18 months after sowing seed flower bothelves. And after a bunch, the leaves are faded, leaving a bare tuber. This is just a period of rest, and not the death of the flower. At this time, watering is significantly reduced, only moisturizing land. Yes, and the plant does not like a high temperature. Experienced flowers reduce room temperature by adding snow and ice into the pallet.
During the period of active growth, the plant requires regular irrigation through the pallet and humidification of the air around the flower. Cyclamen does not need dampness in the pot: it is better to water less often, but more abundant, without moisture from entering the leaves.
Increase temperature perceived by flower as resting time. Optimally maintaining the temperature of 10-19 degrees, especially during flowering. At the same time, cyclamen loves good lighting – in winter it will be necessary to highlight. But it is important not to overlay the flower under the lamp.
Feed the plant Once every two weeks during the growing season, and never make it during rest. Minimum nitrogen and more potassium and phosphorus. Since the cyclamen in vivo lives in deciduous soil, he will need organic fertilizers at home. therefore It is important to make a chart of feeding, alternating different types of it.
About the intricacies of cultivation of cyclameam.