Description of border stones and their installation

Border stones are used to build borders – fences that are necessary for separating sidewalks and carriages. Today in our article we will talk more about what border stones are represented as well as their installation.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

What it is?

Border onboard stones can be made of various materials (for example, concrete or granite). but Direct production is carried out on the basis of one of the 2 existing ways: semi-dry pressing or vibrating molding. Building blocks can be produced completely painted either without coloring.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

The distinctive characteristics of border blocks include such:

  • resistance to unstable temperatures;
  • Resistance to moisture;
  • durability and reliability;
  • long service life;
  • non-slip surface;
  • a large range of colors and sizes of stones;
  • high level of heat recoil and t. D.

Burgundy blocks are widely used in the arrangement of public areas and private sites.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Review of species

To date, there are several types of stones that are used for the device of borders. Each of these species has its own individual characteristics and properties.

Description of border stones and their installation

Road

This specification is considered the most popular, widespread and in demand. It is with the help of such border stones equip the roads canvases.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Garden

With the help of garden paving border stones, various territories can be equipped. Thus, these construction elements are often used for the sidewalk, pool, flower, beds, and T. D.

Description of border stones and their installation

Mains

By the name of this type of border stones, you can guess that they are very often used in the process of laying roads.

Description of border stones and their installation

Inbound

The most important distinctive characteristic of entry border stones is the fact that they have a beveled outdoor part. They are usually put there, where transport is visited on the sidewalk.

Thus, the specific type of border stone should be chosen, given the goals for which you will use it in the future.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Materials

When choosing a border stone, it is necessary to pay their attention to what the material is made from what material. The initial raw material is largely determined by the quality and characteristics of curbstone. Depending on the material of the manufacture, there are several types of building blocks.

Description of border stones and their installation

Vibropressed

First of all, it is important to note the fact that vibropressed characterized by a high level of strength. Besides, Their distinctive characteristics include long service life, as well as resistance to a sharp change of temperature regime and high humidity. Accordingly, you can establish such building blocks in the regions with any climatic conditions.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Concrete and reinforced concrete

These materials are the most popular and widely used during the manufacture of border blocks. For example, for the manufacture of reinforced concrete stones use fine-grained reinforced concrete. This material has a high level of resistance to mechanical impacts.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Granitis

Experts report that granite border blocks have the highest strength. At the same time, they cost quite expensive, respectively, are not available to buy not everyone. It is also important to note the wear resistance of such building blocks.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

Marking

When buying border stones, it is important to pay attention to their brand. Marking of building blocks consists of letters and numbers and is divided into 4 parts:

  • an alphabetic designation that indicates the type of product on the profile (cross-sectional form);
  • a digit that denotes the length of the block in centimeters;
  • a digit that indicates the height of the block in centimeters;
  • A digit that indicates the width of the block in centimeters.

At the same time, for the convenience of perception of information, the user all numbers are separated by a point.

Description of border stones and their installation

Sizes and weight

GOST operates in the Russian Federation, which regulates such indicators and dimensions of border stones, like height, width, length and weight. For example, in the construction market, you can find building blocks of such dimensions: 1000x300x150, 1000x200x40, 500x200x80, 1000x200x80 and t. D. At the same time, each of the sizes weighs differently. In size and weight, several categories of border stones are separated:

  • BR (ordinary);
  • Bu (prime ruined);
  • BUP (ordinary ruined intermittent);
  • Bl (straight with tray);
  • BV (entrance);
  • BC (radial, radius of curvature 5-15 m).

Description of border stones and their installation

Consider the most popular sizes of building border blocks:

  • 1000x200x80 with a weight of 40 kilograms (most often used for the arrangement of lawns and gardens);
  • 500x200x30 with a weight of 6.65 kilograms (a rather thin construction block);
  • 500x200x70 with a weight of 15 kilograms (the main method of manufacture – vibrating);
  • 500x200x80 with a weight of 18 kilograms (pedestrian zones are equipped with this species);
  • 500x200x60 with weight of 16 kilograms (used in parks).

