Euharicis: features and types, care and reproduction

Euharicis deservedly considered one of the most beautiful indoor plants. He enchants crowoders with its huge buds and a mounted aroma resembling Jasmine. Even at the end of flowering, the plant winning is highlighted with its elegant large leaflets.

Description of Amazon Lilia

Euharicis is a houseplant, the second name of which sounds like “Amazon Lilia”. The size of snow-white buds in the opened state reaches 12 centimeters. Flowers in the amount of 3-6 pieces are combined into inflorescences in the shape of an umbrella and are located on a rather high bloomon, the height of which can be 60 centimeters. It is simultaneously on Euharicis blooms several flowers, which makes his appearance only effectively.

It is necessary to mention that its appearance plant in a blooming state resembles a narcissus, and a thin fragrance is slightly reminded of Jasmine. Upon completion of flowering on a bush, a green box with seeds is formed.

As a rule, the disclosure of Euharicis buds goes twice a year – in the spring and in the end of autumn, almost in winter. Between winter and spring blossom, the plant is at rest, without losing its decorativeness. In the offseason, the owners of culture admire its egg-shaped sheet plates of a beautiful dark green shade, the length of which ranges from 25 to 30 centimeters, and sometimes 55 centimeters, while the width does not go beyond the border 10-20 centimeters. Euharicis is long and is almost the full length of the sheet. New leaflets of the edge twisted into two tubes going along the median vein.

The diameter of the plant bulb ranges from 2 to 6 centimeters. At the same time, the culture grows from a pair of up to four sheet plates, and the number of flowers is from 3 to 10 copies. Although in most cases, the painting of petals is snow-white, it can also meet yellow, and their green shade. It is necessary to mention that eukharicis is a poisonous for a person due to the content of alkaloids in flower.

Therefore, it is not worth placing a pot inhabitant in a children’s room or where it can be easily allowed to get pets.

Varieties of flower

There are several types of eukharis, which are most often grown by flower. The list of titles should be started with the euharicis of large-flowered, brought from Colombia. The bulb in the transverse section can be up to 60 millimeters, and the length of the floweros varies from 60 to 80 centimeters. Wide leaves are sitting on rather long stiffs. Flowers grow up a beautiful snow-white shade with a diameter of almost 12 millimeters. One inflorescence is formed from 3-6 copies. Flowers euharicis large-flowered three times: in May, August and winter.

Euharicis White also come from Colombia. The ovoid bulb reaches 50 millimeters in diameter. Wide leaves in the form of an ellipse are slightly sharpened to the top and make up 15 centimeters in width. The length of one plate is equal to 40 centimeters. Euharicis flowers are painted in a green-brown color, it has an umbrella inflorescence, formed from 6-10 nice smelling snow-white buds. This variety blooms only once in March.

Euharicis “Masters” often confused with eucharis white – they have similar bulbs, and both are representatives of Colombian species. Puffs are not too long, and the leafy plates themselves are round at the base. The width of the plate is about 15 centimeters, and its length can reach as many as 25 centimeters. A pair of inflorescences that are revealed at the beginning of spring grows on round bloom.

Euharicis “Sander” In nature lives in South America. Buddles have an egg-shaped form, and wide leaflets are reminded by their shape of the heart. The length of one plate is 30 centimeters, and width – only 17 centimeters. Culture of the culture are long – as many as 15 centimeters. On one blooming usually grows a two-zone inflorescence of a white shade, although an option with 4-6 small letters can be formed. Blooms “Sander” from February to April.

Euharicis gentle has oval lows and triangular leaves. The width of one plate is 11 centimeters, and the length reaches 23 centimeters. Packers in the plant are long and are grooved. One inflorescence consists of 6-8 snow-white flowers.

Growing conditions

It is necessary to immediately mention that the conditions of “habitat” of Euharicis in normal time and differ in peace during the period, and in the second case everything becomes more simplified. The plant needs to gain strength and prepare for building green mass and the appearance of flowers. At the end of the autumn, it is required to trim the spent blurons, further cut irrigation and, if possible, move the pot into the room with a lower temperature.

In order to recover, eucharius will need only a month.

Lighting

It is believed that Euharicis is able to develop absolutely in any room. However, the quality of his growth will differ depending on the lighting – in the bright room, the bloom will be more abundant, and on the windowsill windows looking at the north, more modest. The impact of direct sun rays will not like the plant. In natural conditions, culture develops in mountain forests, and therefore calmly able to grow in the depths of the room. In general, the windowsill window, looking or to the West, is considered ideal for him, and therefore deprived of the midday sun.

When in the summer, Euharicis is taken out to the balcony, he needs to provide an additional shadow. After the plant has grown so much that it is no longer placed on the windowsill, it is allowed to accommodate either between the window openings, or on the stand next to the window. If the northern side is selected, then put the pot to be as close as possible to the light source. In any case, it is important that Euharicis receive the required amount of lighting, but the foliage did not receive burns. Best of all, the plant reacts to multiple lighting or light partial shading.

Lukovichny culture requires the same lighting throughout the year, so in October it should be placed closer to the window. In case of insufficient lighting, the plant is poorly increasing the authentative mass and practically does not form a color paint, simply replacing the leaves.

For the period of rest, it is recommended to remove eukharis in a small shadow, and in the spring gradually return to place and increase illumination.

Temperature

Euharicis feels great if the temperature does not go beyond the borders of 18-22 degrees. Throughout the summer months, it makes sense to exhibit a plant on the balcony, but only if the differences between the night and daytime temperatures do not exceed 8 degrees. 25-30 degrees will be the optimal degree gap in the heat. In winter, if Eukharis decides to bloom, the temperature will have to maintain at least 18 degrees at the level. If culture goes on peace, then you can reduce the temperature to 15-17 degrees.

The plant can not be in the fresh air, when at night will begin to get cold, and even more so it is not necessary to allow him the impact of the first frosts. As timely prevention, it makes sense at the end of August to organize a small greenhouse with polyethylene.

It is important to remember that the temperature below 11 degrees will be destructive for all parts of Euharicis. When cooling the roots and the bulbs begin to rot, and the foliage is flying.

The soil

The soil for eukharis should be moisture and nutritious. The optimal composition will be able to get if combined 4 parts of the leaf land, a pair of compost parts, part of the recovered cowboat, a pair of sand parts of a large fraction and part of the loam. A combination of leaf land, dery, peat and sand of a large fraction, taken in the proportion of 2: 1: 1: 0.5. You must not forget about the drain layer created from stones or sand. Alternative not to use and hydroponics.

How to care?

Home care for euharicis is not so complicated if you stick to the correct instruction and understand how shrub remains in the period of life cycle.

Watering

Watering eukharis needed correctly, otherwise there will be numerous problems with flowering, and the flower itself. Irrigation is carried out regularly and in sufficient quantities, but rather rarely – a couple of times a week, since the earth should have the opportunity to hardly dry. If we water often, the water will be stated in the pot, which will provoke the rot from the roots. Droughs, by the way, Eukharis is not afraid, and if you leave it for a week and leave on vacation, the plant will not die.

To determine exactly how much the soil dried, it is possible with a sharp wooden stick, which goes into the ground by 5-10 cm.

When Euharis falls into the state of peace, it can not be water at all, but only a slightly fill in the pallet with liquid. Maximum irrigation becomes during flowering. It is better to take either a sparkling plumbing, or boiled room temperature fluid. Sheets are beneficial to spraying, but not during the disclosure of buds, when such an effect of fluid contributes to the appearance of dark-color spots and reduce flowering period. However, from time to time, leafy plates are recommended to wipe off with a damp cloth.

