Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Gardening lovers are no longer satisfied with banal astrams, dahlias and gladiolus on household plots – they are submitting exotic. And what could be an unusual mountain flower growing on difficult tops? We are talking about the handsome Edelweiss. How does it “make friends” and where to get seedlings? Read in our article.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

What is and where it grows?

There is a beautiful legend about the origin of Edelweiss. In the old days in the Alps on the highlands, there was a beautiful fairy. And she fell in love with the guy that he lived at the foot of the mountain. However, they were not destined to be together: the young man could not get to the top, and the fairy was forbidden to descend down. Lila she is bitter tears in his fate, and they falling on the ground, turned into Edelweiss. This sad and wonderful story made Edelweiss with a symbol of real love – Since it grows in a hard-to-reach area, it can be requested, only rising high in the mountains and spending there for several days in search of. The man who gave the choices of Edelweiss, thereby recognized her in sincere and hot feelings.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Really this flower is really so hard to find? Turn to science: In nature, Edelweis grow in alpine and subalpine belt on rocky slopes, at an altitude of about 2 thousand meters above sea level. Not everyone, even a prepared person, can get there. Flowers Edelweiss in the summer, in June and July. His scientific name – Leontopodium. It consists of two words of Greek: “Leon” – Lion and “Podion” – foot. This combination is no coincidence: this flower is really similar to the lion’s paw. A more common name – Edelweiss, this is a combination of the German words “Edel” – “noble” and “Weiss” – “White”.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Leontopodium refers to the genus of dual-hearth grassy plants of the family of astrine or complicated. Happens annual and perennial. The flower height varies from 12 to 25 cm.

The inflorescence is dense, consists of several flower baskets collected in a bunch. They are usually white or yellowish and surrounded by linear or lanceal stars with silver “spraying”. Because of its rarity and hard to accessibility, Edelweiss has long been threatened with the disappearance for a long time, since “hunters” there was a lot of. Currently he is in the Red Book.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Variety of species

Approximately 40 species of Leontopodium, but the flower products use only 8 of them for garden growing. Below are their brief description.

  • Alpine. The most common view. It is characterized by the presence of terry top foliage, folding in the “Star”. 20 cm can reach height.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Edelweissy. The height is about 35 cm, peeled leaflets, linear, having a shade of gray felt, often virtually naked on top. The inflorescence consists of a “bunch” of the basket (up to 5 pieces), the diameter of each – 0.4-0.8 cm.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Siberian (Palebin). According to the characteristics similar to the Alpine variety, but its bushes are larger and with smaller flower.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Pale yellow bought. Has bald single stalks. Leaves Bract Lancelovoid, Extended, with slightly fed edges, greenish-yellow shade.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Kurilsky. Endemic plant growing exclusively in the mountains of the Kuril Islands. Strecking stalks, height can reach 20 cm. Glovers of the bract tree shortened, wide, form “star”. Have the edge on both sides, resembling the texture of white felt.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Dwarf. As clearly from the name, the smallest of all species of Leontopodium – just 10 cm in height. In natural conditions “closer” on high mountains – up to 3,500 meters above sea level. The baskets of the number of up to 5 pieces are bored on top of the stem, leaflets of shovels that do not form “stars”.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Two-color. The stalk has a height of up to 35 cm, the leaves of the bracther are not equal in length, fold in the “star” with a diameter of 3-4 cm with the number of “races” to 10 pieces. On top of the leaves have a green color, bottom – white.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • Steppe. In height grows up to 20 cm. Stems grow “bunch”, have a web-fluffy texture and gray-white shade. The leafs are pointed, linear or linear lanceal, in the bract yellowish or whiten. Fold into the loose “Star” of the wrong form.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

How to plant?

To begin with, we specify that Edelweiss seeds currently can be found in Russia in a free sale in specialized stores or the Internet. However, do not think that if its natural growing conditions are so severe, he will “get better” any little less than. Actually grow it on the nursery plot is quite difficult. This requires Leontopodium places.

  • The soil must be dry, light, water produced containing limestone.
  • No fertilizer! Neither organic nor mineral supplements this plant loves. And if you “told” the place of disembarking from fresh manure, you can say goodbye to the idea of ​​cultivation of Leontopodium in its garden.
  • Sufficient insolation. Capricious Edelweiss, accustomed to grow on a lit highlands, does not take root in the shaded place.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

So, all 3 conditions are made. Now you can plant Leontopodium.

