Description of species and poplar varieties

In the modern world, the environmental situation is becoming worse – dumps are formed and the air is rapidly contaminated, so the gardening is increasingly in fashion. Private and state companies create parks, alleys and gardens filled with a variety of trees. One of the most popular plants is a poplar – it grows very quickly and is effective for air purification. A wide variety of species of this tree allows to implement the most interesting landscape designs.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

Poplas belong to the IV family and include at least 90 species. Trees are very popular for landing in cities – along the roads, in parks and alleys. This is due to the high growth rate, which lasts the first 35-50 years, as well as a variety of beautiful crown shape. Poplar, depending on its variety, there is a column-shaped, spheroid, almond, or egg-shaped. Leaves of trees most often than oval or lancing shape, on their surfaces easily differs mesh housing. Plates are growing enough, leaving a good shadow under the crown.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The life of representatives of the IV family family is large enough – on average, the age of trees is 50-80 years, But quite often there are long-livers, which are not less than 140 years. Many varieties are in a height of 40 meters, and the trunk is often a diameter of at least 1 meter. The roots of the giants usually do not penetrate deep into the ground – they grow superficially and go beyond the crown boundaries.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Trees from this family can differ significantly from each other, each view has its name. Most varieties are created by nature, but also exist hybrid decorative plants derived by professional dendrologists.

In this article, we will look at a few species of the poplar, which will help you choose the most suitable option for disembarking in the private sector, park or other place.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Silver

The plants of this category have several names – “silver”, “white”, “snow-white” or “Bol”. Most often, such trees are found in Europe and Asia. Silver poplar has a very greater life expectancy – this indicator varies from several tens of years to four centuries. The height of the tree usually does not exceed 30 meters, which compensates for the splashing spherical crown. The barrel is rather thick, from 2 to 3 meters in volume, but at the same time short – branches begin to separate at 2 meters from the ground.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Snow-white Giant is covered with smooth bark of gray or gray-olive shade. On the new young branches there is a white flare, also quite a bit of leaves are growing. On the old topolate bright shades of gray and green turn into a coal-black color.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Kidneys on a tree can be found two species. On young shoots, they are sticky and create a juicy sticky foliage, their size is no more than 0.5 cm long. And on the old branches of the kidney are the same small, but at the same time dry and smooth, not having a sticky coating.

Crown at the white giant pyramidal or spherical. Deltaisoid leaves grow on the branches – they have a green shade from above, and the lower part is painted in whiteish silver color. Thanks to the silver color, the giant and got its name, in the landscape design it looks very interesting and unusual.

Description of species and poplar varieties

In the season of flowering branches of plants are covered with earrings – long terry thick inflorescences. On female trees, future seeds have a light yellow shade and a length of 12 centimeters, and on male plants inflorescences dark red or brown up to 7 centimeters long.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Description of species and poplar varieties

When inflorescences are flowing, fruit starts on the earrings – they look like a dense dry brown box. Inside the seeds ripen – small brown blades with a fluffy cobweb-shaped wool at the bottom. After ripening seed, the box is revealed, and then the wind picks up a weighty poplar fluff and spreads it away from a silver tree. Seeds most often germinate for many kilometers from the parent tree. Flowers Boulla in the late spring, and the seeds ripen and start their air travel at the end of June or early July.

White Giant Seeds are more likely to be empty when women’s and men’s plants are located close to each other.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Deltoid

Trees of deltoid species grow to gigantic sizes – 40-45 meters in height. Krone is very spread and wide, egg-shaped or pyramidal. The giant barrel has a huge amount of at least 2.5 meters in an adult representative.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Leather coating in a young treet ribbed, painted in a brown-green shade. Old deltoid poplars, the bark becomes ash and green and covered with rough cracks.

