The very first model of domestic motoblocks was very successful. The “Mole” product has a multifunctionality and a practically an inexhaustible resource of the work, and the consumer feedback on its operational characteristics is the most positive.
Malokultivator “Mole” has a rather long history, like most other aggregates created in Soviet times. Probably, many senior gifts remember the story when the motoblock of this brand only appeared on the market – it was a period of rapid fond of Science and Technology of the USSR. In those years, Krot became a real pioneer in the agricultural industry due to the reliability and efficiency of work.
The first developments of motoblocks began in the 80s. last century, and in 1983 the first samples appeared. The first trial party diverged literally for days, Soviet gardeners lined up in long queues for this product. Moreover, even foreign companies are interested in products. That is why it was decided to put the manufacture of cultivators “on the stream”.
Tens of years have passed since then, but the aggregates of this brand have consistently high demand from domestic gardeners and gardens.
The main function of “CROT” is plowing soil. In addition, it successfully copes with a weeding, but in this case additional elements should be used – pololniki.
Sadniki very often use potato dipping motoblock, Moreover, if you buy special nozzles, then the motoblock can also dig a root corner from the ground.
If you equip the installation with special razors, you can prepare hay in large volumes.
Less likely, but nevertheless, the installation is used as a pump, for example, it allows you to pump water from a container to beds. Motoblock is still able to pull the trolley on wheels with a total weight of up to 150 kg.
Thus, it can be safely argued that the technical features of the Mole Motor Cultivator are so high that the unit becomes an indispensable assistant for any gardener, and If you finish it with additional canopies, then the functionality of “CROT” will be significantly expanded, And the work of man for landing care will be much less laborious.
Nevertheless, it should be borne in mind that some features of Maloblocks “Mole” in the performance of agricultural work of different types.
On pre-sowing soil
Many owners of household farms are confident that Meroblock “Mole” is intended to plow the earth. In practice, this is not entirely true – the device is called a motor-cultivator, so in its task is the loosening of the Earth and its leveling.
To do this, the Motoblock has cutters that are considered the main worker working.
If you are dealing with virgin lands, then you need to use only internal cutters, but the use of four on light soils.
Pretty well works “Mole” and on six mills, although it creates an increased load. Moreover, it is more stable and not much “buried” to the ground. But eight cutters such a motor-cultivator is no longer able to pull, more precisely, it will work, but with significant overloads and high risk of overheating engine, so when using cutters you need to be very careful.
On weeding weeds
In this case, it is recommended instead of knives to install special pololins made in a g-shaped form, and instead of external cutters, install special discs that effectively protect plants from pololnants.
On the emphasis of potatoes
When carrying out this type of work, instead of ground cutters, metal wheels are fixed, it is desirable with the soils purchased separately, and instead of a couch, a potato-focused, which is also bought separately.
On the harvesting of the hay
For fastening fresh grass to the aggregate on the front often hangs the sensing mile, and the output shafts are complemented by wheels. Such a mood is connected to the engine with a clinoremated type of gear, for this purpose, an additional pulley makes on the output shaft.
On pumping water
In this case, the motor-cultivator should be equipped with a pump with the same clinoremable mechanism, but with the gearbox this transmission should be removed.
Users mark some drawbacks of “Crow”, in particular, point to its weak side – a piston group. After a few years of the use of the technique, almost every dacket is forced to change such spare parts as the piston with rings, and in addition, the starter can get out of time, although it is rarely restored, but simply use the rope-matwoman instead, with which motor.
Among the minuses, you can also note the insufficient strength of the handle, which often have to strengthen. At the same time, all opinions agree that the main elements – gearbox, piston and belt tensioner, grip and set of cutters – are distinguished by exceptional quality, reliability and durability.
The dimensions of the “Crow” are very ergonomic and approximately 130x81x10.6 cm. Such dimensions greatly facilitate the storage and transportation of the device, and also make its service much more convenient.
The motoblock has a pretty simple structure:
- internal combustion engine;
- Removable wheels.
Engine movement control is made using special mechanisms, as a rule, they are located on the handles, and the nozzles and wheels are clinging for the gearbox. The cutters are made of rather acute steel, so that they are distinguished by increased resistance to various external adverse effects. This allows them to be in an invariably active state over several decades.
Motor power, depending on the model, can reach 6.5 liters. Frames are made of half, they cling to the reducer of bolts.
Tubular handle, it, like the bracket, is attached from behind motorcultivator. On the handle there are turnover control buttons, as well as clutch. The output shafts of the M Mole Motor Cultivator are complemented by milling machines necessary for plowing the Earth, or wheels if you want to move the cart.
The internal combustion engine is usually fixed to the frame. It is connected to the input shaft on the gearbox using the clinoremated system.
The rear speed in the M Mole Motor Cultivator is presented in each model, but the end switch is available in each modification, like a wedge belt.
The latter is an indispensable part of the installation design, its main role is the transfer of torque directly to the nodes from the engine.
On the shaft of the gearbox fix cutters. In the classic configuration, four of them, but often their number increases to six. The cutters are responsible for cutting the top layer of the soil, well, how deep will the looping – it depends on the type of coupling.
Any model “Crow” is equipped with five glands, they provide sealing of compounds. This is very important because the two-stroke engine installed on the motor-cultivator – a rather vulnerable technique that ceases to function in the case when tightness is broken.
Pulleys are performed from aluminum, steel either cast iron. The design includes two piston rings. The material from which they are made is largely affected by the entire working life of the motoblock.
