Eustoma is a beautiful and elegant plant that is popular among gardeners. Is it possible to grow a flower in Siberia in adverse climatic conditions? How to plant averse and care for her? What diseases are subject to a plant? Read more about this in our material.
What types will fit?
To date, scientists allocate about 60 types of Estoma. Despite such a wide variety, for self-cultivation and cultivation In any climatic conditions (even in Siberia), gardeners use 2 of them: large-flowered type and eust. Each of these species includes several varieties of the plant, which we are now talking about. Choosing a specific variety of eustomas, many gardeners prefer tall representatives. This category includes such varieties like Aurora and Echo. Their height may exceed the figure of 0.7 meters. Aurora is considered the largest variety, as it can grow in a height of up to 1.2 meters. In addition, it blooms pretty early, in connection with which this plant preference is preferred by many gardeners.
Echo grade height does not exceed 70 cm. At the same time, this plant is distinguished by increased branching and bushy. Flowers can be painted in a variety of shades or even combine several colors. The plants described above are perfectly suitable for cultivation on their own garden plot. However, if you want Eustoma to grow in your apartment, then you should choose smaller varieties. These varieties include grades “Loyalty”, Mermaid and Florida Pink.
Grade “loyalty” is different from other varieties with its white flowers. Maximum eustoma height – 12 cm. If you want to make a branching plant with numerous flowers on your windowsill, then feel free to choose Mermaid grade. French rose or florida pink forms a bush of almost perfect shape.
In order for the plant not only to take root, but actively grew and developed, it is important to take care of compliance with all the necessary landing and care rules. For example, One of the ways of planting plants is a landing in an outdoor ground. However, before proceeding with this process, it is necessary to sow seeds for seedlings. This procedure is recommended to be carried out early in spring. If you do everything right, then Eustoma will begin to bloom in the summer.
It should be borne in mind that For planting plants use containers or boxes. Also consider the fact that the soil mixture in which the plant will be planted should be sterilized, and also have a small amount of nitrogen in its composition. The process of growing seedlings consists of several stages. Specialists recommend sticking to each of them. First you need to evenly distribute small seeds all over the surface of the earth. After that, the container is to cover with a plastic film, which will help create the effect of the greenhouse (for these purposes can also be used glass). Do not forget that the plant needs access to clean and fresh air, so it is mandatory to leave for this hole.
On a regular basis Seedlings need to spray with a spray with a spray gun so that the plant is dried. However, in this sense, you need to be especially attentive. In the event that the condensate is constantly going inside your improvised greenhouse, and the earth remains wet, then the spraying procedure may not be needed. The first seedlings of Estoma will appear after 14 days. This moment is important not to miss, as required, the removal of film or glass from the container is required. For the prevention of diseases, it is possible to make seedlings with special healing solutions, for example, “phytoosporin”.
After the seedlings appear full-fledged leaves, the plants should be searched on separate pots (this will happen about 90 days after seed landing). BUT Already at the end of May – early June, Eustoma is allowed to transplant in open ground. However, this procedure should be made with great caution so as not to damage the root system. Landing in open ground – not the only way to grow eust. Plant can also grow at home in a pot. The landing procedure itself is similar, only dates and some details are changed. So, first, it is necessary to take into account the fact that the planting process is produced in July. This also uses a specially intended container.
Particular attention should be paid to the composition of the soil, it must contain such substances: sand and peat (and in the same proportions). After the emergence of the first first leaflets, the dive procedure is performed. After that, the plants are planted into the pot, carefully take care of it and wait for the period of flowering. Usually Estoma blooms in winter.
Features of care
If you want your Eustoma to live for a long time and pleased the eye, then you should carefully fulfill all the recommendations on its cultivation
An integral part of the care for any plant (and Estoma is no exception) is considered to be. This procedure should be done with special attention, carefully observing the state of the substrate. The watering procedure is recommended only when the soil is not less than 2 cm inside. Otherwise, the rhizome of the plant can start rotting, and then Estoma will die.
Facility and fertilizers play an important role in the process of growth and development of Eustoma. So, these procedures must be made 30 days after you have transferred seedlings of the plant in open ground. For feeding Estoma, it is recommended to use universal fertilizers for decorative plants capable of flowering. Such mixtures you can purchase almost in any gardener store.
This is another important stage. It is recommended to trim fading buds – it will stimulate the growth of new and fresh inflorescences. In addition, if some part of the plant has influenced the influence of the disease or malicious microorganism, it is also necessary to cut it.
There is only one variant of the reproduction of Eustoma – With the help of seeds. In order to start producing a reproduction process, it is necessary to wait for the moment of full ripening of seeds, which are located in the box. It should be considered the fact that Eustoma forms a rather large number of seeds, in connection with this, they should be collected with great caution. In addition, it should be borne in mind that the germination of independently collected and grown seeds will be much worse than the geogide of those who were purchased in the store. Therefore, if your goal is to grow a large population of the plant, then the reproduction will not suit you independently. After the seeds are collected, they are sled to seedlings, and after – in open ground. Detailed description of these processes you can read above.
Diseases and pests
Scientists note that Eustoma is a plant that is strongly influenced by various diseases, as well as insect pest attacks. To avoid negative consequences, it is obligatory to conduct a number of preventive measures.
- For growing seedlings allowed to use only sterilized soil. And before landing seedlings in the ground, they need to be treated with “Fundazole”.
- Research must necessarily spray with strengthening agents. This procedure will increase the level of resistance of plants to adverse environmental factors.
- In no case can not pour the soil. Excessive moisture can lead to the emergence of the incurable inconsider the root rot.
- Do not forget to glow weeds, as they interfere with air access.
- To prevent fusarious wilting, it is recommended to use the drug “Ridomil Gold”.
At the first signs of the emergence of any of the diseases or when exposed to the plant of malicious insects, it is necessary to immediately start treating. Any delay can lead to the complete death of the plant.
Both experienced gardeners and beginners noted that in order for the plant to actively grow and develops, it is necessary to carefully follow all the instructions of the specialists. If you come in this way, then all your efforts will be accumulated, and the beautiful blooming Estoma will delight not only you, but also your households, guests and just passersby. Many Estoma owners note that The plant is very susceptible to diseases, so it is necessary to constantly monitor and, if necessary, carry out preventive and therapeutic measures.