Description of species and poplar varieties

From the adhesive kidneys, rounded-deltaide leaves differ in size from 3 to 8 cm. The color of the plates from above dark green, and below light-salad. Leafs are attached to the branches with a long stalk, from which the gear edge begins.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Giant reproduction occurs with the help of a poplar floss ripening in a variety of boxes located on inflorescences.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Black

A tree, the area of ​​which is widespread in Ukraine, in Belarus and Russia, is called a black poplar or ease. Plant can safely call powerful light planets, because it is very actively processing carbon dioxide into oxygen. Thanks to such properties, the cities are used in landscaping – planted in squares, artificial deciduous forests and parks.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The amount of oxygen released by the black plant is 3 times higher than the performance of the linden. To recycle the same amount of carbon dioxide as one poplar, you will need to land at least 10 pines. Moreover, throughout the summer, every representative of the IVV family cleans air from about 20 kg of dust.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Ocaw is a long-liver, he can live from 70 to 300 years. In the first few decades, the tree reaches its maximum height – 30-35 meters. Aging poplars are gradually covered by the growths on the cortex, become shapeless and crab. Barrel wide and powerful, coarse, almost black bark.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The kidneys are fairly large, sticky, round shape and covered with light flakes, during growth they are closely pressed against the coating of the branches. From the kidneys blooming leaves resembling a large triangle or rhombus form, they are pretty tough. Each sheet is attached to the branch of a small flap.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Discern the male and female ecass in the period of flowering, because on plants there are magnificent long inflorescences of a yellowish and red-brown shade appear. Female poplars disseminate longer and lush inflorescences than men’s.

The representatives of the poplar family bloom in the late spring, and the pooh are dispelled in the middle of the summer. The big plus of this plant is a rapid growth rate and unpretentiousness, in addition, in many countries there are beautiful bright earrings deserved love of numerous fans.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Fragrant

Trees of this species grow up 19-28 meters from the ground, the branches are located at an angle of 70 degrees to the trunk. This structure gives the cap the correct oval shape, the volume of empty branches is 15 meters. Skin on young sprouts Smooth, yellow or greenish gray shade. After growing up the bark becomes rude and cracks deep furrows.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Fascinated poplar unpretentious to living conditions – it’s great in black soil, and in clay land. Tree frost resistant, but loves wet air – long lack of moisture is detrimental for this variety.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The foliage on the plant is durable and large – is 5-11 centimeters in length and up to 6 centimeters wide. Dense plate coating painted with greenish tinge on top, and silver gray prevails. List paper length – 2-4 centimeters and it is covered with light fluff.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Fragrant poplars bloom at one time with the dissolution of the kidneys, the maximum flourishing comes in the middle of the first month of summer. Male plant launches small solid inflorescences, their length is about 2 centimeters. Female tree grows 8-7 centimeters; rare flowers are formed on them. Ripe fruits have an elongated oval shape and 4 sash. Reproduction occurs with seeds with octoral or green siblings.

Description of species and poplar varieties

In the natural medium, fragrant poplar is able to live to 220 years, but in the conditions of the city it is good – most often the tree dies after 22-35 years of life.

Pyramidal

The trees of this species wear 2 names – “pyramidal” and “column”, they are very loved by sunlight. Huge plants reach 35-40 meters altitude, they also live long – from 70 to 350 years. Pyramidal poplar is widely distributed in Europe and Asia: in Italy, Ukraine, Belarus, Russia and Kazakhstan.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Columnual giants are pretty easy to distinguish from other representatives of the sow – crown of plants very neat, narrow and clearly elongated up. In structure, the tree resembles a pillar or a column – the form provide strong branches growing at an angle of 90 degrees to the trunk. After disembarking, the giant is faster enough in growth for 10-12 years, and then growth slows down.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The trunk of a pyramid plant usually does not exceed 1 meter in girth. Bark in an adult poplar dark gray, dyed deep cracks. In young shoots, the coating is elastic and smooth, having a light gray or olive color.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Flowers a column-shaped tree immediately after the kidneys are blown. Inflorescences consist of a variety of small colors, with men’s poplars they are burgundy, and in women’s – light dairy. In addition, women’s earrings are usually longer than 6-8 centimeters.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The leaves on the branches have a pronounced triangular shape – a wide base is sharply narrowed to the tip. The edge of each plate is similar to a manual saw – consists of a variety of sharp teeth. Coloring of the leaf of a pyramidal poplar from below whitish, and on top of juicy green. The leaves are attached to the plant with a short-fightered cutter, strong enough and reliable to protect the sprouts from premature appeal.

