Cypressians are very popular as indoor plants, because they look just great. With the same success plant decorate the garden and flowerbeds. This evergreen shrub will be decorated with any landscape and interior.
Cypress plant surrounds a rich religious-mythological history. Shrub used in ancient Rome for funeral rites. On Western and Muslim cemeteries, cypress is the most common tree. Its leaves are often used as an immortality symbol. Kiparisovik Lavson “Elevood” can be kept at home, although it can most often be found in the yard. It is a winter-hardy plant that was brought from North America, East Asia is also considered his homeland.
Maximum height of the bush – 3.5 meters. Such a size shrub can reach only 10 years after landing in open ground. If we talk specifically about the room flower, then its height, as a rule, is 35 centimeters. For the year, cypress grows only 5 and in rare cases for 10 centimeters. This plant is highlighted by a cone-shaped crown, the diameter of which is on average about a meter. A plant is for sale in nurseries and shops in small pots.
Over time, it requires a transplant with an increase in the container capacity.
Excellent winter hardiness of this plant made it in demand in most regions of our country. Cypressian perfectly feels like in the cold and at a fairly high air temperature.
Cypressian can be bold to plant in open ground, it quickly adapts to new conditions. Fast-growing tree shortly after shopping develops its container. Best if the transplant is made after purchase a few days later. The faster the plant gets used to the new soil and the environment, the faster it will start growing styling and height. Some designers use cypressives as a living hedge. True, there is a lot of time to care for such a design, because it has to constantly make it trimming.
Typical Plant Life expectancy – 20-25 years. It is desirable to pick up such a place for him where there will be enough light and shadow. The soil should always remain wet. Cypressians do not like drafts, like most decorative plants. They also do not tolerate most diseases and insect infection, react poorly to the spoiled ecology.
Planting the cypressovs is too close to each other or too close to other trees and structures that fully shade them can lead to slow growth and pest appearance.
Cypressian should be seated in winter – from November to March, when the plant is at rest. but Avoid landing and transplant, if on Frost street. Roots are sensitive to cold weather and freezing can easily damage them. These plants demonstrate active growth in early spring. Planting young cypressovikov in winter allows them to acclimatize them better, get used to the new environment.
These shrubs grow perfectly in different environmental conditions. They withstand ground with standing water and even low nutrient content. Experts say that no additional preparation of the site is required when planting cypressives. In order to provide nutrients planted plants, It is recommended to add some compost and peat or sfagnum moss to the ground.
Mulching around the base of the cypressovka will help protect young roots from temperature drops.
When landing in the container, the size of the selected capacity plays a special value. Container dimensions depend on the size of the plant. Experienced rabbies advise to use a container, which is 2 centimeters more in diameter than the old pot. As the size of the plant increases its transplantation into a larger capacity. The procedure should be carried out until the tree reaches the desired size.
Prothesing roots every 2-3 years helps to hold further growth, which is important for container growing. For planting pots, high-quality drained soil and container with drainage holes are used. Cypressians do not tolerate excess moisture from the roots, starting to rot.
If a new plant is planted or transplant it in another pot, autumn or winter – the best time to do it. While the cypressive dormant in the winter period, the capacitance change causes less stress than during active growth, which is observed in spring and summer. Separate attention should be paid to the transplant process in open soil. The best time for this, according to the majority of crop, is not winter, but late autumn.
Before conducting the procedure, it will be necessary to pour a plant well (about 4 days).
- Choose a new plot with enough sun and shadow within a few hours. It is desirable that the soil is light, not swampy. Since in the natural environment this plant prefers to grow on the slopes, if possible, you need to choose an oblique side for landing.
- Be sure to determine the width of the root ball, measuring from the beginning to the tip of the branch. Dig holes two times wider than the data obtained, and about 40 centimeters in depth.
- Dig a cypressian in the morning on a cloudy day when there is no wind. Picker makes in a circle, in several centimeters from the widest lower branches. Shovel work so to trim the roots of the tree. 40 centimeters need a little tilt tool to trim the root ball.
- In the new pit, the cypressovik is located vertically in the center. Add a bit of soil around the root ball and slightly tamper. So do until the pit is completely filled. Repeat this process to fully fill the hole.
- Then you need to pour a planted plant. Top lay out several cantimeters of mulch to slow down the loss of moisture around the tree.
Cypressians do not require much care after landing and transplants. The first thing you need is to maintain the soil is wet, but at the same time not allow it to become a swampy. From the crop, it will be necessary to install regular watering mode. The main rule that he should be guided by – in the summer moisture is made more, in winter less. Different types of cypressives require different amounts of water.
