Surely every person had a desire to escape from the city bustle and retire with nature in a cozy country house. On the one hand, this decision is one big plus, as the city ecology will not be able to compare with the purest air, which expects you in the suburbs. However, there are a number of difficulties that will need to be solved for further comfortable stay in the country house. Today, the standard section of a rectangular form of 10 acres (25×40 m) will be taken as an example. Let’s look at how to place residential and non-residential facilities in such an area.
Pros and cons
First of all, it is worth talking about the advantages and disadvantages of such an area. The only drawback is directly the sizes. Small space limits the hosts somewhat. However, it can be attributed to advantages, since the compactness of the territory allows you to closely monitor the garden and garden.
If the choice of estate in 10 acres was conscious, then there is only a disadvantage of the disadvantage that it is in sight of all neighbors and even random passersby.
However, a few simple recommendations will help to retire even in the populated street, creating a cozy and comfortable home atmosphere.
Competent layout begins with a project on which the place of building future residential and non-residential structures will be indicated.
The residential facilities include:
- directly the house itself and roads leading to it;
- The place where pets are located (booths, enclosures and others);
- Sports and recreation area (all sorts of arbors, place for picnics, etc. );
- decorative structures;
As for the non-residential zone, it is conditionally divided into two subcategories: household buildings and agricultural zone.
- zone for animal breeding (chickens, rabbits and other living things);
- garage construction;
- restroom, sauna or shower;
- Place for waste.
As for the agricultural zone, this is the place of cultivation of vegetables, planting of trees and so on. The project should contain each aforementioned element (if it is, of course, you are provided).
When drawing up a project, it is necessary to consider the features of the terrain. First of all, it should be understood where construction work will be held: on a clean plane, or on the ground, where facilities are already present (the purchase of already ready dacha).
From this it is necessary to repel and decide which structures to leave, what to do what to do with existing trees, or just create a territory from scratch.
Naturally, in the presence of finances, it is preferable to work with an absolutely clean area, because you can start incarnate all the intended ideas from the first minutes. However, it is worth remembering that construction work must be implemented in accordance with the current rules “layout and building of urban villages and settlements”. This document outlines the current building rates, observing which future facilities will stand on a completely legitimate basis.
We start planning
After you have decided on what buildings will be present in the future plot, you need to distribute them competently.
To do this, it is necessary to take into account the features of the surrounding area, sunlight and a number of other nuances:
- For convenience, each individual element must provide roads or paths.
- The construction of a residential building must be foreseen at some distance from the road. This is done in order to increase the indicators of sound and dustproof.
- It is also necessary to observe the distance of 8 meters from the house to the bath and from the toilet to the well.
- Fences (fence from the street, as well as a fence between two neighboring sites) should not be deaf. Otherwise, it is necessary to obtain a corresponding written permission from the owners of neighboring houses. Also, the fence should take place in 3 m from the residential building, 4 meters from the room with small livestock and in a meter from other structures.
- As for the trees, the border of the plots should take place 4 m from the tall, 2 meters from the average trees and in the meter of shrubs. The distance between the residential buildings of two neighboring sites should not be less than 10 m (ideally – 15 m);
Quite a large number of nuances, but their observance will help avoid problems with displeasisfied neighbors and law.
There are several “standard” arrangement schemes, one of which should be disassembled in detail.
Entrance from the street leads us to the car park, next to which houses the house with a terrace. Also near the house there is a children’s playground. On the east side there is a long path, which extends along the entire length of the estate. Immediately when leaving the house we can observe the decorative reservoir and the family of a family holiday with a gazebo and mangal.
Further go the beds for vegetables and the garden. Shrubs and trees have been seated around the perimeter of the fence. Vegetable beds are replaced by a garden with beautiful flowers, and at the end of the estate there is a toilet, bath and other non-residential structures (for example, barn). This scheme does not provide a building for livestock, but if desired, a decorative pond can be replaced by such a design, a slightly shifting place for growing vegetables.
Modern accommodation option
For those who are not adherents of conservatism, you can offer a more modern option. Its essence is that the house is almost in the center of the plot of 10 acres and is surrounded by the garden and other buildings.
Two roads lead from the fence to the house: the first is gravel (for a car), and the second is a narrow decorative walking path made of natural stone. Residential premises are a combined house with a garage and a veranda. Tall trees and shrubs are cleared around. Behind the house there is a gazebo with a picnic place around which shrubs and a bath are cleared around. The toilet is almost in the corner of the site (behind the arbor).
This option is suitable for those people who are not fond of breeding vegetable crops or do not intend to keep livestock. This option is an example of a country house for recreation, where practically all the time you need to pay attention to the garden.
In order to highlight a plot of 10 acres among the others, it is recommended to make a live fence. This is a large number of curly plants that grow around the perimeter of the fence and give the country house of individuality, and also will not switter the rules for building rural settlements.
However, it is necessary to take into account that it is impossible to do a similar “living fence” from plants of one species, as it will give the estate of some compatibility and remoteness.
For a variety you can create some hills on the land plot, which will also indicate the individuality of the owner.
Highlands are several types and depend directly from the slope:
- If the slope is small, then the terraces can be laid (it looks like some of the soil layers imposed on each other).
- With a slight bias, you can install special retaining structures. Also suit offenses from natural material (stone, etc. ).
- In case the slope of the site is more than 15 degrees, it is recommended to install special stairs.
Winding paths, terraces, stairs and other elements of landscape design will help to express both the individual features of the terrain and the individuality of the owners.
The last on the list, but not the last to significance, is a drainage or drainage system. It prevents excessive moisture accumulation in the soil, because of which the foundation of structures may be damaged.
Also, excessive moisture can negatively affect plants and fruit crops (some plants do not need excessive irrigation).
There are several options for arranging the drainage system: closed (consisting of a series of underground pipes) and open (drainage drangum). The closed system is established if the concrete area is characterized by a large amount of precipitation, or there is a high level of groundwater. Underground drainage system is a certain amount of pipes that remove excessive moisture towards the road.
They are stacked under a slight bias to create the necessary conditions for independent moisture removal. Its collection occurs with the help of special holes that drill in pipe branching walls. The diameter of the holes should not exceed 2 cm, otherwise the drainage system will be clogged by the soil.
To prevent clogging, use durable material in a fine grid, which envelop pipes.
As a result, the pipes fall asleep with rubble, on top of laid the twig and already the top layer is the soil that can be used as vegetable beds or for other purposes.
From all the above, we can conclude that only you depends on how it will be a portion of 10 acres (rectangular, triangular or any other). You can embody any ideas to create a cozy corner, where it will be nice to be not only to you, but also to your guests. Compliance with the rules of development and fantasy – these are your two assistants in the arrangement of land.
An example of a planning and landscape design of a plot of 10 acres, see the following video.