For maintenance of installation power and economical consumption of fuel responds to the air pump, it purifies air masses from dust and other contaminants of their particles. Pump made of cellulose.
If the filter is contaminated, the air in the carburetor acts incorrectly, which affects the efficiency of the motoblock.
Melons “Mole” -1 and “Mole” -2 are the greatest popularity. In working condition, they have a length of 100-130 cm, width – 35-82 cm and height – 71-106 cm. The capture parameters range from 35 to 60 cm, and the processing depth is 25 cm. When milling, the aggregates per hour are treated from 150 to 200 kV. M.
Engine – pinned, two-stroke. The cooling system works on a forced circuit, the volume corresponds to 60 cm³, and the power is 2.6 liters. C, which corresponds to 1.9 kW. Engine starts manually.
Model “Mole” -2 slightly more modern. When maintaining basic parameters, it is completed with much more powerful four-stroke engines manufactured by China. Also, the latest models are equipped with a modern K41K carburetor (the carburetor from the Mopeds of K60V mopeds is used in the MOPED in the USSR).
Selection of hinged equipment
For motoblocks use the most different options for attachments.
Used when processing the soil instead of a coulter.
Best of all it works in a close spike with cutters.
Need to move cargo weighing up to 500 kg. It should be noted that when working on the movement of a truck, the motoblock moves quite slowly, but it is in any case better than tolerance of heavy bags on its back.
Usually they are included in the basic configuration and are used if necessary for transporting goods, as well as the delivery of the most motor-cultivator to the place of work. Usually they are equipped with powerful treads for more efficient clutch with earth.
Such a hitch significantly increases the area of contact with earth. Thanks to this, the installation of the installation increases sharply, especially if the work is carried out in winter.
Represent massive metal wheels with severe ribs.
They are designed to swell soil.
In the cold season, M Mole Motoblocks can be used to cleaned the territory of snow. To this end, a snow blower is fixed to them.
It happens a few types: Snowman screw, dump or brush.
When using such a device, it is possible to ease sowing.
The nozzle-seeder allows you to plant seeds and parts of tubers of vegetable crops according to any given scheme so that literally in a few hours you can handle a rather large area of the land.
Another interesting device that jumps and turns the plastic of the earth, falls asleep it on the grille or in a special bunker, exposes vibrational effects, cleaning tubers from the ground, and “throws out” potatoes outward.
Used so that the motor-cultivator is as deeply sought to the soil. These devices put on the shaft and wheels.
Keep in mind that any device you choose to your Motoblock, you will need a coupling in any case, thanks to which the motor-cultivator can be aggregated absolutely with any device.
The hitch is adjustable and no. In the first case, it is possible not only horizontally, but also an angle of attack.
Motor-cultivator can serve as its owners faithfully not one decade, but only subject to regular maintenance, which includes several stages.
Before the start of work it is necessary:
- Check the strength of fasteners: if he weakened – you should tighten and twisted them;
- Make sure the tank is fuel: if fuel is not enough – the tank should be pouring completely;
- View Carter Oil.
At the end of the work, you need:
- Clean the motor-cultivator from dirt and dust;
- rinse thoroughly and completely dry the installation;
- All moving elements to lubricate with solidol;
- Place a cultivator in place inaccessible to direct sunlight.
When using the Mole’s Motoroblock, the problem of using oil is a very important issue: not every composition is suitable here. For “CROT” you need three types of oils: for the engine gearbox, for the input gearbox, and also for the fuel mixture.
In the latter case It is worth the preference to M-12 in proportion with fuel 1 to 20 – This is a standard oil option that is used on all two-stroke engines. Keep in mind that The fuel mixture cannot be made directly in the tank – It is better to prepare it in advance in a separate reservoir. If there is no such possibility, first use only 1/2 from the required amount of gasoline, then pour the oil, mix everything and only add all the remaining gasoline.
In the motor-block gearbox will need to fill MG-8A, which refers to hydraulic oils, and For the output gearbox you need to take the transmission composition of TAD-17.
As for manufacturers, there are no obvious requirements here – you can focus on our own financial opportunities. To date, you can find and cheaper products of Russian production, as well as imported oils, but they will be more expensive.
Like any other technique, Meroblock “Mole” from time to time fails to contribute to a number of faults. Motoblock stalls, it is impossible to start. Most often it is associated with spark plugs: it can wet, burn or smoke.
- If the candle is completely dry, it means that the fuel and air mixture does not penetrate the motor, if, on the contrary, it is too wet, it is necessary to pump the engine using a manual starter. This will dry the cylinder and eliminate the problem.
- If you, during the visual inspection, see that the candle is covered with mud, then rinse it thoroughly in gasoline and clean the smallest eye.
- If the sparks are not at all, you may have to replace the candle. If the motor does not start with the new part, check the condition of the contacts of the electrocups.
- Problem with carburetor. The reason for this can be a closed fuel hose, so fuel does not come.
- Reducer Sumit. Most likely, in the motoblock there is not enough oil, you just need to add it to the desired volume.
- Oil leaks oil. It happens when the fasteners are thinned. They need to tighten, adjust, and the problem immediately passes.
- If the motor does not work in full power – the crankshaft replacement can help.
Maltivator repair “Mole” most often spend at home, for this you only need to carefully study the instructions or video tutorials, which can always be found in the Internet.
On how to eliminate malfunctions Meroblock “Mole”, see the following video.