Description of beech and its cultivation

Beech is a beautiful and majestic tree, which is very often used for landscaping urban streets and private territories. Grow beech in its garden is quite possible, the main thing is to take into account all the features of this long-liver plant.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

What it is?

Beech from a long time was considered a symbol of strength and resistance. This is not surprising, because the tree in several decades can turn into a real giant. It grows at an average pace. In the first few years, the tree reaches about 20-40 meters in height and two meters wide. After it begins to grow.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Crown at beech spherical and thick. Since the lower branches of this tree are constantly hidden under the upper, they gradually die. In their place they grow new, the same thin and long. Very often young trees have a bastard paw.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Beech is a bright representative of the beech family. He has wide leaves. In the summer they have a light green. In the fall, it replaces yellow, and in the winter dark. Oval leaves, slightly pointed on the edge.

Description of beech and its cultivation

At the end of summer, the beech ripen fruit. They are small nuts covered with brown shell. Inside each such fetus are seeds. Nuts fall pretty quickly, as a rule, in the period from October to November. On average, from one tree can be collected about eight crop kilograms.

But it is worth considering that the beech begins to be fruit only after 40 years of life.

Description of beech and its cultivation

The root system is also very well developed at the tree. There are several main roots that are deep underground. They are more subtle. In adult trees, the roots are partially overlooking. In some cases, they intertwined between themselves and gradually grow together.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Beech, like any other plant, has pluses, and cons. The tree takes quite a lot of space on the plot and gives a large shadow. But at the same time it does not require any complex care, which means that actually grows in itself. Having landed at the site of this giant, you can count on the fact that it will be admired by his beauty a few generations of one family.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of species

There are several major types of beeches that are found in Russia and Europe.

Japanese

Such trees are more popular in the East. Beech is distinguished by a small height. It grows up to a maximum of 20 meters long. Otherwise, the tree looks like a regular beech. In nature, it grows on the Islands of Sikoku, Kyushu and Honshu, as well as on the Korean Peninsula. In Western Europe and Russia, it began to use it for landscape design since 1905.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Oriental

This type of wood is growing in the Black Sea coast and in the Caucasus. The first 20-30 years this beech grows slowly. But he is a long-liver. There are representatives of this type, which has been about 500 years old.

Eastern beech wood is distinguished by beautiful white color with yellowish tint. Sevective rings are clearly visible on the cuts.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

European

By the title of this type of beech it is clear that it grows mainly in Europe. The appearance of the tree is quite attractive. Height it grows to forty meters. The leaves can be both light and dark. A distinctive part of such a tree – a beautiful cylindrical crown with a neat round top.

European Oak is often found in parks and botanical gardens. Wood is widely used for making musical instruments and furniture.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Large

Beech with elongated and round leaves grows mainly in Western Europe and North America. It is found mainly in mixed deciduous forests. The plant is valued, first of all, for high-quality wood.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Landing

Since the tree is a long-liver, it is possible to plant it both in the park area and in the private area. In the planting beech there is nothing complicated as in the subsequent care.

Before planting a young tree, you should choose a suitable place for him. Need to remember that the tree will have a thick crown that gives a large shadow. No other plantings grow in this place.

This severe plant must be taken in almost any soil. But it is better that it be fertile and good fertilized.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

As for the time of disembarking, experienced gardeners are recommended to plant the beech in spring. But the plants must be previewed to make sure the kidneys have not had time to disperse. Otherwise, even a young and strong seedling will hurt. In addition, its growth will be slowed.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Before planting the plant should be prepared for him a pit. Standard sizes – 80 to 80 centimeters. After that, the earth should be drained. Next, you can add fertilizer. This will speed up the development process of the root system.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Saplot must be carefully placed in the pit and pour it. So that the moisture is not evaporated, the roots need to fall asleep dry grass. After that, it can be accurately king. Professionals advise plant plants in dry and windless weather.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Care

An important role is played by the following tree care.

Podkord

For a plant, timely feeding is of great importance. For the first time fertilizers contribute directly when landing. For this, potassium-phosphoric and nitrogenous fertilizers are used. Then, a few weeks later, you can begin to make organic fertilizers. So, for example, it is recommended every 3-4 weeks to water young plants with a liquid solution of a cow.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Watering

Buks are very sensitive to the lack of moisture. So they need to regularly water. So, in the first 2-3 years, trees need watering throughout the warm season. Ideally, about 15 liters of water should have to each tree. Water beech you need once every two weeks. It is also possible to spray the crown of wood from small watering.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Trimming

In order for the beech to develop well, its crown must be cut regularly. Do it best in the spring, getting rid of branches that poorly moved winter. It is necessary to destroy the shoots that give too much shadow and do not allow the lower branches to develop, as well as broken or infected with pests. Adult tree in pruning does not need.

