Creation of chestnut edible

    Chestnut is a beautiful powerful tree that will become a wonderful design for urban streets, and for parks, and for squares. But, in addition to decorative qualities, a certain type of chestnuts gives edible fruits. Many gardeners want to see these trees in their sites. But for this you need to know what the cultivation of the edible chestnut is.

    Description

    Kashtan edible (or noble) grows in different places of the globe, including in Russia. Most often it can be found in the southern regions – on the Black Sea coast, in the Caucasus, as well as in the central part of our country. In areas with cold climates and harsh winter, chestnuts do not grow. Such trees are usually growing well on fertile soils equipped with sufficient moisture.

    Chestnut sowing refers to fast-growing leaf fall trees. But the tree can reach absolutely different parameters in height – this indicator varies from 2 to 40 meters. It depends on the type of wood and gravity conditions.

    Judging by the description of the trunk of an adult tree straight and powerful, having a dense bark of brown. Root system refers to surface type. The crown of the tree is pretty thick, more often looks like a pyramid. The sheet has dark green, pointed tips and an oblong shape. Length can vary from 7 to 25 cm.

    Chestnut bloom causes a lot of positive emotions. Chestnovy alley looks very attractive when a large number of trees are blooming at the same time. Cream or white flowers can reach 15 cm in height. The pyramid shape makes them similar to candles, located in the thick crown of trees. The terrain where these majestic trees bloom, acquires a festive and solemn view. In many cities, flowering chestnuts is associated with the arrival of real warm spring.

    At the end of September, the ripening of fruits. Walnut is in a green shell with spines. The kernel has a brown, smooth and thin shell. Finally, fruit mature by the end of October – the beginning of November. The average life of the chestnut has exceeded 100 years, but there are often long-livers with a much more impressive age.

    Fruit chestnut starts at the 4th year of life, in some cases – on the 5-6th. With every year fruits on the tree will be more and more. For example, from a 40-year-old tree can be collected up to 70 kg of harvest.

    How to distinguish from inedible chestnuts?

    In general, edible and intolerable nuts are similar to: for example, they have the same shell color and size. But there are some nuances that make it clear that one tree is different from the other:

    • Inedible walnut is of bitter taste, it is used only in pharmaceutical purposes;

    • The octurizers are green, even when nuts are already ripe, while the edible they acquire a pinkish shade;

    • The shell in which the edible walnut is hiding, has no spines, and tubercles;

    • Flowers at horse chestnut 2-3 times larger than edible.

    Landing and care

    The first thing you need to take into account is going to plant on the area of ​​chestnuts – these beauties require a large space. Therefore, it is necessary to weigh everything for and against: whether it will be possible to grow such a tree on his plot, so that later it does not have to cut it in an urgent order when it turns out that it closes the light to other plants or prevents buildings.

    If the question is resolved, you should choose a spacious, well-lit place, with loose neutral soil.

    Saplings better acquire in the nursery, where there is an opportunity to learn about the intricacies of care for every concrete variety. So you can get a good healthy tree and insure yourself from failures later.

    Trees in the ground can be planted both in spring and autumn. The main thing is that it was a month before the onset of frosts, and the sapling managed to root and calmly move the winter.

    The pit in depth and width should be about 70 cm. In the pit form a small tubercle, it is placed on it, sprawling them on the sides. Then the part of the Earth, mixed with fertilizers, will be tamped, then poured the ground again, and again fit in order to avoid the formation of emptiness. After that, the sapling is abundantly watered, about 2 buckets on each tree. Over the first time, the peg should be placed nearby, and to tie a sapling to it – such a support will be needed, until the tree is strengthened.

    Chestnut cultivation usually does not cause any particular difficulties. Care for this tree is not more difficult than for any other.

    • At first, the treum is needed regular watering – no less often than once a week, subject to dry weather. Chestnuts love moderate moisture, drought suffer badly. Therefore, you need to monitor the level of moisture in the soil and the mood of the tree. It will tell you that he lacks water – leaflets down.

    • When the tree is performed 3 years, it no longer needs regular irrigation, he has enough rain. But if the summer is dryly dry, three times for season the tree should be poured, and abundantly. In arid weather under an adult tree, you need to pour at least 40 liters of water.

    • In the first years of life, twice per season can be made fertilizers – organic and mineral. For the first time on 10 liters of water, we can dilute 2 kg of manure with the addition of 30 grams of urea. At the end of the summer, instead of urea, you can add nitroammophos.

    • The soil should be loosened in the attractive circle every 2 weeks after disembarking and remove weeds. Save moisture in the soil and slow down the growth of weeds will help the mulch, which can be used or chew.

