Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

The ax is a unique tool that, despite its simplicity, is distinguished by a large versatility. It is a labor tool is quite widely used in everyday life. Without him can not do in the country, in a tourist campaign, on vacation. Simple design, ease of use, a wide range of ax is very popular even in our progressive age.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

What it is?

Ax – gun that is used for logging. It represents only a huge metal blade, which is attached by putting on the handle. It is worth noting that, if necessary, handle easily changes to a new one. It makes an ax even more convenient to operate.

This tool is known since ancient times. True, then he was stone, but over time he was significantly transformed. In antiquity, the ax often acted as a cold or throwing weapon. Later he began to be used mainly in everyday life. Now most often the ax is used for various woodwork.

Features and types of axes

Characteristics

Axes are distinguished by a number of characteristics. Among them in the first place is the weight of the gun. This parameter varies quite much.

The smallest weight of the tool – 0.9 kg. Most often axes with small weight difficult to find application. Of course, they are comfortable on tourist holidays. But even there it is difficult to get decent firewood with them. Such axes are suitable exclusively for sharpening stakes when installing tents.

The best choice is tools weighing from 1 to 1.7 kg. This mass allows you to cut the trees of medium thick one hand. In addition, the tool is comfortable for sensations when working. Too large axes do not allow working for a long time or do good shuffles. In addition to cutting firewood, axes with such weight use for various works in the construction and woodworking industries.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Of course, when you need to split the tree, then the best option will be a heavy column. As a rule, such guns have a weight from 2 to 2.5 kg. Special sizes with an elongated axle make it possible to hit wood with more power. Such models are better to use two hands. In the form of blades and their quality axes can also vary quite. Of course, it is better to stop your choice on as much as possible options. It is this parameter that shows how long the tool service will be. Also, the quality of the blade directly affects its sharpening. Choosing a good tool, you can not worry about chips and various damage to the blade.

With a straight sharpening an ax, you can hack qualitatively, causing accurate and strong blows. As for the curved form, it gives the opportunity not only to chop, but also to make stuck movements. Rounding the form of blades and small size allow you to deeply penetrate the tree. Also, such an ax can chop fibers not only in the longitudinal, but also in the transverse direction.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Blades do different depending on how they will be used. For example, carpentry axes make such that they were convenient to handle boards, logs and various billets of wood. However, this tool is completely not suitable for cutting a whole tree and large branches. For these tasks there are other more convenient axes with a rounded blade.

With too dense wood will cope with a very specific tool, which is called the Taiga ax. Its blade is located under a rather sharp angle regarding the tool (carpentry or used for cutting).

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Axes can also differ by type of footage. Practice shows that there are 3 main varieties of the footage:

  • narrow is necessary in order to perform neat work, including carpentry;
  • The average is universal and most common in use;
  • Wide Suitable for Tools that Forest Wolly.

For an ax handle, it is very important how it will lie in hand. If it is too small or large, then it will be difficult to work as such an instrument and not very nice. Do not choose the handles on which there are irregularities or jar.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

No less attention deserves the length of the handle. For a great strength, the blow is required to be long. However, if accurate blows are required, it is worth stopping the selection on models with a short handle. For example, loggers prefer an ax, whose length is not more than 90 cm.

Another important characteristic of the ax is the way the head is satiated on the ax. Practice shows that most often the ax is satisfied on the handle by opening in the blade, and then fixed with the wedge.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

What consists of?

The ax is a very simple tool that includes only three parts.

  • The blade made of metal is the main part. It depends on it how long the ax will serve, as well as how good it will be in work.
  • Toporishche or handle for importance is in second place. Of course, on what will this part will also depend much.
  • Even among the parts of the ax, the wedge is allocated. From how well it is made, as well as how it is suitable for other parts, will depend on the integrity of the entire tool.

Working with an ax recently notice more than these three parts. However, professionals allocate several more. Among them is the volatory, under which they understand the knobs on the blade. You can also highlight socks, beard and a slit that can be very different from each individual tool model.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Classification by the Material Topor

Sometimes even with an excellent blade, the ax does its job not as good as I would like. In this case, it is worth paying attention to the ax. It depends largely on how effective tool will be. Of course, first of all, the material should be taken into account from which the handle is manufactured.

