Features of the choice of plows for mini tractor

The implementation of agrotechnical works is a complex and time-consuming process, which requires not only knowledge and experience, but also a large number of physical forces. Without processing of a fertile soil layer, it is impossible to grow a large harvest of vegetables and fruits. Modern manufacturers produce a huge range of products that greatly facilitate and speed up the work of farmers. One of these devices is a mini-tractor, included in the kit to which there is a special attachment equipment for the treatment of land, harvesting and snow, as well as for the carriage of goods.

The most popular equipment for many years remains a plow. Modern equipment and innovative technologies allow manufacturers to produce several types of this device, which differ not only by price, but also functional purpose.

Peculiarities

Plow for a mini tractor is a universal equipment that is widely used by the owners of household plots and farmers. There are two types of devices – General and specialized. Plow includes the following items:

  • reference part;
  • Lemeh;
  • rack;
  • field board;
  • feather.

The main element of this device is the iron lemene from alloy steel, whose task to turn over the upper fertile reservoir of the Earth. The working surface of the lemhekh does not just raises the land, but also cuts the root system of wearing plants, and also contributes to the placement of seeds to a large depth, where they rotate and do not sprout. Plowing not only allows you to make the soil loose, but saturates it with oxygen. Lemeh consists of blades, heels and sock. There are such three forms of lemhery as:

  • screw;
  • cylindrical;
  • semi-cylindrical.

Important! Form and size of the cutting working surface depends the efficiency and productivity of the device, as well as the depth of the furrow and the area of ​​the processed section.

Types of Plow and their characteristics

Manufacturers produce several types of this equipment – rotary, disc and dumping. Experienced farmers recommend paying attention to a two-circuit and three-cable plow that have two and three lemis. The processing of small sites can be carried out using a single-circuit device that consists of one lemche. According to the method of plowing, the following types of equipment can be distinguished:

  • furrows;
  • Unborn (smooth plowing);
  • comb.

The type of fixation distinguish several types of plow.

  • Hinged – A tool that is fixed to the tractor with a single-point hitch. The number of housings corresponds to the type of tractor model. Advantages – a small mass and simplicity of design, small turning radius. Disadvantages – the inability to use for mini-tractor equipment with a large number of housings.
  • Semi-mounted – equipment in which not only special attachments are used, but also mounted wheels. For tractors that have traction power up to 3 tons, 6-body plows are suitable, and 12-housing attachments can be used for mechanisms with a capacity of 5 tons. Advantages – High speed performance. Disadvantage – the presence of a large radius of reversal, the complexity of the design and installation of auxiliary parts.

  • Trailed – unpopular fixture, for the movement of which only special wheels are used. Advantages – Getting Smooth and Uniform Pahot. Disadvantages – a large reversal radius, the inability to use on small household plots.
  • Horse – Outdated type of equipment, which is used only in single farms. Advantages – the possibility of treating fertile soil on hard-to-reach areas.

Important! Plows may differ and functional purpose – for plowing, to work in water bodies, for the formation of communication regions.

Rotary

A rotary device is one of the latest manufacturers and consists of a movable shaft with several lemays. This plow has a high speed and quality of soil processing. The main condition is the direction of the device strictly on the level line. This design is indispensable when planting potatoes and other rooteplood. Manufacturers produce the following types of this equipment:

  • Drums – have hard, spring or mixed pushers;
  • Bandal – consist of a moving disk, on which one or two pairs of blades are recorded;
  • Shuplomatic – consist of fixed blades on a movable rotor;
  • screw – have a working screw that happens the one-time or multiple.

The main advantage – the impact on the soil from above down. This feature allows you to work using the minimum tractor tractor.

Lemeshensky-donor

A revolving (cake) plow made in the form of wedges, which are installed at a certain angle. After plowing, a curve is formed with small pieces of soil. The main feature is the implementation of the reversal at the end of the furrow not a tractor, but only a plow. These mechanisms may have one or two housings. The adjustment of the depth of the furrow can be carried out using a support wheel.

Disk

Disk hinged equipment has a form of a spherical disk that rotates on the bearings. Using the active acute working surface of the disk, the device easily cuts any kind of soil. Farmers use this plow for processing sites that have heavy, clay and wet soil. The main feature of this model is to maintain the integrity of the working surface of the cutting element in the event of it on a stone or metal object. Engine power on the tractor used should not be less than 18 liters. with. Special attention should be paid to a universal swivel plow, which has a manual swivel mechanism on a standard coupling. Chisel mechanism performs unrequited soil loosening. The design of the plow has such three planes as:

  • lower horizontal;
  • Side vertical;
  • Front dump.

