Elderberry elderberry: description and cultivation

Elderberry Elderberry – Low Garden Plant with Herbatous Escapes. Its characteristic unpleasant smell landscape designers do not consider a serious problem at all and even use it in order to scare pests from more valuable cultures. Bузина Dwarf or herbal has a medicinal value, is distinguished by an attractive appearance without catchy and too bright colors. Decorative properties of the plant are actively used in creating landscape compositions.

Elderly elderberry elderly refers to a group of species with rather high frost resistance, suitable for landing in most regions of Russia.

Peculiarities

Ebulus Ebulus (Sambucus Ebulus) – Unusual for a kind of plant. It is a dwarf perennial with a grassy, ​​not a shrub or a tree shape of shoots. The lowest stinking variety even in its description has significant differences from other subtypes of the plant. Herbal emers grow not more than 1.5 m, has an elegant, carved foliage pattern. Openwork and magnificent pig rubbing quite quickly increases its mass during flowering, green shoots are complemented by white umbrellas of inflorescences from May to June.

Elderberry elderberry belongs to cold-resistant plants, it can withstand light freezes up to -4 degrees, In winter, it does not die without shelter when lowered atmospheric temperatures up to -29 degrees. In other cases, herbaceous shoots are trimmed under the root and carefully hid, you can float them with sand with the addition of ash.

A serious problem with uncontrolled reproduction represents the active growing of the rhizoma of stub. It really quickly increases the mass of greenery, sprawling in the surrounding area. It is recommended to take into account when landing, if necessary, swinging barrier screens or choosing a place where such a feature will not be no interference. It is also important to remember that all parts of the plant is poisonous, especially for unhealthy fruits. In adulthood, they are safe and can be used in food, like other types of elders.

How to plant?

Elderberry elderberry – spectacular average plant with straight stem and powerful rhizome. His landing in open ground most often does not create special difficulties. It is carried out by sowing seeds or transfer seedlings after the root division. In nurseries, this species is usually not grown, but it can be easily found in nature – in the landscape of forests, forest-steppe arrays, in ravines, on the shores of rivers and stony slopes.

When landing on the site it is necessary to correctly choose the place for growing elderberry elder. It requires the acidity of soil in the range of 6.5-8 PH. For landing it is better to choose solar, well-lit plots, but you can place the plant and in a half. Among the varieties of soil is preferable to all the loam, on which this plant feels best. When landing, it is recommended to observe the distance between the wells of at least 1 m.

When dividing roots landing is carried out in the spring. Sowing seeds in open ground is performed in autumn time.

How to care for?

When growing on the belt of the elder, the herbal owner will not have to spend much effort to care for her. It is necessary to provide a plant certain conditions.

  • Sufficient sun and shelter in cold winters. This will make it possible to achieve the desired puff of shoots, will prevent their wilting and freezing.
  • Trimming. It may be forced measure – to protect against cold weather in winter. In addition, pruning can be decorative, to provide a plant forming a spectacular appearance, original outlines.
  • Maintaining air permeability of soil. When landing, the pit is drained, in the future the ground at the base regularly loose and mulch. This will help ensure the influx of oxygen to the roots, will prevent their zaking. The level of humidity in the landing site should be moderate.
  • Making fertilizers. Feeding elderberry elderly is required by necessity. Usually, for this, the period of origin of vegetation is chosen when the plant is most responsive for the introduction of minerals and organic matter.
  • Shelter in winter. If there is a risk that the winter temperature falls to -29 degrees and below, it is better to cut off the entire above-ground part of the plant and fall asleep with her peat or mulch. In other cases, the preparation for winter is not required.

Methods of breeding

    Among the existing methods of reproduction of elderberry elderly, it is possible to highlight seed and vegetative, using individual parts of the bush. The most simple is the use of autumn sowing. Seeds are not planted for seedlings, but immediately put in the open ground late in the fall, but before the onset of frosts.

    Possible spring sowing. In this case, the collected seed material is pretty proud. The procedure is carried out for 2 months at a temperature of 0 to +5 degrees. After stratification, the seeds hold for some time at room temperature and only then send to open ground. They are placed on the prepared, sophisticated area, the earth is slightly poured and watered.

    With spring landing, vegetative reproduction is also used by fissioning rhizomes. This method is used after melting snow. The root of the plant is divided into several parts and landed on a new place. The plant has high speeds of shoots of shoots, successfully enshrines even in not the most favorable conditions for growing conditions.

    Diseases and pests

    Because of its strong, sharp smell of elderberry, or herbalist is practically no enemies in nature. This plant itself is the best measure for the prevention of pests on the site. However, This does not exclude the appearance on the leaves of the pawite tick or twe. Solve the problem and prevent the distribution of parasites in the garden will help the timely treatment of planting by soap solution or acaricidal preparations.

    Usage in landscape design

    Elderberry elderly pretty popular in landscape design. It can be used as a honeymoon, applied in urban and park gardening, due to the high resistance to atmospheric pollution, it is not sensitive to the purity of the environment.

    A characteristic unpleasant smell, published by stinky elderly, sometimes serves to protect the garden from pests, including rodents, and on some malicious insects.

    In natural form, this herbaceous plant is well suited for use as an element of popular forests today or natural garden landscapes. With it, you can decorate the shaded sites of the site, on which other cultures are difficult to grow. Elabian elderberry is well suited for decorating reservoirs.

    About the right leaving for elderly.

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