    • For the prevention of the development of various diseases in early spring and late autumn, the tree needs to be treated with burgundy liquid. Fitofluorine will help “phytoofluorine”. Affected leaves need to be removed immediately and burn.

    • In the southern regions, trees do not need protection in winter. In the central part of Russia and areas with a cold climate for the winter, a layer of mulch should be increased, well protecting the roots, the crown can be wrapped in burlap. More than adult, trees are able to withstand not too strong frost.

    In the regions with extremely severe winters, Kashtan is unlikely to be able to fall.

    • Do not forget that the tree needs the formative and sanitary trimming. In the spring you need to carefully examine the tree and remove all dried and sick branches. If you immediately have a desire to form a more magnificent crown, you need to pinch the top so that chestnut gave side shoots. And also should be removed branches that grow inside.

    Reproduction

    If the gardener had a desire to see on the plot not one tree, and 2-3 or even a whole alley, you can try to propagate the plant. For this you need to germinate seeds. First, for 2 weeks, they are kept in a cool place, then they are immersed in warm water for several hours. And only after that, you can put the seeds into the ground to a depth of about 8 cm, leaving the distance between the holes of 30 cm. Not all seeds will go up. But after the sprouts will be a height of about 30 cm, they need to be seeded. You can immediately find a permanent place for seedlings to no longer reset.

    You can choose and the drawing method. For this cutlets cut off, observing an angle of 45 degrees, not forgetting to leave on them growth kidneys. Then the cuttings are placed in the soil, covered with a cap-greenhouse, watered regularly, ventilated and waiting when the cuttings are rooted. After that they are sent to a permanent place.

    Application

    Chestnut is used in different fields. First of all, this is a wonderful option to decorate the territory. You can land the alleys that will become an excellent framing of the site. Edible chestnut can not only be used in landscape design – its nuts are rich in vitamins, they can be eaten both independently and prepare a variety of dishes.

    It is worth noting that During the flowering period, the chestnut is an excellent honey. Chestnut honey has a kind, slightly bitter taste. It contains more useful substances than other varieties, has an antiseptic effect. Honey for a long time does not suprate. It is delicious and in itself, and can be added to confectionery.

    Nuts eat in food in the cheese, fried, baked, canned. They are eaten with salt and sugar. They are used in the preparation of confectionery, can bake loaves from ground nuts and even cooking coffee. Starts start with meat, add to cakes. As for other dishes, everything depends on the readiness of the chef experiment.

    Consider how to prepare delicious dishes, as part of which chestnut is an important ingredient that gives a special taste.

    Duck breast with chestnuts

    For cooking will be needed:

    • duck breasts;

    • chestnuts;

    • oranges;

    • Red onion;

    • balsamic vinegar.

    Breasts are roasted in a frying pan. Chestnuts are baked in the oven for 15 minutes at a temperature of 200 degrees, then get rid of the shell.

    Onions are roasted in a skillet, add juice 2 oranges, chestnuts, a couple of spoons of balsamic vinegar. Then the breasts are poured with this mixture and extinguish until all the liquid evaporates.

    Turkey stuffed with chestnuts

    Turkey needs to be placed in advance in marinade and hold there a day so that it turns out tender and juicy. As a marinade, you can even use water with the addition of salt, sugar and spices to your liking.

    • Stuffing laid immediately before baking. The main ingredient of the filling will be chestnuts, plus it will be needed white bread, butter, celery, parsley.

    • For filling you need to dry pieces of bread in the oven. Chestnuts should be cut in the form of crosses from the bottom of the shell and cook for half an hour. After that, they need to cool, clean and cut into 4 parts.

    • Creamy oil needs to melt in a pan, add bow and celery. Then the crackers and chestnuts are adding there. This stuffing fill the turkey and send into the oven for an hour and a half.

    Beets with canned chestnuts

    To prepare this dish need beets, onions, spices and chestnuts.

    Beets first boiled up to readiness. In a frying pan roastions in vegetable oil. Green spices are added, put canned chestnuts.

    Boiled beets are cut into slices and laid on the baking sheet. Poured all this with fried chestnuts, bake in the oven for 30 minutes.

    In addition, the chestnuts make beautiful jam. A kilogram of nuts will need half a kilogram of sugar and chipping citric acid. First, the nuts purify and boil for 20 minutes. Sugar syrup is prepared separately. Sugar add some water to sugar dissolved. Then the cooled nuts are poured into the finished syrup and fell half an hour. Delicious jam is ready.

    Read more about how to grow chestnut edible, look in the following video.

    Rate the article
    ( No ratings yet )
    Add comments

    ;-) :| :x :twisted: :smile: :shock: :sad: :roll: :razz: :oops: :o :mrgreen: :lol: :idea: :grin: :evil: :cry: :cool: :arrow: :???: :?: :!: