Delicate flowers of daisies can be noticed almost at each dacha. These flowers look like small bright sun, scattered in the flower bed and adorning the garden with their color variety. This culture received its popularity in the circles of flower water, not only for an attractive appearance, but also for unpretentious care.
This representative of Flora is considered one of the first field colors that have established in the garden. Already in the XVI century, terry varieties were known – not only snow-white, but also red.
The plant belonging to the Astrov family is characterized by good frost resistance. Its height ranges in the range of 2-30 cm. Sheet plates have a shovel shape and are located closer to the roots, so the stem itself turns out without leaves, and one simple inflorescence in the form of a basket appears on its top. The middleness always has a yellow color. The flower diameter is 1.5-6 cm, and the fruit of the presented culture is characterized by a surrendent form.
The appearance attracts gardeners saturated with greens and the ability to bloom several times per season. The first bloom is most often happening in early spring, and the second wave is usually observed closer to autumn after the decline of heat.
Types and varieties
Usually, the culture contains as a two-year plant, but according to the general description of Daisy Can be classified for annual (Bellis Annua) and Perennis (Bellis Perennis). The first type is a sample with terry white colors and a yellow center. Blossom starts in August and continues until the cold. Perennial species reach a magnitude of 15 cm and have vopotary gear leaves covered with a pile. This flower blooms in May-June and blooms until November.
Another classification refers to the complex stamps, which can be simple, semi-grade or terry. Among them are allocated early and late varieties.
Plants differ in size – they can be divided into small, medium and large types. At the same time, consider that the large-flowered grade will bloom much later, but also the period of flowering is more prolonged.
If classifying the varieties of color, then most often found:
- Light orange.
Consider in detail popular varieties.
- Bellissima. Pomponny variety, flowers width – 5 cm. The basket is located at 12 cm, the stem is characterized by density and elasticity. Most often floweries choose for growing red, pink, white or two-color variety varieties. Starting bloom can be observed per year in sowing. Variety is very dependent on additional nutrition.
- Tasso Red. This variety is characterized by tubular dense strongly terry petals. Flowers rose over the socket low – 6-8 cm. The TASSO variety has many colors, but the “Red” is particularly popular – red. Leaves – green, elastic, formed into a dense outlet at the earth itself.
- Habanera. This variety belongs to large-flowered varieties. Pomponov diameter is usually up to 6 cm, although the basket itself does not differ in particular density, due to which the flower takes an openwork appearance. Coloros “Haberov” grows up to 15 cm, and the color is white, pink, red, white with red edges.
- “Pink ball”. The variety is grown as a twentieth bowl, height – no more than 15 cm. Forms many light-free ductile flowers. Inflorescences – terry, diameter – 3-5 cm. By name it is clear that the petals have a pink coloring, they are thick, through them barely shines the yellow middle.
How to grow at home?
Some flowerflowers grow this representative of the flora in room conditions. So that he felt comfortable at home, put a flower in a pot on a well-lit place. To become a witness of the lush flowering, you can create a light half or organize scattered lighting. If you put a pot into a strongly shaded corner, then culture will cease to grow.
For the content of a flower at home, select a substrate well transmitting and saving moisture. For example, a mixture of loamy soil with humus. Give preference to wide and shallow containers – in such pots the plant will feel more comfortable.
Room culture needs regular and abundant moisture. With a deficiency of moisture, the gardener will notice that the copy is poorly growing, it has small and non-empty flowers.
Systematically need to feed the plant, usually additional food is made every 2-3 weeks. Flowers recommend using complex mixes or alternate mineral and organic compositions. Special attention is required to pay the fertilizer at the beginning of spring – at this time the plant is started into growth.
Winter for a flower that is grown on the windowsill is not a problem. The growth of such a plant is slowed down, and in the spring development resumes. After 2 years, copies become old, and to rejuvenate them must be disassembled.
A seaside method for breeding this culture is quite popular, We will analyze it in more detail.
As a rule, sowing is made in February-March. It is recommended to sow seeds into separate containers. So, as containers, you can use paper, plastic or peat pots. If 1-2 sample will be processed in one container, then they are allowed not to dive. When landing in a large container seedlings should be dive.
Sowing is carried out on top of a moisturized substrate through a large distance, top of the seeds are sprinkled with soil or sand. Drainage holes should be made at the bottom of the tank.
After the seeding, the container is covered with a film or a glass lid, creating greenhouse conditions for future seedlings. Every day a pot is ventilated, and with the advent of the first sprouts and remove the shelter.
The content of shoots
As soon as the first shoots were swaming, it should be continued to moisturize the soil and maintain high-quality lighting. In the formation of two real sheets, seedlings are seated by separate containers.
Take care that the primer does not stop, and also support the 14-hour daylight. 2 weeks after germinations, the temperature should be reduced to +15 degrees Celsius, and in the middle or late May, that is, a week before the transplant to the garden, it is recommended to conduct hardening plants.
To do this, exhibit seedlings for fresh air for a while, gradually increasing the time of finding sprouts outside to full day.
How to plant in open ground?
Plant plant on the plot, Following certain rules.
Seedlings are seated in April-May, after the gardener will be completely sure that the night frosts are no longer expected.
When sowing seeds to the site, other terms should be observed. For example, if the greenhouse is heated, then landing is carried out from the second decade of January to March inclusive; In the greenhouse of sowing recommended from March to April. If landing seeds is carried out immediately into open ground, then you should wait for May, starting sowing after the soil warms up.
Before transplanting, you should choose a suitable area. As already mentioned, it is a light-loving culture, so pick up a brightly lit flower bed. Not bad flower will feel yourself in a fellow or a coherent tree circle.
Positive Type of Soil – Easy Plumbing Soil, for example, Suglink with Medium Acidness. If the ridge contains a sandy soil type, then it can be diluted with its manure, humus, ash, peat.
Landing is made one month after dive. Seedlings on the garden plot should be planted by transshipment. If the seedlings were grown in peat pots, then the transplant is made with them. Recommended distance between two copies – 15-20 cm. Immediately after this procedure, use the landing site.
How to care?
Despite the fact that the daisy is unpretentious, it does not prevent her.
Along with irrigation, an important procedure for culture is loosening. So, for accessing fresh air roots soil loose in spring after melting of snow or precipitation. In the arid days of the plant watered well, but so as to prevent moisture stagnation. Wife will avoid the mulch procedure. In undead summer time, the Earth is moisturized 2-3 times a week.
First time after transplanting sprouts do not need additional nutrition. The first fertilizer is usually made in 1-1.5 months, in this period, liquid mineral feeders will fit. Next, the Earth feats once every 2 weeks, and at this time to give preference to water-soluble mixtures, which contains nitrogen. Recommended volume – 10 liters of water for 20 g of substance.
In the second year of life, flowers begin to feed from early spring, bringing nutritious components every 2-3 weeks. Especially in abundant nutrition, they need blooming. Experienced summer residents advise several times for the season to feed the plant by organica, for example, a bird’s infusion or a cowboy. The ratio of substance and water is 1: 10, no more, since there is probability to harm and burn young bushes.
These flowers do not need to dig up for winter or hide from snow – the plant is well withstanding the cold time in the ground. Almost all varieties are quite acceptable for landing in the middle lane.
If cultivation occurs in the northern regions, it is worth preparing a plant for winter. For this, the culture is plunged and sprinkled with dry foliage, you can cover the flowers with a sweetheart. Some gardeners prefer insulation with dry sawdust or film, and agriched. If the bus station is planted on the balcony, then it is better to remove it for the winter in a dark room with an air temperature + 3 … 8 degrees Celsius.
This culture reacts very well to the transplant – this procedure is used to rejuvenate the copy, it stimulates growth and development even at the flowering and formation of buds. Usually transplantation is taken to perform for the second year. Do not forget to abide by the gap between two adjacent landings 15-20 cm.
Methods of breeding
Dilute the presented culture is possible by the following methods:
- dividing bush.
Stretching start in late May – early June. First, an adult plant is separated from the kidneys, the leaves are cut onto ½ and placed in the soil treated with “root”, at a level of 1 cm. Place of disembarkation is constantly supplying water and control the land does not drive. At the end of September, the seedling transplant to the finished site and insulate for the winter period. Bloom is possible only next year.
3-year-old copies are suitable for reproduction with depens. This procedure is performed early spring or after flowering. First, the bush should be digging, divided it into 5 fragments, shorten the roots and sear the prepared sections. Usually each sample gives up to 12 new copies. Flowers and buds on such plants cut off.
The process of reproduction seeds was described above, but it should be described in more detail the process of collecting the sowing material. It is assembled with maternal non-liberal plants, while tearing out only the bleached inflorescences. Next, they are laid out on the paper sheet and leave in the sun for drying. From dry inflorescences to get seeds much easier. The resulting grains should be wrapped in a paper bag, make the corresponding mark on it and remove. Seeds can be stored about 3 years.
Diseases and pests
Diseases and dangerous insects often become a problem when growing this miniature shrub. It is important to notice the signs of illness in time in order to start fighting and save the plant in a timely manner. First of all, it is important to comply with all the rules of agrotechnics as prevention, and then common diseases will bypass this gentle flower. Most often, culture is striking triples and caterpillars.
- Tripses. These creatures prefer to hide on the bottom of the sheet. Attack of TRIPS indicates uneven yellowish-brown painting of foliage. Insecticides will protect the plant. It is important to process not only a damaged instance, but also all the neighboring healthy landings.
A week after treatment, re-processing should be reached.
- Caterpiles. This is a fairly frequent unwanted guest of the presented flower. You can get rid of the caterpillars mechanically by collecting them in the evening manually. And these creatures can be struggling insecticides.
Pay attention to the most common diseases that can affect the representative of the Astrov family.
- Puffy dew. The presence of a disease indicates a whiten fall. Fungicides will cope with illness. It is important to spend several treatments with a frequency once every 1-1.5 weeks.
- Buuray spotty. You can learn the disease by parchment-like spots on the sheet plates. Usually the cause becomes high humidity of soil and air. It is recommended to dig up an affected copy, carefully dry it and fall into a more loose soil on a ventilated area.
- Gray Gnil. More often formed in autumn and spring. To prevent the disease, summer residents advise to completely remove the old foliage in front of the winter. If signs of rotes are observed on the plant, it is possible to eliminate the problem by treating infected fragments to the Fundazole preparation.
Usage in landscape design
The presented culture is characterized by a variety of colors forms and an extensive spectrum of coloring, therefore may be present in a variety of garden compositions. It is always easy to choose an aesthetic neighbor, but in a single landing, these flowers look boring.
It is recommended to apply them as a satellite for more tall cultures, such as tulips or daffodils. The picturesque landscape can be created by disembarking ashropes next door with primoses, valley, hyacinths, other blue or orange flowers.
Garden ponds and streams framed by pomphonic flowers look very beautifully. And they are planted as a soil culture on urban, Moorish and meadow lawns. In the collective landing, the gardener can appeal to their creative abilities and plant flowers that are strongly distinguished by the variety and color, or, on the contrary, place near, similar buds. If it is a small-color variety, it is customary to use for the design of borders and alpine slides.
There are also tall varieties, for example, Capse varieties. They can be put as background for ferns, host, brunner, bad. Miniature shrubs more harmoniously look in ceramic vases, pots and containers.
Growing and caring for daisies in the video below.