Country estates most modern people seem to be a great way to relax from civilization with all its fussiness. However, after the rain, when all local paths turn into a hoarseberty ahead with puddles, I don’t want to walk not that in the surroundings, but even in our own yard. True, on the household plot, the hardworking owner may well solve this problem, and without high costs – just need to arrange travers from rubble.
Advantages and disadvantages
Country tracks from rubble in the garden are just one of many options for choosing the main routes. Taking into account the huge competition for the title of optimal material for solving the problem, you should first consider why it is worth it and why it should not be used.
We will start learning from the positive sides of the material:
- Crushed it looks pretty pretty, it slowly harmonizes with the surrounding terrain and architecture, because it is often used in expensive design projects;
- Lingering tracks are unpretentious to operating conditions, they are equally appropriate in any climatic belt;
- Consumables, like construction, are a penny, therefore the implementation of the venture will be on the pocket of each wishes;
- To pour a path from the granite dropout, the preliminary experience of such works or any auxiliary technique is needed;
- The material of the shallow fraction can be used in different colors and sizes so that the coating acquires the unique, or even meaningful pattern;
- The chump coverage does not slip at all, even in wet weather, providing a reliable clutch with the sole;
- Deciding to make a path from rubble in the country with their own hands, the owner will decide forever the problem of formation of puddles and “swamps” interfering.
However, some properties of rubble can bring you to the idea that it is better to use gravel or any more alternative materials. The shortcomings of chump bulk tracks are not so much, but for you personally, they may be fundamental.
So, that’s what makes you think:
- The chungy coating does not laid out once and for all – due to the small phrase structure, “hills and valleys” will be formed periodically, which will have to spill;
- The edges of the pebbles may be sharp, and if you have children who love to frustrate in the garden and inevitably falling in the game process, this coating option may cause injury;
- Even if there is no one on the household territory, the crushed stone can damage the sole of shoes – at least they will have to abandon those shoe models that the basis is too thin.
Types of rubble
There are at least three varieties or brands of rubble, and all of them are used for road works. The classification of appearance is not increasing – the difference between individual species, albeit small, is still present.
In view of this, consider all positions.
Granite crusp It is made as a result of explosive work in careers and crushing those fragments of stone, which is not suitable for any other purposes. It is this variant of raw materials is considered the most popular because it is indifferent to extremely low temperatures, practically does not absorb water and does not wipe. The most common fraction is 5-20 mm, but there is a smaller crushed stone, and significantly larger, which in the design of the yard will remind of real wildlife. It is from such a material that pillows are made for highways.
- Gravel crusp Created by nature itself – these are those pebbles that strengthen the waves crawled into the sea or river. Such material, for obvious reasons, is a little less sharp, and therefore, and more secure, but you should not perceive it as perfectly smooth round. However, due to the comparative absence of sharp corners, it is such a raw material most often applied in landscape design. And it is also relevant in railway construction and concrete production.
- Limestone crusp also known as dolomite. The main reason for its relative popularity is low cost even against the closest competitors. The reasons for the loyal pricing policy of suppliers selling such a product are also obvious – pebbles can be white, yellow, red and brown shades in one party, and different color, naturally, speaks of a variety of chemical composition and performance characteristics.
Required tools and materials
Strictly speaking, A set of tools and materials for the construction of a crushed stone track may be different, After all, the project can be made both extremely simple and somewhat more modern and advanced. Each option has the right to exist, and your project may require additional consumables and equipment or, on the contrary, do not need something from the following below.
Consider a set of necessary materials. We will definitely need sand to drive water and geotextiles that will not give plants to grow out on the way of the Lord of Nature.
Borders will help the path without sprawling around the site, and the crushed stone itself will be the main coating.
On this, the list of mandatory elements is completed, however, if the path still will not be purely rubbed, it may be necessary to need a “present” coating, be it tile, stone or asphalt. In some cases, collecting a specific pattern of pebbles of different color, the designer wants to fix exactly the location of the elements, therefore glues them with glue or epoxy resin. If the track should be such that even on the car driving, it will not be too much and plastic lawn grille.
Respectively, The more you use the various materials, the more toolki will need to work with them. Actually, the elementary earthworks will require a shovel and rake, and for the markup of the contours of the future engineering facilities – Roulette, stakes and the twine. If you want a dense texture of the coating, use also a seal device that you can buy or make yourself. To work with concrete, you need a concrete mixer, and for tiles you need a special rubber hammer.
In order for the project selected for the sake of minimal costs, did not disappoint with its quality, you need to squeeze the track correctly by performing its device in the form of a puff cake. About how this is done, let’s talk more.
