Many, acquiring a private house outside the city, seek not only to fit the territory at their discretion, but also to build at least a small pool. To do this, it is worth considering the features and technology of building pools in more detail.
When designing a home, it is better to immediately take into account the presence of the pool on the site. The device depends on this device. After all, it will be necessary to calculate how much space is the container for bathing, recreation area, landing.
In order to fully take into account, it is better to make a scheme where it will be indicated that and where it will be.
To make the calculation of the bulk of the pool, you need to consider the number of people living in the house, as well as to decide what purpose you need a swimming pool. It’s one thing when you just need to cool in the heat, and completely different if there is a goal to fully swim.
Typically, the rules of the depth for the container on the site are 1.5-1.8 m. Width and length can be from 3 to 5 meters. But these figures are conditional, because, developing a project, will have to be repelled from the available area and the need to have other components of the landscaping of the local area territory. One sufficient only pool, and the bizarre form, and the other, in addition to the container, is needed for swimming a garden with fruit trees, flower beds and lawns. It is worth determining the preferences of all family members.
It often happens that the construction of the pool has to deploy when there is already a house and other buildings. In this case, you need to look for a suitable platform, clear it, perhaps some objects to transfer to another place.
If the pool is decided to install at home, it is desirable to do this on the first floor. And in this case, it is necessary to think about its arrangement at the stage of installation of the foundation of the building.
If there is a thought to make a swimming pool on other floors, the help of specialists who accurately calculate whether the building can withstand such a load.
If the pool is not installed on one summer, but it is constructed thoroughly, the location is worth thinking very carefully. And here you need to consider several important nuances.
Bathing Capacity must comply with the overall design of all buildings and in no case disrupt the harmony of the site. Therefore, all the details should be thought out in advance.
The playground must be smooth, without drops and slope. Otherwise it will have to lease, and this is additional costs.
You need to consider in advance how they will be summed up to the design of the water supply system and sewage system. Very close to the house pool not worth installing. Excessive moisture foundation at home for nothing.
It is best to install the pool in the open area so that it is in the sun. This will allow water to warm up to the desired temperature. You can provide an awning that will be removed or installed depending on the situation.
Place the pool under the trees – exactly a bad idea, since foliage, insects and other trash in the pool will be superfluous. This will increase the amount of cleaning.
Materials and equipment
The pool can be erected from a variety of materials and various technologies. Therefore, materials with equipment may differ.
To materials that should be stock, belong:
gravel, crushed stone or pebbles;
Boards and bars;
Be sure to install the pool, you will need to purchase all the necessary equipment, without which it is impossible to fulfill the functioning of the bathing water branch. These are systems for:
maintaining a comfortable water temperature;
pouring and plum;
To ensure water purity, different systems are used – skimmer or overflow.
In the first case, skimmers, taking the upper layer of water are placed in the pool. At the same time, pure water comes through special holes around the perimeter.
In the second case, the water is overflowing for flights into a special gutter, clean goes through the holes located at the bottom of the tank.
Besides, In the pool necessarily provide safe stairs with comfortable handrails. Elements of decor and other additions in the form of waterfalls, fountains and massage systems are installed at will and on the basis of the costs provided for the construction of the pool.
How to build a concrete pool?
When building the pool with your own hands on the site in front of the country house, in the country, in the garden, the main thing is to properly plan all the work and comply with technology. Only in this case the homemade pool, especially if it is stationary from concrete and big, will delight the owners and fulfill its fulfillment. Consider step by step what to do for the manufacture of the pool.
Immediately it is worth solving the question regarding the pit. Whether this is a solid pit, and the pool will be fully immersed in the ground, or it will be a bowl on the surface for which only a small blowjob will be needed.
In the first case, without special equipment can not do, in the second – you can dig a hole on your own, using ordinary kirsters and shovels.
With a full pit, it breaks up 20 cm more than the height of the tank itself is planned. After the pit is dug, align the walls for subsequent work.
The following works after the preparation of the pit will be an external waterproofing equipment.
To implement it, on the bottom of the pit, they make a sand pillow with a layer of about 30 cm, the sand is thoroughly tamped, after which the backrueroid is placed on the bottom. All these materials will prevent the blurring of the base of the pool with groundwater.
The next stage will be concreting bottom. But first all over the perimeter you need to install metal bars that will be useful to build formwork for walls. Their height must correspond to the height of the future pool. Distance between them – 30 cm. After that, the rods are connected to the wire. At the bottom of the pit placed fittings.
