Tulips – Some of the earliest colors. Recently, many varieties have appeared, so they began to enjoy special success in gardeners. To in the spring to please yourself with a fresh bouquet, you need to put a flower in the fall.
Dates of landing
Time to landing in the suburbs, in the Urals and in Siberia will be different. Most often, experienced rabids practice tulips disembarking after the first snow, and this is approximately the end of November – the beginning of December, in colder regions can be planted in October. In this case, immediately after landing, it is necessary to try to close the plot with dry leaves, which will ensure reliable protection of the bulbs during the first frosts.
Autumn landing should not be made at the beginning of the season – this is inappropriate time regardless of the region. Hurry often leads to the death of the bulbs after the first frost. Planting the bulbs later the laid period is also not worth it, because they will not have time to scream, respectively, it can also lead to the death of plants.
Proper landing of tubers of tulips involves measuring the temperature of the soil. At a depth of 150 mm, it must be at the level of + 10 s or above, but not lower.
It is not necessary to be guided by the calendar, experienced gardeners periodically with the occurrence of the season are measured by the soil temperature, which allows you to establish the most favorable landing for the plant. In this case, it is practically impossible to be mistaken.
Small bulbs should be planted along the edge of the site, large – in the center.
If the landing is made in accordance with the advice of specialists and their recommendations, it is already early in the spring on the flower, the colorful tulips are beginning to bloom in a wide variety.
Plantievodes give their advice in this direction.
- Planting the bulbs of tulips stands in autumn for 6-8 weeks to a strong frost. This is usually September or October in the north, and November or December in the south.
- When buying bulbs they are not stored, but as soon as possible is placed in the ground.
- In the southern climate with soft winter, planting bulbs at the end of November – December. Before boarding the bulbs, it is necessary to cool in the refrigerator about 12 weeks. Plant material suppliers often offer pre-cooled bulbs.
Choosing a place
Colors are important in which place they grow: the productivity of the flower bed depends on it. Advise you to pick a flat and well-lit area, where the soil waters do not proceed close to the surface. Practice has shown that when using uneven areas after long-term rains, moisture accumulates in the pits, as a result – rotten tubers tulips or frozen. If the shadow part of the site is used for landing, the stems will be twisted, and the color of the bud slightly changes the natural hue, that is, it will become paler.
It is impossible to plant material into the soil, which is characterized by a high level of acidity, since this plant prefers soil with neutral pH or slightly alkaline. The preparation of the soil should begin a few months before landing. All you need to do is add fertilizer and step up soil.
What to rely on when choosing.
- Tulips prefer plots with lots of sun. In the regions with a high temperature in the spring and at the beginning of summer, you can stay on the shady place, where the sun appears only in the morning.
- The soil should be well drained, neutral or weak, fertile, dry or sandy. All varieties of tulips do not like areas with excessive humidity.
- High varieties must be protected from strong winds.
- Between the bulbs it is necessary to leave the gap of 4 centimeters.
Tulips can grow in flower beds for 3-4 years without transplantation. However, they should be changed annually or once every two years if the bulbs are grown for sale colors or planting material. In addition, the annual substitution helps to avoid fungal diseases, since the bulbs are collected every year, and the patients are then rejected.
Most tulips manufacturers plant bulbs in flower beds 1-1.2 meters width for convenience. If the water level on the high, tulips are best planted on raised beds, that is, 20-25 cm above the soil level.
The soil should be well prepared before starting landing of bulbs. It needs not only to throw, but also to remove the roots of weeds, help. Dig and frustrate ground deep. Porous Earth allows you to improve the inflow of oxygen and nutrients to plant roots.
Experienced plants advise to mix the soil with a compost, peat moss; Align the surface. For landing of the bulbs of tulips, small pits of about 10 centimeters deep into depth. Placed inside the bulb wide base down, and a pointed end up.
The bulbs need moisture so that they can grow normally, but the excess water will provoke the emergence of rot – in this case they will never germinate. Winter tulips care includes the use of a slight mulching cover and very discreet watering. Mulch will keep the soil of warm and sufficiently wet. Mulching 25-centimeter layer of sawdust, peat or compost is absolutely necessary in this case. The root of the bulbs should be rooted for three weeks.
The bulbs who buy in autumn already have a flower embryo hidden inside. He is just waiting to start growth in the spring. If the seating material is purchased at the end of August or early September, it will have to wait to put them in October – November. Tulips are so quickly started in growth, that if you put them immediately after purchase, they will immediately light up their leaves. Therefore, it is required to store bulbs in paper bags, and not in plastic containers, in a cool place: basement, cellar or bottom shelf of the refrigerator.
Do not put on the bulbs next to apples. They, like bananas, distinguish ethylene gas that helps to ripen, but kills the flower bud inside any bulb. If there is no place in the refrigerator, you can not remove them into the freezer – it will kill them.
Before planting tubers of tulips, you need to make a thorough selection of those that will not be given in the future healthy offspring. In a separate side, healthy, whole, without visible tuber damage. It is desirable to process them by mangartee or use a specialized drug from fungi, which is sold in the store.
Choose a healthy planting material of an impressive size, without cracks, signs of rot or black fungal mold on the outside. Bulbs should be hard. Damaged, patients or soft clean. Be sure to sort the material in size, variety and color.
Never throw discarded bulbs into a compost bunch.
Before planting, tulips are soaked for 30-60 minutes in 0.5% potassium permanganate solution. After the onion procedure, the bulbs are immediately planted in the prepared in advance soil. The planting material quickly absorbs water, its lower part will swell and soon a good root system will appear.