Metal

Metal axle looks very impressive, especially on large models of blades. However, durable, at first glance, the material is not the best for the handle. This is due to the fact that the vibration is badly quenched. Therefore, it is best to choose the models of the alcohol, which have a special overlay, preferably from rubber. They are able to improve this type of handle.

Of course, among such handles there are very beautiful and original options. You can also order a toporishche for sure. Many are especially interested in wrought.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Plastic

Plastic handles for axes are quite common. The main disadvantage, like the metal options, is bad vibration. That is why they also have to be used with a lining capable of slightly reduce vibration. Unlike other materials from other materials, plastic are more fragile and need certain storage conditions.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Wood

The best and most common are axes made from wood. Such a handle is able to completely absorb the strength of the blow and the resistance of the workpiece. The most common wood used to make data the elements is birch. However, it is worth considering that such an ax will be worth a lot. Pine handles are worse cope with vibration, but their cost makes them more affordable.

Of course, oak handles are best suited for axis. Among the advantages of wooden hatchers, it should be noted ease, simplicity of replacement, care for them, fastening to the blade, as well as a wide variety.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Types and destination

Depending on the purpose of the axes are divided into several types. This allows you to speed up the choice and it is better to understand what kind of tool is needed for every day, and which is suitable for a special case, for example, for hunting, fishing, traveling.

Economic

Most often in the economy is used ax for rods. For these purposes, options with sharpening approximately 50 degrees. Ideally, if the blade is made of tempered steel, and the toporishche is made of wood. Modern ax of this type is characterized by simplicity and efficiency. The optimal weight of such an ax – up to 1 kg.

Features and types of axes

Carpenter

A carpenter or joiner has a straight sharpening, and its weight does not exceed 0.9 kg. The length of the ax is small – about 0.5 meters. The blade is thin and very well sharpened. Today, such an ax most often helps to solve construction tasks. For example, they make grooves in decks in the construction of log cabins.

Features and types of axes

Bilateral

This type has two blades of high carbon steel at once. Both sharpened. The tool is characterized by accurate balancing. Often, such an ax is sharpening on one side more subtle, compared to another. This allows you to use a tool for various tasks. Also a double ax can be used as a throwing weapon.

Features and types of axes

For forest

The main difference of the adopted ax – a big weight. This allows you to strengthen the blow. For other tasks, it does not fit. Also for this type it is important that it is with a long handle and a rounded blade of high strength steel. Heavy tool is suitable for only two hands.

Features and types of axes

Colong

The peculiarity of this type is in a large weight (from 2 kg) and long handles (from 0.8 meters). Despite the fact that such a tool has no sharp sharpening, it easily splits large lamps. Work casual exceptionally by two hands.

Features and types of axes

Tourist

For a tourist, the optimal option is a small hatch, characterized by a small weight. Rarely tools of this type weigh more than 0.6 kg. Tourist ax can be foldable, making it even more convenient. As a rule, such products are sold immediately in the covers.

Features and types of axes

Matching

The main differences of this variety are universality, small size and low weight. Quite often, such models are with rounded blades, which makes them safer when carrying in a backpack or bag. Be sure to package to such an ax. Such an instrument can be seeded, and cut meat, and peg score.

Features and types of axes

Hunting

This type is combat, although more often used as interior decoration. Often such models are all-metal with drawings on the blade. The weight of the tool does not exceed 1 kg, and the length is up to 0.5 meters. The hunting ax is equally well suited for cutting on carcasses and for cutting branches. Among this type of models are often exclusive options.

Features and types of axes

Ax of the butcher

Professional iron tool often occasionally cast from high strength steel. It is distinguished by a rather impressive weight and sharpening under an acute angle. Wide blade allows you to chop meat without too much effort.

Features and types of axes

Subtleties of choice

Before choosing an ax, you should decide for what it will be used. For carpenters and carpenters there are special models with a straight chopping part. But for the sneakers, it will take a powerful column. You can cut down a tree, if there is a heavy axle ax with a long handle and rounded blade. Garden or tourist ax should be easy, comfortable and small.

It should be understood that hacking large trees or to cut big logs better by wide axes that have a very impressive weight. In order to prick firewood, shards and make most other everyday tasks, you should use medium axes. But narrow axes are needed where very accurate work is required (for example, if you need to remove the knots, chop chip and so on). Often they are still used as hammers.