In general, culture loves increased humidity, since in vivo it dwells in the tropics. Therefore, regular spraying of a standing and warmed by water will be only by the way. The procedure is recommended throughout the year, especially paying attention to it in the autumn and winter period, when heating in apartments reduces the natural level of air humidity. If one effect of the pulverizer is not enough, it makes sense to rearrange the container in the pallet filled with moistened pebbles.

No less important is the rubbing of leaves with a soft damp cloth, an alternative to which serves a full warm shower. Spraying is suspended for the period of formation of flowers before the completion of the flowering process. If you do not do this, then drops falling on buds will lead to ugly brown stains.

Podkord

Fertilizers to Euharis are accepted only when culture is increasing the vegetative mass and blooms. Nitrogen complexes are not particularly recommended, as the leaves are greatly developed by themselves and do not require additional stimulation. In principle, there will be no small amount of their superfluous, if you need to add size and beauty to sheet plates, but it is better to give preference to liquid complexes, the main part of which is phosphorus. This element contributes to beautiful and abundant flowering.

Feeding is held twice a month a couple of hours after watering. Concentration is best done slightly lower than indicated in the instructions. During flowering, you can additionally use organic compositions, for example, decoction of seawater waste. It turns out as follows: components about one and a half hours are boiled in a small amount of water, then it is frozen and retained to the refrigerator. Eukharis will be enough just 50 milliliters tools used once a month.

Bloom

Euharicis flowering depends on how good care is. In the most successful default, the culture blooms two or three times a year with the same intensity for 10 days after the disclosure of bud. During the flowering period, the plant should receive enough liquid, but do not suffer from overflows. It is important that the soil sink every time. Faded bloom after flowering is necessarily ejected. In addition, fertilizer’s application stops, and irrigation is gradually declining.

The bush must relax at least a month, and better 6 weeks. At this time, if there is an opportunity, it should be rearranged in a cooler place.

As soon as young siblings begin, we can say that it is time to increase the frequency of watering and prepare for the new season.

Transfer

Euharicis is not enough once enough to put in a pot – it is also important to know when and how can you transplant. In order for the plant to bloom, it is necessary to choose not even spacious, but a little close pot. Therefore, landing on a new place should be carried out rarely – once every 3-4 years, when Eukharis already acquires “siblings”, will flash and fall in peace. Making a new container, it is necessary to build the right drainage layer, which will pass the liquid from the bulbs and the root system. Fill it better with a mixture of two parts of the compost, one part of the peat and one part of the sand of a large fraction, the replacement of which can become perlite.

The bulb should only be gluable and not worried if her kids are underground. Earth kom must remain solid, and the roots themselves are in no way injured.

The pot is better to take a low, but sufficient width, a layer of drainage laying up 20 millimeters high, and place the bulb to place on a depth of 40 to 50 millimeters.

In principle, it is possible to transplant by simple instructions. It all starts with the fact that the pot is purchased, the width of which will be 5-7 centimeters more than that of the previous. The bottom creates several holes that will help get rid of excessive fluid. The contents of the old pot goes together with the ground extremely neatly with particularly gentle influence on the roots. Having placing Euharicis in a new pot who formed voids should fill in fresh land.

If the bulb turned out to be at a depth of 4-5 centimeters, you can scatter an enriched land over and everything is high quality.

As you can propagate?

The reproduction of eukharis is usually carried out in parallel with the transplant with the help of children formed in the preceding three years. It is enough just to separate them from the main plant and send on separate containers not too large. Sanding babes are irrigated and cleaned in a shadow with a temperate temperature somewhere for a week or 10 days. Watering during this period, the culture is not needed. Further, when Eukharis gets used to a new habitat, you can start to care for him, as usual. It is necessary to immediately mention that the bloom in freshly-covered plants is possible only when the roots will float the entire pot, they will fly away the earthen com and recreate children. If Eukharis does not give children, you will have to use seeds.

It should be mentioned that young plants have to transplant much more often, since the development of their root system passes very intensively. The procedure is carried out once a year at the end of March. The land is neatly breaking down, eucharis gets out of it, its roots neatly straighten. If necessary, you can rinse the bowl under the jet of water, after which kids are separated, the size of which reaches 4-5 centimeters.