Plant prefers Well-drained soil and watering about two times a month in dry weather, if the plant grows on the street. In the room, the water volume depends on the size of the container and ambient temperature.
It should always be remembered that the soil in pots dries much faster than if the cypressovik grew on the open soil. These shrubs are resistant to drought, But excess of moisture always leads to the appearance of fungal and bacterial infections.
Check the soil must be required before the next water. If it dried by two centimeters, only then can water. It will be necessary to moisturize not only soil, but also air. For this, automatic installations are suitable, but you can simply close a container with water and shallow pebbles near the plants.
If the rabbing uses a pulverizer, then you should not spray water on the foliage of a cypress woman, it is better to do it nearby.
In order to provide a plant with the necessary nutrients at home, It is recommended to add a compost in a small amount to the used soil compost, to make regularly liquid fertilizers.
Precisely because potted plants are in tanks with drainage holes, nutrients and vitamins quickly wash out of them. Merchaelements are consistent with watering once a week, while the dose must be 4 times less than the manufacturer on the package. In winter, the feeding is not made, during this period the plant should relax. Do not fertilize the soil and after the transplantation, as this significantly complicates the plant recovery process.
Cypressians can grow in pots as long as the capacity is placed in a sunny place with good air circulation. Potted plants also love mulch on the surface of the soil. Fertilize cypressions in early spring and in July. Use any fertilizer that has a high percentage of nitrogen. An ideal formula is considered 19-6-9, where the first digit is nitrogen, then phosphorus and potassium.
When applying dry mixtures before making feeding, it will be necessary to moisten the soil. If this is not done, then the roots can be just burned.
As soon as the plant reaches the desired size, it does not need a transplant. Now the care procedure will be reduced to regular trimming root system every 2-3 years. Pruning the roots includes the removal of the part of the root ball, and every time the cypressive will have to be removed from the tank. The easiest way to do it is to get up near the tree and, using a sharp knife, cut up to 5 centimeters of roots around. After preferably handle shoots with a solution of activated carbon to prevent infection with fungal infection.
Any used toolkit necessarily need Disinfect.
Cypressians tend to flourish in places where many sun rays are obtained. Without a sufficient amount of light, the internal branches of this plant often die, as a result, the flower is ugly, That is why it is so important to care for him. Beginner crops should remember that these trees will not create new kidneys on old wood, so any naked areas created due to the lack of light, it is impossible to fix it even by trimming.
With the exception of bonsai trees, the removal of old branches is not a prerequisite for maintaining the health of the cypress. This procedure is held as desired when I want to give a special decorative form.
The best time for trimming is autumn. Delete dead shoots and cut off from the shape of a branch on the bushes that grow at the cottage and in the pot at home. It is important to know the measure and make only a light trimming, trying not to affect the old shoots. Branches that go too far will not generate a new growth and create empty space. From the corona bush will never be able to grow beautiful bonsai.
If the trimming is made to remove an unsightly brown dead foliage, instead it is better to consider the possibility of removing it with a strong water pressure from the hose. This is often enough to remove dead part of the tree. When forming a bonsai used Continuous manual removal of shoots.
Methods of breeding
Evergreen cypressovik is a form that grows rapidly and can multiply through cuttings and glads. The planting material quickly germinates with proper placement in the nutrient medium. It is best to take cuttings from a new growth on a tree that are just starting to fit and cover the bark. The period of collecting such a material, as a rule, begins with the middle of the summer and lasts until the beginning of the autumn. The process is as follows.
- For landing, a soil is suitable with an equal amount of sand, peat moss and perlite in the composition. Soil soaring and only after that fill it container.
- On the cuttings cut off the leaves from the bottom half.
- Lower the end of each branch in the growth stimulator for 10 minutes.
- Insert the lower end of the branches in the ground, but before this, do it in it with a simple pencil or a stick hole.
- Again watered the ground with warm water to increase the humidity around the stems. Cover the capacity by a plastic bag and remove into the room with an air temperature of 21-23 degrees to the place where the light falls.
- Each day opens a plastic bag to provide a stream of fresh air to seedlings. The ventilation allows you to remove the extra moisture, so that the rot does not appear on the cuttings.
- After 6 weeks, the root system should already appear. Check it can be slightly pulling over the stalk. If resistance is felt, then everything went successfully.
Transplant the cypressik in a larger pot when the roots reach at least 7 centimeters in length. Approximately the year should pass for the plant to be ready for this procedure.
Cypressians growing in the open ground, you can multiply with removal. For this, the lower branches are flexing and rushed with the earth. Place of breakfast can be sprayed with a growth stimulator so that the roots are faster in the ground. After a year, the removal can be cut off from the parent and transplant. With this method of reproduction, it is not necessary to create greenhouse conditions, the root system develops and without that good, since the power supply is carried out from the main barrel.