Description of border stones and their installation

Installation features

After you have chosen and purchased a curbon stone suitable for your purposes, it is important to install it correctly. Installation and laying can be made both with your own hands and using qualified specialists. One way or another, to put and lay a curb stone should be strictly compliance with all technologies and standards, work should be carried out according to the current SNiP.

Wherein It is necessary to prepare the appropriate scheme and the necessary tools (for example, tongs, a bowl and t. D.). It is also important to remember the solution for laying and sealing the seams (for example, under cement concrete coatings), on the basis of which building border blocks will be installed.

Description of border stones and their installation

The order of the installation of border stones is as follows.

  • First, it is necessary to make preparatory work. First of all, this concerns the markup of the territory where you will install building blocks. Traditionally, the markup is produced by specially intended elements, namely – stakes and ropes. So, the rope is tensioned on the stakes – the line of the future border is formed in this way.
  • The next step is the excavation of the trench. For the main dimensions you need to take the width of the border, and then add 5 centimeters on each side. Trench depth should be 2/3 from the height of the border stone you use.
  • After that, the twist of the trench you need to be covered with rubble – the thickness of this layer should be 4 cm. From above on crushed stone you need to pour 2 centimeters of sand, and then this mixture is poured with water. After that, a curb stone can be placed in the trench.
  • Final stage – preparation of fixing mortar. To do this, you will need to take cement, sand and water in a ratio of 1 to 3 to 1.5. This solution needs to be placed by a uniform layer, the thickness of which should be 2 centimeters.

Description of border stones and their installation

Description of border stones and their installation

To date, it is not necessary to install border stones with their own hands. For these purposes, specialized devices have been developed and created – bordrojects. It should be borne in mind that even if you installed a curb without errors, the service life of building blocks is limited. Accordingly, over time, you will have to carry out construction work on replacing the wear elements.

If possible, experts recommend changing the entire border immediately, and not separate stones.

Description of border stones and their installation

Tips on painting

After installation, the curb usually color. This process should be approached carefully, responsibly and neatly, since the final appearance of the fence will depend on your actions. First of all, it is worth preparing the necessary materials and tools for work, in particular – paint, putty, primer composition, colors and t. D. At the same time you need to carefully calculate the consumption of materials. For example, when choosing paint should consider the fact, it will be applied to the border in several layers.

To choose paint should be approached very seriously. First, it must be purchased in specialized construction stores. In this case, give preference follows such paint, which is specifically designed for external work. This is due to the fact that it has such essential characteristics as elasticity and strength. Accordingly, it will be for a long time to maintain its original color and do not fill under the influence of sunlight, ultraviolet radiation, precipitation and t. D.

Description of border stones and their installation

Besides, paint should be chosen based on how the border stones themselves are made of themselves – these materials must be combined well among themselves. Another important factor that is worth paying attention is the composition of the paint. To familiarize yourself with it, you can read the label or ask for the help of the seller-consultant of a specialized store, which acquire building material. So, the paint must necessarily include chemical components that prevent the development of mold and fungus.

In addition to choosing materials, it is also important to properly prepare the basis of border stones. So, first of all, building elements need to be cleaned of dust, dirt, forged paint and t. D. If there are any defects on the surface, they need to get rid of them – for example, cracks need to sharpen. After the preparatory actions are made, you need to cover the curb stone with a ground layer.

Description of border stones and their installation

Just like paint, the soil layer should be chosen based on the fact that it should be intended exclusively for external work. It is recommended to apply this material by roller. Also in obligatory need to wait a day so that the primer is pre-dry. Only after that you can proceed to the immediate painting of the design.

As for the choice of the direct color of the paint, then in this case it is recommended to navigate exclusively on your preferences. So, you can paint the border as one and several colors at once. In any case, it should be remembered that the paint should be applied in several layers. The next layer should be applied only when the previous one is completely. The painting procedure itself needs to be carried out carefully, causing a paint with a thin layer to avoid unwanted inclination and other defects. Painting follows roller to avoid the bands from the brush.

In addition, specially designed cans or sprayers can be used for convenience.

Description of border stones and their installation

In the next video you are waiting for laying border stones.

Rate article
( No ratings yet )
Share to friends
Rebuildhom.info - construction and repair, dacha plot, apartment and country house, useful tips and photos
Add a comment