Description of chestnuts with red flowers and their cultivation is very important for any gardener. There are pink varieties, horse red and meat-red, “bromets”, “marginat” and other varieties. It is necessary to figure out how to apply them when they bloom, how to grow similar cultures.
Review of species and best varieties
Konsky Red Chestnut pleases with its colors even real esthetes. Such a plant differs from the edible analogue of unpretentiousness (including frost resistance), as a result of which it can be quietly grown in the middle regions of the country. Fluffy inflorescences are able to decorate even a major garden plot. Important: in a small territory, horse chestnut simply does not fit. In height, the plant reaches 30 m.
At the same time, the root horizontal system covers up to 6 m. Konsky chestnut gives flowers of a bellow. They are grouped into inflorescences similar to the pyramid. These direct inflorescences surround a large foliage.
Even after the end of flowering, the plant retains a spectacular look.
In landscape design, all of its groups are widely used. Chestnut pink horse – this is already a tree forming a cone-shaped crown of a spreaded view. Climb such a plant can up to 10 m. Flowers painted in pink tone are distributed in inflorescences of a reprehensive type. The surrounding leaves of the five-dollar form turn out to be a very good visual addition.
This plant resistant tolerates even very clogged air. No wonder it is used to increase the aesthetic properties of parks in areas rich in industrial enterprises. Konsky Rose Chestnut has a subspecies of “Bromits”. It forms a crown in the form of a ball, reaching sometimes 8 meters wide. Height, if the conditions favorably reaches 15 m.
Flowers on “Bromits” is always a small amount. But they are concentrated to the impressive inflorescences reaching 0.2 m. It is such a subspecies that is recognized as one of the best chestnuts on decorative parameters. There is another attractive option – the meat-red chestnut, whose name itself eloquently describes its essence. This plant transfers the shadow, but much better develops and it blooms normally only with a sufficient level of sunlight.
- rises to 25 m in height;
- decoratively “ordinary” species;
- Suitable both as a solitator, and as part of the alleys, and on the city street;
- In the autumn months, the green color saves green.
Some experts believe that the “Brothe” variety belongs to the red chestnut meat. It is distinguished by very slow growth. “Ruby Red” in the fall does not paint somehow specifically. This chestnut without problems is stored dried, has a dark green color. Pyramidal Initially, seedlings for 5-7 years of development acquire a rounded top and discard the dense shadow.
Meat red chestnut without problems will fit into the landscape. He is very powerful blooms in spring. Prickly pods characteristic of early hybrids have long been defeated. The plant is normally developing only on solar sites.
Special care is not required in winter, but it is necessary to strategy to stratify the landing material.
The variety of “Marginat” has pinkish flowers. For foliage is characterized by a yellowish border. Trees grow slowly and reaches a height from 10 to 15 m. Crown can have both oval and round view. Blossom begins in the first days of June, while the flowers are grouped in a tan melting form, the plant transfers frosts not bad.
For external beauty Also highly appreciated the dark red chestnut Pavia. Experienced gardeners and landscape designers note that it becomes excellent filling even for a relatively small garden. The plant develops quickly, while it is easy to control the gardeners. It is typical of the crown rounding.
Decorativeness in Pavia is preserved equally during the year, regardless of the season.
Shrune forms of Pavia in height reach 3-6 m. The greatest height of the trees of this type is 12 m. But if the area is characterized by severe winter, it is not necessary to calculate more than 3-4 m. BAVIA HAW HAVE HAVE HAS HOME HONE. The trunk is distinguished by visual slimness, the growth occurs relatively slowly (at the peak of the height of the plant goes around 10 years of development).
The top of Pavia is distinguished by a dense and visual pomp. The piglets cast red and tend to sign. The foliage is about twice as much as traditional chestnuts. For her below, the lightweight cannon and light color cutter. Characteristic freshness of coloring is preserved even with a short drought.
Pavia is characterized by a lot of inflorescences. They are noticeably loosened and not so monolithically pyramidal, like a classic chestnut. The magnitude of such burkets is 0.15-0.18 m. For them, bright paints and non-standard color overflows are typical, experts even talk about exotic effect. Inflorescences are collected from densely planted tubular flowers having a bell-shaped zev and asymmetry of petals.
Pavia’s stamens are longer than petals. Fruits have no bristles typical of other horse chestnuts. Inside they are often hidden several seeds. The period of fruiting occurs in September. Flowers Pavia at the very end of spring and at the very beginning of summer, while flowers can meet:
- bright red;
- bright red;
- Red-yellow different options (however, when the inflorescerer finishes its age, it is invariably yellow).