First of all, it is impossible to work with the project that exists only in your head. Follow the exact contours of the future path on the site, moved them from a paper drawing to a real area. You can designate the outlines with the help of ordinary wooden pegs, between which the twine reaches on a small height. If the Abris trails conceived completely not coal, the markup can be performed with the help of a flexible hose, which at the bending points is fixed with wire semirings. It is important to securely secure all these elements, otherwise there is an unexpected blockage of planning in the project.
When the markup will be executed, It is important, without starting to the following stages of implementation, once again an uncompressed eye to evaluate the correctness and feasibility of the plan.
Now in fact the last moment when changes can be made to the project without much harm to your own site.
Like any other design, the track needs the foundation, and since it should not rise much over the adjacent terrain, you need a trench. Do not neglect this stage – it allows you to effectively remove the roots of plants, so that the trail will not overcome weeds for many more years.
Ryt deepening must be in accordance with the contours specified above the markup described above. Too much depth is usually not required – most often enough one bayonet shovel. At the same time, it is important to ravibly and dissolve the bottom, as well as whenever possible to give smooth contours of the edges of the resulting pit.
Installation of borders
note that Border is laid out in different ways. In some cases, if the track does not experience serious loads, it can be purely decorative, therefore it is not attached in any way. If you still decided to make a path “on the century”, first put the pillow (the next step described) and only then proceed to the edge of the borders as described below.
To begin with, cement, sand and water are kneaded to get a building solution. From the resulting mass under the future border lay a layer of medium thickness, which will be predictable slightly above the level of the pillow. He must also be wider than the border itself, so that the material selected for the fence can be slightly dried in a viscous mass. At the same time, the installation of individual fragments is carried out immediately with the alignment on the twine, which can not be removed yet.
For the role of the border, by the way, a variety of materials may be claimed, including very unexpected. Curb stone, wooden bars, metal plates and bricks – this is still “pop”, because someone uses for fence even old plastic bottles, while it turns out quite well.
In short, show fantasy – and you will be rewarded.
Trench we are digging specifically in order to put a pillow in it – it is a kind of foundation for the road under construction. When the ground bottom is aligned, lay out the first level, which can be made of a lawn lattice or geotextile. The first is trimmed exactly along the contour and the size of the constructed track, But the second take with a stock – so that all parties remain the good half.
The first layer of filler will be a coarse-grained stone, which in some cases mixed with clay. It is poured over the lattice or geotextile, after which it is performed with a robbery and thorough traaming. If there is precisely geotextile under it, then its edges that we intentionally left long, after that wrapped.
On top of the stony layer, the 10-centimeter layer of sand is poured, which too must be thoroughly tumped. Make it will be easier if the bulk material is to rub wet. Sometimes to create a truly durable and durable path from above, the sand is also poured with a layer of cement.
Actually laying the upper layer does not represent any complexity – It is just necessary to fall asleep rubble on top of the stacked pillow so that it does not get enough sleep through the top edge of the curb, but at the same time lay a rather thick layer and did not bargain the pillow hidden under it. If the material is approximately homogeneous and you have not conceived any art, it should be simply tumped – and the object is ready.
With beautiful design solutions, the situation is a little more difficult, because they require increased quality and a completely different level of aesthetism. If your task is to simply increase the durability of the object, then you can float the wet sand between the stones, pour cement or even plant the lawn grass to give the road an old view. note that All these operations are usually done only with a crushed large fraction – for fine-grained, they are impractical.
If the master specifically bought multi-colored pebbles and wants to make a complex, aesthetically valuable drawing of them, then you have to work carefully. To fasten the shape and arrangement of the image, a polymer binder is used, which, with a thin rubble layer, can even be poured on a dense pillow, after which the grain coating is falling asleep.
Otherwise, it is necessary to first fall asleep rubble, and then neatly shed it with a polymer, but then it is desirable that the composition be colorless, otherwise his appearance will influence the perception of artistic send.
The classic paths from the small gravel rubble can be found in almost any park of our country, although not everywhere they look so perfect as on the first example. This option of paving looks more likely more naturally than those who are bored with urban residents of asphalt, and notice, perfectly combined with framing fresh greens.
If on the first photo the track was made of a small gravel rubble, then in the second case, a large-scale granite was used. In some sense, such a way does not even seem too easy to pass – on small wheels, it’s not exactly not to drive here, and you need to step, carefully choosing a place. However, the author, apparently, so conceived – he needed a completely wild trail, reminiscent of the bottom of the river.
The plants are rapidly growing on the sides of the heads create the impression that so far from civilization you have not been.
The third example shows how the tile can be integrated into a crumbway track, without interfering to perceive the crushed stone. The latter, however, is more likely decorative – people will probably be walking precisely by tiles. At the same time, the stone essence of the object is beneficial to complement the large artificial stone balls, resembling Japanese gardens of stones.
About how to make a path from rubble, look next.