Clematis Kaiser: Description, Recommendations for Growing and Breeding

Blooming Clematis Kaiser is a very beautiful sight. If the gardener requires a bright vertical accent in the design of the site, it is worth paying attention to this variety. But that the plant show itself from the best side, you need to create comfortable conditions for it, to properly care, prevent diseases and invasions of pests.

Description

Large-flowered hybrid “Kaiser” appeared due to the work of Japanese breeders in the mid-1990s. But in Europe spread already in the XXI century. In Russia, this clematis got only in 2010, therefore it is considered a relatively new variety. It is a richly flowering lian with large terry flowers.

The shoots of Kaiser grow an average of up to 1.5 m, but under favorable conditions are capable of reaching and height 2 m.

They are thickly covered with oval, slightly pointed green leaves and even without flowers perfectly perform their role in vertical landscaping, landscapped by any support, be it lattice, fence or stretched ropes.

Flowers of this Clematis are worthy of a separate story:

  • their diameter on average – 13 cm;
  • terry, with petals in several rows;
  • The color is bright pink, lilac or purple shades are possible;
  • Coloring gradient, the color tone is enhanced from the center to the lower layer of the petals;
  • Middle of greenish-yellow, in the cool time the same tint may acquire central petals;
  • The shape of the petals in each row is different, in the lower – wider, to the center – narrow, almost needle.

Plus, the listed – flowers have a subtle aroma than richly blossom, the stronger the smell. And this process lasts at the “Kaiser” almost all summer almost without interruption. The first wave when the flowers are formed on last year’s shoots, may begin in May (the weather conditions are important here). The flowering of the second wave on new stems is often less mass, but continues from late June to October.

Rules landing

As a rule, Clematis is acquired in the form of a seedling with a closed root system, and “Kaiser” – no exception. It is also possible to grow them from seeds, but then the process will be longer and time consuming, and the result is less predictable. Buy seedlings followed by proven sellers, and when landing comply with all the necessary conditions, so that the plant gets closer and pleased with flowering every year, especially since the cost of the varietal planting material is not the lowest.

Of paramount importance is the choice of place. “Kaiser” requires a well-lit territory, but in the year of landing it will need to be protected from direct sunlight, that is, contacted slightly.

This Clematis grows perfectly on light fertile soils with pH reaction close to neutral. If the ground on the plot is drowned, it is necessary to break it down, adding before planting, for example, sand. With the close standing of groundwater, it is worth taking care of a good drainage, since “Kaiser” does not make excessive dampness and moisture. The planting process looks like this.

  • First of all, you need to prepare a landing point with a depth of 0.6 m, a diameter of about 0.7 m. At the same time, the distance to other large plants should not be less than 1.5 m. Drainage in the form of broken bricks or clamzit is placed on the bottom of the pit. About a third of the pit is filled with a fertile substrate consisting of humus and drum soil. You can add organic fertilizers and superphosphate (100 g).
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  • If on the packaging with a sapling there is a caper marking, it means that the root system was well moistened and cooled for better storage. Such a material of additional preparation does not require. If this label is not, then the roots of the plant are needed before planting to hold in water tanks for 20-30 minutes.

  • The soil in the pit is poured in the form of a holloch, along which the roots can then be carefully. They are falling asleep by the remaining substrate and the soil slightly compact. Clematis plant so that 1-2 kidney couples are in the ground. This is an insurance for the end of the top of the top – if such a trouble happens, new shoots will be formed from the sleeping kidney in the soil.

  • A pit for 10-15 cm should remain empty. Soil during the vegetative season is gradually being added as stalking.

  • Plant need to pour. In the future, the “drinking mode” will depend on the weather.

  • Immediately after landing, the shoots are shortened, leaving no more than 2 pairs of kidneys. When the seedlock is growing a little, the procedure is to repeat. So it will form a developed root system and will accumulate more forces for further growth and wintering.

  • When the pit is filled with a soil completely, the space around the plant needs to be meditated, for which you can use chip or sawdust. “Kaiser” loves light and warm, but its root system does not endure overheating. Instead of mulching “legs” of Clematis, you can cover the leaves of perennial herbaceous plants by leaves, putting a number of shadowish hostes, geihans or bells.

  • About the support you need to take care immediately, as Clematis grows very quickly, does not require further transplant and can decorate a plot in one place for 20 years and even longer. Although the plant is well fixed on any vertical backups independently, it is worth it once every 2-3 days to inspect and tapping free shoots so that they do not break.

    Best time for landing – Spring. In warmer regions, it is possible to plant and in April, in medium latitudes you need to wait until May. Over the summer, the sapling will strengthen and can french well.

    Subsequent care

    Kaiser’s care is quite demanding. To see it in all its glory, you have to follow some rules.