Tips for choosing

The choice of the necessary equipment is influenced by the type of soil, the type and scope of work performed, as well as the power of the mechanical device. In specialized stores you can see products from different manufacturers with a wide price range. In the sales ranking of this group of goods, the leading positions are occupied by products made in China, which have an affordable price and can be installed on any tractors models.

The choice of the number of cases depends on the required capacity of the device. Stopping your choice on a four-circuit plow, you need to take into account the power of the tractor. Low power mechanisms are not able to enable this equipment model. Two-circuit products are suitable for tractors with small power. Singleproke plows can be fixed even on the motor-block, and the area area should not exceed 15 acres. Experienced farmers advise to give preference to two-circuit equipment, which has the optimal amount of lempets and dumps, and is also complemented by the velochetons that help cut the turf and dense earthen crust.

In case of impossibility of acquiring goods made at industrial enterprises, professional farmers recommend making a product on their own or order from experienced masters. The self-made design will have the same functions and properties, but if necessary, it can be improved and supplemented with the necessary elements. If it is necessary not only to steal the Earth, but also to dip the roots, you need to purchase a double-sided plow that makes it possible to cut the weed grass in the aisle, form a bed and, using reverse, fall asleep furrow. This device has a capture width adjustment function. Disadvantage – Mandatory availability of professional management skills of this equipment.

It is worth paying attention to the following signs of poor quality:

  • subtle rack;
  • short dump;
  • a small thickness of the sheet for the hull;
  • Low quality steel.

Subtleties of operation

The quality and speed of work depends not only on the choice of attachments, but also on the level of preparation of the device before work. Experienced paharai recommend correctly adjusting and configure the installation, make lubrication of all moving elements and check the reliability of fixing each part. Among the basic rules of working with the plow need to be selected as follows:

  • Weighing device with iron disks that are attached to the frame – this trick will simplify work with heavy, clay and dry soils;
  • The sharpening of the working blade is carried out only with a grinding stone;
  • Regular and timely cleaning of the lemis from the Earth and the roots of plants;
  • daily grease bearings;
  • While working with a raised plow, you need to use special stands;
  • After the last use, it is necessary to clean, wash and lubricate all the details of the design;
  • Prolonged storage only in dry and ventilated rooms.

It is worth highlighting the following main steps of adjustment and equipment settings:

  • Adjusting the depth – is carried out using the wheel adjustment bolt, which is on the outside of the square pipe; The rotation of the part clockwise increases the depth of plowing, and the movement counterclockwise reduces the depth of the furrow;
  • The adjustment of the width of the groove – is carried out by stretching the length of the adjusting rod of the transverse shaft;
  • Alignment of the level of the parties – is carried out by adjusting the height of the required rod;
  • Adjust the front and rear position of the frame – is carried out by increasing or decreasing the length of the front rod of the housing.

Plow setting must be carried out only on a flat and rigid surface, while putting under the left wheels wooden plate height 180 mm. For a mini-tractor with a full drive, the height of the bar for the front wheel should be greater, and for the mechanisms with rear-wheel drive, the size of the bars should be the same. The size of the wooden substrate is chosen is not accidental and associated with the displacement of the center of gravity while working to the right wheel. The left side will move along loose and soft soil, which will lower the wheel for several centimeters. It is this feature (error) and influences the height of the bar.

Important! To adjust the plow, it is necessary to install it in a strict vertical position relative to the level of the earth, taking into account the substrate bar. This provision will correspond to its location during plowing of the soil.

Setting the first plow housing is an important step in the adjustment process due to the loose-fitting right wheels to the soil, which significantly reduces the width of plowing. It is worth performing the following steps:

  • adjustment of the incidence between the inside of the right wheel and the extreme point of the lemum; The length of the indent must be at least 10 percent of the width of the capture of one case;
  • checking the location of the lemhery relative to the working surface; There should be no gaps and lumen between the acute part of the Plow and Earth;
  • Adjusting the height of the field board, which should not be higher than the level of the Earth at least 2 centimeters;
  • Installing a field board relative to the central axis of the tractor.

After purchasing the device, it is necessary to carefully examine the manufacturer’s instructions, in which all the characteristics of the device, the types of possible breakdowns are specified in detail, the rules for their elimination and are described all the subtleties of equipment. Plow for mini tractor For many decades, it is an indispensable device that uses all land owners. The speed of work, as well as its quality depends on the correct selection of the device.

How to regulate a plow for a mini tractor, see the following video.

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