There is nothing difficult in making landing of tulips in the fall. First drip and smash the top layer of the soil, which is called fertile. Do it stands at a depth of 35th mm. At the second stage, mineral feeding is made, very well suited for maintaining a young wood ash plant. Only after that the flower landing is carried out to a depth of 15 cm, for greater comfort between tubers, it is necessary to keep free space in 100 mm.
There are many rules that characterize the right planting of the flower at the cottage in the open soil. The general rule is to plant the bulbs to a depth equal to the size of 3 bulbs, if the landing is produced in well-drained soil, and at a depth 2, if in heavy ground, but not deeper than 20 cm.
Large heads need to be placed in the ground at a distance of 8 to 12 cm and with a gap between rows 20-25 cm. Small bulbs lined in the ranks are located at a distance of 5 cm from each other and with a gap between the rows of 15 cm. If planted too tight, tulips will produce very little planting material for the next year..
You can not push the tulips into the soil with your fingers – it is much better to make a row first, put on the bulbs in it and gently close the soil. With too much pressing the head is injured and becoming vulnerable to disease. Special tools for planting bulbs Easily get into specialized garden centers.
Experienced gardeners are recommended to plant tulips in flower beds, a layer of which should be 3-5 cm: This material provides groundlessness, and moisture evaporates faster, so that rotten processes are not developed. In this embodiment, the bulbs are slightly immersed in the sand, then cover it with a thin layer and after the soil falls asleep. Proven fact that flowers in such land are growing healthy, and the bulbs are less prone to rotting, because excessive moisture is fluent. This is a useful method for growing rare and expensive tulips
To scare mice and moles, put coniferous branches in the planting holes, you can lay out rubble or even a feline litter.
Tulips are best blooming when landing in the autumn months to the first frosts. After the flower requires a small care. Early spring remove all mulch and give soil to absorb sunlight. Very easy loosening around the tulips is recommended to remove weeds, if any.
A small amount of fertilizers should be made so that they are mixed with the soil to a depth of 2 cm. When it rains or watering, the feeding is dissolved in the soil and reaches the tuber, thereby helping it to grow on time.
For the development of the flower, it is best to use feeding with a large content of phosphorus, nitrogen mixtures are added during landing, then no longer used, since their excess leads to increasing the large number of green mass, but the exhaustion of the tuber.
Fresh manure, no matter how attractively looked, will be the reason for the appearance of rot. It is better to use wood ash in the amount of 200 grams per square meter of the snowy area or 0.5 kg of dolomite flour. Very fond of dual superphosphate tulips – it is enough for the specified area of 50 grams or 30 grams of potassium sulfate. From nitrogen fertilizers most often used carbamide and ammonium nitrate.
In the event that the feeding was not introduced into the ground during loosening, then the nitroposk is used immediately before planting, in quantity of 0.10 kg per square meter.
At this time, it will be necessary to drink soil with water-soluble fertilizers, which are specifically designed to activate growth. Healthy first leaves – sign of future healthy blossom. As soon as the tulips begin to bloom, it’s time to monitor the appearance of parasites, especially for the solar.
This little insect loves the flower. It can damage not only buds, but also the entire plant, including bulbs.
In this case, the most effective means will be treated with Hermicide.
As soon as the flowering season is finished, leave the bulbs in the ground or use one of their storage methods to ensure good growth in the next season.
Experienced crops give their tulips care tips.
- If the rain goes weekly, then the additional watering is not produced. However, if the drought period comes, then the soil moisturizes every week until the first frost is knocking.
- Rainy summer, irrigation systems and wet soil deadly for tulips. Specially add chopped bark pine, sand or any other coarse material in the soil to make high-quality drainage in the open ground.
- Be sure to apply compost annually to provide Earth nutrients for future flowering.
- In the spring, when the first leaves appear, you need to feed the landing of bone flour.
- Foliage should remain on plants about 6 weeks after flowering. It is necessary that the flower can assemble energy for flowering next year. After the foliage pleases and dismisses, it can be trimmed.
- Large varieties may need to transplant every few years, small species, as a rule, multiply independently.
Beginner rabbies do not specifically make mistakes during tulip bulbs landing. Most often this is due to the insufficient number of knowledge and experience. Whether the plant suffers from this? Yes, like the florist himself, who ultimately gets a smaller harvest than expected.
You can minimize losses, if you know about the most frequently performed errors.
- Disembarking is made either too early or late.
- Before boarding, the sowing material is not selected – as a result, patients or damaged bulbs are immersed in the ground, which are not only rotated, but also infect new plants.
- Tubers plunge into the ground too deeply or, on the contrary, remain too close to the surface of the earth. In the first case, the bulb wakes up much later, in the second – it freezes during the first frost.
If you did not have time with the landing, then it is worth conducting an early spring procedure when the sun is already active enough, and the earth warmed well. This option for late gardeners is available not only in the southern regions, but also in the northern, it will only need to correctly calculate the time.
Tulips planted deeper into the soil will bloom longer and add colors and life on the flower bed at the end of the season. It is worth considering the possibility of using several different varieties. You can plant bulbs in various places around the courtyard, for example, in a large flower garden in the middle of the lawn.
After a month and a half after the flower cut, the bulbs are removed, and “preserve” them in a cold, dry place. It is possible to pre-process with a solution of manganese, but after that, each tuber necessarily dry well. We must not forget that the high temperature can spoil the bulb or lead to poor quality of new plants.
Tulips – Flowers that can grow almost in any soil, but the loose fits best. You can land in loam, but it should have a weakly alkaline or neutral pH. In any case, even if peat or sand add to the ground, the landing site must be changed every four years.
If the rabbing will follow the advice of professionals, then in the spring he will be able to assemble a rich crop of tulips or just delighted by the colorful landscape on the flower bed. The main thing is to choose the right time for planting tubers, otherwise they will be irrevocably spoiled.
Read more about landing tulips in autumn you will learn from the following video.