When buying it is important to check how the hole is expanding in the volatory. This moment is important in order to highlight the axle in the head of the instrument. You should also check the blade parallel with the line of symmetry of the footage. To check hardening steel, the tool should be suspended, and then click on the blade. If the ringing is high, it means that the hardening has become good.

Features and types of axes

Currently, the variety of models of axes from different manufacturers is quite wide. Presented tools from Chinese, American, German, Finnish, Swedish and French firms. Tourists and those who need axles for the rods of firewood, should pay attention to the Finnish manufacturers, for example, Bahco. Of course, their cost is rather big, but for it a high-quality steel blade and a great wooden handle are offered.

Another famous Finnish company – Fiskars offers axes with plastic axes. Their feature is the provision of a decade guarantee on the handle. The manufacturer claims that they do not break. It seems that this is true, given the cost of these products and the demand for them. In addition, the blades on the axes from Fiskars are made with teflon coating.

Middle quality axes at the respective prices are offered by German and Swedish manufacturers. Among them are to give preference to firms Stihl and Husqvarna. But to Chinese axes should be taken care of. Among the presented models there are both high-quality and inexpensive and very short-dealing options.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

How to use?

If the ax is purchased and fully assembled, you need to take care of its durability. To do this, it is advisable to protect the handle from the tree from the temperature oscillations, moisture, sun rays, various solvents and oils. To achieve this, you need to soak the toporishche with special compositions, and then dry. Impregnation can be exercised by wax, oil, linen oil and other special means that clove pores of wood.

When the ax is fully ready for use, you can start a hatch. Properly chop trees with an ax to be able to be able to. For example, when cutting a low tree, it is not necessary to first remove the branches. You should bind the rope as close to the top. The side for which the tree needs to be filled with an ax, and the other side should be powered by a saw.

Srule small trees and shrubs best. As for the workpiece of firewood, then it is necessary to do it on the deck. From a tree that has already been cut down, the bitch is worth cleaning the ax, heading from the root to the top. This allows you to avoid pupils.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Cutting logs is initially a very difficult task. For logging, BRUSIV, as well as thick jeres, best use a durable wood support. Massive decks or bulk logs are suitable as it. They need to be put on the fact that the place that is planned to chop.

First make fibers with sheer blows. At the same time it is advisable to make preliminary marking. After that, you should cut down on the side, approximately at an angle of 45 °. Step blows alternate with inclined. Gradually turning the log, you need to move to the middle, preferably evenly on all parties.

For the inconsidery it is worth making an ax inclined blows at an angle. This should turn the workpiece so that the necessary accuracy is. Preferable when performing this task so that the left hand is as high as possible. This will avoid damage.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

If you need to pull the board, then one should end it. From the side where the rejection is directly carried out, the leg is better to set aside, but also a little back. As for the other leg, it should be tight pressed against the tree. Hangey produce from top to the bottom. In order to avoid challenge wood deep, you need to make a disconnection at a distance of 0.4 meters from each other.

In the event that you need to pull a long board, it is done from the bottom up. This is also done on the edge. Wood cuts into an ax gramnogo to another end. When laying the board, you need to change the direction of pellement.

Features and types of axes

Care rules

If you want the ax that the ax served for a long time, it is necessary to care for him. Tool breakdowns not only worsen the quality of work, but also create a danger to those who use it. It is very important to ensure that the ax is well imposed on the toporishche. In the event that the handle broke, it is better to replace it with a new one.

It is important for the rain period to protect the ax from the appearance of rust. To do this, it is enough to apply on metal parts. Conventional machine oil. If it is not possible to protect the product, then the tool can be cleaned from rust quickly and simply with special tools that are sold in household stores. It is advisable to store an ax in a case, which is often sold immediately complete with it.

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

Features and types of axes

For sharpening axes best suits the round sharpened, which is desirable to moisten. When draining, the gun should be kept for the outer and middle of the handle. The grinding stone must necessarily rotate the blade towards. With a large number of jar, the cutting edge is aligned with a file. Cannot sharpen ax using electric grinding sharpened.

At the axes having a rounded blade, it is recommended to sharpen the edges at a less sharp angle than the middle. As a result, the tool will not only cut better, but will become less fragile, which will increase its strength when hit by the edge.

About how to choose the right ax, look in the following video.

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment