- Luther Burbank
- “Anastasia Anisimova”
- “The president”
- Miss Beitman
- “Mrs. Cholmondel”
- Madame Le Cultre
- “Warsaw Night”
- “Dr. Ruppel”
- “Siza Bird”
- Landing and care
- Preparation for wintering
- With the help of messengers
- With the help of Chenkov
- Division bush
- Diseases and pests
- Possible difficulties in cultivation
- Examples in landscape design
- In the garden
- Near the house
To date, there are more than 300 varieties of such a plant as Clematis. The only thing that unites them – all varieties can be attributed to the Lutikov family. In addition, the main feature of these plants is the diversity of their shades, which allows the use of Clematis in the landscape design of any site.
The natural habitat of Clematis everyone is considered to be subtropics of the northern hemisphere. So, you can even grow them in the regions of Siberia. They received their name from the word Klema given to all plants that are revealed. In addition, they have many more names, among which you can meet Lomonos or wart.
Clematis can have a variety of forms. These are shrubs, and half-workers, as well as herbal lianas. As for the first of them, they are quite powerful stems that easily experience the winter period, even without trimming.
Polukstarniki most often consist right from two parts. The upper part of Clematis dies away each season, and that from below – always remains untouchable.
Herbatous Lians completely die away when they blow. New Liana appear only in spring.
In addition, the root system of these plants is two species. One of them is called a rod. She does not tolerate any transplants, so the seats are pretty carefully. The second is called urine; Clematis with these roots are perfect for growing in places with a cold climate.
To grow hardened clematis in Siberia, you need to choose winter-hardy varieties. That is, such that they are not afraid of harsh winters, and will also be able to fonds quickly for a very short period of summer. Be sure to pay attention to hybrid varieties that have specifically derived for cold conditions.
Craft Clematis varieties can be grown in Siberia, which belongs to the second and third group of trimming. Plants in the second group can bloom both on young branches and on shoots left since last year. The only thing that will be needed is to expose them from time to time.
Clematis that belong to the Third Group are grassy lianas. Blossoms happen only on young shoots. However, they must be carefully stolen for the time of large frosts. It is worth considering the most common varieties of Clematis, which can rightly be called Siberian.
This is a plant that is mostly attributed to the third group of trimming. Lianas of this class of Clematis can grow to Siberia to 3.5 meters. Flowering lasts almost all summer, and it is also very beautiful and abundant. Flowers have a purple shade, their diameter is 13 centimeters.
Also located in the third group trimming. This variety is pretty frost-resistant. Its lianas grow up to 2.5 meters, and the colors of a purple color in diameter can be up to 25 centimeters. Flowering lasts from the beginning of summer and ends only at the beginning of autumn.
This plant is a shrub that forms more than 18 shoots, Lena length comes to one and a half meters. Gentle blue flowers in diameter can be up to 12 centimeters. Flowering lasts all summer.
This is a very spectacular Clematis, which must be attached to the support. Adult Plant Lians can grow up to 2.5 meters. Blue flowers in diameter can be up to 14 centimeters. This grade Clematis is suitable for decorating arches and arbors.
Represents a shrub with lianami, the length of which comes to 2.5 meters. Snow-white flowers in diameter can grow up to 14 centimeters.
It is pretty big clematis. Length of his lian within 3 meters. Flowers are also large; with a lilac or blue tint. In diameter, they reach 17 centimeters.
Madame Le Cultre
Refers to frost-resistant varieties, but still needs at least in partial trimming. Liana grow up to three meters, you can see a large number of white-white colors.
This is a very beautiful Clematis, which is often used to decorate a gazebo or arches. He has been denied by the Polish breeder, but despite this, it has resistance to strong frosts, which makes it possible to grow it in Siberia. Flowers have bright red, almost burgundy shade.
This is one of the most unpretentious varieties that grows pretty quickly. His flowers are very large with pink petals and blond tips.
This Clematis refers to semi-staples. His height Lian comes to three meters, besides, they have a very interesting brown and red shade. Flowers differ in purple color. If you look at the bush from the side, he reminds the bird that he pushed the selectors to such name.
This is a rather major Clematis, which was bred abroad. Liana for this plant long, up to 4 meters. On one bush there may be more than 20 lien covered with bright lilac flowers. Perfect for cultivation in cold regions of Siberia.
Differs from other Clematis with their purple-pink tint of flowers. They are located on 3-meter Liaans. Blossom starts at the beginning of summer and ends with the onset of the first frost.
Landing and care
These are the two most important processes with which you need to read more detail.
Choosing for yourself by the sort of Clematis, you need to take care of landing it in the ground. This is worth it very seriously. The place must be sunny and protected from winds. After all, where many shadows, Clematis will develop too slowly or can perish. In addition, you should not land seedlings in lowlands, because cold air accumulates there, as well as moisture that poorly affect their development.
Be sure to take care that the soil is good quality. Sand and thin lands are suitable for landing, besides well explosion. In the Siberian Territory, Clematis grow more than 10 years without transplantation.
Planting young bushes is best in the spring – from mid-April to mid-May. At this time, all the snow is already melted, and the earth warms well. If the seedlings are bought in autumn, they must be burned and spray with a sweetheart; It is still standing in the spring.