  • At the end of winter or at the beginning of the spring, prepare the mixture, mixing 2 pieces of garden or deciduous soil and one – perlite, large-scale sand.
  • Lower the seed material on the surface, slightly giving them palm.
  • Irrish with a spray gun, in order to prevent the soil abuse.
  • Cover the capacitance of cellophane or glass plate with maintaining constant t = 10 ° C.
  • After the first sprouts appear, remove the covering material, placing the container into a well-insulated warm place.
  • When young people reaches a height of 2 cm, dissolve raptitiza in different containers.
  • Watering is permissible only moderate, without cutting the soil, but without infant, in order to avoid the appearance of rotary processes.
  • The landing of young edelweissions occurs at about late April or early May. There is no less than 15 cm between ras.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Generally, In natural conditions, Leontopodium is multiplied by the dispersion of the seed material by the wind. Seeds are clogged into the slots of the rock and grow there, it does not particularly need full-fledged soil. It is based on this when seeding seeds manually do not recommend too deepening them into the ground – it will be difficult for them to germinate through the thick earth layer. If you do not want to mess around with a seedler, you can try to sow seeds immediately in open ground. As a rule, this requires the presence of an alpine slide in the garden.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

In the spring, when the threat of frosts passes, sit your slide by the seeds of Edelweiss. Remember the prohibition of excessive recess – 1-2 cm will be quite enough. It is not worth thickening a landing, otherwise the thinning will need. The optimal distance between seeds is 8 cm. Whatever the way of disembarking you choose, it is recommended to preliminarly stratify the seed material: mix it with a moistened soil and hide in a refrigerator for 7-14 days.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

If everything was done correctly, the seeds will give germination within 10 days. In some cases, waiting reaches 2 months.

How to care for?

Leontopodium does not require much care. It is necessary to water it very moderately, if there is a heat and there is no rain for a long time. And so he has enough natural precipitation. Broke the soil is not worth it – it can damage the plant. But the weeding is obligatory. Leontopodium is quite cold-resistant, however, it is worth covering it with a layer of mulch: fallen foliage, sawdust or peat. Once every 2-3 years, edelweisses need a transplant.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Methods of breeding

There are 2 effective methods of reproduction of Leontopodium: dividing the bush and seeds. Consider both.

  • If the plant is already growing on your site, You can try to divide it into several parts. His roots are powerful enough and viable to be able to move stress and adapt to new conditions. By the way, this method allows you to preserve all the signs of the “maternal” plant. The division procedure can be carried out in the spring or in August-September. Flowering a dealer will be 2-3 years after disembarking. Use only a well-sharpened knife or secator with sharp blades. Carefully dig up a bush, and without having cracked the earth with the roots, cut it into 2 or 3 parts, following the growth point at each of them. Separate the deteen received at a distance of at least 25 cm.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

  • An effective way of reproduction of Leontopodium – seed collection. After the flower fades, a lot of seeds are formed. Each of them is equipped with a “parachute”, similar to the dandelion. It is thanks to him that the seeds easily pick up and spread the wind. Seed material is to be collected and extinguished into open ground in early November. Be sure to plant it with large-scale sand when landing and cover with spruce legs. Already next year, in the spring, they will give the first shoots.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Diseases and pests

Edelweiss growing on highlands, enough racks to the overwhelming majority of diseases and malicious insects. However, not to all. Leontopodium may be illented for one reason – from excess moisture in the soil. In order to avoid this, it is recommended to plant this plant next to coniferous rocks absorbing excess water. Creating an artificial drought or a transplant to a new place does not always lead to a positive result.

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Pests attacking Edelweiss – these are slugs and troubles. If the slugs can be collected manually and destroy, the attack of the Tly is destructive. If you do not process the Leontopodium insecticidal preparation on time, it will die. No other methods, including folk, will not help here.

Usage in landscape design

Perhaps the most obvious thing that comes to mind when mentioning the use of edelweiss in landscape design is his landing on the Alpine Gorka. And it is not surprising: considering his natural growing conditions, it looks very organic. Also used:

  • To form a “dry” bouquets – for this, the plant is cut off during the maximum saturation of its color and dried down “head” down;
  • for landing in the stone garden, mountaineering, rocaria in tandem with Astrami, Saintpolia, violets;
  • as a border in tandem with miniature robes;
  • Dwarf grade is grown as a soil plate;
  • Varieties More beautifully shadow coniferous breeds of trees and shrubs (for example, thus, cypress, juniper) or flowering bushes (forsythia, hydrangea).

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

Edelweiss: description, varieties, landing and care

How to properly care for Edelweiss, look in the following video.

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