Description of species and poplar varieties

At the end of the summer, the column-like Crown gradually turns yellow, and by the middle of autumn almost all the leaves fall into the football.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The tree grows perfectly in neutral and weakness, sufficiently saturated moisture and open sunlight. The root system often begins above the surface of the soil at the foot of the plant, then it grows in the depth and styre. The pyramidal poplar has no negative reaction to polluted air in large cities, besides, a neat crown allows you to grow a tree in a variety of conditions. The column-like tree is very often planted along the roads – both outside of cities and inside them.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Lavroliste

The natural environment for growing this type of plant is quite common – it can be found in Western and Eastern Siberia, in Altai and up to the Dzhungar Alatau. Lavricated poplar grows in the valleys of rivers and on the slopes of the mountains, perfectly feels in pebbles and crushed.

Description of species and poplar varieties

A representative of the family of IVs is less than other fellow fellow – it grows a maximum of 10-20 meters from the ground, the thickness of the trunk rarely exceeds 1 meter. Croon spread and not at all thick – there are few new shoots for a year, therefore there are many lumen among the branches. The structure of the branches is due to the fact that the tree grows in poor soil with limited access to moisture and sunlight.

Description of species and poplar varieties

This category of plants can survive in fairly harsh conditions – long, frosty northern winter will not imagine a threat to them. Frequent frosts cause abundant growth of young shoots, so the crown of the tree seems more lush and decorative.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Young shoots possess light yellow color and covered with a layer of fluff. Sprouts have an unusual form – the ribbed surface is clearly visible on them, which smoothes after the adult tree. The irregularities of shoots appears due to special cork outlook under the leathery cover – it is a bright distinctive feature of only this type of IV. At the old laurel poplar, the bark acquires gray and covered by cracks. Krone at the tree takes an oval shape – wider at the base and narrowing towards the top.

Description of species and poplar varieties

In the spring plant produces adhesive, nice smelling kidneys – they have an oval-elongated, sharp shape and painted in a brownish green. Of them, large leaves are blooming – their length is 6-14 centimeters, and the width varies from 2 to 5 centimeters. The plate on the touch is cool, smooth and leathery, takes an elongated oval shape, narrowed to an end. In Lavir Poplar foliage, an unusual edge – it is finely rugged and wavy. Young blurred adhesive kidneys, and a gentle-salad shade prevails in them, and adult sheets are painted in two colors – white and green.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Blossom begins in May, male series of earrings take the form of a cylinder with a length of 3-8 centimeters. Female trees bloom on inflorescences Small flowers with yellow pestle. Seeds ripen inside the quadrangular balls, which are burst later and produced fluff bullying for many kilometers around.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Aspen

This type of IVov reaches 35 meters in height. Under favorable conditions, the life expectancy of the aspen poplar can be very large – there is a tree in the world, the age of which is measured by several millennia.

Description of species and poplar varieties

The adult plants have gray and small grooves. Young branches first covered with reddish skin, which over time becomes yellowish gray.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Tree leaves are usually small – from 3 to 7 cm, on top they are dark green, and below – greenish-nasoy. Like other representatives of IV, fragrant poplar breeding, releasing earrings in which seeds with the Pup.

Description of species and poplar varieties

Hybrid varieties

Thanks to the efforts of dendrologists, there are also different hybrid varieties of poplars, consider several of them.

  • “Berlin” poplar – is a hybrid forces and laurels. Perfect for landscaping and breeding in forest cultures. The plant lives the best in wet soil, in the arid conditions, growth will slow down at least twice.

Description of species and poplar varieties

  • “Topol seating” – product of silver poplar compounds and aspen. The hybrid was perfect in the wild and was widely distributed throughout Asia and Europe. The plant develops rapidly and can multiply with roots.

Description of species and poplar varieties

  • “Moscow” poplar – crossed from fragrant and laurels. A low tree with an egg-shaped crown, on whose branches are growing neat small leaves of a wedge-shaped.

Description of species and poplar varieties

What to choose for the garden?

    Choosing a poplar for the garden, it is necessary to evaluate the conditions for its future life – the tree must come in soil on your site. Therefore, it will be reasonable to choose unpretentious varieties that do not require careful care. It is important to determine the volume of the crown and thickness of the barrel, as well as the shape of the root system. If you will be responsible for the selection of the plant, there will be no unpleasant situations in the future with an unnecessary scattered crown or a large number of fluff.

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    From the point of view of aesthetics, the most interesting option is a silver poplar – its unusual color will give the landscape garden design a special highlight.

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    Description of species and poplar varieties

    Description of species and poplar varieties

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