Sections of sections and the resulting wounds are necessarily processed either by the pile of charcoal, either the ground cinnamon.

Diseases and pests

Most often, the cause of pests on euharicis is becoming elevated temperature accompanied by low humidity. Flower can attack a web tick and aphid, as well as stripes with trips. Their main impact applies to the plate – depriving the cell juice, the leaves are yellow, then dry and fall. To save the plant, first of all it is necessary to eliminate all insects, taking advantage of the soapy sponge.

Next, it is necessary to make a solution of “AcTellica”, divorced in a proportion of 1-2 millilitric substances per liter of water, and after spending spraying.

Other insecticides in this case are also suitable. As further prophylaxis, it will be necessary to balance care and adjust the conditions of detention. If yellowish-white spots appear on the sheets, and the plates themselves dry out, then probably the impact of the pawkin tick. Of course, the presence of a web on the bush is even more “screaming” signal. The reason for the occurrence of the tick becomes dry air and sick neighbors nearby, and the situation is corrected using special spraying.

As for diseases, most often eukharicis suffers from gray rot, arising from high humidity and low temperature. Noticing the first signs of the disease, it is necessary to reduce irrigation and process the plant with an appropriate drug, for example, the Bordeaux mixture. Spoiled areas are immediately eliminated, and the wounds are covered with a special preparation of a comprehensive action that has copper in its composition.

Binding bulbs and rotting roots are the result of excessive humidification or soil cooling. Since the rotes spreads along the bottom of the tank, to quickly intervene in the correction of the problem is quite difficult.

Possible problems

Most often, Euharicis owners are experiencing due to the fact that the plant does not bloom. The absence of a flower view may be a consequence of excessive temperatures, their oscillations, or an incorrectly organized rest period. Besides, The bad plant blooms, if it is planted in a very large pot, the roots did not have time to leave the earthen com and form the children, or the bottom of the capacity was stagnant. In principle, low humidity, and lack of fertilizers may also be.

Temperature dries can contribute to the grinding of buds, and lowering the temperature below 10 or even 16 degrees contribute to falling off the sheets and rotting the roots.

If the foliage is yellow, and brown spots arose on her surface, then the problem may be in insufficient irrigation, water and even enhanced bush. Euharicis leaves are twisted when the plant is affected by pests or the root system feels bad. The reason also can be in excess of the deliberate fertilizers or, on the contrary, insufficient feeding.

Needle pimples occur when any sharp changes in the usual conditions occur. For example, it may be the result of a combination of excessive moisturizing and low temperatures.

Tips

One of the main conditions for the successful content of Euharicis is to maintain the right temperature. While the plant is actively developing, it is necessary to maintain heat, and in winter, on the contrary, to provide it to cool. but, It is important to increase and lower the temperature smoothly and sequentially, since the temperature jumps always affect poorly on culture. In addition, the shrub is afraid of drafts, what is important to remember, exposing a pot on the balcony. For example, the August evening can be pretty cool, so after dinner, Eucharis will have to be reached home.

Besides, There are several important points in touching. It is important to compile soil so that it turns out to be loose and weakly acid, and also not to forget if there is no drainage about the importance of holes at the bottom of the tank.

If there are no lens on the onion, it needs to be placed on a small depth, tracking that the top is uncovered earth.

When Euharicis does not bloom, then the problem is often in the insufficient period of rest, which should be from 30 to 50 days and is characterized by the lack of feeding and watering up to the drainage of the earth coma. Flowers believe that in this case, an artificial leisure should be organized by the plant.

Besides, Often the reason for the absence of color becomes an overlooking container that does not create for the roots of the required tightness. In this case, nothing needs to be done – you just have to wait until the root system envelops the earthlings and the formation of subsidiaries will occur. You can, however, put a shrub into a smaller capacity, be sure to use the transshipment method.

About the correct care for eucharius look next.

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