Description of beech and its cultivation

On a regular basis, the soil in the attractive zone must be neatly loose. In addition, for the winter of the roots of the beech it is better to cover the sweetheart or a thick layer of sawdust. If the frosts are too strong, the crown of the tree can also be completed in the burlap.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Reproduction

The reproduction of this tree occurs in several main ways:

  • discharge;
  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • vaccine.

But not all methods are successful for beginner gardeners. To achieve the result not even having experience best to use seeds. They can be collected even on their own. It is necessary to do it in the middle of the autumn, when the ripe fruit themselves fall on the ground.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Good and fit for breeding seeds have brown. In winter, they should be stored in a cold place in a box shrouded in a cloth. At the beginning of the spring, they must be obtained and began to warm up in a warm place for several days. Before landing, they must be placed in a weak mortar of manganese. It will allow to disinfect seeds.

Description of beech and its cultivation

They are planted in well moisturized and loosened soil. In order for the seeds faster sprout, you need to carefully open the sheath with a sharp knife. It is necessary to act carefully to accidentally do not damage the core. After disembarking, they can be covered by the cellophane package. After a few weeks, the first shoots will appear on the site.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Diseases and pests

Like any other plants, beech is subjected to various diseases and negative impact of pests. Danger for this tree represents:

  • Louboe and cores;
  • caterpillars;
  • silkworm butterflies;
  • Zlatoguzki.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

All these insects eat young leaves. Therefore, it is necessary to get rid of pests, destroying the affected areas and processing the crown with special means to combat insects.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Also, beech can get infected with fungus or mildew. The main sign of such a disease is a small whit-colored web on the leaves. To get rid of such an agell, the plant must be sprayed with chemicals or use some kind of natural tool to combat them. For example, a solution of ash or infusion of dandelions and garlic.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Scope of application

Beech is not only beautiful, but also a useful tree. Value for a person is not only a trunk of a tree, but also its bark, leaves and even fruits.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Wood

All the same book wood is valued above. She has high density and beautiful texture. So apply it in different fields.

Most of this material goes to the manufacture of furniture. It is widely used in the production of things for the office and at home. Of this wood often do:

  • Durable chairs and tables;
  • sofas and armchairs;
  • Bed frames.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Beautiful texture of light beech trees allows you to create luxurious furniture, which looks expensive and is distinguished by a long service life. In addition, there are durable barn and interior doors of various textures from such wood.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Also, the material is used to create knife handles, support and cutting boards. Beech products are durable and look good in any kitchen.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Wood is also used to create a parquet board and natural laminate. They are distinguished by durability and attractive appearance. Parquet from beech perfectly fit into the design of any apartment. This material can be safely used when making a living room, kitchen or even a children’s. After all, he is natural and environmentally friendly. Its only drawback is a high price.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Make from this material and fan. It saws perfectly, it cuts, gives in to polish and grinding. There is a large selection of material colors – from bright to very dark. Beech also goes to such lumber, like a bar, edged and unedged board, furniture shield and veneer.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Also made of wood make beautiful crafts. The material is very simple in processing, so it can be easily made of beautiful souvenir and small wooden toys. Apply beech wood to create beautiful boxes and small containers.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Description of beech and its cultivation

Leaves and bark

Beech is used not only in construction, but also in medicine. So, for example, its dried leaves and crushed bark are perfectly suitable for creating different medicines. Of them make funds for:

  • reduction in blood cholesterol;
  • treatment of the liver and gallbladder;
  • raising the general tone of the body;
  • improving blood circulation;
  • Healing of various kinds of wounds.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Fruit

Nuts are also widely used in different fields.

  1. Cosmetology. Beech orcharms oil are sometimes added to face masks, lotions or hair care products.
  2. Cooking. Nuts are used to prepare food oil. It is distinguished by light yellow and has a lot in common with olive. Also from the seeds of this tree are preparing flour. When cooking, it is usually mixed with wheat to get more delicious fritters or cookies. In the Caucasus, the beech seeds consider people’s delicacy. They are frying and eat in food like sunflower seeds.
  3. Livestock breeding. In the cheese or boiled form of nuts eaten and animals. So, they love proteins, roeers and boars.

Description of beech and its cultivation

Well, of course, we must not forget that a powerful beech with a green crown will become an excellent decoration of any plot. The main thing is to provide proper care with a young plant, and then several years later the tree will delight the eye with its beauty and power.

Description of beech and its cultivation

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