First you need to dig a hole. Its depth should be at least 65 centimeters, and diameter – up to 70 centimeters. It is necessary to put drainage from the broken brick on its most. Its thickness should be no more than 15 centimeters.
After that you need to add 20 kilograms Humbering, 10 kilograms of peat, 10 kilograms of sand, 1 cup of ash, ½ cup of bone flour and ½ cup of superphosphate. Next, in the very center of the pit, you need to install a support, and then fill it up to half the earth.
From above you need to put a seedlove, to straighten it to the roots, and then sprinkle its remaining earth. If a seedling is not alone, then the distance between them should be no less than 1 meter. In this case, Clematis will be able to get the required amount of the Sun.
So that these beautiful plants can delight everyone as long as possible, it is necessary to provide them with due care.
- Since all Clematis is moisture, then watering must be done quite often. After all, they very quickly increase the green mass, and also form a large number of flowers. Watering these plants needed 1 time in 7 days, but also need to ensure that the land is not too moistened. In addition, it is necessary to remember that it is necessary to water how much the entire root system of Clematis moisturized.
- After watering the land around the bush, you need to loosen well so that the moisture does not evaporate, and there was also too many weeds.
- In addition, it is necessary to mulch all the earth around the bush itself. As mulch, you can put ordinary sawdust or even humus. In this case, the mulch after loosening will become an excellent feeding.
- Since Clematis is too actively growing, it will need a lot of fertilizers. So feeding need to do regularly. Early spring is best suited nitrogen feeding. When flowering begins, you will need potash fertilizers when Clematis will flash, you can use phosphoric.
If Clematis has been shooting from last year, after the plant completely blends, it is necessary to remove all the shoots, leaving the hemps at least 20 centimeters. And also do not forget about dry or damaged shoots. They must be regularly removed.
Preparation for wintering
Although Clematis and well winter, at the time of frosts, the plant will still need to be covered. You can use for this peat or husk, and fall asleep on top of the snow. In addition, you can additionally cover the bush shield made of wooden boards or ordinary rubberoid. In the spring, all this will need to be removed, and the ground around the bush is good to explode.
Such a process as breeding this culture is possible even in Siberia. This can be done in different ways, for example, cuttings or tanks, or simply dividing the bush. But in cold conditions for breeding seeds specialists do not recommend. After all, all grown seedlings are obtained wild and unstable to frost.
With the help of messengers
One of the safest reproduction options is this method. After all, with it, you can get at the same time a lot of young seedlings you like Clematis Variety. Besides You can use it in the fall, and in the spring.
To get seedlings, it is necessary near the adult bush to dig up not too deep groove. It needs to put the longest and healthy shoots. You can fasten them with the help of a bracket, and then gently pour out the layer of land, while the tops leave on Earth.
The longer the shoots will be, the more wept weep. Water them need regularly. In a year, when the grooves are well rooted, they can be disconnected and planted on the selected place in advance.
With the help of Chenkov
The billet of cuttings needs to be done at that time when the kidneys begin to bloom. This time falls at the beginning of the summer. You need to choose cuttings in the middle of the bush. The length of them can be within 10 centimeters. Each should be at least one kidney, as well as 2 leaf.
After cutting, they must be put in a container with a growth stimulator. This will significantly speed up the root growth process. Then they must be planted into the substrate from sand and peat. It is necessary to water them every day, besides It is necessary to maintain the temperature in the range of +24 degrees Celsius. 30 days should appear roots, which means that the seedlings are fully prepared for landing.
This variant of the reproduction is possible only when the plant is greater than 3-5 years. To make a bush section, it must be completely digging, and then separate several parts. Each of them should have roots, as well as good shoots. After that, they can be planted in advance pits.
Diseases and pests
Clematis are rather protected plants, therefore practically not subject to diseases. However, the most common among them is the disease such as wilt. In the case of infection, the leaves fade, black and then fall at all. Can be used to fight Bordeaux mixture, or make a spraying “Fundazole”.
As for pests, nematodes can also be dangerous for plants, and a web tick, and also the well-known. Get rid of the last two with the help of special preparations that are sold in special stores. But if it is nematodes, then the plant must be completely burned.
Possible difficulties in cultivation
In natural conditions, growing any plant in the Siberian region will be difficult. After all, the winter here is quite cold, and not every bush of Clematis will be able to take root in such conditions. The main thing is to properly approach the choice of Clematis varieties, as well as not to forget to cover the plant for a period of severe frosts, otherwise fragile Clematis can even die.
Examples in landscape design
These curly plants are perfect for the design of fences, arbors and even summer terraces.
In the garden
Clematis of different varieties together look very beautiful. With their help, you can arrange a beautiful place for tea drinking in the garden. In the middle of the middle, you can put a bench and a small portable table.
Near the house
If you plant Clematis at the very corner of the house, after a few years it can easily drive all the walls. Look so charm will be good almost all year round.
Summing up, we can say that plants like Clematis are suitable not only for warm regions of the country, but also for those where strong frosts are rampant. But for this you need to ensure proper care.
About the peculiarities of Clematis Clematis in Siberia See below.