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    Watering

    Clematis moisture is very sensitive to stagnation, so watering should be carried out strictly in accordance with the weather. When the earth will dry by 8-10 cm, then it’s time to water. The amount of water should be so enough to moisturize the soil layer on the depth of finding the entire root system. In a rainy summer, to avoid root rotting, it is worth proceeding with water grooves for excess water.

    Podkord

    Approximately 1 time a week “Kaiser” is recommended to be filled, it speaks very well to it, forming more large colors. You can enter as organic (humid, ash) and special mineral fertilizers for blooming lian.

    Group trim

    All Clematis distribute into three groups of trimming intensity. “Kaiser” refers to the second, that is, it is not necessary to crop hard. But still this process should pay due attention:

    • After the end of the first wave of bloom, it is recommended to trim all last year’s shoots;
    • before wintering stems to shorten about a third;
    • After the winter, sanitary trimming should be carried out and remove all damaged branches.

      For the first year plant there is a special recommendation: to leave one stronger trunk. It will enable Clematis to strengthen in a new place.

      There is also a universal way to trim such Lian when shoots through one cut down the root. He applies to “Kaiser”. Plants of this variety are strongly branched, so the thinning will benefit.

      Fighting diseases and pests

      Clematis often suffer from rotting and fungal diseases. The best prevention will be the observance of landing and care rules. It is necessary to avoid the convergence of plants. Although they do not like drafts, free air access must be rooted, and to the stems. To do this, it is necessary to periodically loose the soil, and also correctly and timely trim.

      Many harm to Clematis applies slugs and snails. To prevent it, you need to periodically examine plants. The pests found can simply collect and destroy.

      Unfortunately, also to enroll with nematodes, aphid or a spider tick is unlikely to succeed. In their invasion, it is often necessary to eliminate the entire bush. Therefore, at the very first signs of the appearance of these pests, plants should be treated with insecticidal drugs. And it is better not to wait and For the prevention of early spring before the start of flowering, plants spray 2-3 times with an interval of 10 days, for example, “Envidor” or “Bi-58”.

      Preparation for winter

      “Kaiser” is considered a frost-resistant variety, but in the middle lane of our country, it wins well with the shelter. At the same time, the plant can be saved, and the winter protection process should also be considered with full responsibility. Clematis are covered when the air temperature drops to -5 ° C and the soil begins to freeze. The bush is removed from the support and neatly laid on the layer of the noodle or dry foliage, close on top of it with the same material and fall asleep with a peat or sand layer. The thickness of the entire shelter should be approximately 15 cm.

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      If winter is given very frosty, protection will need to strengthen. Then the bush is covered on top of a wooden box, and there are additionally small bags with straw or sawdust. The box can be replaced by the framework on which additional insulation will be held. When using synthetic materials, leaving holes for ventilation of the entire structure.

      Reproduction

      Modifying Clematis by cuttings and the division of the bush. The first way is more time-consuming:

      • A sharp knife or the secateur cut off the rustic escape of about 70 cm long;
      • The green top is cleaned, leaving a couple of kidneys;
      • Large leaves are trimmed by a third;
      • The stem slice is placed in a solution of a stimulator of the root formation, for example, “corneeling”, at least for an hour, you can simply sprinkle with a powder without dissolving it;
      • root cuttings in a loose substrate with lots of sand, you can use vermiculite.

      There is an alternative – shilling.

      If the fall rolled down with a 2-3 kidney steps to burst into a depth of about 10 cm and maintain the soil in a wet state before frosts, and it is hiding this place for the winter, then the new bustice of Clematis will grow in the spring.

      The breeding of the division of the bush is the way simpler. At the same time, Clematis should only grow up. Then part of the bush is separated by a shovel and transplant to another place.

      Review reviews

      Abundant blooming Clematis “Kaiser” does not leave anyone indifferent. Many gardeners have already acquired and successfully grow this variety. But for beginners it may seem rather difficult, since it is impossible to call a very unpretentious “kaiser”. In general, positive feedback is much more than complaints about his whims.

      Examples in landscape design

      “Kaiser” as a blooming liana is able to decorate any vertical surface, it can be placed on a fence or wall of the house. Such Clematis can become an accent of the flower arrangement, if you wrap a column or obelisk in the center of the flower beds. He will give Sharm and add comfort to his beloved gazebo. You can create a flowering arch at the inlet or even a whole arcade along the track, if you set the supports of the corresponding form and plant about them “Kaiser”. For the company, the Clematis of other varieties or plenty roses will be suitable.

      In addition, Kaiser is grown even in containers. Then it turns out a magnificent bouquet, a blooming for a very long time, which can be rearranged by your own, making a variety in the design of a plot or veranda.

      Clematis Overview “Kaiser” See More.

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