Diseases and pests
Some rabbies do not understand why Lavson’s cypress is dry, if he was provided with decent care. The fact is that in most cases too much shadow leads to the emergence of most problems. Eliminate the cause is very easy – need to put a pot or transplant the plant in a lighter place where its branches will well blow.
Bad drainage is also an important factor in the development of serious cypress diseases.
It is necessary to regularly investigate the plant for the presence of root phytoofers and crown caused by a fungal pathogen. Basic Symptoms – Faded and bleached leaves. One of the measures to combat this problem – Removal and destruction of damaged shoots.
As prevention it is worth watering the soil under the bush, and not to use the upper water, which contributes to the spread of fungi. Be sure to sterilize the used toolkit with alcohol before and after use on cypress and between each slice to avoid the spread of the disease.
Dead branches are removed primarily to increase the circulation of air inside the crown.
Houses gardeners need to pay attention to the appearance of the plant. Although cypressions are resistant to a large number of pests, they suffer from attacks of juniper scales. Women’s individuals have white round bodies, very tiny. The insect is powered by juice from stem and needle tissues. The first symptom of infection – insulated areas of brown foliage with insignificant pest spread. Strong pest infection can lead to death. In order to control this process, you can use Low-toxic Nimes oil or insecticidal soap.
Sustainable kiparis diseases become victims of fungal disease. Phytoophotomy spreads sporadically and actively developing in excess of moisture and coolness.
In this disease, the tips of the needles are often painted in brown, and ulcers are formed on the branches. This disease can lead to the death of plants, especially weak or young cypresses. This phytoofluorosis appears by the end of winter. To control the disease, The gardener should avoid excess water, which is the reason for the appearance of standing water, and it, in turn, contributes to fungal growth.
Removal and destruction of infected parts of plants reduces the severity of the disease. Fungicides are used as chemicals.
Yellow needles on cypressive can be the result of low humidity indoors or chlorosis. In the first case, it will be necessary to improve the conditions of content – increase the amount of irrigation, more often moisturize the air in the room. Chlorosis, as a rule, causes iron deficiency.
To facilitate the condition of the cypressovka, you can not use fertilizers, but instead take coffee thick or peat moss and decompose near the roots to increase the acidity of the soil.
Various types of ticks Also hunt this plant. Tiny red spider ticks have sharp claws that they pierce the foliage and suck juice. As a result, the needle of the tree is pale. Some individuals of the ticks can only be viewed under a magnifying glass, so small pests, therefore it learns about the presence of a crop not always immediately, but only when the tree is already a bit damaged. You can destroy insects with a simple increase in humidity.
SEIRIDIUM CARDINAL Mushroom causes no less problems than other fungal infections. It penetrates through cracks in the crust and produces toxins that interfere with moving from roots in the top of nutrients. Sometimes small ulcers appear on the plant, which are on the cortex and can peel the resin. Often, this disease causes discoloration of needles on an infected branch and may even kill escape or all tree.
To eliminate the problem, infected branches are removed as soon as possible. Treatment of trees with a damaged trunk is not carried out, the cypressovik is disposed of.
The described plants suffer from the larvae of moth. You can find them under the bark, on the foliage where they feed. Sometimes larvae are going to ulcers, but do not cause them.
The ordinary pests of cypresses in cool weather are web ticks. Razbing can not see these tiny creatures, but they apply visible damage, sucking the juice from the tree. When the tick is inserted into foliage, tiny yellow stains appear, they often find out about infection. Outdoor when the weather becomes warm, natural predators, including ladybugs, help control infection, and at home is better to wipe the plant with alcohol.
About cypressive a lot of positive feedback. This plant is perfectly worried about temperature differences, it does not require much care. Razbing with experience advise him to provide him with the required amount of the sun, observe watering regime and monitor the humidity in the room, then most problems can be avoided. Special attention should be paid to the root rot, caused by the phytoofluoro. She usually amazes young plants that stand in pots with bad drainage.
If you eliminate the cause, then the disease do not have to be treated, especially since it is a rather troublesome business.
Need to remember that This pathogen lives in the soil and falls into cypress through wounds or damaged roots, which is why it is important to process sections with a solution of activated carbon during transplantation. Since the fungus destroys the roots, it quickly suffers from the whole plant that does not receive the required amount of oxygen and nutrients. When cypress is healthy, he pleases the beautiful crown, bright coloring foliage.
Such a plant will become Beautiful decoration of any winter garden. Its growth can be controlled by cutting off the root system, and create an interesting form through light trimming.
On how to properly care for Lavson’s cypress at home, see the following video.