With the help of concrete mixtures mix cement, sand and small gravel in proportion 1: 3: 4. After adding water, all this is carefully placed with concrete mixer. Next, the bottom is poured with a solution, and leave to dry on the day.
Formwork and Pouring Walls
Then, with the help of boards around the perimeter, set a formwork for walls, not forgetting that it will be the height of the future pool. Then the same concrete solution is poured the prepared framework. Next you need to give a week for complete drying design.
After the concrete is finally drying, you can remove the formwork.
The following stage includes applying a self-leveling mixture to the floor, and on the walls – plaster. After drying, all the extra garbage from the pool is cleaned, all surfaces of the primer are treated. Then the entire surface is covered with coating insulation. It will protect all the materials from moisture, and the way is the easiest and most advanced budget.
It is worthwhile to pay attention to all the joints, for this, with the help of sealant, hydrophilic rubber is fixed, it will help to avoid leaks.
Facing and decoration
The decoration of the basin inside is carried out using ceramic tiles, mosaic or porcelain stoneware. Also boosts. Besides, It is necessary to take care of the design of the platform near the street pool. And here most often used tile. It can be and flooring from the boards, but at the same time they should be well treated with protective equipment from moisture, mold and fungus.
Next, it is necessary to supplement the design of the ladder, to equip the adjacent territory. Arrange space for sun beds, install a canopy, break the flower beds, arrange tracks. All this – at the discretion of the hosts, with the orientation of the common style.
Installation with bowl on the surface
The country pool can be equipped with a bowl of polycarbonate, fiberglass and other materials. Besides, You can purchase and finished design, the installation of which will not require so much effort, as in the construction of a concrete pool.
For the bowl itself, you can build a podium from boards or concrete.
Consider the stages of construction.
When the finished bowl is already available, you need to place a platform, focusing on its size. This is done with the help of pegs and rope.
Then to make a shot to buoy the bowl of the bowl. It can be broken half or third.
On the bottom of the drinking sand, the sand is rambling, enough 30 centimeter layer. The grid is placed on top. After that, it is poured on the bottom prepared concrete solution.
Then the bottom is insulated with geotextiles and polystyrene foam plates. Top places durable polyethylene film.
The bowl, too, is insulated in the same way – polystyrene foam and film.
After that, the bowl is immersed on the bottom of the pit.
Then you need to pour concrete into space between the bowl and walls of the foundation.
After its drying, the bowl must be separated by the selected material over the entire surface.
You can then produce other work on the installation of additional equipment, stairs, decorating space around and landscaping the territory.
Other options for building
Craftsmen who decide to equip the dacha or plot the pool cheap and quickly use a variety of options. Make a container of any submitted means that managed to get, or they found themselves on the site: from foam blocks, bricks, wood, galvanized, stainless steel.
It doesn’t matter what the container is made – from concrete blocks or metal, from boards or from a cubic container. In all cases, a certain algorithm of actions will be observed, as well as when installing a solid pool. First need a platform – smooth, prepared and clean. And then a small recess and foundation is already required.
Iron pool or wooden – it should be firmly held on the surface and not to represent danger for bathing.
And it also requires waterproofing and design design so that it looks attractive. The shape of the pool will depend on which material is selected. From brick and concrete blocks it is better to build a square or rectangular option. Metal sheets can be used for more rounded shapes. Wooden structures can be both round and square, the latter is much easier to construct.
It is worth considering several ready-made examples to understand that for the construction of a swimming pool in the dacha, a variety of materials go.
It is enough just to set up inside the old iron container tiles, attach the stairs – and the mini pool is ready.
- Such a container on hot days is also able to replace the pool.
- The bowl by stones with a cement mortar can also be considered as an option.
- Tank, trimmed by wood, successfully fits into the shared landscape.
Nuances construction building
As for the construction of the pool in a private house, even a very small home pool must be scheduled in advance if it is located, for example, on the first floor of a residential building. In addition to the equipment, which is required to keep the pool in order (draining water, filtering, heating, etc.), a supply and exhaust ventilation is needed, in order to avoid the appearance of mold and humidity. Sometimes ventilating installations are replaced by air dryers.
This option can be consolidated if the pool is small and located indoors with large windows that can be constantly opened and good to air the room.
Many consider a more convenient and acceptable option when the pool is located in a separate room under the roof. It can be attached to the house. Thus, it is possible to save space in the house, and such an indoor pool and maintain easier, and it looks beautiful, if you take care of its design.
More, about the features and technology of building pools, see the video below.