Based on the classic pavia, decorative varieties have long been removed. The reason is simple: in nature this plant is not sufficiently winter hardy. In addition, because of the high height, it is quite difficult to use it on the plot. Finally, breeding subspecies differ also more pleasant colors. Known:
- a semi-precision type, giving an empty crown, a narrow-rolled foliage, powerfully rich dark red coloring of flowers and coldken foliage color;
- a dark red group that is distinguished by a wine-scan tone;
- Northern plants secreted by low bushes with open shoots, small light red inflorescences.
Koehnei Plutch Koehnei Sort Kashtan enjoys the greatest demand among gardeners. For him are typical loose, in the form of spiny inflorescences. Flowers have oblong tubes. Outside, they are painted in an orange tone, and the whin inside has a red-pink.
Secrets of growing
The most important point is to get nuts. You can only collect them from the ground until the fruit is hanging, it is unsuitable for landing. Collected nuts carefully check so that they have a flat and smooth surface. Any rough and barride sites are unacceptable. Ideally, the fruit should have a dark brown color with a pronounced gloss – this means that he was a natural way, and did not fall for a different reason, and not infected.
Chestnut nuts need to be collected in perhaps more. They still have a relatively small. Before landing, this material is kept in a wet soil (a good replacement is the wet sand). Next, it will certainly be necessary to disinfect the landing material. Thermal processing in the ovens consult in advance so that the Earth can regenerate its important properties.
The tank with the soil is placed in the coolness. It can be:
- Plot in the basement.
Preparing for the spring landing, you will have to keep seedlings or nuts in the cold throughout the winter. Soil should systematically moisturize. The soil itself should be prepared in advance. A small amount of dolomite flour is added to the same volumes of humidity and forest land. Sometimes the sand and moss are simply stirred, nuts are kept in such mixtures 4-5 months.
So that the fruits are sprouted, their shell in front of the disembarkation itself soften. For this purpose, planting material is placed in clean water. It is changed daily by controlling the result achieved. Need to achieve the adhesiveness of the shell. As soon as it is provided, you can plant nuts in the ground.
Specific selection of space is not required. Chestnuts are able to develop in a wide variety. But it is better, of course, to ensure optimal insolation and heat. It accelerates development and allows you to achieve external beauty. To be guaranteed to be one shoot, plant 6-7 nuts, they are burned in the well to 50 mm and leave the gap between the wells from 150 to 200 mm.
Optimal conditions for the development of chestnuts are created on a wet loophole loam. On a simple clay area, care is reduced to the addition of a small amount of sand. If the soil is overwhelmed, then it, on the contrary, is sealing the additive clay. To compensate the exhaustion of the soil, apply the compost or overwhelmed manure, they are diluted with ordinary garden soil. In the autumn months, for the best wintering, lay on 1 m2 of 0.015 kg of nitroammophos, divorced in 10 liters of water.
Additionally as needed:
- loose land;
- weeds are stolen;
- Water plant.
Normal fertilizer makes early spring. One option includes:
- Selitra ammonic;
- Phosphorian-potash fertilizer.
Instead, it is often used:
- Infusions on the field grass;
- Mix of humus and mineral fertilizer.
Before adding feeding, chestnut mulch. Sawdust, peat and natural chips are suitable for this. Although the cold-resistant plant, in the first 36 months of development it needs to be protected from winter. Welcomes mulching with bags of burlap or nonwoven matter.
If the bark is still cracking, use spring antiseptic and garden var.
Diseases and pests
Chestnuts can affect fungi, anthracnose and mild dew. They are struggling with the bordeaux mixtures and other fungicides. In crude weather, fungicidal treatment is often carried out on. Along with the pests known already gardeners – the drillover, a Japanese driver, a bag – now intensified before the unknown Balkan mole.
Eliminate insects can be possible only with the help of branded drugs; to reduce the risk of their appearance, foliage burned each autumn.
Comparatively unpretentious red-flower chestnut can be used very wide. Most gardeners own only one use of its use – solo landing. But just like this culture can be grown as:
- part of the multi-row hedges;
- High focus in the palissade;
- high center in a small garden;
- part of the alleys or imitation of the alleys.
Horse chestnut is not only simple to clog the air, but also cleans it. Therefore, such a tree can be safely planted near the busy road. On its basis, you can equip the live corner. Good chestnut and on the playground.
You can also try to apply it in other places, conditions – the result is also not so bad.
How to plant chestnut correctly, you can learn from the video below.